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5 age of pericles

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2 greek religious belief
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5 age of pericles

  1. 1. Age of Pericles 460-429 BCE
  2. 2. Age of Pericles (460-429 BCE) Athens in the 5th century BCE experienced a great largely due to the statesman Pericles, leader of Athens.
  3. 3. Age of Pericles (460-429 BCE)  Under Pericles, Athens developed the world’s first democracy  It was a great golden age which occurred mostly between the Persian Wars and the Peloponnesian Wars (5th Century B.C.E.).
  4. 4. Age of Pericles We’ve traced the rise of democracy in Athens, but Pericles extended democracy so that most adult males had equal voice.
  5. 5. Age of Pericles  Pericles had Athens rebuilt after destruction in Persian Wars  An older temple that was dedicated to the Greek Goddess Athena (destroyed by the Persians) was rebuilt into the Parthenon.
  6. 6. Architectural Achievement for the Greeks •Use of Doric Columns
  7. 7. Age of Pericles Pericles hired the best architects and sculptors to rebuild the Acropolis. Phidias was hired to sculpt the statues which once graced the Parthenon as well as the giant statue that once stood inside
  8. 8. Golden Age Achievements  During the Golden Age, art, drama, philosophy, science, mathematics, and architecture flourished in Athens.
  9. 9. Golden Age Achievements  Philosophy: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle  Drama: Aeschylus, Sophocles  Poetry: Homer (Iliad and Odyssey)  History: Herodotus, Thucydides  Sculpture: Phidias  Science: Archimedes, Hippocrates  Mathematics: Euclid, Pythagoras  Architecture: Parthenon and columns – Doric (Parthenon), Ionian, and Corinthian
  10. 10. Socrates - Philosopher  Founder of Western Philosophy  Socratic Method  Inquiry and debate between individuals with opposing viewpoints  Questioned the notion of “might makes right”  Put to death by drinking hemlock  Known through the writings of his student, Plato
  11. 11. Plato – Philosopher  Student of Socrates  Laid the foundation of philosophy and science  Wrote The Republic  Founder of the Academy in Athens  First higher education facility in the western world  Teacher to Aristotle
  12. 12. Aristotle - Philosopher  Student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great  Greek Philosopher  Geocentric Theory  Geo = earth  Centric = center  Earth at center of universe  Later expanded by Ptolemy in Rome
  13. 13. Aeschylus - Drama  The roots of Greek drama are in religious festivals for the gods, chiefly Dionysus, the god of wine in the City of Dionysia  Believed to have won 13 times at the City of Dionysia  Wrote 70-90 plays  Only 7 tragedies survived  The Persians  Seven against Thebes Modern picture of the Theatre of Dionysus in Athens where many of Aeschylus's plays were performed
  14. 14. Sophocles - Drama  Like Aeschylus, wrote Greek tragedies including the Theban plays  Antigone  Oedipus  Won many competitions in Athens and the City of Dionysia for his tragedies  Influenced the development of dramas by adding a third actor which reduced the chorus’ role and allowed characters to be developed more in-depth
  15. 15. Homer - Literature  Epic poet, 8th century BCE  Epic poetry – lengthy narrative poem  Author  Iliad  One of the oldest works of Western Literature  Takes place during the Trojan War  Odyssey  Sequel to Iliad, Odysseus returning home after the fall of Troy
  16. 16. Herodotus - Historian  5th Century BCE Historian  Called the “Father of History”  The Histories  1st historian known to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a point and arrange them in a well- constructed and vivid narrative
  17. 17. Thucydides - Historian  Greek Historian  “Father of Scientific History”  Evidence gathering and analysis  History of the Peloponnesian War  27 year war between Athens and Sparta
  18. 18. Phidias - Sculptor  Greek sculptor, painter and architect  Statue of Zeus at Olympia  One of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World  Statue of Athena in Parthenon (hired by Pericles)
  19. 19. Archimedes - Science  Advances of Physics  Lever  “Give me a place to stand and I will move the earth!”  Screw pump to move water
  20. 20. Hippocrates - Science  “Father of Western Medicine”  Greatly advanced the systematic study of medicine  Humorism  Belief in the 4 Humors  Later disproved
  21. 21. Euclid - Mathematics  Known as the “Father of Geometry”  His Elements is the most influential work in the history of mathematics
  22. 22. Pythagoras - Mathematics  “Everything is made of numbers”  Meant that mathematical relationships explained the basic order in nature.  Pythagorean Theorem The sum of two squares whose sides are the two legs (blue-a and red-b) is equal to the area of the square whose side is the hypotenuse (purple-c). A2 + B2 = C2
  23. 23. Quick Check 1. Who created the lever? 2. Who wrote the Iliad? 3. Who was the teacher of Alexander the Great? 4. Who sculpted the statue of Athena in the Parthenon? 5. Who was considered the Father of History and wrote a book The Histories?
  24. 24. Architectural Achievements Columns  Column is a vertical structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below  3 types were used in ancient Greece  Doric  Ionic  Corinthian
  25. 25. Doric Columns Corinthian ColumnsIonic Columns
  26. 26. Doric Columns  Originally stood on flat pavement in front of a temple  20 concave grooves around column up to a flat capital (top piece) Modern reproduction of Doric Columns Parthenon has Doric Columns
  27. 27. Ionic Columns  Established in Ionia (in Asia Minor)  Stands on a base  Volutes on capital  Spiral/Twisted formation Temple of Artemis
  28. 28. Corinthian Columns  Most ornate of the columns  Fluted Columns  Elaborate Capitals decorated with ecanthus leaves and scrolls Modern Corinthian Columns in New York Post Office
  29. 29. Quick Check  Which Column?

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