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Khorezm - a bit out of the ordinary
Published by:
Center of Business and Tourism Development (CBTD)
R. Majidiy St. 14
22...
3
Table of Contents
Introduc on..............................................................................................
4
The Fortresses in Southern Karakalpakstan .................................................................34
Toprak Qal...
5
Restaurants in Khiva outside of Ichon Qal’a .............................................................. 64
Restaurant...
6
This brochure has been compiled as a result of a thorough tourism poten'al survey of Khorezm
and Southern Karakalpakstan...
7
The Director of the Center of Business and Tourism Development (CBTD), Adilbek Rahimov,
facilitated the work on this gui...
8
Ichon Qal’a, the Inner City of Khiva
A$er crossing the endless Kyzylkum Desert, you
will be able to imagine the importan...
9
Another well-known Muslim pilgrimage site with
stunning blue 'ling is the Pahlavon Mahmud
Mausoleum (14th century). The ...
10
The huge fortress-like palace, Tosh Hovli, built by Allakuli Khan (1830-1838) is one of Khiva’s
highlights. The palace ...
11
Historically, Central Asia has been famous for the
great variety and excellent quality of its melons.
There is proof th...
12
The Nurullaboy Complex is situated a few
hundred meters north of the West Gate of Ichon
Qal’a. While the recep on palac...
13
In 1897, Muhammad Rakhim Khan II built Qibla
Toza Bog’ as his summer residence. The palace
complex is located in the so...
14
Xusan Muhammadboy Medressa is located near
the East Gate of Ichon Qal’a (Polvon Darvoza),
next to the bazaar. The medre...
15
The Khiva Ice House
Several ice houses, Muzxona, were built during
Muhammad Amin Khan’s reign (1851-1855)
inside the wa...
16
Khorezm Ma’mun Academy
The Great Silk Road stimulated the development
of trade, agriculture, religion, handicrafts as w...
17
The Oriental Bazaars of Khiva
If you want to experience the everyday life of
people, a visit to one of the colourful or...
18
Tour to the Sights in the Outskirts of Ichon Qal’a
There are many tourist sights outside of the walls of Ichon Qal’a
wo...
19
Qo’y Darvoza (Sheep Gate) is another main gate of the outer wall
of Deshon Qal’a.
Now, head for the Dehqon Bazaar. Apar...
20
To see old technology s%ll in use, visit the Khiva Ceramic Factory.
Here, you can watch the en%re produc%on process of ...
21
Map of the Khiva Tour to Places of Interest outside of Ichon Qal’a
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3
4
13
14
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6
7
8
910
11
12
19
15
16
17
18
20
20...
22
Ulli Hovli is a great place for day excursions for
individuals and groups. The rural community is
one of the few tradi ...
23
The Urgench Art Gallery
The museum is located in Uzbekistan Street 21,
opposite the main bazaar of Urgench. A few
shady...
24
Chodra Hovli, the Khan’s Summer Residence
Restaurant building
Chodra Hovli garden
Chodra Hovli is located 11km east of ...
25
Chodra HovliKharrot, Touris'c Complex at Lake Eshon Rovot
In 2015, a new recrea on area was established 6.4 km south of...
26
Qora Kol Touris'c Complex
Baby camel at Qora Kol Touristic Complex
At Lake Qora Kol you can go boating or fishing
The e...
27
Qalajiq Qal’a is located in the Bogo’t area on the
shore of a small saline lake. It is one of the oldest
fortresses in ...
28
Sulaymon Qal’a and a Visit to Ar'sts in Hazorasp
One of the oldest fortresses of ancient Khorezm is
Sulaymon Qal’a, loc...
29
Holy Sites in Khorezm and Southern Karakalpakstan
Un l the 8th century AD, people in Khorezm were fire worshipers (Zoroa...
30
The Yusuf Hamadoni complex is located in the
Shovot area.
The mausoleum of Yusuf and of Sayid Hamadoni,
originally buil...
31
The complex is located in Qiyot village in Khiva
district and consists of Sheikh Mavlon Bobo’s
mausoleum, a summer mosq...
32
The mosque, mausoleum, and cemetery complex
is located 4.5km south-west of Yangiariq village
along the road to Oqmasjid...
33
The mausoleum of Sultan Uvays Bobo is one of
the most famous holy sites in Central Asia even
though, is not certain tha...
34
From Khiva an excursion to the ancient fortresses in neighbouring Karakalpakstan is a very
attractive programme. Most o...
35
Ayaz Qal’a is one of the most spectacular
fortresses of the region. It consists of three
fortress complexes. The view f...
36
Jonbos Qal’a and Yurt Camp
Jonbos Qal’a is located 55km north-east of
To’rtkol. A tarred road passes near the fortress,...
37
Passing the pontoon from the Khorezm side of
the Amudarya, at Jumurtou village, Gavur Qal’a
majes0cally looms on the ea...
38
Akshakhan Qal’a is located in the midst of driHing
sand dunes, 16.9km north of Beruniy. With an
area of 42ha, it was on...
39
Along the banks of the Amudarya River, small
strips of a unique type of riparian vegeta0on, the
Tugai Gallery Forest, c...
40
Ornithological Tour in Khorezm and Karakalpakstan
Khorezm and Southern Karakalpakstan are not
only worth a visit becaus...
41
In the ruins of Qalajiq Fortress and the adjacent
sand dunes, the Variable Wheatear, the Desert
Warbler, the Desert Fin...
42
Khorezm is an oasis located between the Kyzylkum and the
Karakum Deserts. Despite the fact that Khorezm is an arid
regi...
43
Fruits of the Khorezm Region
White mulberries are dried
Pears are an autumn fruit
Sour cherries are preserved as kompot...
44
Cereals, Vegetables and Livestock of Khorezm
Rice has to be transplanted by hand
On Sundays, sheep are sold on Mol Baza...
45
Stopover at the Turkmen Fortress, Ulli Hovli
Tour Sugges ons in Khorezm and South-Karakalpakstan
Try the fresh fish at ...
46
Day Excursion to Tourist Sights East of Khiva and to Qalajiq Salt Lake
From Khiva there are a number of day or half-day...
47
Ou ngs to the Recrea on Centres Qora Kol and Kharrot
In 2015, two fancy recrea#on centres have been established 7km sou...
48
From Khiva you can make a half-day excursion to the ancient fortresses in neighbouring
Karakalpakstan. The return trip ...
49
Big Qal’a Tour
Jonbos Q.
Akshakhan Q.
A one-day excursion from Khiva to six of the ancient fortresses in Southern Karak...
50
Excursion to the Lesser-known Fortresses in Southern Karakalpakstan
The two fortresses, Gavur and Janpik Qal’a are situ...
51
Day Excursion to the Holy Sites in Southern Karakalpakstan (243km)
The tour to some of the most famous holy sites in So...
52
Inside of some of the old medressas, cra0smen have established their workshops. It is fascina%ng
to watch the silk carp...
53
Parda Gul
Olma Gul
Benaki
G’uncha Gul
Bog’cha Gul
Aylana Gul
Tilla Qopi
Narda
Xusraf
The Khiva Suzanni Centre is opera%...
54
Khiva Silk Carpet Workshop
The Silk Carpet Workshop of Madrim is located in the Yokubboy Hoja Medressa.
All carpets are...
55
Tilla Gul
Bekzod
Pahlavon Joy Namoz Mangol
Xumoyun
Pir Qopi
To’lkin
Arqonchi
Each carpet pa8ern has a name. Pa8erns are...
56
Po2ery Workshops in Khiva District
The pottery workshop of Artikov Ko’pal in Eski Qiyot village, near Khiva is also eng...
57
The Po2ery workshop of Master Rustam Toirov in Khiva
The historic buildings of Khiva, decorated with
majolica %les, ove...
58
Po2ery workshop in Ka2abog’ near Yangiariq
Vases and dishes are decorated with dark and light blue geometric patterns o...
59
Ceramic Workshop in Madyr near Xonqa
If you want to visit the workshop and the exhibition room contact Adilbek Rakhimov...
60
Wood Carving, an old Khorezmian Cra,
Excava%ons on archeological sites in Khorezm and
Southern Karakalpakstan show that...
61
Khiva is famous for its skilled puppet makers. One
of five masters in Khiva is Matyoqub
Matyoqubov. He has worked in the...
62
Furrier has been an ancient trade in Khorezm. A
statue excavated at Meshekli Caravanserai wear-
ing a fur hat suggests ...
63
Catering facility Tel. +998- E-mail Descrip%on
Orient Star
Restaurant
62-375 4945
62-375 6859
hotelorienstar@rambler.ru...
64
Restaurants in Khiva outside of Ichon Qal’a
Catering facility Tel. +998- Descrip%on
Xusan Muhammadboy
Restaurant
91-421...
65
Restaurants and Cafes in Urgench
Catering facility Tel. +998- Open Seats Descrip%on
Art Uzbegim 91-917 7468
90-719 9293...
66
Catering facility Tel. +998- Open Seats Descrip%on
Restaurant Urganch 61-223 1431 10:00-23:00 150 Elegant ambience, Uzb...
67
The Uzbek na!onal cuisine varies according to
local food products as well as customs and life-
styles of the different e...
68
Accommoda%on Facili%es in Khiva
Accommoda%on facility
Tel.
+998-
Single/Double,
No. rooms (2015)
Descrip%on of Hotel or...
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary
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Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary

Tourism potential of Khorezm region

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Khorezm a bit out of the ordinary

  1. 1. 2 Khorezm - a bit out of the ordinary Published by: Center of Business and Tourism Development (CBTD) R. Majidiy St. 14 220900 Khiva, Uzbekistan T +998-62-375-2455 Authors: Hannelore Bendsen, Shakhnoza Atodjonova, Dilmurod Bobojonov Location and Date of Publication: Khiva, Uzbekistan February 2016 This tourism guide has been published with the support of the ‘Sustainable Economic Development in Selected Regions of Uzbekistan‘ Programme implemented by Deutsche Gesellscha$ für Interna'onale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Coopera'on and Development (BMZ). GIZ supports partner organisa'ons in Uzbekistan in the development of sustainable tourism. !" "!
  2. 2. 3 Table of Contents Introduc on..................................................................................................................6 Acknowledgement........................................................................................................7 Ichon Qal’a, the Inner City of Khiva ...............................................................................8 Walk through Ichon Qal’a ............................................................................................ 8 Khorezmian Melons and Melon Fes'val in Khiva...................................................... 11 Discover Places of Interest outside the Ichon Qal’a Wall..............................................12 Nurullaboy Complex................................................................................................... 12 Qibla Toza Bog’, the Khan’s Summer Residence........................................................ 13 Xusan Muhammadboy Medressa .............................................................................. 14 Sayid Mohi Royi Jahon Complex ................................................................................ 14 The Khiva Ice House ................................................................................................... 15 To’rt Shovvoz Complex............................................................................................... 15 Khorezm Ma’mun Academy....................................................................................... 16 The Oriental Bazaars of Khiva .................................................................................... 17 Tour to the Sights in the Outskirts of Ichon Qal’a...................................................... 18 Map of the Khiva Tour to Places of Interest outside of Ichon Qal’a.......................... 21 Tourist Sights in the Khorezm Region ..........................................................................22 The Turkmen Fortress, Ulli Hovli................................................................................ 22 The Urgench Art Gallery............................................................................................. 23 Chodra Hovli, the Khan’s Summer Residence............................................................ 24 Kharrot, Touris'c Complex at Lake Eshon Rovot....................................................... 25 Qora Kol Touris'c Complex........................................................................................ 26 Qalajiq Qal’a and the Salt Water Lake Touris'c Complex ......................................... 27 Sulaymon Qal’a and a Visit to Ar'sts in Hazorasp..................................................... 28 Holy Sites in Khorezm and Southern Karakalpakstan ...................................................29 Voyangan Bobo and Sheikh Savroniy Bobo Mausoleum ........................................... 29 Yusuf Hamadoni Mausoleum..................................................................................... 30 Jilovdor Bobo Mausoleum ......................................................................................... 30 Sheikh Mavlon Bobo Complex ................................................................................... 31 Sheikh Muhtor Valiy Mausoleum............................................................................... 32 Sultan Uvays Bobo Complex ...................................................................................... 33
  3. 3. 4 The Fortresses in Southern Karakalpakstan .................................................................34 Toprak Qal’a and Qizil Qal’a....................................................................................... 34 Ayaz Qal’a and Yurt Camp.......................................................................................... 35 Jonbos Qal’a and Yurt Camp ...................................................................................... 36 Gavur Qal’a................................................................................................................. 37 Janpik Qal’a ................................................................................................................ 37 Akshakhan Qal’a......................................................................................................... 38 Yakke Parsan Qal’a..................................................................................................... 38 Ecotourism in Khorezm ...............................................................................................39 Recrea'on Areas along the Amudarya River............................................................. 39 Ornithological Tour in Khorezm and Karakalpakstan ................................................ 40 The Agricultural System of Khorezm............................................................................42 Fruits of the Khorezm Region..................................................................................... 43 Cereals, Vegetables and Livestock of the Khorezm Region....................................... 44 Tour Sugges ons in Khorezm and South Karakalpakstan .............................................45 Stopover at the Turkmen Fortress, Ulli Hovli............................................................. 45 Day Excursions to Tourist Sights East of Khiva and to Qalajiq Salt Lake.................... 46 Ou'ngs to the Recrea'on Centres Qora Kol and Kharrot ......................................... 47 Half Day Excursion to Fortresses in Southern Karakalpakstan .................................. 48 The Big Qal’a Tour...................................................................................................... 49 Excursion to Lesser-known Fortresses in Southern Karakalpakstan ......................... 50 Day Excursion to the Holy Sites in Southern Karakalpakstan .................................... 51 Arts and Cra4s in Khiva and the Khorezm Region.........................................................52 Khiva Suzanni Centre in the Abdurasulboy Medressa............................................... 53 Khiva Silk Carpet Workshop....................................................................................... 54 Silk Carpet PaJerns........................................................................................... 55 PoJery Workshops in Khiva District .......................................................................... 56 PoJery Workshop of Master Rustam Toirov in Khiva ............................................... 57 PoJery Workshop in KaJabog’ near Yangiariq.......................................................... 58 Ceramic Workshop in Madyr near Xonqa.................................................................. 59 Woodcarving, an old Khorezmian Cra$..................................................................... 60 Puppet Making in Khiva ............................................................................................. 61 Furrier, an Ancient Profession in Khorezm ................................................................ 62 Tourism Infrastructure ................................................................................................63 Restaurants in Khiva within the Inner City Wall (Ichon Qal’a)................................... 63
  4. 4. 5 Restaurants in Khiva outside of Ichon Qal’a .............................................................. 64 Restaurants and Cafes in Urgench............................................................................. 65 Restaurants and Cafes in Al-Khorezmiy Street, Urgench........................................... 66 The Na'onal Cuisine of Khorezm............................................................................... 67 Accommoda'on Facili'es in Khiva ............................................................................ 68 Hotels in Khiva............................................................................................................ 70 Accommoda'on Facili'es in Urgench........................................................................ 71 Hotels, Restaurants and Recrea'on Centres in the Khorezm Region ....................... 72 Accommoda'on Facili'es in Nukus........................................................................... 73 Accommoda'on Facili'es in Southern Karakalpakstan............................................. 73 Transport Op'ons to and from Khiva ........................................................................ 74 Distances between Towns in Khorezm and Southern Karakalpakstan...................... 75 Map of Tourist Sights in Khorezm and Southern Karakalpakstan ............................. 76 Map Legend................................................................................................................ 77 Distances from main Villages to Tourist Sights in Khorezm....................................... 78 Distances from main Villages to Tourist Sights in Karakalpakstan ............................ 79 Professional Tour Guides in Khorezm........................................................................ 80 Professional Tour Guides in Karakalpakstan ............................................................. 83
  5. 5. 6 This brochure has been compiled as a result of a thorough tourism poten'al survey of Khorezm and Southern Karakalpakstan. Several of the sights depicted here are not well-known and are not included in tour programmes yet. Our inten'on is to make people aware of the diversity of the touris'c offer of Khorezm and to provide hands on informa'on on the tourism infrastructure of the region. When you come to Khorezm, a walk through Ichon Qal’a, the centre of the famous Silk Road City Khiva, is a must. You will catch the oriental flair of this fascina'ng town a lot beJer if you also visit one of the bazaars, some of the cra$ workshops or stroll through the narrow streets of the adjacent residen'al areas. You will learn much more about the town and its history if you hire an experienced professional tour guide. Thanks to the Regional Tourism Development Plan, signed by the President in 2013, the urban images of Urgench and Khiva have undergone a positive change. Many historic monuments were renovated, the tourism infrastructure improved and the framework conditions for private entrepreneurs to set up tourism businesses eased. Khiva has a lot more to offer than the historic monuments located in the inner city. There are many interes'ng, lesser-known sights outside of the Ichon Qal’a wall. Some of them, which are in easy reach of town, are described in this brochure. If you have a bit more 'me, you also find excursion sugges'ons to interes'ng places in the outskirts of Khiva. You might consider an ecotourism tour along the Amudarya River or the ornithological tour described in the brochure. Khorezm has numerous holy sites, which are of great interest not only to worshipers. Many ruins of ancient for'fica'ons da'ng back to pre-Chris'an 'mes are located in Southern Karakalpakstan at the border of the Kyzylkum Desert and the fer'le Amudarya plains. The so-called Ellik Qal’a (fi$y fortresses) District is definitely worth a visit. Several sugges'ons for excursions to the fortresses have been made. The results of a hotel and restaurant survey of the Khorezm Region will provide you with more informa'on on the wide choice of catering and accommoda'on facili'es. A map of all the tourist sights outside of Khiva and two distance tables, one between villages and one from villages to tourist sights, will help you to plan and compose trips according to your wishes. A few sugges'ons for interes'ng day trips star'ng from Khiva have been put together for you to choose from. We hope this brochure will make you aware of the hidden treasures of Khorezm and inspire you to spend more 'me here to discover them. Introduc on
  6. 6. 7 The Director of the Center of Business and Tourism Development (CBTD), Adilbek Rahimov, facilitated the work on this guidebook. The staff of the Hokimiyats of Hazorasp, Bog’ot, Yangiariq, Gurlan, Yangibozor and Shovot guided us to the historic and ecotourist sites in their districts and provided important historic background informa'on. Special thanks to Helmut Bendsen, who helped with mapping the sites and formaNng this guidebook. The GIZ consultant, Kathrin Grundmann, assisted in compiling and designing the tourism map. The CBTD in Khiva is a small non-governmental organisa'on (NGO) that assists tourism entrepreneurs in Khorezm to improve their services and market the region as a tourism des'na'on. The NGO could not have afforded the publica'on of this guidebook without financial assistance of the Deutsche Gesellscha$ für Interna'onale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Coopera'on and Development (BMZ). Hannelore Bendsen, GIZ Senior Tourism Expert, CBTD Shakhnoza Atodjonova, GIZ Junior Tourism Expert, CBTD Dilmurod Bobojonov, Research Fellow, Khiva Ichan-Kala State Reserve Museum Khiva, February 2016 Acknowledgement
  7. 7. 8 Ichon Qal’a, the Inner City of Khiva A$er crossing the endless Kyzylkum Desert, you will be able to imagine the importance of this oasis city during the 'mes of caravan trade. Apart from its key role as a trade metropolis, it used to be a religious, cultural and scien'fic centre. The well-preserved old city, Ichon Qal’a, surrounded by a for'fica'on wall, with its numerous mosques, mausoleums, minarets and its four gates has been listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site (entrance fee 12US$ in season). The tour of Ichon Qal’a will start at the West Gate (Ota Darvoza, 19th century). It leads past the Muhammad Amin Khan Medressa (19th century), used as a hotel today, to the unfinished, blue, stout minaret Kalta Minor also called Kok Minor (1855). You will visit the khan’s residence, the old citadel, Kuhna Ark (16th-19th century), that includes a mosque, a recep'on hall, a harem, a mint, an arsenal and a dungeon. At the back of the throne room, you can climb the watch tower from which you will have a stunning view of the old city (extra fee 1.5US$). Opposite Kuhna Ark, is the Muhammad Rakhim Khan II Medressa (19th cent. AD), used un'l 1920. The khan was a famous poet, who wrote under the pen name Feruz. The medressa contains the Museum of Literature and History of Khorezm. Across the main west-east road is the oldest monument of Khiva the Sayid Allauddin Mausoleum da'ng back to the Timurid period (14th century). The holy site, beau'fully 'led with relief majolica, is visited by many Muslims. Sayid Allauddin, a rela've of prophet Muhammad, preached the Islam in Khorezm. Ota Darvoza, Kalta Minor Minaret Pahlavon Mahmud Complex, Islom Hoja Minaret Muhammad Rakhim Khan II Medressa Sayid Allauddin Mausoleum, back view Walk through Ichon Qal’a
  8. 8. 9 Another well-known Muslim pilgrimage site with stunning blue 'ling is the Pahlavon Mahmud Mausoleum (14th century). The Sufi, Pahlavon Mahmud, was a famous wrestler, poet, philosopher and furrier (extra entrance fee 2US$). Adjacent to the mausoleum there are the tombs of several khans and their families. Vis-a-vis you can see Sherg’ozi Khan Medressa built from 1719 to 1726 by war prisoners from Persia. Students from many Central Asian countries studied here. The next site is Juma Mosque with 213 beau'fully carved wooden columns and a minaret (10th-18th cent. AD). Some of the columns date back to the 10th century. When the Iranians conquered Khiva in 1740, the mosque was burned. Many columns were replaced by dona'ons from private people. Next to it, there is Islom Hoja Medressa and the adjacent minaret (20th century), which is the highest observa'on point in town (57m). The view from the minaret is worth the effort of climbing the dark, narrow staircase (fee 1.5US$). The medressa houses the Museum of Applied Arts that exhibits ancient Khorezmian handicra$s. Islom Hoja, the vizier of the khan, was a reformer. He implemented the introduc'on of the telegraph as means of communica'on and built a hospital that is s'll in use and the first New Method School (1910). In this school Russian, German, and French were taught. The photos and the equipment of the first photographer and film director in Central Asia, X. Devanov, are exhibited here. Near the Polvon Darvoza (East Gate), is the small Oq Mosque (White Mosque) built in 1657. Wall of the inner city, Ichon Qal’a Plov cooking in a qozon on a loam oven Juma Mosque Tosh Hovli, reception
  9. 9. 10 The huge fortress-like palace, Tosh Hovli, built by Allakuli Khan (1830-1838) is one of Khiva’s highlights. The palace had over 100 rooms, beau'fully decorated with blue 'les and painted wooden ceilings. Daily, at 17:00, you can watch the performance “At the Khan’s Recep'on” free of charge in the harem. A$er admiring the historic monuments of Khiva, you should wander off the beaten track to get an impression of people’s everyday life. About 2000 people live inside the inner wall. Walk through its streets, enjoy the smell of the fresh bread baked in the tandir ovens, and peep into people’s courtyards. Stroll down to the colourful Dehqon bazaar located just at the outskirts of Polvon Darvoza. Try some of the delicious nuts, fresh or dried fruit or the bakery products offered there. Old couple on a visit to Khiva Children Al-Khorezmiy StatueBlue Minaret, Kalta Minor at night Traditional painted wooden ceiling Typical Khiva majolica tiles
  10. 10. 11 Historically, Central Asia has been famous for the great variety and excellent quality of its melons. There is proof that already in the 2nd century BC dried melon products were exported to China by Silk Road traders. Melon seeds were found during excava%on works near Toprak Qal’a, a fortress in Southern Karakalpakstan, da%ng back to the 3rd century AD. Many melon types are grown in Uzbekistan. Khorezm and Karakalpakstan are famous melon growing regions. About forty different local melon varie%es are on the markets. They can be dis%nguished by the %me they reach maturity (early, mid-season, late ripening species), by shape, size, skin and pulp texture and last but not least by their taste. Melons with good shelf life are also marketed to other regions. Don’t leave Uzbekistan without tas%ng some of its delicious, sweet, juicy melons. On the melon sec%on of the farmers market in Khiva you can find many melons with exo%c names such as Sariq Zamcha (yellow, early ripening), Kari Kiz (grey green, late, wrinkly skin), Gurvak (grey green), Bori Kalla (grey green), Mahalliy Beshak (late ripening, good shelf life), Shoyi Qovun (midseason ripening), Bol Qovun (yellow, midseason), Alla Halma (late, dark green), Ko’kcha (early ripening, green, net pa4ern). A touris%c highlight is the “Gurvak Melon Fes val” held in Khiva annually on the first weekend of August. Farmers display their melons and can win prizes for the best products. Singers and dancers from the whole region entertain the audience. Other events (a puppet-, a dance- and a culture fes%val) are planed to be held regularly in Khiva. Khorezmian Melons and Melon Fes val in Khiva The juicy melons are ideal to quench your thirst Melon art Melon vendor performance Melon dance
  11. 11. 12 The Nurullaboy Complex is situated a few hundred meters north of the West Gate of Ichon Qal’a. While the recep on palace is open to visitors, the rest of the complex is under renova%on. Nurullaboy Medressa is used as dancing hall for wedding par%es. To build an impressive complex for his son, Prince Isfandiyor Khan, Muhammad Rakhim Khan II bought a huge garden located just outside the Ichon Qal’a wall from the wealthy ci%zen, Nurullaboy. The Nurullaboy Hovlilari Complex, built between 1884 and 1912, included a harem and is surrounded by high walls. A@er his father’s death, Isfandiyor Khan added a palace for the recep%on of foreign guests. This palace differs from the other royal residences in Khiva because of its excep%onal building style and its extravagant ornamenta%on. Oriental and European architecture are intermixed. All seven rooms are decorated differently. Colourful Russian-style %led stoves, huge mirrors, oriental mul%-coloured wooden ceilings adorned with geometric or flower pa4erns, or half-moon and star symbols are combined with angels drawn by Russian ar%sts. The high doors, windows and the parquet floors were made by German Mennonite carpenters who lived nearby, in Oqmasjid village. Next to the palace, there is a small local recrea%on park where you can enjoy a cup of tea in one of the teahouses. Adjacent to the park, you will see parts of the outer city wall (Deshon Qal’a) of Khiva. Nurullaboy Complex Nurullaboy Reception Palace Nurullaboy Hovlilari entrance gate Nurullaboy Palace and Harem Discover Places of Interest outside the Ichon Qal’a Wall
  12. 12. 13 In 1897, Muhammad Rakhim Khan II built Qibla Toza Bog’ as his summer residence. The palace complex is located in the south-west of Khiva, 700m outside the Deshon Qal’a wall. It is surrounded by a huge vegetable and fruit garden that is s%ll in use. You enter the garden from the east side through a gate in the loam brick wall. Following the entrance path arched by vine plants, you reach the water pond where there is ample space for parking. The palace complex covers an area of 120m x 50m. It consists of the two-storey residence itself, a library, a harem, stables, a mill and other service buildings grouped around three courtyards. In the middle of the main courtyard, there is a pool shaded by four Field Elm trees. The recep%on palace, now used as restaurant, was built in 1913 by Isfandiyor Khan. The high windows and doorframes were made by German Mennonite carpenters. The rooms, which are used as a restaurant, are decorated with ornamental wall stucco and have beau%fully painted wooden ceilings. If you want to enjoy a meal in this exclusive environment, booking is required well in advance Tel.: 62-375-4807 or 91-434-9798. The lush vegeta%on provides a pleasant microclimate on hot summer days. In the gardens of the summer residence the new hotel Qibla Tozabog Mexmonxonasi (37 rooms) will open in April 2016. For bookings contact Shahlo: Tel.: 91-989-3162 e-mail: baltayevashoxla@gmail.com Qibla Toza Bog’, the Khan’s Summer Residence Qibla Toza Bog’ dining room Qibla Toza Bog’ Palace Qibla Toza Bog’ porch Qibla Tozabog Hotel
  13. 13. 14 Xusan Muhammadboy Medressa is located near the East Gate of Ichon Qal’a (Polvon Darvoza), next to the bazaar. The medressa was built by the rich merchant, Xusan Muhammadboy in 1905. He was a follower of the Jadid movement, which advocated the reform of the Muslim educa%on system. He made great efforts to introduce European art and culture to Khiva. Muham- madboy ac%vely supported educa%ng the youth of all social groups. Despite of his status and wealth, he fought against feudalism. Because of his beliefs, he was killed by Junaid Khan in 1918. In 2013, the medressa was tastefully restored and is now used as a restaurant offering tradi%onal Khorezmian food (Tel. 91-421-3965). Xusan Muhammadboy Medressa Sayid Mohi Royi Jahon Complex In the 19th century, Muhammad Rakhim Khan II erected the mausoleum for his grandfather Sayid Mohi Royi Jahon, over the tomb of Sheikh Chadirli Ishan . The complex consists of three buildings. The main mausoleum is the burial site of several famous Khiva khans of the Kungrad dynasty, among them Eltuzar Khan, Muhammad Amin Khan, Muhammad Rakhim Khan II, his father, Sayid Muhammad Khan and his grandson, Temurghazi Tura and others. The tombstones are richly decorated with blue majolica. The graves of other family members of the khan are in adjacent buildings. Islom Hoja, the vizier of the khan, is buried in the building to the right of the main mausoleum. There is no entrance fee, however, small dona%ons for the maintenance of the complex are appreciated. The mausoleum is open daily from 9:00-15:00. The graves of Feruz and his family members Sayid Mohi Royi Jahon Complex
  14. 14. 15 The Khiva Ice House Several ice houses, Muzxona, were built during Muhammad Amin Khan’s reign (1851-1855) inside the walls of Deshon Qal’a, next to water reservoirs. One of them is located south-west outside of Ichon Qal’a, near the Bol Xauz reservoir. It is a 7m high dome structure out of burned bricks, 10m in diameter with 1.5m thick walls. Its base goes 2m into the ground. In winter, when the water in the reservoir froze, ice was cut into large blocks and stored in the ice house. Layers of reeds were packed as isola%on material between the ice blocks. In the hot season, the ice was used as drinking water. The To'rt Shovvoz Complex To’rt Shovvoz is a medium-size complex located in easy walking distance from Ichon Qal’a, only 250m north-east of the Dehqon Bazaar. It consists of a minaret, winter and summer mosques, three medressas and two Koran reci%ng centres, grouped around a water basin shaded by big elm trees and a dome-shaped water reserve. In 1642, the complex was developed as a burial ground. According to the legend, Isfandiyor Khan I ordered to build a mausoleum to bury three of his bravest soldiers. Hence, the site was ini%ally called Uch Shovvoz (Three Eagles). When Isfandiyor Khan I was buried at the same site, the name changed into To’rt Shovvoz (Four Eagles). In the 17th century, a 12 meter high minaret was added to the site. In the course of history the complex was extended and reconstructed several %mes: in 1843, by Allakuli Khan, in 1874-75 by Muhammad Rakhim Khan II and by the trader Xudoybergan Karvanbashi in 1874. One of the three medressas is named a@er the la4er. Presently To’rt Shovvoz Complex is under reconstruc%on, but will be open to the public in 2016. To’rt Shovvoz Medressa and Minaret To’rt Shovvoz Water Reserve, Sardoba
  15. 15. 16 Khorezm Ma’mun Academy The Great Silk Road stimulated the development of trade, agriculture, religion, handicrafts as well as sciences. In Gurganch (now Kunya Urgench), the academy, Dorul-hikma was established by the Khorezm Shakh, Ali Ibn Ma’mun and operated from about 1004 till 1017. Research in the fields of astronomy, mathematics, medicine, chemistry, geography, mineralogy, history, philosophy, literature and theology was undertaken there. Together with the Plato Academy in Athens, and the Bayt al-Hikma Academy in Baghdad, the Ma’mun Academy was one of the most famous scientific institutions in Central Asia. Famous scholars and encyclopedists like Abu Raikhan al- Beruniy, and Ibn Sina (Avicenna) were based here, making important contributions to the development of science. Ten centuries passed, before in November 1997, President Islam Karimov issued a decree to rebuild the Ma’mun Academy in Khiva. In November 2006, the academy celebrated its 1000th anniversary with the participation of great scientists from all over the world. Presently the academy houses a library with 20,000 historic books and more than 200 copies of manuscripts. Many scientists and researchers from different disciplines work here. The scholars from the academy cooperate with several scientific institutes in the world. Archaeologists from the academy are carrying out excavation works in historical sites like Khumbuz Tepa – one of the oldest pottery centres in Central Asia. Well-preserved earthenware, dating back to 4th century BC were found there. Some of the artefacts are displayed in the Museum of History and Science in the Ma’mun Academy which is open to the public. Professional guided tours (in Uzbek, Russian or English language) can be arranged on request (Tel. +998-97-211-2762 guide Lochin Abdukarimov). The Museum of History and Science Khorezm Ma’mun Academy Old handwritten book in the Ma’mun library
  16. 16. 17 The Oriental Bazaars of Khiva If you want to experience the everyday life of people, a visit to one of the colourful oriental bazaars is a must. The Dehqon Bazaar, is located just outside Polvon Darvoza, the East Gate of Ichon Qal’a. Here a great variety of fresh and dried fruit, vegetables and other food items are sold. There are many small teahouses where you can try tasty tradi%onal food. The Mol Bazaar, livestock market, 1km south- east of Polvon Darvoza, is something for early risers. On Sundays, from 6:00 - 9:00 farmers from the region come to deal in livestock, fodder and fuel wood. On the Buyum Bazaar, 800m east of the East Gate of Ichon Qal’a, household items, electric equipment and clothes are sold. Around the corner, on Eh yot Qismlari Bazaar, you can find all kinds of new and well used spare parts. Cattle Bazaar - The deal is made by hand shake!A big choice of spare parts is available Visit the Cattle Bazaar Try one of the traditional dishes sold on the bazaar Khorezm bread, Dehqon Bazaar Dehqon Bazaar
  17. 17. 18 Tour to the Sights in the Outskirts of Ichon Qal’a There are many tourist sights outside of the walls of Ichon Qal’a worth visi%ng. The following tour can be done either by tour bus, by taxi, by bicycle, or if you are fit even on foot. You will not only get to know some of the historic sites, but also have a good chance to experience local life in Khiva. The tour starts at Ota Darvoza (West Gate). From there, follow the Ichon Qal’a wall up to Bog’cha Darvoza (North Gate). The first stop is the Khorezm Ma’mun Academy, the science centre of Khiva. The historic museum is worth a visit (more informa%on on page 16). Pass Qo’sha Darvoza, one of the gates of the outer wall of Deshon Qal’a. Adjacent to it, you can see the old pharmacy of Feruz (now used as a hotel). Do not miss to enter the Sayid Mohi Royi Jahon Complex built in 1884 by Muhammad Rakhim Khan II. You will see the beau%fully %led graves of Feruz, of his grandfather, his father and his grandson in the main complex, and the grave of his vizier, Islom Hoja, in the adjacent mausoleum (more informa%on on page 14). You will pass the Avaz O’tar House (presently closed). Avaz O’tar (1884-1919) was a socio-cri%cal na%onal poet of Khorezm who propagated the importance of educa%on. You will then reach the Gandimyon Gate (reconstructed in 1970), which is the entrance to the new bazaar. In the nearby village Gandimyon, the treaty incorpora%ng the Khiva Khanate as protectorate into the Russian Empire was signed between the khan and the Russian General Kaufmann. Ota Darvoza, West Gate Khorezm Ma’mun Academy Bog’cha Darvoza Qo’sha Darvoza Sayid Mohi Royi Jahon Tomb of Feruz’s grandson Avaz O’tar HouseGandimyon Darvoza
  18. 18. 19 Qo’y Darvoza (Sheep Gate) is another main gate of the outer wall of Deshon Qal’a. Now, head for the Dehqon Bazaar. Apart from experiencing the oriental flair of the bustling market life, you can see the Abdol Bobo Complex, a holy site built in 19th century. Next to it is the Polvon Qori Medressa with its minaret (built in 1905). Further on you will see the Niyoz Sholikorboy Complex (built in 1830-1840), consis%ng of a minaret and a mosque that is s%ll in opera%on. At the entrance of the bazaar, you can relax in the restaurant established in the Xusan Muxammadboy Medressa (more informa%on on page 14). A very special site is the To'rt Shovvoz Complex (built in 1885), considered to be a famous holy site. The complex consists of a minaret, winter and summer mosques and two Koran recita%on centres (qorixona) grouped around a water basin with a water reservoir. The complex is presently being renovated (see page 15). The next site is the hospital, built in 1912 by Isfandiyor Khan (under the supervision of his vizier, Islom Hoja), in honour of Alexey, the son of Tsar Nicolay II who suffered from haemophilia. Many specialised physicians worked there. Vaccina%ons and treatment was free of charge. The hospital is s%ll in opera%on. On the other side of the road, there is the post office, also built under the reign of Isfandiyor Khan in 1912-1913. A part of the restored Deshon Qal’a wall (outer city wall) can be seen between the stadium and the Khiva Recrea%on Park. You can also visit the Shoximardon cemetery, where the founder of the Khiva Khanate, Elbars Khan (1511-1525), is buried. To'rt Shovvoz Medressa Qo’y Darvoza Polvon Qori Medressa Post Office Hospital Deshon Qal’a WallShoximardon Cemetery Street vendor
  19. 19. 20 To see old technology s%ll in use, visit the Khiva Ceramic Factory. Here, you can watch the en%re produc%on process of the stoneware typical for the Khorezm region. In the museum, you can admire some of the special pieces produced here. In the adjacent Ark Teahouse you can take a rest and buy refreshments or a small meal. On your way to Qibla Toza Bog’, one of the summer residences of the khan, you can see Ibrohim Hoja Medressa located in what is now the premises of a school. Qibla Toza Bog’, the summer palace of Muhammad Rakhim Khan II, was built in 1897 and extended 1913. The palace, surrounded by high walls, consists of a two-storey residence, a library, a harem, stables, a mill and other service buildings grouped around three courtyards. It is surrounded by a huge vegetable and fruit garden. The palace is used as a restaurant (booking is needed). For more informa%on, see page 13. On your way back to Ota Darvoza, you will pass the small minaret, Chilla Avliyo. The huge Nurullaboy Complex consis%ng of five courtyards, a mosque, a medressa, a harem and stables is presently under reconstruc%on. The Nurullaboy Palace, built in 1912 by Isfandiyor Khan for the recep%on of foreign guests, can be visited. The palace differs from the other royal residences in Khiva due to its excep%onal mixture of western and oriental building styles and its extravagant ornamenta%on (for more informa%on see page 12). Finish off the tour at the star%ng point at Ota Darvoza (West Gate). Khiva Ceramics Ibrohim Hoja Medressa Ceramic factory Nurullaboy Complex Gate Qibla Toza Bog’, stucco walls Qibla Toza Bog’ Dining in royal atmosphere Nurullaboy Palace
  20. 20. 21 Map of the Khiva Tour to Places of Interest outside of Ichon Qal’a 1 2 3 4 13 14 5 6 7 8 910 11 12 19 15 16 17 18 20 200m Touristic site Distance from starting point 1 West Gate 0.0 km 2 North Gate 0.7 km 3 Khorezm Ma’mun Academy 1.1 km 4 Qo’sha Darvoza 1.2 km 5 Sayid Mohi Royi Jahon Complex 1.9 km 6 Avaz O’tar House 2.3 km 7 Gandimyon Darvoza 2.6 km 8 Qo’y Darvoza 2.9 km 9 Abdol Bobo Complex 3.5 km 10 Polvon Qori Medressa 3.6 km 11 Sayid Niyoz Sholikorboy Mosque 3.8 km 12 To’rt Shovvoz Medressa 4.5 km 13 Hospital 5.8 km 14 Post Office 5.8 km 15 Shoximardon Cemetery 8.7 km 16 Ceramic Factory 10.2 km 17 Ibrohim Hoja Medressa 11.4 km 18 Qibla Toza Bog’ 12.0 km 19 Chilla Avliyo Minaret 13.3 km 20 Nurullaboy Complex 14.5 km 1. West Gate 15.2 km Deshon Qal’a Wall Shoximardon Mausoleum Entrance Nurullaboy Complex
  21. 21. 22 Ulli Hovli is a great place for day excursions for individuals and groups. The rural community is one of the few tradi onal Turkmen villages in Khorezm. The unique tradi onal buildings and the ac vi es offered make the site quite a"rac ve. Ulli Hovli is an old Turkmen for fica on located 24km north-east of Khiva. It is surrounded by high walls and has been renovated tastefully by its tenant, Rajobov Davlatnazar. Most rooms in the side wings are open towards the yard. Some are equipped with comfortable tea beds (tapchans) and are decorated with old household and farm items such as saddles, mugs and mill stones. Three tandir loam ovens give clients a chance to observe the process of bread baking. In the courtyard three yurts have been erected for dining. In one of the side tracts, modern toilet facili es have been built. The owner keeps three camels and two horses. Folklore shows as well as cock and ram fights can be organised on site. A horse drawn cart is available for trips through the village. You can get a glance of the typical big Turkmen dogs kept there. Next to Ulli Hovli, the owner established a teahouse with many in and outdoor si4ng facili es. The refreshing breeze along the canal makes your stay very pleasant on hot summer days. Booking is required. For more informa on contact: Rajobov Davlatnazar Tel.: +998-95-602-2002 +998-91-434-9279 The Turkmen Fortress Ulli Hovli Tourist Sights in the Khorezm Region Cock fight Ulli Hovli teahouse Entrance to Ulli Hovli Traditional ram fight
  22. 22. 23 The Urgench Art Gallery The museum is located in Uzbekistan Street 21, opposite the main bazaar of Urgench. A few shady si4ng facili es in the garden invite people to take a rest. Some of the twelve beau fully carved wooden columns of the porch are more than 100 years old. The solid wooden doors and the portal, which is decorated with blue majolica, give the building its special appearance. The Art Gallery has been established in 1983 and holds many exhibits of classic and modern Khorezm and Uzbek art. 347 oil pain ngs, 253 graphics and 40 sculptures reflect the everyday life and the landscape of Khorezm or feature scenes from legends of the region. The work of renown painters, such as Chingiz Ahmarov, Rahim Ahmedov, Nemat Kuzybaev, Yusuf Yelizarov, Valen n Fadeev, Evgeniy Melnikov, Alisher Mirzaev, Akmal Nur, Vladimir Burkmakin and Khorezm ar sts such as Bah yor Ruzmetov, Atahan Allabergenov, Tura Kuryayov, Davron Yuldashev can be found there. For people interested in contemporary Uzbek art, the gallery is well worth a visit (Tel. director 62-228-4690). Except on Mondays, the gallery is open from 10:00-17:00. Guided tours can be arranged ad hoc or booked in advance. The Russian speaking guide, Shirin, an ar st herself, is well familiar with the collec on and can provide detailed background informa on (Tel. 95-606-3397). Urgench, Art Gallery, works of Axmarov Chingiz Touching the moon Letter from grandsonRuzmetov Baxtiyor, AmudaryaSumalak
  23. 23. 24 Chodra Hovli, the Khan’s Summer Residence Restaurant building Chodra Hovli garden Chodra Hovli is located 11km east of Khiva along the Yangiariq road. The four storeyed, tower like, adobe building is 30m high. It was erected in the 14th century and reconstructed in 1871 by Muhammad Rakhim Khan II as a summer residence. Its design is quite unusual. It has a rela vely small base of 16m x 8m. In the basement, there are two storerooms and the stables. The other floors were used as residen al area and consist of small rooms, which are open towards the garden. The khan used to rest here and even stayed overnight to escape the heat of the summer. Chodra Hovli is surrounded by a huge, lush green fruit and vegetable garden that is s ll in use. The irregular stairs are a bit uncomfortable to climb, but the view from the upper floor is rewarding. It is planned to turn the building in front of the summer residence into a restaurant. Behind Chodra Hovli, there is an extensive network of water bodies used for fish farming. These lakes are classified by Birdlife Interna onal as IBA (Important Bird Area) and are a highlight for bird lovers. Chodra Hovli Entrance gate
  24. 24. 25 Chodra HovliKharrot, Touris'c Complex at Lake Eshon Rovot In 2015, a new recrea on area was established 6.4 km south of Khiva. The site is located across the Drujba drainage canal, in the Karakum Desert at the shore of Lake Eshon Rovot. The complex consists of an indoor and a rooFop restaurant from where you can overlook the lake and enjoy the breeze. You also have the oppor- tunity to dine in one of the two tradi onal yurts or on the tapchan near the boat landing. In the a"ached hotel up to 12 guests can be accommo- dated in six comfortable, air condi oned double rooms. All have a private bathroom and TV. The ac vity offer includes fishing, boa ng or water scooter driving on the lake, nature walks along the lakeshore or in the adjacent sand dunes as well as a visit to the animal park on the property. The recrea on area is ideal for day excursions from Khiva or weekend ou ngs for the whole family. The nature lover will be able to experi- ence the unique flora and fauna of the desert and the wetland around Lake Eshon Rovot. For further informa on and bookings: Tel.: +998-95-620-8555, +998-91-278-1494 +998-93-755-0770 E-mail: eshonrovot@gmail.com Kharrot, dining yurt Eshon Kol recreation area Dine in Kharrot’s rooftop restaurant Bukhara Deer in the zoo enclosure Hotel room
  25. 25. 26 Qora Kol Touris'c Complex Baby camel at Qora Kol Touristic Complex At Lake Qora Kol you can go boating or fishing The elegant Qora Kol restaurant The touris c complex is located 7km south of Khiva in the Karakum Desert, at the shore of Lake Qora Kol. AFer crossing the drainage canal, turn right and you will see the fancy entrance gate in the middle of the dunes welcoming you to the recrea on area. Having passed the gate of the for fica on-like loam wall of the site, a camel greets you at the entrance. The fancy touris c complex consists of a tall 34m high minaret, a recep on building, a stylish restaurant, three tradi onal dining yurts, and 12 modern yurt shaped hotel rooms each with an a"ached bathroom. You can hire a motorboat or a water scooter for an ou ng on the lake. From the top of the minaret you have a spectacular view of the desert and the lake. You even can spot the skyline of Khiva. Watching the sunset from up there is stunning. For bookings contact: Karakul.2015@mail.ru Tel.: +998-91-277-7787 Entrance gate to the recreation site Sunset at Qora Kol Touristic Complex
  26. 26. 27 Qalajiq Qal’a is located in the Bogo’t area on the shore of a small saline lake. It is one of the oldest fortresses in Khorezm da ng back to the 4th cent. BC, originally built to protect the fer le arable land from invasions of nomadic tribes. Despite its high walls (14m high and 2.5m in width), the fortress was conquered by the Arabs and by Genghis Khan. The en re complex originally consisted of a medressa, a mosque, a mausoleum, a caravanserai and living quarters. From the top of the fortress, you can overlook the Karakum Desert, the farmland with its irriga on systems and the recrea on centre at the lake. The very salty water of the lake and the surrounding sand dunes are famous for their healing proper es. During the hot season, people come here to seek relief from backache, rheuma sm, muscle tensions, stress symptoms and other diseases. AFer a bath in the saline water, pa ents are buried into hot sand, some mes up to their neck. AFer a successful medical applica on, the en re family relaxes in the catering facili es along the lake. It is possible to prepare your own meal on one of the loam ovens, rented out by local service providers, including cooking utensils and si4ng facili es. Alterna vely you can order a meal from one of the teahouses. Besides the historic, medical and culinary offer, guests can go horseback riding around the lake or hire a horse cart for a short trip. You also have the op on to spend the night in the new hotel at the lake or in one of the colourful yurt accommoda on facili es. Each yurt sec on has its own bathroom. For bookings: E-mail: sobirmirob_tour@mail.ru Tel. +998-95-606-5885, +998-94-677-4445, +998-90-971-5586, +998-90-947-7177 Qalajiq Qal’a and the Salt Water Lake Touris'c Complex Hot sand has amazing healing properties Qalajiq Qal’a and saline lake Horse cart ride Taste traditional food in the Recreation Centre
  27. 27. 28 Sulaymon Qal’a and a Visit to Ar'sts in Hazorasp One of the oldest fortresses of ancient Khorezm is Sulaymon Qal’a, located in the town of Hazorasp, 65km east of Khiva along the road to Bukhara. The history of Hazorasp can be traced back to the 6th century BC. The fortress was built in the 17th century and restored in the 19th century. During that me, the prince of the Khiva Khanate resided in Hazorasp. The old city wall is s ll par ally intact. Un l today, the historic city is used as a residen al area with 130 houses located inside its walls. The Qal’a is bordered by a lake, called Oydin Kol (bright lake) that is fed by a fresh water spring. When the fortress was a"acked by enemies, the khan could escape through an underwater tunnel. From the top of the fortress, the scien sts of the khan used to make astronomical observa ons. Being located at a small lake and the fact that people s ll live inside the fortress walls dis nguishes it from many other ancient for fica ons, making it a special site. Another interes ng place worth visi ng in Hazorasp is the Shohpir complex. It consists of a mausoleum, a cemetery and a mosque that are s ll in use. Further, its unique arts and craFs are interes ng to visitors. Tandir makers, po"ers, a well-known sculptor and a painter have their workshops close to Sulaymon Qal’a. Guests are welcome to watch the ar sts at work. The local teahouses serve good food. However, the toilet facili es are basic. For bookings contact: Atamuratov Davron Tel. +998-90-578-1172 Painter, Davron Atamuratov Tandir maker opposite Sulaymon Qal’a Sulaymon Qal’a Sculptor, B. RuzmetovPotter, M. Matyoqubov
  28. 28. 29 Holy Sites in Khorezm and Southern Karakalpakstan Un l the 8th century AD, people in Khorezm were fire worshipers (Zoroastrians). When the Arabs conquered the region, the Islam became state religion. In the 14th century, several famous Koran teachers came as missioners to Khorezm, from other Islamic countries. Un l today, their burial sites are holy places visited by many worshipers. Non-Muslims are also welcome to visit these holy places. It is beneficial to come with a guide who can interpret the words of the resident Imam for you. The holy sites have a special atmosphere. Please dress decently and respect the silence and devo on of other worshipers. The Voyangan Bobo Complex is located 11km north-west of Shovot village, about 5km from the Turkmen border (GPS coordinates 41° 44’ 10”North, 60° 10’ 30”East). It consists of two mausoleums (of Voyangan Bobo and Hazra Eshon Bobo) surrounded by a huge cemetery. The complex spreads over an area of 40ha and has been erected on the site of the old Voyangan fortress, built in 200 BC. In front of the mausoleum, you find a holy stone. People believe that, when children suffer from herpes, they can be cured by applying yogurt onto their affected lips, which has been in contact with the holy stone. From the mausoleum, you can overlook the en re cemetery including a small saline lake. On the other side of the road, there is the mausoleum of Sheikh Savroniy Bobo, an Islamic leader. Voyangan Bobo and Sheikh Savroniy Bobo Mausoleum Sheikh Savrony Bobo Mausoleum Voyangan Bobo MausoleumHoly stone Cemetery and saline lake
  29. 29. 30 The Yusuf Hamadoni complex is located in the Shovot area. The mausoleum of Yusuf and of Sayid Hamadoni, originally built in the 12th century AD, was reconstructed in 1994. It is a famous local Muslim pilgrimage site. It is believed that Yusuf was holy and able to heal people with mental problems. Un l today, mentally ill pa ents are brought here to be cured from their disease. They stay for 40 days in one of the guesthouses of the complex. The Khorezm Tourism Development Plan includes the renova on of the Yusuf Hamadoni Mausoleum. Apart from the improvement of the access road, the sanita on facili es are meant to be upgraded. To provide favourable condi ons for local and foreign worshipers, shops, restaurant facili es, and ar san workshops are to be built on the site. Before going to the Yusuf Hamadoni complex, worshipers usually visit Jilovdor Bobo Mausoleum, located across the road from Yusuf Hamadoni complex, where the four loyal servants of the saint are buried. All four stayed single and dedicated their en re life serving their master. While Jilovdor was the charioteer of Yusuf Hamadoni, Dasturhonchi worked as a housekeeper, Chiroqchi was in charge of the light and Ochuvchi was said to be able to change people’s fate. Entrance gate to Jilovdor Bobo Mausoleum Yusuf Hamadoni Mausoleum Jilovdor Bobo Mausoleum Yusuf Hamadoni Mausoleum
  30. 30. 31 The complex is located in Qiyot village in Khiva district and consists of Sheikh Mavlon Bobo’s mausoleum, a summer mosque, and a minaret. Sheikh Mavlon Bobo was an Islamic teacher in the 17th century AD. The complex was built by Muhammad Rakhim Khan II from 1889 to 1891, and became a famous pilgrimage site. The mausoleum of two famous Uzbek poets, Muhammad Rizo Agakhiy and Munis Khorezmiy built in 2004, is located a few hundred meters away on the cemetery. Munis Khorezmiy was born in 1778 in Qiyot village, and died in 1829. He was a poet, historian, scien0st, translator, calligrapher, famous teacher and a mirob (water manager). He got his educa0on in one of the medressas in Khiva and made his first poetry collec0on, named Devoni Munis, in 1804. Khorezmiy was asked by the khan to write a history book of the khanate. It is a very valuable source of the poli0cal history of the Khiva Khanate in the 19th century. The book includes descrip0ons of the rela0onships between the khanate and neighbouring states. Another publica0on explains the agricultural system of the oasis. Muhammad Rizo Agakhiy, born in 1809 in Qiyot village, was a poet, historian, translator and worked as a mirob (water manager). He was fluent in Arabic, Persian, and Turkish. Agakhiy wrote six history books, a poetry collec0on and translated 20 books from Persian into Arabic. Muhammad Rakhim Khan II valued his advice and had his words engraved in stone plates placed in the hall, where he considered peoples’ pe00ons. One of Agakhiy’s famous works is his “Advice to a Patron” (qasidai nasixat), addressed to Feruz, in which he summarises the character traits of a good ruler: just, kind, merciful, friendly, well-educated, a moral and spiritual role model. Further, he advised the khan to have a pure soul, keep away from any indolence, cruelty, greediness, debauchery, betray, and intrigue. Agakhiy died in 1874. Sheikh Mavlon Bobo Complex Mausoleum of the poets Agakhiy and Munis Sheikh Mavlon Bobo Complex Summer Mosque
  31. 31. 32 The mosque, mausoleum, and cemetery complex is located 4.5km south-west of Yangiariq village along the road to Oqmasjid. Sheikh Muhtor’s grave is a famous pilgrimage site. The mosque includes the only preserved Sufi medita0on chamber (xonaqoh) of Khorezm. Following the Sufi believes, the Mausoleum was a plain, whitewashed building. Tiles were added during renova0on works later. In the 14th century, Sheikh Muhtor Valiy came to Khorezm to preach the Islam. He se@led down in the Khiva area and resided in a mosque (Sheikh Muhtor Ota Mosque, now Bir Gumbaz Restaurant). On a nearby mound, where now the Oq Sheikh Bobo watch tower is located, he taught his followers. He was buried in the Yangiariq area. His mausoleum was rebuilt by the vizier of Khiva, Yoqub Mextar, in the 19th century. There are many stories about the supernatural powers of Sheikh Muhtor Valiy. He was known to be kind to all creatures. Wild animals have been reported to come to the mausoleum. The site has a very special flair. The local Imam will offer to pray with you and provide informa0on about Sheikh Muhtor’s life. Sheikh Muhtor Valiy Mausoleum Entrance to the Sheikh Muhtor Valiy Mausoleum Worshipers visiting the holy site Summer mosque tiled with majolica Sheikh Muhtor Valiy Mausoleum in 2008 Cemetery around the Mausoleum
  32. 32. 33 The mausoleum of Sultan Uvays Bobo is one of the most famous holy sites in Central Asia even though, is not certain that Sultan Uvays is buried here, in Yemen or in Syria. From Beruniy follow the Nukus road for 35km. The turn-off to the site is well signposted. The mausoleum is located at the southern foothills of the Uvays Bobo Range, 3km from the main road. For worshipers who visit the site, there is a parking lot, framed by many stalls with souvenirs and religious objects, as well as slaughtering and cooking facili0es for the pilgrims. Sultan Uvays, a famous Islamic preacher, came from Yemen, where he was a camel shepherd who got spiritually enlightened. He was a contemporary of Prophet Muhammad and is regarded as the founder of the Islamic Sufi movement. He made a pilgrimage to Medina once, but did not have the opportunity to meet Prophet Muhammad in person. However, years later, Prophet Muhammad sent two of his followers to Yemen, to give his cloak to Sultan Uvays. Sultan Uvays died in AD 656. The first mausoleum erected on this site dates back to the 9th century. The present building, constructed in the 19th century, is surrounded by a huge mazar, a cemetery. During Soviet 0mes, it had been closed by the authori0es. Today, the site is open again and the courtyard at the centre of the mausoleum, invites worshipers to sit and eat aHer visi0ng the holy place. On top of a nearby hill, marks in a bolder are said to be the knee print of the saint. Pilgrims bring offerings to this site hoping for their wishes to be fulfilled. Par0cularly on Fridays, the site is well visited. Sultan Uvays Bobo Complex Sultan Uvays cemetery Worshipers in the courtyard of the mausoleum Sultan Uvays Bobo Mausoleum
  33. 33. 34 From Khiva an excursion to the ancient fortresses in neighbouring Karakalpakstan is a very attractive programme. Most of the 2000-year-old fortresses are located at the edge of the Sultan Uvays Mountain Range. Built by the people who lived in the fertile Amudarya plains most fortresses once served as defence structures from the invasions of nomadic tribes, who lived in the Kyzylkum Desert with their herds. Toprak Qal’a and Qizil Qal’a Qizil Qal’a Toprak Qal’a Toprak Qal’a Yurt Restaurant The Fortresses in Southern Karakalpakstan From Khiva you will travel 100km passing Urgench, Beruniy and Bo’ston to reach Toprak Qal’a. The rectangular settlement, surrounded by high fortification walls, dates back to the 2nd and 3rd century AD. The city included a palace, a temple, a residential area and gardens. The palace was built on a 9m high platform. During excavation works, men size sculptures and images of the rulers of the city and of goddesses on the walls of several halls were discovered. An entrance fee of 3,000UZS is charged per person. At the entrance, a yurt restaurant has opened in 2013. For bookings contact the manager Oybek Jumaboyev Tel. +998-93-201-0000, e-mail: djanbaskala@mail.ru. You can pass the nearby Qizil Qal’a, a small but well-preserved fortress that might have been a double-storey army base with an archers’ gallery. Toprak Qal’a Yurt Restaurant
  34. 34. 35 Ayaz Qal’a is one of the most spectacular fortresses of the region. It consists of three fortress complexes. The view from Ayaz Qal’a onto the Kyzylkum Desert, the small lake Ayaz, the Sultan Uvays Range and the oasis is stunning. The Ayaz Qal’a yurt camp, famous for its tradi0onal dishes, is an ideal spot to make a lunch break or stay overnight. A tarred road leads to the yurt camp on top of the plateau. The camp has been set up in 1998. With financial support of UNESCO a loam winter building was erected, so that the camp is open throughout the year. Besides the building, it consists of 12 yurts which can accommodate up to 50 people on cosy, na0onal, co@on filled kurpacha ma@resses. In winter, only three yurts, equipped with ovens, remain used. Groups of up to 250 people can be catered for simultaneously. There are sanita0on facili0es with four toilets, three showers and two sinks. To secure the water supply in the camp, three huge water storage tanks have been installed. However, water has to be used with care, as it is very precious in the desert. From the yurt camp, guests can go on hikes to the Qal’as, or down to the small lake Ayaz, which unfortunately has shrunk considerably in the last years, leaving a salt crust at the edges. In addi0on, camel rides are offered. It is advisable to book accommoda0on or meals a few days in advance. For bookings contact the manager Ra’no: Tel.: +998-94-644-8699 or the office in To’rtkol +998-61-532-4361. Ayaz Qal’a and Yurt Camp Yurts at Ayaz Qal’a Camp Yurt Camp with Ayaz Qal’a in the background Sleep on kurpacha mattresses like the nomads Riding camel at Ayaz Qal’a Yurt Camp
  35. 35. 36 Jonbos Qal’a and Yurt Camp Jonbos Qal’a is located 55km north-east of To’rtkol. A tarred road passes near the fortress, however, the last 1200m up to the fortress and further to the yurt camp are in bad condi0on. Jonbos Qal’a was most probably built as early as the 4th century BC. The double walls of the fortress are 20m high and enclose a rectangular area of 200m x 170m. From the top of the two- storeyed galleries, archers defended the fortress. Through the loopholes in the for0fica0on walls, they could fire their arrows onto the invaders. The unique building style can be traced back to the architecture of the Assyrians and Achaemenids and was not used anywhere else in ancient Khorezm. Inside the fortress, residen0al buildings were erected on both sides of the central road. About 1000 people could have been housed in 150-200 rooms. At the end of the main street, the city's main fire temple was excavated. In the outskirts of Jonbos Qal’a, a necropolis (burial site) was found. Burial giHs (terraco@a statue@es, ceramics, jewellery) discovered here date back to the 1st century AD. Some scien0sts believe that the town must have been captured by nomadic tribes in the 1st century AD. Another theory suggests that the dwellers abandoned the city when the Amudarya changed its course, flooding parts of the site. Jonbos Qal’a yurt camp is located 500m uphill from the Qal’a. It offers rus0c accommoda0on on kurpacha ma@resses in six tradi0onal yurts. Modern sanita0on facili0es are available. Delicious tradi0onal dishes are served in the dining yurt. Boa0ng or fishing on the nearby small lake can be arranged. For bookings contact the manager Oybek Jumaboyev +998-93-201-0000, e-mail: djanbaskala@mail.ru Jonbos Qal’a Yurt Camp Jonbos Qal’a
  36. 36. 37 Passing the pontoon from the Khorezm side of the Amudarya, at Jumurtou village, Gavur Qal’a majes0cally looms on the east bank of the mighty river. The fortress dates back to the Early An0que period (4th cent. BC - 1st cent. AD). It was abandoned in 4th cent. AD. The northern and western walls of the fortress are well-preserved. The southern part has been destroyed by the meandering river. The fortress is trapezoidal in shape and had double walls with archers’ galleries. The walls were strengthened by several towers. The fortress guarded and controlled the important Amudarya trade route and deemed to be a Zoroastrian place of worship at the same 0me. From the fortress, you can see a watch tower upstream on the escarpment. Gavur Qal’a A Russian archaeologist considered Janpik Qal’a to be the most beau0ful fortress in Khorezm. The fortress is located on the banks of the Amudarya River at the south-western edge of the Sultan Uvays Mountains. You can access Janpik Qal’a via a sand road from Gavur Qal’a (7km) or from the Nukus-Beruniy main road. The fortress was erected on the ruins of an old se@lement da0ng back to the 4th cent. AD. The fortress itself was built in 9th-10th century AD. Janpik Qal’a is irregularly shaped and protected by a double wall with an archers’ gallery on the second floor. Five of the towers located 70m apart are s0ll visible. From 10th - 14th century, Janpik Qal’a was a town with residential quarters. In the 13th century, the Mongols conquered and destroyed it. After the invaders left, it was rebuilt and became a centre of craft production and trade. In different quarters of the fortress craft workshops for glass makers, weavers, blacksmiths, potters and stone carvers had been established. Artefacts indicate that the town had a sophisticated water supply and drainage system. After Amir Timur conquered and destroyed the Khorezm State in 1388, the fortress got abandoned. Many of the items found during archaeological excava0ons in Janpik Qal’a are exhibited in the Savitskiy Museum in Nukus. These artefacts include ceramics, glassware, kniPng hooks for the produc0on of fishing nets, stoneware, bronze ornaments, jewellery, bone beads, and cowry shell necklaces. The silver and copper coins found on site indicate that Janpik Qal’a must have been an important port and trading post on the Amudarya. Janpik Qal’a
  37. 37. 38 Akshakhan Qal’a is located in the midst of driHing sand dunes, 16.9km north of Beruniy. With an area of 42ha, it was one of the largest for0fied se@lements in Ancient Khorezm. The fortress dates back to the 2nd century BC and was used un0l the 1st century AD. It consisted of two for0fied enclosures. Traces of the monumental buildings (mausoleum, temple and palace) are s0ll visible. The remains of the fortress are almost en0rely covered with sand. Excava0on works by Karakalpak and interna0onal archaeologists are s0ll ongoing. The discovery of a portrait gallery (120 portraits) on the walls of the fortress was a sensa0on and proof for the existence of the semi- legendary dynasty of the Khorezm Shakhs. Since the persons depicted on the wall pain0ngs are wearing crown shaped headdresses and gold necklaces archaeologists consider that they must have been powerful rulers. The red ears shown in some of the portraits are presumably a symbol of power and fer0lity. Artefacts found on site are kept at the Karakalpak Research Ins0tute of Humani0es in Nukus. Day Trip to the Holy Sites in Khorezm and South-KarakalpakstanAkshakhan Qal’a Shifting sand dunes at Akshakhan Qal’a Yakke Parsan Qal’a Yakke Parsan is a for0fied manor house that was in use from the 6th to the 8th century AD. It is located 17km north-east of Bo’ston, 5km from the main Bo’ston-Ayaz Qal’a road. Excava0on works suggest that the fort must have been the house of one of the feudal landlords, called dihqans. There were many manor houses in the Ellik Qal’a area, however, Yakke Parsan is one of the few that has not been destroyed. The nobles lived in square inhabitable towers, called donjons, protected by for0fica0on walls. Only remnants of the defence wall of Yakke Parsan Qal’a are s0ll intact. In the area between the tower and the for0fica0on wall, the serfs of the feudalists resided. Local landless farmers worked for those wealthy land owners. The donjons oHen were located in such a way that the land owners had full control over the irriga0on system.
  38. 38. 39 Along the banks of the Amudarya River, small strips of a unique type of riparian vegeta0on, the Tugai Gallery Forest, can be found. The Tugai Forest is an important habitat for many wild animals such as Wild Boar, Bukhara Deer, Persian Gazelle, Red Fox, Jackal, Tolai Hare and many bird species. The dominant tree species in the forest are the Euphrates Poplar, the Willow, the Russian Olive and the bright pink flowering Salt Bushes and Tamarisks. Par0cularly in the hot summer months, the microclimate in the riparian forest is very pleasant. Hence, the Tugai Forest is a popular recrea0on area. Downstream of the Beruniy bridge, a private entrepreneur has set up a small ecotourism project named El Tur. If you want to experience this special type of ecosystem, you can sit and rest in the shade of old poplar trees. Along the river there are two yurts and a tapchan where you can relax and have a picnic or a sundowner. If you want, you can try to catch a fish which will be prepared for you on-site. To reach El Tur ecotourism area, drive via Urgench towards the Beruniy bridge. Turn leH just before the police check point and follow the tarred road for 1.9km un0l you see the sign post “EL TUR”. Cross the barrier and follow the dirt road along the backwaters of the Amudarya to the banks of the main stream. A small footpath along the river bank leads through the dense Tugai Forest to the ecotourism area. Before going there, contact Hotel Navruz in Urgench. Tel. +998-62-228-4911, +998-62-228-4920, +998-93-466-1633 Ecotourism in Khorezm Recrea/on Areas along the Amudarya River Road through the Tugai Forest View of the mighty Amudarya River Fishing in the calm backwaters of the Amudarya Dining yurt
  39. 39. 40 Ornithological Tour in Khorezm and Karakalpakstan Khorezm and Southern Karakalpakstan are not only worth a visit because of their wealth of historic monuments, they also have a number of exci0ng birding areas. You can easily combine an ornithological ou0ng with a cultural tour. Driving from Bukhara to Khiva through the Kyzylkum Desert, you have a good chance to spot some Panda’s Ground Jays near the road in the sand dunes. The preferred habitat for the birds is saxaul vegeta0on. When approached, they usually 0ptoe away swiHly before they fly a few meters. The area south-east of Khiva, with its extensive water bodies consis0ng of lakes, fishponds, irriga0on and drainage canals, has been classified by Birdlife Interna0onal as “Important Bird Area” (IBA). Several globally threatened bird species and species included in the Red Book of Uzbekistan occur here. The lakes near the Khan’s summer residence, Chodra Hovli, the fishponds around Ota Xarrat, the lakes near the recrea0on areas Qora Kol, Eshon Kol and Lake Qalajiq are other great places for bird watching. Species such as the White-tailed Lapwing, the Collared Pra/ncole, the Black-headed Wagtail, the Black- headed Gull (winter migrant), the Great White Pelican, the Glossy Ibis, the Blue-cheeked Bee- eater and the Eurasian Roller are commonly seen there. On the lake in front of Qalajiq Fortress, flocks of Red-necked Phalaropes can be observed. During the hot summer months (July and August), when many local people visit the lake and the adjacent dunes, it is advisable to go birding in the early morning hours before the crowds arrive. Panda’s Ground Jay White-tailed Lapwing Collared Pratincole Eurasian Roller
  40. 40. 41 In the ruins of Qalajiq Fortress and the adjacent sand dunes, the Variable Wheatear, the Desert Warbler, the Desert Finch and the Egyp an Nightjar occur. A very special place for passionate birders is the cemetery in the village Sayot, 5km east of Khiva. The trees in this quiet loca#on offer refuge for a huge breeding colony of White-crowned Night- herons. More than 100 breeding pairs have been counted. During an excursion to neighbouring Karakal- pakstan, you can admire the birdlife near the ruins of pre-Chris#an fortresses. In the walls of the fortress Toprak Qal’a, a huge colony of Blue- cheeked Bee-eaters is nes ng. The shallow shore of Lake Aksha is also an ideal habitat for many water bird species. Next to the holy site Sultan Uvays Bobo, visited by many worshipers, numerous birds of prey are a2racted by the remains of sacrificial animals. Another IBA is Lake Sudochie about 100km north- west of Kungrad. You can observe the en#re lake from the escarpment, walk along its shore or hire a boat from the local fishermen. Some globally threatened species of water birds, amongst them the Dalma an Pelican, Black-winged Pra ncole, White-headed Duck, have been recorded there. Huge flocks of Great White Pelicans, Great and Pygmy Cormorants, Greater Flamingos, and the White-tailed Eagle, can be observed. If you visit Lake Sudochie you should camp out for one night. The White-winged Spo&ed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucopterus) is quite common in the Tugai Forest along the Amudarya River but also in gardens and orchards. Desert Finch White-crowned Night-heron White-winged Spotted Woodpecker Lake Sudochie
  41. 41. 42 Khorezm is an oasis located between the Kyzylkum and the Karakum Deserts. Despite the fact that Khorezm is an arid region, with a long-term average annual precipita#on rate of 100mm and an evapo-transpira#on rate of 1500mm, it is intensively cul#vated. The first irriga#on structures were already installed 1000 BC. Between the late 17th and the early 20th century, a dense network of irriga#on channels were constructed to distribute the water from the Amudarya to the dry lands. Since the soils are very salty, sodium flocks out, le=ng the surface appear as if covered with snow. Therefore, before plan#ng, the soil has to be leached three #mes to wash out the excess salt. All the crop is watered by gravity irriga#on, a method farmers are very skilful in applying. Drainage water is channelled in collectors and flows into ar#ficial lakes. Ploughing and harrowing is usually done by machines. Many other agricultural ac#vi#es like weeding, harves#ng or transplan#ng of rice are mainly carried out manually. The main cash crops grown in the region are co2on, rice and wheat. Khorezm is famous for its great variety of sweet and juicy melons, its apricots, peaches, apples, sour cherries, plums, pears, pomegranates, mulberries, quinces and grapes. The main vegetables cul#vated in the region are yellow carrots, turnips, white onions, potatoes, garlic, maize, tomatoes, eggplants, cucumbers, pumpkins, cabbages, green peppers, radishes, beans and sunflowers. Most families maintain a small garden next to their house. Livestock, sheep, goats, and poultry (chickens, geese, ducks, and peacocks) are kept in small numbers for subsistence. Delicious fresh vegetables and fruit are grown for home consump#on and marketed on the local bazaars. The Agricultural System of Khorezm Salinisation Leaching of fields Irrigation canal Cotton field Gravity irrigation
  42. 42. 43 Fruits of the Khorezm Region White mulberries are dried Pears are an autumn fruit Sour cherries are preserved as kompot Spring apples are small but tasty Sweet, juicy melons The beautiful blossom of the Pomegranate Khorezm is famous for its delicious grapes Nectarines
  43. 43. 44 Cereals, Vegetables and Livestock of Khorezm Rice has to be transplanted by hand On Sundays, sheep are sold on Mol Bazaar Yellow carrots are more commonly grown Turp, are green radishes eaten as salad Rice is one of the staple crops in the Uzbek cuisine Sunflower seeds area eaten as snack Dried eggplants are often used in salads Fresh, tasty green peppers
  44. 44. 45 Stopover at the Turkmen Fortress, Ulli Hovli Tour Sugges ons in Khorezm and South-Karakalpakstan Try the fresh fish at Ulli Hovli Restaurant Traditional donkey cart at Ulli Hovli Fortress Folklore show at Ulli Hovli Turkmen Fortress, Ulli Hovli For more informa#on on the Turkmen Fortress, Ulli Hovli, and the restaurant see page 22.
  45. 45. 46 Day Excursion to Tourist Sights East of Khiva and to Qalajiq Salt Lake From Khiva there are a number of day or half-day excursion op#ons. Depending on your schedule and interest you can choose the short (44km) or longer tour (95km) and visit some of the sites along the route. Driving 10.7km from Khiva towards Yangiariq village, you will pass the walls of the Khan’s summer residence, Chodra Hovli. The very peculiar structure, surrounded by a huge garden, is worth a visit (descrip#on on page 24). AAer another 4.8km, you can visit a tradi#onal po&ery at Ka2abog’ village and watch the masters at work (descrip#on see page 57). Con#nue for another 19.5km towards Bog’ot. Turn right at the road sign Qalajiq and follow the tarred road for 9.4km un#l you reach the ancient fortress Qalajiq Qal’a. The recrea#on centre at the saline lake next to the fortress offers tradi#onal health treatments and has a big choice of catering facili#es, which are only opera#onal in summer (descrip#on on page 27). On the way back, you can choose an alterna#ve route. Branch off at Yangiariq and follow the secondary road for 4.1km. On your leA hand side, you will see the famous Muslim pilgrimage site Sheikh Muhtor Valiy. The mausoleum is surrounded by a huge cemetery. Experience the special flair of this place (more informa#on on page 32). Follow the road westwards to get to the village of Oqmasjid, where German Mennonites lived (1883-1935). They were skilled carpenters, good farmers and introduced new livestock and crops to Khorezm. Con#nue straight towards Khiva and you will get to the Khorezm fish farms. You can eat at the local fish restaurant “Ota Xarrat”. The fish always comes fresh out of the pond. From your table or tapchan you can watch the diverse birdlife on the water. Return along the tarred road to Khiva (7.3km).
  46. 46. 47 Ou ngs to the Recrea on Centres Qora Kol and Kharrot In 2015, two fancy recrea#on centres have been established 7km south of Khiva. Both are locat- ed near the Turkmen border, south of the Drujba drainage canal, in the Karakum Desert on the shore of small lakes. Both centres have several restaurants, accommoda#on facili#es and offer a diverse water sport and entertainment programme for the whole family (see pages 25 and 26). Water scooter drive on Lake Eshon Kharrot Touristic Complex at Lake Eshon RavatQora Kol Touristic Complex Sunset in the dunes at Lake Qora Kol
  47. 47. 48 From Khiva you can make a half-day excursion to the ancient fortresses in neighbouring Karakalpakstan. The return trip (220km) takes about 5 hours without a lunch break. Already 2000 years ago, people who lived in the fer#le Amudarya plains built many fortresses to defend themselves against the invasions of nomadic tribes. Most of the fortresses are located at the edge of the Sultan Uvays Dag’ mountain range overlooking the oasis. From Khiva, travel via Urgench (27km) and Beruniy (25km) to Qizil Qal’a (30.8km). You can see the small fortress from the main road. You cannot reach the site by tour bus, as the access road is very narrow. Con#nue to the nearby Toprak Qal’a (2.6km). The rectangular fortress used to be a city with a palace and a temple. It dates back to the 2nd and 3rd century AD. Look out for hundreds of Blue-cheeked Bee-eaters nes#ng in the Qal’a walls. At the foot of the Qal’a a yurt camp is offering good catering services. The toilet facili#es are rus#c. Con#nue via Bo’ston (11.3km) to Ayaz Qal’a (22.3km) one of the highlights of your fortress tour. It consists of three fortress complexes. From Ayaz Qal’a I you have a splendid view of the Kyzylkum Desert. Par#cularly in spring, the vegeta#on around the Qal’a is unique (wild tulips and wild onions, and the strange looking plant called Devil’s Dung (Ferula). You can have lunch or a tea break at Aytaz Qal’a yurt camp. Return from Ayaz Qal’a via Bo’ston, Beruniy, Urgench to Khiva (101.3km). Half-Day Excursion to Fortresses in Southern Karakalpakstan
  48. 48. 49 Big Qal’a Tour Jonbos Q. Akshakhan Q. A one-day excursion from Khiva to six of the ancient fortresses in Southern Karakalpakstan is a nice change to the Silk Road city programme. The en#re trip is 262km and takes about 8 hours including a lunch break. The fortresses, da#ng back to pre-Chris#an #mes, were either defence or refuge structures, royal palaces, places of worship, observatories or mansion houses of feudal families. From Khiva, drive via Urgench, Beruniy, To’rtkol to Guldursun Qal’a (98.9km). The large fortress, protected by 15m high outer walls and towers, was used as refuge by residence of the neighbour- ing villages when invaders approached. 11km further north-east, Qoy Qirilgan Qal’a comes into sight. The fortress was in use from the 4th century BC un#l the 4th century AD. Parts of the inner eighteen-cornered building, subdivided into many chambers, is s#ll visible. During excava#on works many ceramic jars and vessels, terraco2a statue2es, ossuaries, iron tools and wall pain#ngs were found. Archaeologists suggest that the fortress might have been an astronomical observatory. Con#nue to Jonbos Qal’a (19.4km), one of the best preserved citadels da#ng back to the 4th century BC (see page 36). The nearby yurt camp invites for a rest. The next highlight is the gigan#c fortress complex Ayaz Qal’a (15.7km) consis#ng of three individual forts. The tradi- #onal yurt camp next to the fortress offers meals and accommoda#on (see page 35). On the way back via Bo’ston to Khiva, visit Toprak Qal’a (31.5km). The huge royal city, built in the 1st century AD accommodated up to 2500 people (see page 34). You can take a break to dine in the adjacent yurt camp. Pass the small fortress Qizil Qal’a (2.6km) and return via Beruniy (30.8km) and Ur- gench (25km) to Khiva (27km). Guldursun Q. Qoy Qirilgan Q. Ayaz Q. Qizil Q. Toprak Q.
  49. 49. 50 Excursion to the Lesser-known Fortresses in Southern Karakalpakstan The two fortresses, Gavur and Janpik Qal’a are situated at the banks of the Amudarya River. Their prominent loca#on allowed the control of this important waterway. From Khiva the shortest route is via Qo’shkopir, Shovot to Gurlan (53.6km). In Gurlan, take the Mangit road up to the first roundabout (26km). There, turn right and drive to the Amudarya pontoon (9.2km). The pontoon is not in good condi#on and therefore not adequate for tour busses. Saloon cars are able to pass. The sight of Gavur Qal’a from the river is spectacular (more informa#on, page 37). From Gavur Qal’a a dirt road brings you directly to Janpik Qal’a (9km). This huge fortress overlooks the Tugai Forest and the Amudarya River (see informa#on, page 37). On the way back to Khiva, turn off aAer 21km from the main road at the Sultan Uvays junc#on. AAer crossing the railway, turn right and follow the road to the small fortress Qizil Qal’a (14.8km). The nearby Toprak Qal’a (1.3km) is one of the highlights of the tour. In the adjacent yurt camp, you can dine in nomad style. Return to Khiva via Beruniy and Urgench (90.3km). The en#re trip (225km) takes 8 hours. It is also possible to include a visit to Gavur and Janpik fortresses enroute from Khiva to Nukus. Gavur Q. Janpik Q. Toprak Q. Qizil Q. Akshakhan Q. Gavur Qal’a Janpik Qal’a Toprak Qal’a
  50. 50. 51 Day Excursion to the Holy Sites in Southern Karakalpakstan (243km) The tour to some of the most famous holy sites in Southern Karakalpakstan will take about 5 hours. From Khiva drive via Urgench (28km) and Beruniy (25km) to To’rtkol (28km). Follow the Bo’ston road for 22.5km to reach the tradi%onal healing site, Kechirmas Bobo Mausoleum. Norimjon Bobo Mausoleum is located only 3.3 km further north. The Mausoleum of Abdulla al-Norimjon is surrounded by a large necropolis da%ng back to the 14th century. On your way from Bo’ston to the well-known Sultan Uvays Bobo Complex (descrip%on on page 33) do not miss to stop a0er 7.4km to see the ancient fortresses Toprak Qal’a and 2.6km further the fortress Qizil Qal’a (see informa%on on page 34). From there, follow the tarred road to the holy site in the Sultan Uvays Bobo range (18km) which is par%cularly visited by many worshipers on Fridays. Small domes%c animals and poultry is slaughtered and eaten here. Parts of the meal are brought to people in need. If %me allows, consider con%nuing 3.4km further up into the mountains to see the place where the knee-print of Sultan Uvays is said to be visible in a rock. Return via Beruniy (41.2km) to Khiva (53km). Sultan Uvays Bobo Norimjon Bobo Kechirmas Bobo Kechirmas Bobo Mausoleum Sultan Uvays Bobo Complex
  51. 51. 52 Inside of some of the old medressas, cra0smen have established their workshops. It is fascina%ng to watch the silk carpet weavers, the wood carvers, the women who embroider suzannis, the po8ers or the puppet makers. Khiva is famous for its music and tradi%onal dances. During tourism season, a folklore group performs in Allakuli Khan Medressa every day in the late a0ernoon and a group of acrobats can be booked in Muhammad Rakhim Khan II Medressa. Arts and Cra,s in Khiva and the Khorezm Region Woodcarver apprentice Silk carpet weaver Folklore groupTraditional puppets Khiva, ceramic factory Khiva, acrobat family Young singer and dancer Embroidering suzannis
  52. 52. 53 Parda Gul Olma Gul Benaki G’uncha Gul Bog’cha Gul Aylana Gul Tilla Qopi Narda Xusraf The Khiva Suzanni Centre is opera%ng in an old medressa. Young women are trained in the tradi%onal art of embroidery. Pa8erns are copied from old %les and wooden doors (see below). Khiva Suzanni Centre in the Abdurasulboy Medressa
  53. 53. 54 Khiva Silk Carpet Workshop The Silk Carpet Workshop of Madrim is located in the Yokubboy Hoja Medressa. All carpets are handmade and dyed with natural colours. Pomegranate peel, madder root, indigo and walnut husks are used for dying of the silk threads. After the carpets are woven, they are trimmed and washed. When visi%ng the carpet workshop the whole process of carpet weaving will be explained.
  54. 54. 55 Tilla Gul Bekzod Pahlavon Joy Namoz Mangol Xumoyun Pir Qopi To’lkin Arqonchi Each carpet pa8ern has a name. Pa8erns are derived either from ancient majolica %les, from carved doors of historic buildings or from carpet pa8erns depicted on miniature pain%ngs. Silk Carpet Pa2erns
  55. 55. 56 Po2ery Workshops in Khiva District The pottery workshop of Artikov Ko’pal in Eski Qiyot village, near Khiva is also engaged in making traditional brown and yellow Khiva style plates. The dishes are formed in molds. Painted, glazed and burnt platesMelting of lead for glazing of the plates. Pottery workshop of the Bobojonov family Bahodir Bobojonov produces traditional bodiya pottery in Ogohiy village (Khiva District). The dishes are formed in molds, painted, glazed and burnt in a kiln.
  56. 56. 57 The Po2ery workshop of Master Rustam Toirov in Khiva The historic buildings of Khiva, decorated with majolica %les, overwhelm many visitors. All of these ancient monuments have to be restored from %me to %me. Unlike some of the other po8ers in Khorezm, Rustam Toirov has special- ised on the renova%on of historic monuments. For this purpose, he collected copies of original %le pa8erns of the historic buildings. Amongst his renowned works are the restora%on of Kalta Minor in Ichon Qal’a and the re%ling of the domes of the Pahlavon Mahmud Mausoleum, of the Sayid Mohi Royi Jahon Complex in Khiva and of the Statues of Al-Khorezmiy and Al-Beruniy in Urgench. Rustam Toirov also produces %les for big new buildings such as restaurants, hotels and apartment blocks in the Khorezm region. He re%led domes in Samarkand, Bukhara, Shaxrisabz, Termez and Qarshi. In Kazakhstan, master Rustam worked on the cupolas of several mosques. At Rustam’s workshop, located in the outskirts of Khiva, visitors are welcome to see the masters at work. In four big kilns, %les are burnt twice at high temperature (1100°C): once before and once a0er they have been decorated and glazed. This makes them very durable. The po8er mainly uses a koshin loi which literally means “clay for %les”. It consists of loam, water, the fluffy material of mature bulrushes and sand. All po8ery workshops in Khorezm use the same components for decora%ng the %le. Cobalt is used for blue, copper for turquoise, manganese for black and quartz mixed with white sand for white. Tile for the restoration of a monument Tiles are burnt at 1100C⁰ in the kiln Painting of a pre-burnt, white coated tile Historic patterns kept in the potters archive
  57. 57. 58 Po2ery workshop in Ka2abog’ near Yangiariq Vases and dishes are decorated with dark and light blue geometric patterns or flower ornaments. The majolica in many famous monuments (Sheikh Muhtor Valiy, Sayid Mohi Royi Jahon and Pahlavon Mahmud Mausoleum) and in modern buildings in Uzbekistan have been produced by these masters. The earthenware is burnt in a kiln. To visit the workshop contact Ollanazar Sadullaev +998-90-726-0045. Since nine generations, the pottery of the Atajanov family produces majolica tiles for monuments as well as jars and dishes. Presently Ollanazar Sadullaev and his brother Bahodir Atajanov are continuing the tradition.
  58. 58. 59 Ceramic Workshop in Madyr near Xonqa If you want to visit the workshop and the exhibition room contact Adilbek Rakhimov Tel.:+998-91-432-0444 Since many generations the Matchanov family produces traditional pottery products. The tiles are painted with cobalt, and copper, burnt, glazed and assembled to mosaics. Blue ceramics tiles have been used for the decoration of many historical monuments in Khiva.
  59. 59. 60 Wood Carving, an old Khorezmian Cra, Excava%ons on archeological sites in Khorezm and Southern Karakalpakstan show that woodcarving is an ancient cra0 in the region. Many visitors admire the beau%fully carved doors and columns of the royal palaces and fortresses. One of the outstanding monuments is the Friday Mosque with 213 stunning, carved wooden columns. More than 30 wood carvers are presently work- ing in Ichon Qal’a. Quite a number of old medressas have been converted into wood carving workshops. There, visitors can watch the masters at work. Apart from gigan%c columns, doors and tapchans produced on order, smaller items such as pencil boxes, book stands, pot coasters, walking s%cks and jewellery boxes are made. The main types of wood used for carving are Field Elm, mulberry, walnut, and poplar. To ease carv- ing the wood is soaked in water for several months, dried slowly in a shady place and greased with co8on oil. Wood carvers design the pa8erns themselves or cooperate with ar%sts. The chosen pa8ern drawn on paper is placed over the wood and pin pricked through. The typical Khiva designs are characterised by their whirling lines of flower pa8erns. Also geometric forms are used. In the past, Arabic scripts had been used in many historic monuments as well. The marvelously carved main gate of Ichon Qal’a is one of the masterpieces of the woodcarving trade. Wooden column at Nurullaboy palace Woodcarver at work Old wooden door
  60. 60. 61 Khiva is famous for its skilled puppet makers. One of five masters in Khiva is Matyoqub Matyoqubov. He has worked in the trade since 25 years and has trained some of the other masters. In former !mes, puppets were made out of cloths and leather. Nowadays, papier-mâché is used. For each puppet character, a gypsum mould is pro- duced and filled with up to twelve layers of pa- pier-mâché glued together with wallpaper paste. Hence, the puppet heads turn out to be very stur- dy. Therea*er, the head is fixed !ghtly onto a s!ck. Pain!ng the face, designing and producing the headwear and clothes of the puppets are tasks of Matyoqubov’s wife and daughters. To be able to use the puppets as decora!ve items each puppet pair is placed in a hand woven bag. On order, Mr. Matyoqubov also produces puppets that resemble a life person. For this, clients have to leave their photos with him as a template. To perform legends and fairy tales, schools and kin- dergartens order par!cular puppet characters. An open-air puppet show is part of the Navruz fes!vi!es. Apart from handheld puppets big pup- pets that are the size of a person are used by the puppeteer. It is planned to hold a puppet fes!val in Khiva biannually. Puppets make nice souvenirs to take home Puppet Making in Khiva A big selection of oriental puppets is on sale The face is made from papier-mâché Open-air puppet shows are held in KhivaGet your own puppet Gruesome puppets
  61. 61. 62 Furrier has been an ancient trade in Khorezm. A statue excavated at Meshekli Caravanserai wear- ing a fur hat suggests that the profession must have existed since the an!quity. Pahlavon Mahmud (1247-1326), the patron saint of Khiva, was not only famous as a poet and wrestler, but also for his skills as furrier. He freed many Khorezmians, who were kept as slaves in India, with his legendary furrier trick. Most of the furriers of Khiva are in the business since many genera!ons. They have specialised in making various types of fine fur hats, some with matching pelt shawls as well as sleeveless jackets. Mostly Karakul sheep, Tolai hare and Desert cat furs derived from different regions in Uzbekistan are used. The pelts of Red fox, wolf, badger and lynx are purchased from hunters from the Tian Shan and the Pamir Mountains and from Russian traders. Different hats were used for different occasions. Tradi!onal longhaired sheep hats were used by men during fes!vi!es, while the classical white sheep hats were worn by the washers of corpses. Prices depend on the type of pelt and the occurrence of the fur colour in nature. Per- sian lamb fur is derived from three day old Kara- kul lambs. Black, brown and grey lamb fur is rela- !vely inexpensive, whereas white fur costs more as this colour is rare to find in sheep. Furrier, an Ancient Profession in Khorezm Fur hat worn by Muhammad Rakhim Khan II Have your photo taken with a traditional hat A big choice of fur hats is on sale You won’t suffer from the cold with a warm fur hatPersian lamb hat Elegant fur jacket
  62. 62. 63 Catering facility Tel. +998- E-mail Descrip%on Orient Star Restaurant 62-375 4945 62-375 6859 hotelorienstar@rambler.ru Restaurant of Orient Star Hotel in the Matniyoz Devonbegi Medressa, Khorezmian dishes Bir Gumbaz Teahouse 90-187 2651 ol!ntoj@mail.ru Cosy teahouse and outdoor tables, different types of coffee available Yusuf Yasovulboshi Restaurant 91-278 9991 62-375 2456 m_odil@list.ru Stylish restaurant in old medressa, good service, Uzbek dishes Farrukh Teahouse 62-375 3512 hoet-mchj@mail.ru Yurt and outdoor tables, Uzbek cuisine Kheivak Restaurant 62-375 7610 booking-malika@mail.ru Outdoor restaurant of Malika Kheivak Hotel, Central Asian cuisine Khorezm Art Restaurant 62-375 9197 90-713 1663 95-606 9270 xorazm-art@mail.ru www.khorezmart.uz Tastefully decorated medressa, professional ser- vice, Khorezm speciali!es, outdoor dining Zarafshon Cafe 62-375 7051 91-434 9817 cafezarafshon@mail.ru Restaurant in Tolib Maxsum Medressa, outdoor dining facili!es, Khorezmian food Mirzaboshi Teahouse 62-375 2753 93-569 8989 mirzaboshi@inbox.ru Teahouse in ayvan style, tradi!onal dishes, professional service 1001 Teahouse 91-993 9111 94-936 0018 rrustamov@yandex.ru Nice view from the roof terrace, real coffee and German cakes Tourism Infrastructure Orient Star Restaurant 1001 Teahouse Mirzaboshi Teahouse Yusuf Yasovulboshi Restaurant Khorezm Art Restaurant Zarafshon Cafe Farrukh Teahouse Bir Gumbaz Teahouse Kheivak Restaurant Restaurants in Khiva within the Inner City Wall (Ichon Qal’a)
  63. 63. 64 Restaurants in Khiva outside of Ichon Qal’a Catering facility Tel. +998- Descrip%on Xusan Muhammadboy Restaurant 91-421 3965 Nice decor in old medressa, Khorezmian dishes, good ablu!on facili!es, khivabaraka@mail.ru Silk Road Restaurant 62-375 9209 94-315 5678 Restaurant in an old medressa, Khorezmian dishes info@khivapride.com, !murbekblack-silver@mail.ru Qibla Toza Bog' Restaurant 62-375 4807 91-434 9798 Fancy restaurant in the khan’s summer palace, booking required Bog’i Shamol Restaurant 90-965 2369 91-273 1299 Garden-restaurant in the khan’s summer residence, Khorezmian dishes, fresh fish, booking required Rustamboy Teahouse 90-557 4802 Tradi!onal ea!ng facility Khiva Moon Tour Restau- rant ma%mur.80@mail.ru 91-431 5799 91-279 2829 Fancy new restaurant in walking distance from west gate ma!mur.80@mail.ru Toxir va Zuxra Cafe 91-912 0024 Tradi!onal ea!ng facility Xojiakbar Teahouse 91-421 3010 Tradi!onal ea!ng facility, opposite Khiva recrea!on park Navruz Teahouse 62-375 6919 91-432 1331 Tradi!onal ea!ng facility, opposite Khiva recrea!on park Karavan Restaurant 91-997 6710 Tradi!onal restaurant in the Khiva recrea!on park Nur Cafe 91-994 2145 Tradi!onal restaurant in the Khiva recrea!on park Kafe Skazka 95-602 3070 Tradi!onal restaurant in the Khiva recrea!on park Akvaryum 90-738 9111 Tradi!onal restaurant in the Khiva recrea!on park Sim Sim Cafe 91-423 2554 Tradi!onal food, famous for its chicken dishes Rejabboy Ota Teahouse 93-755 2225 Tradi!onal fish restaurant also called Sharof Toxir va Zuxra Cafe Bog’i Shamol Restaurant Rejabboy Ota Teahouse Akvaryum Khiva Moon Tour Restaurant Xusan Muhammadboy Silk Road Restaurant Karavan Qibla Toza Bog’
  64. 64. 65 Restaurants and Cafes in Urgench Catering facility Tel. +998- Open Seats Descrip%on Art Uzbegim 91-917 7468 90-719 9293 09:00-23:00 70-80 Double-storey building, posh decor, local dishes Tabassum 62-229 1126 91-227 7720 09:00-23:00 250 Elegant hall, live music, dance shows, European and Uzbek dishes Kafe Dilafruz Taomlari 90-134 5800 91-426 7135 09:00-23:00 100 Budget, Uzbek dishes, small individual compartments Xorazm Baliq Taomlari 95-606 6211 09:00-22:00 250 Uzbek dishes and fresh fish, specialty en!re chicken in a dough pocket Bellur Kafe 91-433 7761 11:00-24:00 140 Uzbek and Turkish dishes, dancing Shux Dil 91-998 1915 10:00-23:00 50 Uzbek and Italian dishes and sushi Shox Café 93-742 5354 09:00-23:00 100 Modern set up, na!onal cuisine Yurt Restaurant 91-370 7727 09:00-02:00 150 Tradi!onally decorated yurts, comfortable interior, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Chinese and Khorezmian dishes Bek Cafe 93-751 0114 10:00-23:00 70-200 Restaurant and nice outdoor facili!es for summer Bowling Club Restaurant 62-224 0088 94-233 5555 09:00-23:00 70 Restaurant, Uzbek dishes and bowling club Karavan Restaurant 98-277 4114 09:00-23:00 400 Stylish tradi!onal outdoor facili!es, elegant restaurant Namangan Taomlari 94-110 1055 09:00-24:00 60 Restaurant at the Shovot canal, Uzbek dishes Diydor Choyxona 93-748 2337 10:00-01:00 25 Mainly wedding hall, outdoor facili!es, na!onal dishes Sharq Guzal 95-602 7537 11:00-23:00 100 Shashlik and cakes Grand 95-602 0004 09:00-02:00 90 Modern set up, Uzbek dishes, Karaoke Karavan Restaurant Xorazm Baliq Toamlari Tabassum Art Uzbebegim Restaurant Bellur Kafe Yurt RestaurantBowling Club Restaurant Bek Cafe Namangan Taomlari
  65. 65. 66 Catering facility Tel. +998- Open Seats Descrip%on Restaurant Urganch 61-223 1431 10:00-23:00 150 Elegant ambience, Uzbek dishes, fried fish Tavallud 91-423 7288 62-223 1431 08:00-23:00 150 Uzbek dishes, fried fish, breakfast served Kafe Sevinch 93-742 3135 08:00-23:00 35 Modern set up, Uzbek food Xorazm Oshi / MaBuna 91-999 6333 11:00-23:00 100 Modern set up, big choice of na!onal dishes, plov centre Caramel 93-465 1335 09:00-22:00 20 Modern set up, big choice of tarts and cakes Nur-Jahon Kafe 95-602 8949 09:00-23:00 80 Modern set up, Uzbek and European dishes Xorazm Taomlari 91-434 4141 09:00-23:00 100 Modern set up, Uyghur and Uzbek dishes Kafe Amirxon 95-606 0005 09:00-23:00 100 Modern set up, Uzbek and European dishes Dasturxon 91-275 4088 91-420 3993 10:00-23:00 100 Uzbek dishes, night club downstairs Kafe Big Mag 93-753 5366 09:00-24:00 54 Modern set up, burgers and Uzbek dishes Restaurants and Cafes in Al-Khorezmiy Street, Urgench Caramel Kafe Sevinch Kafe Amirxon Tavallud Kafe Big Mag Dasturxon Restaurant Urganch Nur-Jahon Kafe Xorazm Taomlari
  66. 66. 67 The Uzbek na!onal cuisine varies according to local food products as well as customs and life- styles of the different ethnic groups. Every region has its own special dishes. Many dishes in Khorezm are based on pastry. In the restaurants of Khiva, you will find dishes like Shivit oshi (dill noodles), Gumma (fried dough pockets filled either with meat or vegetables) and Plov. Itjan, a raw minced meat dish, is eaten to neutralise the effect of vodka. The region is famous for its fish from the Amudarya or from fishponds. Restaurants offer fresh fish, taken out of the water in the presence of the customer. The main course is usually accompanied by a big choice of salads and fruit, according to season. Most dishes are spiced only lightly. There are several tradi!onal vegetarian meals such as tuxum or go’k barak (dough pockets filled with eggs or freshly sprouted clover). Khorezmian bread is huge, round and flat, decorated with the baker’s individual paHern, and baked in a loam oven. Pa r, a special type of bread if flavoured with meat and onions. In summer, you can quench your thirst by a variety of cold drinks like kompot, homemade fruit juices and ayran, a yogurt drink. In many restaurants, you have to book at least half a day in advance. A lot of catering facili!es are closed out of season. The Na%onal Cuisine of Khorezm Khorezmian bread Tuxum barak Khorezmian Plov Freshly fried Sazan (Carp)
  67. 67. 68 Accommoda%on Facili%es in Khiva Accommoda%on facility Tel. +998- Single/Double, No. rooms (2015) Descrip%on of Hotel or B&B Hotel Asia Khiva hotelasiakhiva@rambler.ru 62-375 8198 62-375 7683 62-375 2098 S 22 (80/115$) D 103 (120/170)$ T 5 (163$), Lux 2 (170$) Modern, pool, bar, sauna, garden, conference room, high service standard Hayat Inn Hotel hotelhaya!nn@mail.ru 62-375 7571 62-375 7572 95-606 6832 S 4 (45$) D 34 (65-100$) T 3 Renovated carpet factory, new restaurant Hotel Orient Star Khiva orientstarkhiva@rambler.ru 62-375 6859 62-375 4942 62-375 4945 S 3 (60$) D 75 (80$) Located in the Muhammad Amin Khan Medressa, rooms in the study cells of students, oriental flair Malika Kheivak booking-malika@mail.ru Malika Khiva booking-malika@mail.ru Malika Khorezm booking-malika@mail.ru 62-375 7787 62-375 7610 62-375 2665 62-375 7389 62-375 5451 62-375 8267 S 2 (55$) D 20 (75$) S 6 (50$) D 33 (70$) S 4 (50$) D 29 (70$) Modern, well decorated, rooms small, good service , near West Gate Modern, tastefully decorated, good service, in Ichon Qal’a Modern, tastefully decorated, good service, near Qo’sha Darvoza gate Hotel Shahrezada info@khivashaherezada.com 62-375 9539 62-375 9565 91-572 7070 S 3 (40$) D 12 (70$) T 1 (90$) Tradi!onal building, unique wood carvings, oriental decor, good service Old Khiva Hotel oldkhiva@mail.ru 95-606 6832 90-719 0870 S 2 (25-40$) D 19 (35-50$) Modern, elegant, Ichon Qal’a view, good service, front rooms with balcony Hotel Madrasa Aminxon madrasa_aminxon@mail.ru 62-375 6260 90-559 7940 S (45$) D 15 (65$) Renovated carpet factory, func!onal Hotel Kala booking@hotelkala.uz hotelkala20@gmail.ru www.hotelkala.uz 62-223 1425 90-737 2580 95-620 2586 93-468 0104 S 1 (25$) D 8 (45$) T 1 (60$) New, tasteful tradi!onal decora!on, roo*op restaurant, stunning view, bikes for rent Zafarbek B&B and Hotel zafar22@intal.uz www.khivazafarbek.uz 62-375 7185 91-422 1117 D 5 (30$) B&B S 1 (30$) Hotel D 10 (45$) 4 Apart. Two renovated tradi!onal style buildings, nice courtyard in the hotel Apartment hotel recently opened Hotel Orqanchi orqanchi@mail.ru 62-375 2974 91-424 8010 62-375 2230 S 11 (50$) D 42 (70$) T 1 (95$) Renovated hotel, restaurant in tradi!onal courtyard, inside Ichon Qal’a, bicycles for hire Hotel Isak Hoja isakjan02@mail.ru www.isakxujahotel.com 62-375 9283 93-588 3750 91-430 4246 S 1 (25$) D 13 (35-40$) Huge rooms, roo*op terrace with Ichon Qal’a view Mirzaboshi B&B Annexe mirzaboshi@inbox.ru 62-375 2753 93-569 8989 95-606 0062 S 4 (20$) D 8 (35$) T 1 (45$) Tradi!onal, rooms and yard beau!fully dec- orated, good value for money Hotel Islambek islambek_hotel@rambler.ru islambek_hotel@yahoo.com www.islambekhotel.uz 62-375 3023 91-999 3322 95-602 3024 S (15$) D 16 (25$), T 2 (35$) 4 pax 2 (40$) 5 pax 1 (50$) Tradi!onal style, good value for money Hotel Islambek Khiva islambek_hotel@rambler.ru 62-375 3023 91-999 3322 S (20$) D 12 (30$), T 2 (35$) 4 pax 2 (45$) Modern, good value for money

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