Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Working with Mediawiki

3.942 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

This is the basis for a short course I gave on using Mediawiki.

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

Working with Mediawiki

  1. 1. Working with Mediawiki James P. Howard, II March 2008
  2. 2. Some Conventions <ul><li>WIKI_URL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The base URL for your wiki installation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wiki and Mediawiki are used interchangeably </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mediawiki & Wikipedia <ul><li>Wikipedia is a collection of information repositories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encyclopedias, dictionaries, reference texts, and images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scales well: eighteen languages with more than 100,000 encyclopedia articles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mediawiki powers Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open access, with limited access restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full revision history for text, with comparison generator </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Environment <ul><li>Mediawiki was developed in PHP </li></ul><ul><li>Default start page is WIKI_URL/Main_Page </li></ul><ul><li>Each user has wikispace with URLs beginning with WIKI_URL/User:USERNAME/ </li></ul><ul><li>Each page has an associated “talk page” (also called “discussion page” for discussing that page) </li></ul><ul><li>Clicking “edit this page” will take user directly into page editor </li></ul><ul><li>“ history” will show user the history of that page </li></ul>
  5. 5. Basic Text Formatting <ul><li>''Italic text'' </li></ul><ul><li>'''Bold text''' </li></ul><ul><li>'''''Bold italic text''''' </li></ul><ul><li>==Header Level 1== </li></ul><ul><ul><li>===Header Level 2=== </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>====Header Level 3==== </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>...and so forth, table of contents autogenerated from headers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide a blank line between paragraphs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Links <ul><li>[[Internal Link]] – creates a link to the wiki page “Internal Link” even if that page is non-existent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[[Internal Link|This is an internal link]] – creates a link to “Internal Link” but with the alternative text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If page is non-existent, a red link will take user to editor for that page </li></ul></ul><ul><li>[http://www.jameshoward.us James Howard] – creates a link to the non-wiki page given </li></ul><ul><li>#REDIRECT [[Other Page]] will create a redirect page, transparent to end user </li></ul>
  7. 7. Unnumbered Lists <ul><li>* Create unnumbered lists </li></ul><ul><li>* With asterisks </li></ul><ul><li>* Presents as bulleted lists </li></ul><ul><li>** Sublists are created by nesting asterisks </li></ul><ul><li>*** There is no limit to nested asterisks </li></ul><ul><li>**** This is four levels down </li></ul>
  8. 8. Numbered Lists <ul><li># Create numbered lists </li></ul><ul><li># With hash marks </li></ul><ul><li># Presents as numbered lists </li></ul><ul><li>## Sublists are created by nesting hash marks </li></ul><ul><li>### There is no limit to nested hash marks </li></ul><ul><li>#### This is four levels down </li></ul>
  9. 9. Categories <ul><li>[[Category:Some category]] – will add a page to the given category </li></ul><ul><li>Categories are infinitely nestable and may contain an unlimited number of pages </li></ul><ul><li>Pages can be in an unlimited number of categories </li></ul><ul><li>Category pages are lead text that is editable just like a wiki page </li></ul>
  10. 10. Working with Images <ul><li>Images can be uploaded at special URL WIKI_URL/Special:Upload </li></ul><ul><li>Can be included in a page with [[Image:Some image.png]] </li></ul><ul><li>Can be captioned with [[Image:Some image.png|caption text]] </li></ul><ul><li>Can be resized with [[Image:Some image.png|200px100px|caption]] </li></ul><ul><li>Full revision history of images included </li></ul>
  11. 11. Other Special Files <ul><li>Other can file types (PDF, OpenOffice.org, &c.) uploaded at WIKI_URL/Special:Upload </li></ul><ul><li>Download links [[Media:Some Doc.pdf]] </li></ul><ul><li>Follows standard internal linking form, otherwise </li></ul><ul><li>Some restrictions on file types: no HTML, PHP </li></ul><ul><li>Full revision history of files included </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum file size is 16M </li></ul>
  12. 12. Templates <ul><li>Templates create preformatted text </li></ul><ul><li>Used with {{Some Template}} </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May include variables and run-time settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be static </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses include creating preformatted boxes for displaying page-specific data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See examples on Wikipedia, e.g., http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Treats & Tips <ul><li>Mediawiki understands TeX formula formatting </li></ul><ul><ul><li><math>sqrt{2}</math> -> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interwiki links for linking to pages in other wikis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[[Wikipedia:James Howard]] -> prefacing a page name with “Wikipedia:” will create link to the English Wikipedia page </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mediawiki supports footnotes </li></ul><ul><ul><li><ref>Some note</ref> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place notes anywhere with <references /> </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Extensibility <ul><li>Mediawiki is highly extensible beyond templates </li></ul><ul><li>Plugins create new features and commands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortcuts for integrated outside video into pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authentication frameworks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS and Atom feeds for blog integration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extensions are written in PHP </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be installed by the end user </li></ul>
  15. 15. Suggested Reading <ul><li>Mark S. Choate, Professional Wikis (Indianapolis, IN: Wrox, 2007). </li></ul><ul><li>Anja Ebersbach et al., Wiki: Web Collaboration , 2nd completely rev. and enl. ed. (Berlin: Springer, 2008). </li></ul><ul><li>Mizanur Rahman, MediaWiki Administrators' Tutorial Guide: Install, manage, and customize your MediaWiki installation (Birmingham, UK: Packt Publishing, 2007). </li></ul><ul><li>Dan Woods and Peter Thoeny, Wikis For Dummies (Indianapolis, IN: Wiley Publishing, 2007). </li></ul>

×