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FS6 Episode 2: The Teacher's Philosophy of Education

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My Concrete Experience
My Observations
My Affirmed Concepts
My Reflections
My Future Applications

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FS6 Episode 2: The Teacher's Philosophy of Education

  1. 1. THE TEACHER’S PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION Name of FS Student _________________________________________________________________________ Course ________________________________________________ Year & Section ______________________ Resource Teacher 1 ________________________________ Signature _____________ Date ____________ Resource Teacher 2 ________________________________ Signature _____________ Date ___________ Cooperating School ___________________________________________________________ Introduction What do you firmly believe about schools and education? This episode will clarify your belief or philosophy about teaching and education. Perhaps you have already decided that you would become a teacher. Your belief or philosophy of teaching will explain your actions as a future teacher. The foundations of all that you do in school and in teaching is usually based on a strong belief called philosophy of education. My Target  Clear understanding of my philosophy of teaching and education.  Identify teacher’s leanings. On the different educational philosophies. My Performance (How I Will Be Rated?) Field Study 6, Episode 1- The Teacher’s Philosophy of Education Focused on: Clear understanding of my philosophy of teaching and education; Identifying teacher’s leanings on the different educational philosophies. Tasks Exemplary 4 Superior 3 Satisfactory 2 Unsatisfactory 1 Observation/ Documentation All tasks were Done with outstanding quality; work exceeds expectation 4 All or nearly all Tasks were done with high quality 3 Nearly all tasks were done with acceptable quality 2 Fewer than half of tasks were done; or most objective met but with poor quality 1
  2. 2. My Analysis Analysis questions were answered completely. In depth answers. - Thoroughly grounded on theories. - Exemplary grammar and spelling. 4 Analysis questions were answered completely. Grammar and spelling are superior. 3 Analysis question were not answered completely. Grammar and spelling acceptable. 2 Analysis question were not answered. Grammar and spelling unsatisfactory. 1 My Reflection Reflection Statements are Thoughtful and Clear, supported By experiences From the episode 4 Reflection statements are clear, but not clearly supported by experiences from the episode. 3 Reflection statements are supported by experiences from the episode. 2 No reflection statements are provided. 1 My Future Application Application is very clear and highly consistent with reflection and affirmed concepts; very doable and feasible. 4 Application is clear And consistent with reflection and affirmed concepts very doable and feasible. 3 Application is clear but not very consistent with reflection and affirmed concepts; not doable. 2 Application is not clear, not all consistent with reflection and affirmed concepts; not doable. 1 Submission Before deadline 4 On the deadline 3 A day after the deadline 2 Two days or more after the deadline 1 Sub Totals Over-all Score Rating: (Based on Transmutation) ________________________________ ___________________ Signature of FS Teacher above Printed Name Date Transmutation of Score to grade/rating Score Grade Score Grade 20 - 10 - 99 12-13 - 2.50 - 81 8 - 19 - 1.25 - 96 11 - 2.75 - 78 17 - 1.5 - 93 10 - 3.00 - 75 16 - 1.75 - 90 8 - 9 - 3.5 - 72 and 15 - 2.00 - 87 7-below - 5.00 - below 14 - 2.25 - 84
  3. 3. Name: ___Marilyn Hifarva-Pacong_____ School _____MVTS_____ Semester ____2nd______ WHAT IS YOUR PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION? (Based on Sadker & Sadker, 1998 Teachers Schools, and Society, 2nd Ed.) Each of us has a philosophy of education or a set of fundamental beliefs regarding how we think schools should be run. What is your philosophy of education? To find out, read each of the following statements about the nature of education. Decide whether you agree or disagree with each statement. Use the following numbers to express your response: 4 Strongly agree 2 Disagree 3 Agree 1 Strongly disagree _____3_______ 1. The student learning should be centered on basic subjects such as reading, writing, history, math and science. _____3_______ 2. The school subjects should focus on the great thinkers of the past. _____4_______ 3. Many students learn best by engaging in real-world activities rather than reading. _____2_______ 4. The students should be permitted to determine their own curriculum. _____3_______ 5. Subject matter is taught effectively when it is broken down into small parts. _____4_______ 6. The school subjects should be determined by information that is essential for all students to know. _____2_______ 7. Schools, above all, should develop students’ abilities to think deeply, analytically, and creatively; than develop their social skills or provide them with a useful body of knowledge about the ever-changing world. _____4_______ 8. Teaching should prepare students for analyzing and solving the types of problems they will face outside the classroom. _____1_______ 9. Reality is determined by each individual’s perceptions. There is no objective and universal reality. _____1_______ 10. People are shaped much more by their environment than by their genetic dispositions or the exercise of their free will. _____2_______ 11. Students should not be promoted from one grade to the next until they have read and mastered certain key material. _____2_______ 12. An effective education is not aimed at the immediate needs of the students or society. _____3_______ 13. The curriculum of a school should be built around the personal experiences and needs of the students. _____1_______ 14. Students who do not want to study much should not be required to do so. _____3_______ 15. Programmed learning is an effective method of teaching information. _____4_______ 16. Academic rigor is an essential component of education. _____2_______ 17. All students, regardless of ability, should study more or less the same curriculum. _____3_______ 18. Art classes should focus primarily on individual expression and creativity. _____2_______ 19. Effective learning is unstructured and informal. _____4_______ 20. Students learn best through reinforcement.
  4. 4. _____2_______ 21. Effective schools assign a substantial amount of homework. _____2_______ 22. Education should focus on the discussion of timeless questions such as “What is beauty?” or “What is truth?” _____2_______ 23. Since students learn effectively through social interaction, schools should plan for substantial social interaction in their curricula. _____3_______ 24. The purpose of the school is to help students understand themselves and find the meaning of their existence. _____3_______ 25. Frequent objective testing is the best way to determine what students know. _____4_______ 26. Countries must become more competitive economically with other countries hence schools must bolster their academic requirements to facilitate such competition. _____4_______ 27. Students must be taught to appreciate learning primarily for its own sake, because it will help them in their careers. _____3_______ 28. Schools must place more emphasis on teaching about the concerns of minorities and women. _____4_______ 29. Each person has free will to develop as he or she sees fit. _____3_______ 30. Reward students well for learning and they will remember and be able to apply what they learned, even if they do not understand why the information is worth knowing. _____4_______ 31. Philippine schools shod attempt to instill traditional Filipino values in students. _____3_______ 32. Teacher-guided discovery of profound truths is a key method of teaching students. _____4_______ 33. Students should be active participants in the learning process. _____4_______ 34. There are no external standards of beauty. Beauty is what an individual decides it to be. _____3_______ 35. We can place a lot of faith in our schools and teachers to determine which student behaviors are acceptable and which are not. _____4_______ 36. Schools must provide students with a firm grasp of basic facts regarding the books, people, and events that have shaped the Filipino heritage. _____3_______ 37. Philosophy is ultimately at least as practical a subject to study as is computer science. _____4_______ 38. Teachers must stress for students the relevance of what they are learning for their lives outside, as well as inside, the classroom. _____4_______ 39. It is more important for a student to develop a positive self-concept than to learn specific concept. _____2_______ 40. Learning is more effective when students are given frequent tests to determine what they have learned.
  5. 5. Name: ___Jamaica C. Olazo_____ School __WMSU – ESU - Molave_ Semester ____2nd ____ WHAT IS YOUR PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION? (Based on Sadker & Sadker, 1998 Teachers Schools, and Society, 2nd Ed.) Each of us has a philosophy of education or a set of fundamental beliefs regarding how we think schools should be run. What is your philosophy of education? To find out, read each of the following statements about the nature of education. Decide whether you agree or disagree with each statement. Use the following numbers to express your response: 4 Strongly agree 2 Disagree 3 Agree 1 Strongly disagree ______2______ 1. The student learning should be centered on basic subjects such as reading, writing, history, math and science. ______3______ 2. The school subjects should focus on the great thinkers of the past. ______4______ 3. Many students learn best by engaging in real-world activities rather than reading. ______3______ 4. The students should be permitted to determine their own curriculum. ______4______ 5. Subject matter is taught effectively when it is broken down into small parts. ______4______ 6. The school subjects should be determined by information that is essential for all students to know. ______3______ 7. Schools, above all, should develop students’ abilities to think deeply, analytically, and creatively; than develop their social skills or provide them with a useful body of knowledge about the ever-changing world. ______4______ 8. Teaching should prepare students for analyzing and solving the types of problems they will face outside the classroom. ______3______ 9. Reality is determined by each individual’s perceptions. There is no objective and universal reality. ______2______ 10. People are shaped much more by their environment than by their genetic dispositions or the exercise of their free will. ______2______ 11. Students should not be promoted from one grade to the next until they have read and mastered certain key material. ______1______ 12. An effective education is not aimed at the immediate needs of the students or society. ______4______ 13. The curriculum of a school should be built around the personal experiences and needs of the students. ______2______ 14. Students who do not want to study much should not be required to do so. ______4______ 15. Programmed learning is an effective method of teaching information. ______4______ 16. Academic rigor is an essential component of education. ______3______ 17. All students, regardless of ability, should study more or less the same curriculum. ______4______ 18. Art classes should focus primarily on individual expression and creativity. ______3______ 19. Effective learning is unstructured and informal. ______3______ 20. Students learn best through reinforcement.
  6. 6. ______3______ 21. Effective schools assign a substantial amount of homework. ______3______ 22. Education should focus on the discussion of timeless questions such as “What is beauty?” or “What is truth?” ______4______ 23. Since students learn effectively through social interaction, schools should plan for substantial social interaction in their curricula. ______4______ 24. The purpose of the school is to help students understand themselves and find the meaning of their existence. ______4______ 25. Frequent objective testing is the best way to determine what students know. ______4______ 26. Countries must become more competitive economically with other countries hence schools must bolster their academic requirements to facilitate such competition. ______4______ 27. Students must be taught to appreciate learning primarily for its own sake, because it will help them in their careers. ______3______ 28. Schools must place more emphasis on teaching about the concerns of minorities and women. ______4______ 29. Each person has free will to develop as he or she sees fit. ______3______ 30. Reward students well for learning and they will remember and be able to apply what they learned, even if they do not understand why the information is worth knowing. ______4______ 31. Philippine schools shod attempt to instill traditional Filipino values in students. ______4______ 32. Teacher-guided discovery of profound truths is a key method of teaching students. ______4______ 33. Students should be active participants in the learning process. ______3______ 34. There are no external standards of beauty. Beauty is what an individual decides it to be. ______2______ 35. We can place a lot of faith in our schools and teachers to determine which student behaviors are acceptable and which are not. ______4______ 36. Schools must provide students with a firm grasp of basic facts regarding the books, people, and events that have shaped the Filipino heritage. ______3______ 37. Philosophy is ultimately at least as practical a subject to study as is computer science. ______4______ 38. Teachers must stress for students the relevance of what they are learning for their lives outside, as well as inside, the classroom. ______3______ 39. It is more important for a student to develop a positive self-concept than to learn specific concept. ______4______ 40. Learning is more effective when students are given frequent tests to determine what they have learned.
  7. 7. Name: __Mr. Kremir Alicaway___ School __Dipolo – ES____ Semester _____2nd ____ WHAT IS YOUR PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION? (Based on Sadker & Sadker, 1998 Teachers Schools, and Society, 2nd Ed.) Each of us has a philosophy of education or a set of fundamental beliefs regarding how we think schools should be run. What is your philosophy of education? To find out, read each of the following statements about the nature of education. Decide whether you agree or disagree with each statement. Use the following numbers to express your response: 4 Strongly agree 2 Disagree 3 Agree 1 Strongly disagree _____4______ 1. The student learning should be centered on basic subjects such as reading, writing, history, math and science. _____3______ 2. The school subjects should focus on the great thinkers of the past. _____4______ 3. Many students learn best by engaging in real-world activities rather than reading. _____2______ 4. The students should be permitted to determine their own curriculum. _____3______ 5. Subject matter is taught effectively when it is broken down into small parts. _____3______ 6. The school subjects should be determined by information that is essential for all students to know. _____4______ 7. Schools, above all, should develop students’ abilities to think deeply, analytically, and creatively; than develop their social skills or provide them with a useful body of knowledge about the ever-changing world. _____4______ 8. Teaching should prepare students for analyzing and solving the types of problems they will face outside the classroom. _____3______ 9. Reality is determined by each individual’s perceptions. There is no objective and universal reality. _____3______ 10. People are shaped much more by their environment than by their genetic dispositions or the exercise of their free will. _____4______ 11. Students should not be promoted from one grade to the next until they have read and mastered certain key material. _____2______ 12. An effective education is not aimed at the immediate needs of the students or society. _____4______ 13. The curriculum of a school should be built around the personal experiences and needs of the students. _____1______ 14. Students who do not want to study much should not be required to do so. _____4______ 15. Programmed learning is an effective method of teaching information. _____4______ 16. Academic rigor is an essential component of education. _____4______ 17. All students, regardless of ability, should study more or less the same curriculum. _____4______ 18. Art classes should focus primarily on individual expression and creativity. _____3______ 19. Effective learning is unstructured and informal. _____4______ 20. Students learn best through reinforcement.
  8. 8. _____3______ 21. Effective schools assign a substantial amount of homework. _____1______ 22. Education should focus on the discussion of timeless questions such as “What is beauty?” or “What is truth?” _____4______ 23. Since students learn effectively through social interaction, schools should plan for substantial social interaction in their curricula. _____4______ 24. The purpose of the school is to help students understand themselves and find the meaning of their existence. _____2______ 25. Frequent objective testing is the best way to determine what students know. _____4______ 26. Countries must become more competitive economically with other countries hence schools must bolster their academic requirements to facilitate such competition. _____4______ 27. Students must be taught to appreciate learning primarily for its own sake, because it will help them in their careers. _____3______ 28. Schools must place more emphasis on teaching about the concerns of minorities and women. _____4______ 29. Each person has free will to develop as he or she sees fit. _____2______ 30. Reward students well for learning and they will remember and be able to apply what they learned, even if they do not understand why the information is worth knowing. _____4______ 31. Philippine schools shod attempt to instill traditional Filipino values in students. _____4______ 32. Teacher-guided discovery of profound truths is a key method of teaching students. _____4______ 33. Students should be active participants in the learning process. _____3______ 34. There are no external standards of beauty. Beauty is what an individual decides it to be. _____4______ 35. We can place a lot of faith in our schools and teachers to determine which student behaviors are acceptable and which are not. _____4______ 36. Schools must provide students with a firm grasp of basic facts regarding the books, people, and events that have shaped the Filipino heritage. _____3______ 37. Philosophy is ultimately at least as practical a subject to study as is computer science. _____4______ 38. Teachers must stress for students the relevance of what they are learning for their lives outside, as well as inside, the classroom. _____4______ 39. It is more important for a student to develop a positive self-concept than to learn specific concept. _____4______ 40. Learning is more effective when students are given frequent tests to determine what they have learned.
  9. 9. Now that you have responded to all 40 items, write the number of the response to each statement in the matrix below. Add the numbers in each column to determine your attitude and those of the two teachers toward key educational philosophies. MY PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION Essentialism Perennialism Progressivism Essentialism Behaviorism Item S T1 T2 Item S T1 T2 Item S T1 T2 Item S T1 T2 Item S T1 T2 1 2 3 4 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 3 2 2 5 4 3 3 6 4 4 3 7 2 2 4 8 4 4 4 9 3 1 3 10 2 1 3 11 2 2 4 12 1 2 2 13 4 3 4 14 2 1 1 15 4 3 4 16 4 4 4 17 3 2 4 18 4 3 4 19 3 2 3 20 3 4 4 21 3 2 3 22 3 2 1 23 4 2 4 24 4 3 4 25 4 3 2 26 4 4 4 27 4 4 4 28 3 3 3 29 4 4 4 30 3 3 2 31 4 4 4 32 4 3 4 33 4 4 4 34 3 4 3 35 2 3 4 36 4 4 4 37 4 3 3 38 3 4 4 39 3 4 4 40 4 2 4 Total 27 27 26 Total 24 21 27 Total 30 27 31 Total 25 21 24 Total 26 22 26 Legend: S – Self; T1 – Teacher 1 (Mrs. Pacong); T2 – Teacher 2 (Mr. Alicaway) Among the three of you, who is more inclined to be an essentialist, perennialist, progressivist, essentialist or behaviorist? The result shows that all of us are more inclined to be a progressivist. Based on the outcome, Teacher 1 got the score of 27 which proves us that she is an essentialist while Teacher 2 is also inclined to be both a perennialist and behaviorist since he got the score of 26.

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