Work Life Balance and Demographic Variables:
Evidence from Empirical Analysis of Female
Gayatri M P
28th December (Wednesday), 2022
• Research Questions
• Literature Review
• Gaps in the Existing Literature
• Research Methodology
• Further Study and the way
• A Few Concluding Remarks
Work life balance is one of the most emerging challenging
issues faced in twenty first century for both employers and
employees (Elizabeth W, Calvin W, and Janice R 2008). The term
Work life balance got its due consideration in the 1980’s when
there was an alarming rise of female population in the
organisations, mostly married and having child care
responsibilities. Work life balance is a situation in which
employees are able to devote the right amount of time to their
work as well as their personal lives (Anna 2010).
• Does work life balance exist among female doctors?
• What are the factors responsible for work life
• What are the demographic variables that are
responsible for work life imbalance?
Factor Gap: most of the literature focused on variables
like workload, personal and family factors with less
focus on organisational factors.
Demographic Variable Gap: family type has an
influence on the female doctors, as this was not
included in the previous literature.
Sector Gap:The researcher found there is a dearth of
literature on work life balance among female doctors
working in Government hospitals
Data Collection: Primary and Secondary
Sample Size: 105 female Doctors
Sampling Technique: Random sampling
Statistical test: CFA, Independent t-test and ANOVA
Data Analysis: SPSS 20 version
Source and Scale
Factor: Source :
Individual Factor Nilufer Azeez and R.G.
Family Factor Pankaj Trivedi (2016), S.
Lakshminaryanan and A.
Work Factor Sanskriti Singh and Lipsa
Dash (2016), Jain and
Organisational Factor Afza and Newaz (2008),
Kiaye and Singh (2013),
Tlaiss and Kauser, 2010
Objective of the Study
• To study and analyse the demographic data and their influence
on the work life balance of female doctors.
• H₀1: There is no statistical significant difference in the mean
of work life balance factors between married and unmarried
• H02: There is no statistical significant difference in the mean
of work life balance factors between female doctors belonging
to nuclear and joint family.
• H03: There is no statistical significant difference in the mean
of work life balance factors among female doctors belonging
to different age groups.
• It was found that the majority of the female doctors’ work
more than 12 hours per day, which is again a cause for concern
as they are left with less time to focus on child care, domestic
chores, and personal care. Dividing equal time between work
and life must be planned properly so that one does not
overtake the other.
• It was also found that female doctors married to men of the
same profession spend less time with their spouse and
• It was found that married female doctors are not able to
manage work and life due to family and organisational factors
when compared to unmarried female doctors. Hence,
organisation must frame some policies to address this issue.
• Next, it was found during the survey that a large number of
female doctors and interns belonging to the OBG
(Gynaecologist) division face more stress and find it more
difficult to manage both work and life when compared to the
doctors belonging to paediatrics, anastasia, skin, dental, etc.
Therefore, the organisation must make efforts in this regard.
• Firstly, from the respondents’ point of view, knowing the importance of
balancing work and life will help the doctors to figure out the factors that
are negatively affecting their well-being and build strategies for
overcoming those barriers.
• From the organisation’s point of view, this study will help them design their
work culture and policies so that less absenteeism, more commitment, and
better performance can be seen among the doctors.
• Hospitals must adopt family- friendly policies so that both men and women
can enjoy both work and life.
• A grievance cell and counselling system must be implemented so that
female employees can share their workplace issues and concerns.
• Provisions for child care facilities can be implemented, as most of the
respondents are married and have parental responsibility.
• On Sundays and other holidays, a shift system should be introduced so that
doctors find more time to manage both work and life and that more priority
is given to personal life.
Limitation and Further Study
There are few limitations that are worth mentioning. First, the
study is focused only on Ballari city, and a small sample size has
been involved. Second, simple statistical tools like the
independent t test and one way ANOVA are used. Therefore,
further research can include female nurses, and comparisons
between public and private hospitals can be made. In addition, a
large sample size can be adopted, and other advanced and
complicated statistical tools can be applied to arrive at a better
Work life balance is a burning issue in the
field of human resource management as it has an
impact on employee, employer, productivity, and
the organisation as a whole.
“Life is all about balance, too much and too little can
kill. The best way to balance life, is by setting your
boundaries in learning to say enough”.