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Grammer book 2

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Passive Voice Tenses
Passive Voice Tenses
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Grammer book 2

  1. 1. GRAMMER BOOK SEMESTER 2 Javier Polhemus
  2. 2. Table of Contents • 1.Imperfect vs. Preterite • 2. Future vs. Conditional • 3.Por • 4. Para • 5. Commands • 6. Present Perfect • 7. DOP • 8.Adverbs • 9.Subjunctive • 10. Se impersonal • 11. Progressive with ir, andar, and seguir
  3. 3. Preterite Vs imperfect The imperfect is used when talking about A finished or s”napshot” like action that The preterite is used when talking about happened in the past A continuous action that happened in the past é amos Aba Abamos aste -------------------- Abas --------- ó aron aba aban i imos Ía Íamos iste ------------------- Ías ---------------- io ieron Ía Ían
  4. 4. Future • The future is used when talking about the immediate future like “I will eat”. é emos ás ---------------- • To change a verb á án into the future you use the infinitive + the endings.
  5. 5. Conditional • The conditional is used when saying you should, could, or would do something. Ía Íamos Like “I should run”. Ías Like the future it’s the Ía Ían infinitive added with the conditional endings.
  6. 6. POR • To show motion or general location • Object of a search • Means in which something is done. • Unit of measure • Exchange or substitution • Reason or motive for action
  7. 7. PARA • Destination • Deadline for something • Reciever of something • Comparison with others or opinion • In the employ of • Purpose
  8. 8. Commands Put in the usted form and drop the ‘s’ Put into yo form and change to opposite vowel Put in the yo form and change to opposite Keep in usteded and change to opposite vowel and add an ‘s’ vowel. Keep in nosotros opposite vowel.
  9. 9. PRESENT PERFECT • To create the present perfect you use the present tense of the verb haber and add it to a verb with the ending of ado or ido he hemos has ha han
  10. 10. DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUN • To use double object pronouns you add me Nos te Lo,las Los las Attached to the end of verbs
  11. 11. ADVERBS • To make an adverb you use an adjective + mente. • rapido + mente = quickly Bastarte quiet mal badly Mucho A lot Muy very Nunca Never Siempre Always Peor Worse Demasiado too
  12. 12. SUBJUNCTIVE • To conjugate you change to the opposite vowel. Subjunctive is used for: Wish,wanting,emotion,doubt,denial, impersonal expressions, negation,or guessing. mire miremos mires mire Miren
  13. 13. SE IMPERSONAL • Se puts a sort of anonymous person or thing doing an action. When using se you always use the third person form. Can be used with every verb tense.
  14. 14. Progressive with ir, andar, and seguir • Ir + present participle = is slowly but surely ____________ ing • Andar+ present participle = in going around __________ing • Seguir + present participle = is still _______ing

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