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I am a first generation American, born here when my mother immigrated from Argentina. I grew up on welfare with no father in Hell’s Kitchen, NY. Not the one today with all the cool restaurants but the one in the 70s and 80s where I went to six funerals in high school. My mother spoke Spanish to me until I showed up at PS111 and they said, welcome to PS111 and I said, que? English is my second language. My ten year old has no idea what it’s like to wake up and find out the electricity has been shut off. He complains when he turns on the Playstation and has to do a system update and so he has to wait to paly Call of Duty on the 55 inch 1080P 3D TV.My daughter has no idea what it’s like to grow up on lines in social services offices. Now that my 19 year old is traveling, she complains about not getting upgraded.My kids just assume they are going to college. My daughter never asked if she had to go. She just assumed she was going. My 10 year old is already talking about visiting colleges. He asked me what college was in Columbus and I had to tell him it was THE Ohio University and he asked me why THE and I had to confess that I had no idea…
So education is that magic silver bullet that can change a family’s destiny in just one generation.The difference between then and now is something we need to pay attention to. The job and the industry I currently am in did not exist when I graduated high school 25 years ago. If we think we have any idea what jobs and industries will look like 25 years from now, we are fooling ourselves.
If we look into the near future, we can see that a lot of jobs will require skills we need to start building in the early stages of education. In the growing global marketplace, students will need to excel in both math and science to compete internationally as engineers, scientists, physicians, and creative entrepreneurs. Yet, in an assessment by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 15-year-olds in the U.S. placed 25th out of 30 countries in math performance and 21st in science performance.
There is a lot of effort to quantify the value of a great teacher. For example, replacing a teacher who is at the bottom of the 5% with an average teacher would increase the present value of students’ lifetime income by more than $250,000 for an average classroom.Yet I was able to get to where I am today because of education. Especially my 4th, 6th,8th grade teachers, who I still remember fondly. In fact, for those of you who have a student like me in your class today, I am here to thank you from the future. I am here to tell you that 40 years later, they will still think of what you did foe them and the impact you had on them. Once inside the school, a great teacher is the single most important factor in a child's education. While there are many factors that influence a student's ability to learn, a great teacher can help any student overcome those barriers and realize their full potential. For this reason, we're doing everything we can to make sure teachers are supported and all schools are able to hire and retain the best teachers possible.
IRS agent “Hard work will bring rewards and college is the only route to success” got a score of 2.73. “There are many paths to attaining career goals, and it’s sometimes necessary to adapt to new circumstances” got a score of 2.58 “One can overcome obstacles and achieve” got a score of 3.54 Only 24% of students believed that “success is related to effort” and 70% disagreed with that statement. Even more telling, only 18% of the students thought that “it’s important to be flexible and adaptable” while 79% disagreed.
What is it that motivates. The what do you want to be doing in 5 years questionWhat distracts you? For me it was basketball.What is it that builds drive and confidence
one out of three students scored "below basic" on the 2009 National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) Reading Test. Among these low performing students, 49 percent come from low-income families. Even more alarming is the fact that more than 67 percent of all US fourth graders scored "below proficient," meaning they are not reading at grade level.Reading proficiency among middle and high school students isn't much better. On the 2009 NAEP Reading Test, about 26 percent of eighth graders and 27 percent of twelfth graders scored below the "basic" level, and only 32 percent of eighth graders and 38 percent of twelfth graders are at or above grade level.
Of black and Latino students who receive a high school diploma, only 28% of black and 16% of Latinos receive a bachelor’s degreeAt America’s top 150 colleges, 90 percent of incoming freshmen come from families in the top half of U.S. annual income statistics.
Recent report by the US Census Bureau (2006) found that the ratio of Latino males in jail dorms vs college dorms is 2.7 to 1The cover of Time:YoDecido: Why Latinos will pick the next President1 in 6 US citizens are Latino1 in 4 babies born in the US are Latino50,000 Latino citizens who turn 18 every month74% projected portion of labor force growth coming from Latinos (2010-2020)In 2010, Latinos made up 16% of the population and in 2050 they will make up 30%
Out of 100 9th Graders, 24 are below basic on NAEP reading28 will drop out72 will gradate from High School52 are not college ready44 will enter college16 will need remediation20 will finish with a degree= But 63% of jobs will require some college or more by 2018BUT THERE IS HOPE
Processing information and asking why…First, we are at the point where education has to be more about how we use and process information and a lot less about memorizing it. There were some articles a while ago about how Google was making us all dumber. Well some folks did something crazy; they tried to see if that was true with this crazy concept called facts. What they found was interesting. If we know we can find the information somewhere (Google, phone, written in permanent marker on our arms, we tend to not try and memorize the information. When we know we won’t be able to find it, like the cute guy we meet at Target, we remember the information. We already do not remember phone numbers and I am to the point where I don’t remember people I work with last name. My ten year old is puzzled as to why he is being tested on dates and facts. He could be spending his time trying to understand why.
Second, we have moved away from single person departments and tasks to a 100% collaborative environment. This has been happening for some time now. I graduated with a Masters in Public Policy and my first job was working on a cross functional collaborative team focused on welfare reform. We had folks from social services, education, labor, and the governor’s office. We all worked together as one unit. This was ground breaking 15 years ago and today it’s just normal. This is true in 99% of professions. Even TV shows reflect this – there is no more Kojak Colombo, or shot from the hip Barney Jones. When was the last time you saw just one lawyer in a high profile case? But in school, almost every level of study is at the individual level – homework, testing, studying. Can you imagine what you would say if two students came up to you after an exam and said, we worked on this together and answered the questions?
Third, technology has just changed how we communicate information. How many people have a smart phone? A kindle or Ereader? These things are relatively new so imagine what the communication of knowledge and information will look like just 10 years from now. Just think about how video has transformed how we learn? When I was in college, I did my presentation with transparencies, sharpies, and an overhead projector. During the technology revolution, I thought, thank god I’m out of there! Can you imagine the expectation of teachers today with what’s available to students? These presentations are going to have live interviews with experts from around the world. But when I go listen to the MBAs at ASU who are doing their Google Business Case presentation, they are using slides with bullet points. In other words, they have automated the overhead projector and sharpie. We can do better than that right?
Fifth, it is clear now that we need to have the skill to analyze and make sense of data. These are questions from a Google a day – pretty simple questions that require some level of search skills. Only a fraction of the world’s information is online. We think it’s going to take up 300 years to organize the world’s information. So if today, only 10-20% is on line, what’s going to happen when it’s 60-70%?Think of it from a different perspective, every time you watch a minute of Youtube, 60 hours has been uploaded. Every time you look for a video on Youtube, there are 60 new hours! Think about how much happens in a minute. Blogs. Websites. Twitter. The truth is that most of us are not very good at searching and analyzing information. Put up some search questions. More than typing a question in the search bar or looking it up in Wikipedia – isn’t that the same thing as having an encyclopedia? It is absolutely clear that we need and are going to increasingly need graduates who can effectively manage and utilize information, information that grows at a pace we really don’t comprehend. They will need to use this information to help solve complex problems and make hard decisions.
Fourth, we now understand that everyone is different. We all learn in different ways at different speeds. We now that know and yet we are teaching in the same way we did when I was in 4th grade! We were not made to sit there with a group of others who are exactly our age and learn exactly the same thing at the same speed. One of the fascinating findings from the Khan academy was the misconception we have about smart kids. Because you can track progress over time, you would see one student pick up a lesson extremely quickly and we used to say, well this kid is advanced and so we should move him into another track. However, what they saw was that some of the kids who picked up the lesson “slower” than the “special” student, actually became more advance over time!
Using technology to change learning is an exponentially hard. It means asking teachers to rethink their classrooms and the way they do their work. It means requiring personnel to participate in professional development and telling them they need to learn new skills every year. It means inviting into our classrooms lessons that will fail and having lots of conversations with parents that won’t understand what we are doing. It means explaining to board members that learning is different now. It means replacing the old standbys in the budget -- copy machines, calculators, paper textbooks and dozens of others – with new line items that give every student a computer and access to the Internet. Most of all, it means admitting that none of us has all the answers and that we need to figure it out together as we go.But if we have the courage and the vision to take it on, here’s the payoff: students experiencing excitement and engagement as they build personalized, global learning networks that they will have for the rest of their lives ... classrooms connected to talented people from around the world participating in collaborative learning and getting real-time feedback on real-life projects ... teachers that are energized and informed each day by an international web of connections and ideas ... parents who look forward to engaging with students and teachers every day because of the systems that link them to the work of our classrooms ... and a local community that is proud of the learning that takes place at their school.
Hoodlum's perspective on ed reform
a hoodlum’sperspective onEducation reform Jaime Casap Google Education Senior Evangelist | G+ jaime casap | @jcasap
“I didn’t know what a ghettowas then. Later I would learn thatwe lived in “the slums”; Ithought we had just moved toparadise.”
What will work look likefor our high schoolgraduates in 2036…
By 2020, 123M Americanjobs will be in high tech/high paying occupations, from computer programingto bioengineering but only 50M Americans will be qualified to fill them…
We need to prepare our students for a world we can’t see…
More than 7,000 studentsdrop out of high school every day…
Only 58% of Hispanic, 57% of African American,and 54% of American Indian and Alaska Nativestudents in the US graduate with a regulardiploma, compared to 77% of white studentsand 83% of Asian Americans…… 25% of young people in the US fail tograduate on time with a regular diploma (thenumber is 40% for Latinos and Blacks)
High school dropouts…… m o r e l i k e l y t o b eunemployed…earn lowerwage…have higher rates of publicassistance…cost society in lost earningtaxes…productivity…more likely to besingle parents … and have
One of three 4thgraders scored belowbasic on 2009 NAEPReadingTest…49% comefrom low-incomefamilies…
“Education isthe mostpowerful weaponthat can changethe world”
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