1. I play tennis every day.
2. The sun rises from the east.
3. The train leaves at 6 PM.
4. They like apples.
The simple present is a verb. It has only two forms:
the simple form without an –s (sleep).
the simple form + s (sleeps) with third person
4. Usages of the simple present
USE 1 Repeated Actions
Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an
action is repeated or usual. The action can be a
habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or
something that often happens.
E.g. She walks to school.
5. Usages of the simple present
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations
The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker
believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and
will be true in the future. It is used to make
generalizations about people or things.
E.g. Cats like milk.
6. Usages of the simple present
USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future
Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk
about scheduled events in the near future. This is
most commonly done when talking about public
transportation, but it can be used with other
scheduled events as well.
E.g. The party starts at 8 o’clock.
7. Adverbs of frequency
1. I always brush my teeth before I go to bed.
2. Ann usually has toast for breakfast.
3. Mr. Smith often goes to the park with his dog.
4. We sometimes see Susan down at the shops.
5. They rarely smoke cigars.
6. He never works on the weekend.
9. Adverbs of frequency
Adverbs of frequency tell us how many times something
Always = every day
Usually = happens most days
Often = many times
Sometimes= at particular occasions but not all the time
Rarely = it is not common
Never = not at any time or not on any occasion
Adverbs of frequency come between the subject and the
Subject Adv. Of
I always do my
10. Adverbs of frequency with to
Tom is usually very friendly.
Ramon and Frank are often hungry.
Ted is rarely late.
We put adverbs of frequency after the verb
to be (is / are). subject Simple
Peter is always nice
11. 3.4spelling of final -s & -es
Verb Spelling Examples Pronunciation
The verb ends in
the sounds /f/,
/k/, /p/, /t/
He likes coffee..
It sleeps. /s/
ends in the
sounds /b/, /d/,
/g/, /l/, /m/, /n/,
/r/, /v/ or in a
She reads. /z/
ends in /ch/,
/sh/, /s/, /x/, /z/. +es
She watches TV.
It finishes at 10
ends con. + y Drop y, add -ies He worries a lot. /z/
ends in a vowel+ y +s She stays at
12. 3.5Irregular verbs
I have a job. He
has a problem.
I do the work. He
does the work.
I go to work. He
13. 3.6have (got) & has (got)
We use have (got) & has (got):
For things we possess or own. I have got a car.
To describe people, places, animals, and things.
She has (got) black hair.
For our families and people we know. I have (got) a
With some expressions like the following: have got
(a cold, the flu, temperature, headache, toothache, a
14. 3.6have (got) & has (got)
I, you have (got)
He, she, it has (got) a book
You, we, they have (got) books.
15. 3.8The simple present: yes /
We use do or does to make questions in the
simple present. We always use the base form
after do and does.
do/does subject Base v. Affirm. Neg.
Do I, we, you,
Does He, she, it Work? Yes, he
16. The simple present:wh-
Where does he live?
What do they do?
We put question words (what, where, when,
why, who,…) before do or does.
Frequency adverbs comes after the subject in
When do you usually get up?
17. 4.1The present continuous
We form the present continuous with the
present of verb to be (am, is, are) and the base
verb + ing.
subject To be Base v. + ing
He, she, it is working
18. 4.2The spelling of verbs
ending in -ing
Verb ending Rule example
Consonant + e Drop the e, add
dance, come dancing
1 vowel +
Verbs end in w,
Double the con.,
Do not double
2 vowels + 1
Do not double,
All other verbs Add -ing talk
19. 4.3The present continuous
To form the negative of the present
continuous, we use not after the verb to be
and the verb with –ing.
He is not working.
You are not sleeping.
22. 4.6Verbs not used in the
Non action verbs (describe a state or
Believe hate have hear
know like remember think
see smell taste think
Julia has a car.
Julia is having a cup of tea.
1. The simple present has two forms.
2. Adverbs of frequency usually come with the
simple present between the subject and the
3. Adverbs of frequency come after verb to be.
24. To practice more