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Geography Africa South of the Sahara

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I made this slide show to go with World Geography and Cultures Chapter Ch 20

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Geography Africa South of the Sahara

  1. 1. By Jack Garrity
  2. 2.  Pages 510-514
  3. 3.  Why study Africa’s geography?
  4. 4.  Why study African Geography?  It is the second largest continent and has more than ¼ of the world’s fresh water, and makes most of the air we breath.  I has some of the most spectacular geography in the world.  It is has the most animals of any continent.  It supplies diamonds, uranium, and oil to the world.
  5. 5.  What physical processes shape the Africa’s geography?
  6. 6.  Africa south of the Sahara is a region of step- like plateaus, rising to mountains and slashed in the east by a rift valley, which was formed by shifting tectonic plates.
  7. 7.  Africa is the second biggest continent, 11,677,239 square miles total, 9.5 million below the Sahara.
  8. 8.  The USA area is 3.80 million square miles.
  9. 9.  The USA area is 3.80 million square miles.
  10. 10.  Goes from Syria to Mozambique.
  11. 11.  A rift valley is a large depression in the earth surface made by moving plates.
  12. 12.  A rift valley is a large depression in the earth surface made by moving plates.
  13. 13.  Volcanic Mountains are on its edges.
  14. 14.  The most famous and tallest Kilimanjaro
  15. 15.  Deep lakes on its west side.
  16. 16.  Lake Taganyika is the longest and deepest lake in the world.
  17. 17.  Lake Taganyika is the longest and 2nd deepest lake in the world. 418 miles long, 4,820 ft deep
  18. 18.  Lake Taganyika is the longest and 2nd deepest lake in the world. 418 miles long, 4,820 ft deep
  19. 19.  300 miles Las Vegas to Huntington Beach California/ Lake Taganyika 118 miles longer.
  20. 20.  Most of Africa has plateaus that start at 500 feet in the West and rise to 8,000 feet in the east
  21. 21.  Most of Africa has plateaus that start at 500 feet in the West and rise to 8,000 feet in the east
  22. 22.  Most of Africa has plateaus that start at 500 feet in the West and rise to 8,000 feet in the east
  23. 23.  Most of Africa has plateaus that start at 500 feet in the West and rise to 8,000 feet in the east
  24. 24.  The edges end in escarpments within 20 miles of the coasts.
  25. 25.  escarpment  a long, steep slope, especially one at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights.
  26. 26.  escarpa  Pendiente o declive pronunciado de un terreno: para subir esa escarpa se necesita un calzado adecuado.  Plano inclinado que forma la muralla de algunas fortificaciones.
  27. 27.  Rivers crossing these escarpments make spectacular cataracts.
  28. 28.  cataract  A large or high waterfall.
  29. 29.  Volcanic mountains dot the Eastern Highlands.
  30. 30.  The
  31. 31.  The Ruwenzori Mountains divide Uganda and the DR of Congo.
  32. 32.  Nicknamed “the mountains of the Moon”
  33. 33.  Nicknamed “the mountains of the Moon”
  34. 34.  The Drakensberg Mountains rise in South Africa and end in the southern escapement edge of the continent.
  35. 35.  The Drakensberg Mountains rise in South Africa and end in the southern escapement edge of the continent.
  36. 36.  The Drakensberg Mountains rise in South Africa and end in the southern escapement edge of the continent.
  37. 37.  Landforms and physical processes have influenced the region’s water systems, which include deep lakes, spectacular waterfalls, and great rivers.
  38. 38.  Lake Malawi, like Lake Tanganyika, follow the Great Rift Valley.
  39. 39.  Lake Malawi, like Lake Tanganyika, follow the Great Rift Valley.
  40. 40.  Lake Victoria (the source of the White Nile river) is the largest lake in Africa, second largest in the world.
  41. 41.  Lake Victoria
  42. 42.  What is the largest lake in the world?
  43. 43.  What is the largest lake in the world? Lake Superior USA
  44. 44.  These lakes are important sources of food.
  45. 45.  Lake Chad is shrinking.
  46. 46.  Long periods of drought have made it smaller.
  47. 47.  The water is evaporated by the hot sun and seeps into the ground.
  48. 48.  Farmers use too much of its water and global warming doesn’t help.
  49. 49.  The drought has caused desertification of the area.
  50. 50.  Desertification  The land change from livable land to desert.
  51. 51.  la Desertificación consiste en una degradación persistente de los ecosistemas de las tierras secas producida por las variaciones climáticas y la actividad del hombre.
  52. 52.  Lake Volta is one of the largest human made lakes in the world.
  53. 53.  Like Lake Mead, it makes electricity . It also provides water for farmers in Ghana.
  54. 54.  The Niger River (great river) runs for 2,600 miles.
  55. 55.  It splits into a 150 mile delta at Aboh.
  56. 56.  Delta A triangle shaped end or mouth of a river.
  57. 57.  The Zambezi River runs 2,200 miles to the Indian Ocean.
  58. 58.  It has many cataracts or waterfalls.
  59. 59.  The most famous Victoria Falls, which is 355 feet tall.
  60. 60.  The Congo River runs 2700 miles, the last part an estuary 7 miles wide.
  61. 61.  Estuary: a place where fresh and salt water meet.
  62. 62.  Boats can use most parts of the Congo.
  63. 63.  Boats can use most parts of the Congo.
  64. 64.  But it does have waterfalls 900 feet tall not far from the Atlantic Ocean.
  65. 65.  Nigeria, Angola, Gaban, Congo and Cameroon have oil.
  66. 66.  South Africa has half the world’s gold and a lot of uranium.
  67. 67.  Diamonds and gems are found throughout the southern part of the continent.
  68. 68.  In many places in Africa south of the Sahara, water is such a precious resource that rain and life are on and the same.
  69. 69.  The region’s location near the Equator influences its climate.
  70. 70.  Warm temperatures with more than 60 inches of rain a year. Las Vegas receives 4.19 inches of rain a year.
  71. 71.  It rains all year round, sometimes more sometimes less.
  72. 72.  Shrubs, ferns, and mosses grow from 6-10 feet tall.
  73. 73.  Palms and trees 60 feet tall.
  74. 74.  Palms and trees 60 feet tall.
  75. 75.  Leafy trees up to 150 feet tall.
  76. 76.  Orchids and ferns grow everywhere.
  77. 77.  Tropical Wet (Rainforest) HDTV.BBC.Planet.Earth.08of11.Jungles.720p.Xvid.Ac3.www.mvgroup.org.wmv
  78. 78.  Bananas, pineapples, cocoa, tea, coffee, and cotton grow well.
  79. 79.  Farmers clearing land for those cash crops threaten the rain forest.
  80. 80.  Tropical grasslands called Savanna cover almost half of Africa.
  81. 81.  Tropical grasslands called Savanna cover almost half of Africa.
  82. 82.  The African savanna has a relatively moderate temperature with it not going over 86° F and not going under 68° F
  83. 83.  Savannas get 35-100 inches of rain a year
  84. 84.  Savannas have a 6 month rainy season and 6 months dry season.
  85. 85.  During the wet season, May to November, the savanna receives a total of up to 100 inches of rain..
  86. 86.  Cool humid wind blows from the south west.
  87. 87.  Hot dry winds called harmattan from the Sahara blow south west.
  88. 88.  Tornados are formed when the two meet sometimes.
  89. 89.  Tall grasses with some trees cover Savannah.
  90. 90.  The Serengeti Plain has millions of animals such as zebras, gazelles, lions, giraffes, and cheetahs.
  91. 91.  Serengeti  D:Vuze DownloadsBBC.Africa.2of6.Savannah.720p.HDTV.x264.AC3.MVGroup.org.mkv
  92. 92.  Away from the Equator, tropical climates fade to semi arid steppe then deserts.
  93. 93.  Between tropical dry and desert climate.
  94. 94.  The northern steppe is called the Sahel.
  95. 95.  The Sahel gests 4-5 inches of rain a year in June and July, which grows short grasses.
  96. 96.  Over the past 50 years desertification has dried out the Sahel.
  97. 97.  Global warming and human land use do not help.
  98. 98.  People cutting down trees and big herds of livestock help desertification.
  99. 99.  By 2000, African countries joined the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification to make laws to protect the environment.
  100. 100.  The Namib Desert
  101. 101.  The Kalahari desert.
  102. 102.  South Africa has a Mediterranean climate.
  103. 103.  Like Morocco, South Africa has a Mediterranean climate.
  104. 104.  Comfortable temperatures all year round.
  105. 105.  With enough rainfall for farming.
  106. 106.  end

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