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M2_ICT-Pedagogy Integration in Language Learning Plans.pdf

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M2_ICT-Pedagogy Integration in Language Learning Plans.pdf

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Teaching has always been a challenging profession since knowledge has been expanding and essential skills have been increasing and changing. With these challenges, teachers need to engage educational technologies to assist them in the teaching and learning process. Engaging educational technologies in teaching are founded on principles and philosophies. Understanding these will help you successfully integrate technologies to allow your students to demonstrate the intended learning outcomes of your field of specialization.

Teaching has always been a challenging profession since knowledge has been expanding and essential skills have been increasing and changing. With these challenges, teachers need to engage educational technologies to assist them in the teaching and learning process. Engaging educational technologies in teaching are founded on principles and philosophies. Understanding these will help you successfully integrate technologies to allow your students to demonstrate the intended learning outcomes of your field of specialization.

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M2_ICT-Pedagogy Integration in Language Learning Plans.pdf

  1. 1. { ICT-Pedagogy Integration in Language Learning Plans Group 2 - BSED Fil/Eng
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes:  At the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:  discuss essential points to consider when integrating any ICT in facilitating language education;  present learning plans that integrate ICT in the learning procedures to be able to attain the learning outcomes, and;  plan for some activities that will help develop digital citizenship and relate this to the development of 21st Century skills among learners.
  3. 3.  Teaching has always been a challenging profession since knowledge has been expanding and essential skills have been increasing and changing. With these challenges, teachers need to engage educational technologies to assist them in the teaching and learning process. Engaging educational technologies in teaching are founded on principles and philosophies. Understanding these will help you successfully integrate technologies to allow your students to demonstrate the intended learning outcomes of your field of specialization.
  4. 4. Integrating Technology in Instruction Various educators and researchers provided the following concepts and principles about integrating technoloy in instruction:
  5. 5. 1. John Pisapia (1994)  Integrating technoloy with teaching means the use of learning technologies to introduce, reinforce, supplement and extend skills.  Integrating technoloy into curricula can mean different things: 1) computer science courses, computer-assissted instruction, and/or computer enhanced or enriched instruction, 2) matching software with basic skill competencies, and 3) keyboarding with word processing followed up with presentation tools.
  6. 6. 2. International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE)  Effective integration of technoloy is achieved when students are able to select technoloy tools to help them obtain information in a timely manner, analyze and synthesize the information, and present it professionally. The technoloy should become an integral part of how the classroom functions - as accessible as all other classroom tools.
  7. 7. 3. Margaret Lloyd (2005)  ICT integration encompasses an integral part of broader curriculum reforms which include both infra- structural as well as pedagogical considerations that are changing not only how learning occurs but what is learned.
  8. 8. 4. Qiyun Wang and Huay Lit Woo ( 2007)  Integration Information and Communication (ICT) into teaching and learning is a growing area that has attracted many educators' efforts in recent years. Based on the scope of content covered, ICT, integration can happen in three areas: curriculum, topic, and lesson.
  9. 9. 5. Bernard Bahati (2010)  The process of integrating ICT in teaching and learning has to be done at both pedagogical and technological levels with much emphasis put on pedagogy. ICT integration into teaching and learning has to be underpinned by sound pedagogical principles.
  10. 10. 6. UNESCO (2005)  ICT integration is not merely mastering the hardware and software skills. Teachers need to realize how to organize the classroom to structure the learning tasks so that ICT resources become automatic and natural response to the requirements for learning environments in the same way as teachers use markers and whiteboards in the classroom.
  11. 11. Information and Communication Technoloy (ICT)  The following are the definitions of ICT from various sources:
  12. 12. 1. Moursund (2005)  ICT includes all the full range of computer hardware, computer software, and telecommunication facilities. Thus, it includes computer devices ranging from handheld calculators to multimillion worth supercomputers.
  13. 13. 2. Tinio (2009)  ICT is a diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, create, disseminate, store, and manage information.
  14. 14. 3. UNESCO (2020)  ICT is a diverse set of technological tools and resources used to transmit, store, create, share,or exchange information. UNESCO defines it also as a scientific, technological, and engineering discipline, and management technique used. ICT also refers to handling information, its application, and association with social, economic, and cultural matters.
  15. 15. 4. Ratheeswari (2018)  ICT influence every aspect of human life. They play salient roles in workplaces, in business, education and entertainment. Moreover, many people recognize ICTs as catalysts for change that include change in working conditions, handling and exchanging information, teaching methods, learning approaches, scientific research, and in accessing information communication technologies.
  16. 16. Vis-à-vis the five events are specific teaching strategies, learning actions or experiences, related media form, examples of non-computer based activity and computer-based activity Teaching and Learning Event Teaching Action or Strategy Learning Action or Experience Related Media form Examples of Non Computer- Based Activity Examples of Computer- Based Activity Acquisition Show, Demonstrate, Describe, Explain Attending, Apprehin- ding, Listening Narrative: Linear presenta- tional TV, Video, film, lectures, books, other print publications Lecture notes online, streaming videos of lectures DVD Discovery Create or set up or find out or guide through discovery spaces and resources Investigating, Exploring, Browsing, Searching Interactive: Non-linear presenta- tional Libraries, Galleries, Museums CD Based, DVD, or Web Resources
  17. 17. Dialogue Set up, Frame, Moderate, Lead, Facilitate discussions Discussing, Collaborating, Reflecting, Arguing, Analyzing, Sharing Communica- tive: conversation with other students, lecturer or self Seminar, Tutorials, Conferences Email, discussion forums, blogs Practice Model Experimen- ting, Practicing Adaptive: Feedback, learner control Laboratory, Fieldtrip, Simulation, role play Drill and practice, tutorial programmes Creation Facilitating Articulating, Experimen- ting Making, Synthesizing Productive: Learner Control Essay, object, animation, model Simple existing tools, as well as especially created progra- mmable software
  18. 18. Using ICT Integration Frameworks in Language Education Learning Plans
  19. 19. A. Conversational Framework of Laurilllard (2002)  The teaching-learning process poses very complex talks to allow learners to understand their lessons and master the skills they are expected to demonstrate. Thus, it will be reassuring if teacher will explore on engaging various media to support various learning activities in classrooms. This is how the Conversational Framework (Laurilllard, 2022) may support. The framework postulates a way of presenting teaching and learning in terms of events.
  20. 20. There are 5 key teaching and learning events in the framework which are identified as:  a. acquisition;  b. discovery;  c. dialogue;  d. practice; and  e. creation.
  21. 21. B. Three Fundamental Elements of ICT Integration by Wang (2008)  Wang in 2008 posited that Integration of ICT consists of three fundamental elements. These are pedagogy, social interaction, and technoloy.
  22. 22. C. Categories for Information Communication and Technoloy (ICT) in Teacher Training  There is a lot of researches that will prove that the integration of ICTs can fully transform classroom instruction. Haddad in 2003 states that teachers' use of ICT supports the development of higher-order-thinking skills (HOTS) and promotes collaboration. This is the reason why training in ICT pedagogy-integration are promoted.
  23. 23. D. UNESCO ICT Competency Framework for Teachers  Having a society that is increasingly based on information and knowledge and with the ubiquity of Information and Communication Technoloy (ICT) for instruction, UNESCO was able to develop ICT competence Framework for Teachers (UNESCO, 2018).
  24. 24. This frame work, which is a part of range of initiatives by the UN and its specialized agencies including UNESCO, aims to promote educational reform and sustainable economic development anchored on the principles of objectives in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), Education for All (EFA), the UN Literacy Decade (UNLD), and the Decade of Education for sustainable Development (DESD). As shown from the framework, the teachers have six aspects of work: understanding ICT in education, curriculum and assessment pedagogy, application of digital skills, organization and administration, and teacher professional learning. Across the six aspects of work are the three approaches to teaching based on human capacity development- knowledge acquisitions, knowledge deepening, and knowleege creation.

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