Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Die SlideShare-Präsentation wird heruntergeladen. ×

3rd Grade Biology: Animal Kingdom

Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Nächste SlideShare
Sponges
Sponges
Wird geladen in …3
×

Hier ansehen

1 von 141 Anzeige

3rd Grade Biology: Animal Kingdom

Herunterladen, um offline zu lesen

This presentation was made for my 3rd grade homeschool son. It is divided into invertebrates and vertebrates. It discusses basic characteristics, life cycle, and types of animals.

This presentation was made for my 3rd grade homeschool son. It is divided into invertebrates and vertebrates. It discusses basic characteristics, life cycle, and types of animals.

Anzeige
Anzeige

Weitere Verwandte Inhalte

Andere mochten auch (18)

Anzeige
Anzeige

Aktuellste (20)

3rd Grade Biology: Animal Kingdom

  1. 1. 3rd Grade Biology: Animal Kingdom by Ita Rodríguez
  2. 2. INVERTEBRATES
  3. 3. INVERTEBRATES Invertebrates •Do not have backbones •Are multicellular •Most have tissue
  4. 4. INVERTEBRATES Invertebrates •Most reproduce sexually •Most can move •Most are symmetrical
  5. 5. INVERTEBRATES: SPONGES
  6. 6. INVERTEBRATES: SPONGES Habitat •Most live in seawater although a few species live in fresh water •Polar region to tropics •Most live in clear water Sponges
  7. 7. INVERTEBRATES: SPONGES Characteristics •Sponges take in water from pores and release it at the top •The water holds the sponge up •They feed and "breathe" by filtering the water that flows through them •Phylum Porifera Sponges
  8. 8. INVERTEBRATES: SPONGES Life Cycle •Larvea: Move around freely •Adult: Anchor themselves in one place forever •Death Sponges
  9. 9. INVERTEBRATES: SPONGES Asexual •Fragmentation •Budding Sponges: Reproduction Sexual •Most sponges are hermaphrodites
  10. 10. INVERTEBRATES: SPONGES Special Adaptation •When they find that the water circulating through them has more silt and large particles that could block their canal system, they automatically close their pores and protect themselves! Sponges
  11. 11. INVERTEBRATES: SPONGES Sponges: Reproduction Spawning
  12. 12. INVERTEBRATES: SPONGES Sponges: Reproduction Budding
  13. 13. INVERTEBRATES: SPONGES Sponges: Reproduction This is actually a coral, but they reproduce similarly
  14. 14. INVERTEBRATES: ECHINODERMS
  15. 15. Habitat •Ocean •Polar region to tropics Echinoderms INVERTEBRATES: ECHINODERMS
  16. 16. Characteristics •Spiny skin •Tube feet •Water based vascular system •Pentaradial symmetry (5 sides) Echinoderms INVERTEBRATES: ECHINODERMS
  17. 17. Life Cycle •Egg •Larvea •Adult •Death Echinoderms INVERTEBRATES: ECHINODERMS
  18. 18. Types of Echinoderms a)Sea Cucumber b)Sea Urchin INVERTEBRATES: ECHINODERMS Echinoderms
  19. 19. Types of Echinoderms c)Starfish: can regrow body parts d)Sand dollar INVERTEBRATES: ECHINODERMS Echinoderms
  20. 20. INVERTEBRATES: CNIDARIANS
  21. 21. Habitat •Ocean •Hydras live in fresh water •Polar region to tropics Cnidarians INVERTEBRATES: CNIDARIANS
  22. 22. Characteristics •Radial symmetry, central mouth •No central nervous system •No circulatory system, heart or blood •Some have tentacles with stinging cells •Can reproduce sexually or asexually (not all species can do both though) Cnidarians INVERTEBRATES: CNIDARIANS
  23. 23. Life Cycles •Larva •Polyp •Juvenile •Adult •Death Cnidarians INVERTEBRATES: CNIDARIANS
  24. 24. Types of Cnidarians a)All forms of Jellyfish b)Anemones: Are not mobile Cnidarians INVERTEBRATES: CNIDARIANS
  25. 25. *Special note: Comb jellies are a side step away from jellyfish. They are in the phylum Ctenophora. They look similar, but are different in some important ways. - Comb jellies use cilia flapping on their sides to move. They do not contract a bell like jellyfish. - Comb jellies use cells called colloblasts to capture their prey. These cells stick to the prey, not harpoon them. - They have two (2) holes. While true jellies have a sealed bell with only one opening, comb jellies have a small opening at the top of their body and one at the bottom so that water can flow through them. - They often have plates for protection on the outside of their bodies. Cnidarians INVERTEBRATES: CNIDARIANS
  26. 26. Types of Cnidarians c)Corals: create hard calcium carbonate skeletons. They are not mobile. Cnidarians INVERTEBRATES: CNIDARIANS
  27. 27. INVERTEBRATES: MOLLUSKS
  28. 28. Mollusks •Internal or external shell •Largest marine phylum •Numerous molluscs also live in freshwater and terrestrial habitats •Three universal features are a mantle, a radula (teeth), and a nervous system. INVERTEBRATES: MOLLUSKS •Most shells are made of calcium carbonate •Circulatory systems •In reproduction, molluscs may change gender
  29. 29. INVERTEBRATES: CEPHALOPODS
  30. 30. Cephalopods INVERTEBRATES: CEPHALOPODS Habitat •Mostly seawater •Fresh water
  31. 31. Cephalopods INVERTEBRATES: CEPHALOPODS Characteristics •Mollusk •Tiny shell inside(octopus and squid) •Tentacles •Most intelligent invertebrate because they have ganglia (brain) •They are hunters •Bilateral body symmetry •Communicate by changing colors
  32. 32. Life Cycle •Egg •Juvenile •Adult •Death Cephalopods INVERTEBRATES: CEPHALOPODS
  33. 33. INVERTEBRATES: CEPHALOPODS Types of Cephalopods a)Octopus b)Squid
  34. 34. INVERTEBRATES: CEPHALOPODS Types of Cephalopods c) Nautilus d) Cuttlefish
  35. 35. INVERTEBRATES: BIVALVES
  36. 36. Bivalves Habitat •Ocean INVERTEBRATES: BIVALVES
  37. 37. Bivalves Characteristics •Mollusk with two hinged parts that are symmetrical •ctenida (specialized gills) •Tiny eyes, mantle, no head •Filter feeders INVERTEBRATES: BIVALVES
  38. 38. Bivalves Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death INVERTEBRATES: BIVALVES
  39. 39. Bivalves INVERTEBRATES: BIVALVES Types of Bivalves a)Mussels b)Clams
  40. 40. Bivalves INVERTEBRATES: BIVALVES Types of Bivalves c)Oysters d)Scallops and more
  41. 41. INVERTEBRATES: MONOPLACOPHORA
  42. 42. Monoplacophora INVERTEBRATES: MONOPLACOPHORA Habitat •Ocean: tropics to polar region •Most species inhabit intertidal or subtidal zones •Live on hard surfaces like rocks
  43. 43. Characteristics •Mollusk with one shell (univalved) •Bilateral symmetrical •ctenida (specialized gills) •Tiny eyes, mantle, no head •Can have up to six kidneys •Sexes are separate •Feed by scraping algea INVERTEBRATES: MONOPLACOPHORA Monoplacophora
  44. 44. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death INVERTEBRATES: MONOPLACOPHORA Monoplacophora
  45. 45. Example of Monoplacophora a)Limpet INVERTEBRATES: MONOPLACOPHORA Monoplacophora
  46. 46. INVERTEBRATES: POLYPLACOPHORA
  47. 47. INVERTEBRATES: POLYPLACOPHORA Polyplacophora Habitat •Ocean: tropics to polar region •Most species inhabit intertidal or subtidal zones •Live on hard surfaces like rocks
  48. 48. Characteristics •Mollusk with dorsal shell which composed of eight separate plates •Bilateral symmetrical •Most of the body is a snail-like foot •Have gills •3 chambered heart •Feed by scraping algea INVERTEBRATES: POLYPLACOPHORA Polyplacophora
  49. 49. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death INVERTEBRATES: POLYPLACOPHORA Polyplacophora
  50. 50. Example of Polyplacophora a)Chiton INVERTEBRATES: POLYPLACOPHORA Polyplacophora
  51. 51. INVERTEBRATES: GASTROPODS
  52. 52. Habitat •Water •Land INVERTEBRATES: GASTROPODS Gastropods
  53. 53. Characteristics •Mollusk •Tentacles on head •Eye spots on tentacles •Mucous skin •Shell can be external or internal made of calcium carbonate •Muscular foot INVERTEBRATES: GASTROPODS Gastropods
  54. 54. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Dormancy (for some) •Juvenile •Adult •Death INVERTEBRATES: GASTROPODS Gastropods
  55. 55. Types of Gastropods a)Land Snails b)Land Slugs INVERTEBRATES: GASTROPODS Gastropods
  56. 56. Types of Gastropods c)Marine Snails d)Marine Slugs INVERTEBRATES: GASTROPODS Gastropods
  57. 57. INVERTEBRATES: FLATWORMS
  58. 58. Habitat •Water •Land •Intestines of organisms Flatworms INVERTEBRATES: FLATWORMS
  59. 59. Characteristics •Flat, soft, and paper thin •Many are parasitic •Others are free living •Bilateral symmetry •Brain: small clusters of nerves •Get most of their oxygen through diffusion Flatworms INVERTEBRATES: FLATWORMS
  60. 60. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death Flatworms INVERTEBRATES: FLATWORMS
  61. 61. Types of Flatworms (Parasitic) a)Tapeworms b)Flukes Flatworms INVERTEBRATES: FLATWORMS
  62. 62. Flatworms Types of Flatworms (Free Living) c)Planaria and others INVERTEBRATES: FLATWORMS
  63. 63. INVERTEBRATES: ROUND WORMS
  64. 64. Habitat •Water •Land •Inside other organisms INVERTEBRATES: ROUND WORMS Round Worms
  65. 65. Characteristics •Nematodes are small and smooth •Have a complete digestive system •Bilateral symmetry •Parasitic •Have muscles that move down the length of that entire round body INVERTEBRATES: ROUND WORMS Round Worms
  66. 66. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death INVERTEBRATES: ROUND WORMS Round Worms
  67. 67. Types of Round Worms a)Land b) Aquatic Round Worms INVERTEBRATES: ROUND WORMS
  68. 68. INVERTEBRATES: SEGMENTED WORMS
  69. 69. Habitat •Water •Land INVERTEBRATES: SEGMENTED WORMS Segmented Worms
  70. 70. Characteristics •Annelids •Segmented body •Organs duplicated in each segment •Bilateral symmetry •Closed circulatory system •2 pairs of hair (satea) on each segment for moving INVERTEBRATES: SEGMENTED WORMS Segmented Worms
  71. 71. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death INVERTEBRATES: SEGMENTED WORMS Segmented Worms
  72. 72. Types of Segmented Worms a)Polychaetes INVERTEBRATES: SEGMENTED WORMS Segmented Worms
  73. 73. Segmented Worms Types of Segmented Worms b)Clitellates 1)Oligochaetes 2)Hirudinea INVERTEBRATES: SEGMENTED WORMS
  74. 74. INVERTEBRATES: ARTHROPODS
  75. 75. Arthropods •75% of all animals •Exoskeleton made of chitin •Molt to grow new exoskeleton •Jointed appendages (legs) INVERTEBRATES: ARTHROPODS •Advanced sense organs •Open circulatory systems •Metamorphasis -Complete -Gradual
  76. 76. INVERTEBRATES: INSECTS
  77. 77. Habitat •Water •Land Insects INVERTEBRATES: INSECTS
  78. 78. Characteristics •Chitinous exoskeleton • 3-part body (head, thorax and abdomen) • 6 jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae •Only invertebrate to fly •Most diverse groups of animals on the planet •Represent more than half of all known living organisms Insects INVERTEBRATES: INSECTS
  79. 79. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death Insects INVERTEBRATES: INSECTS
  80. 80. Types of Insects (here are just four examples of the millions of insects) a)Butterfly b) Pyrrhocoridae Insects INVERTEBRATES: INSECTS
  81. 81. Types of Insects c) Dragonfly d) Ladybug Insects INVERTEBRATES: INSECTS
  82. 82. INVERTEBRATES: CRUSTACEANS
  83. 83. Habitat •Water •Land INVERTEBRATES: CRUSTACEANS Crustaceans
  84. 84. ` Characteristics •Have biramous (two- parted) limbs •Bilateral symmetry •5 pairs of legs •Nauplius (form of larvae) •Most are free-living aquatic animals •Some are terrestrial, parasitic, and sessile •Fished and farmed for human consumption INVERTEBRATES: CRUSTACEANS Crustaceans
  85. 85. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death INVERTEBRATES: CRUSTACEANS Crustaceans
  86. 86. Types of Crustaceans a) Crabs Crustaceans INVERTEBRATES: CRUSTACEANS
  87. 87. Types of Crustaceans b) Lobsters c) Shrimp Crustaceans INVERTEBRATES: CRUSTACEANS
  88. 88. Types of Crustaceans d) Krill e) Barnacles Crustaceans INVERTEBRATES: CRUSTACEANS
  89. 89. INVERTEBRATES: ARACHNIDS
  90. 90. Habitat •Most are terrestrial •Some live near water Arachnids INVERTEBRATES: ARACHNIDS
  91. 91. Characteristics •8 jointed legs •Exoskeleton •Bilateral symmetry •Two further pairs of appendages that have become adapted for feeding, defense, and sensory perception •Usually don't have antennae Arachnids INVERTEBRATES: ARACHNIDS Cephalothorax Abdomen
  92. 92. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death Arachnids INVERTEBRATES: ARACHNIDS
  93. 93. Types of Arachnids a) Spiders and Tarantulas b) True Scorpions Arachnids INVERTEBRATES: ARACHNIDS
  94. 94. Types of Arachnids c) Ticks d) Psuedoscorpions Arachnids INVERTEBRATES: ARACHNIDS
  95. 95. Types of Arachnids e) Whip Scorpions f) Harvestmen (Confused with spiders) Arachnids INVERTEBRATES: ARACHNIDS
  96. 96. Types of Arachnids g) Acari (Mites) Arachnids INVERTEBRATES: ARACHNIDS
  97. 97. INVERTEBRATES: CHILOPODA
  98. 98. Habitat •Moist land Chilopoda INVERTEBRATES: CHILOPODA
  99. 99. Characteristics •Segmented body •From under 20 to over 300 legs •Elongated mandibles •Carnivorous •Range from a few mm to 30cm in size •Require moist environment because they don't have a waxy cover like insects Chilopoda INVERTEBRATES: CHILOPODA
  100. 100. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death Chilopoda INVERTEBRATES: CHILOPODA
  101. 101. Types of Chilopodas a) Scutigeromorpha b) Lithobiomorpha Chilopoda INVERTEBRATES: CHILOPODA
  102. 102. Types of Chilopodas c) Craterostigmomorpha d) Scolopendromorpha e) Geophilomorpha Chilopoda INVERTEBRATES: CHILOPODA
  103. 103. INVERTEBRATES: DIPLOPODA
  104. 104. Habitat •Land Diplopoda INVERTEBRATES: DIPLOPODA
  105. 105. Characteristics •Elongated cylindrical or flattened bodies with more than 20 segments •Slow-moving •Eat decaying leaves and dead plants •Have between 36 and 400 legs •2 mm to 35 cm in size Diploda INVERTEBRATES: DIPLOPODA
  106. 106. Life Cycle •Egg •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death Diplopoda INVERTEBRATES: DIPLOPODA
  107. 107. Types of Diplopodas (12,000 species) a) Subclass: Penicillata (contains small species whose exoskeleton is not calcified, and which are covered in setae or bristles) Diplopoda INVERTEBRATES: DIPLOPODA
  108. 108. Types of Diplopodas b) Subclass: Chilognatha (consisting of two infraclasses: the infraclass Pentazonia containing the short-bodied pill millipedes, and the infraclass Helminthomorpha (worm-like millipedes) containing the great majority of the species) Pentazonia Helminthomorpha Diplopoda INVERTEBRATES: DIPLOPODA
  109. 109. VERTEBRATES
  110. 110. VERTEBRATES Vertebrates •Have backbones, spinal chords, notochords, and advanced nervous system •Less amount of species of vertebrates than invertebrates •Have muscles and skeletons •Sexual reproduction
  111. 111. VERTEBRATES: FISH
  112. 112. VERTEBRATES: FISH Fish Habitat •Fresh and seawater •All over the world
  113. 113. VERTEBRATES: FISH Fish Characteristics •Gills •Scales •Fins •Cold-blooded •Lay eggs
  114. 114. VERTEBRATES: FISH Fish Life Cycle •Eggs •Larval Fish •Fry •Juvenile •Adult •Death
  115. 115. VERTEBRATES: FISH FishTypes of Fish a)Jawless: primitive, no jaws b)Cartilaginous: big, fast, sharp teeth
  116. 116. VERTEBRATES: FISH FishTypes of Fish c)Bony fish with lobe fins d)Bony fish with ray fins Can you guess what type of fish this is?
  117. 117. VERTEBRATES: AMPHIBIANS
  118. 118. VERTEBRATES: AMPHIBIANS Amphibians Habitat •Moist environments
  119. 119. VERTEBRATES: AMPHIBIANS Amphibians Characteristics •Gills as embryos (some adults) •Adults have lungs •Slimy skin •Cold-blooded •3 chambered heart •Lay soft eggs in water •Adults live on land
  120. 120. VERTEBRATES: AMPHIBIANS Amphibians Life Cycle •Eggs •Larva •Juvenile •Adult •Death
  121. 121. VERTEBRATES: AMPHIBIANS AmphibiansTypes of Amphibians a)Caecilians b)Salamanders
  122. 122. VERTEBRATES: AMPHIBIANS AmphibiansTypes of Amphibians c)Frogs and Toads
  123. 123. VERTEBRATES: REPTILES
  124. 124. VERTEBRATES: REPTILES Reptiles Habitat •Warm climates •Land and water
  125. 125. VERTEBRATES: REPTILES Characteristics •Lungs •Dry, scaly skin •Cold-blooded •Lay eggs on land •Legs below body (not snakes) •3 chambered heart Reptiles
  126. 126. VERTEBRATES: REPTILES Reptiles Life Cycle •Eggs •Hatchling •Juvenile •Adult •Death
  127. 127. VERTEBRATES: REPTILES ReptilesTypes of Reptiles a)Crocodiles and Alligators b)Lizards and Snakes •Snakes don't have ears (they feel vibrations with their tongues) •Can grow more than 18 ft
  128. 128. VERTEBRATES: REPTILES ReptilesTypes of Reptiles c)Turtles and Tortoises •Can live 100 years •Have shells
  129. 129. VERTEBRATES: BIRDS
  130. 130. VERTEBRATES: BIRDS Birds Habitat •Forests, desserts, cliffs,etc •Land and water •All over the world
  131. 131. VERTEBRATES: BIRDS Birds Characteristics •Lungs, feathers, beaks, no teeth, hollow bones •Most birds fly •Homeothermic(mainatin body heat) •Lay hard eggs in nest (pinguins keep their eggs on their feet) •Evolved from dinosaurs
  132. 132. VERTEBRATES: BIRDS Birds Life Cycle •Eggs •Hatchling •Chick •Juvenile •Adult •Death
  133. 133. VERTEBRATES: BIRDS BirdsTypes of Birds a)Flying b)Non-flying
  134. 134. VERTEBRATES: MAMMALS
  135. 135. Mammals VERTEBRATES: MAMMALS Habitat •Forests, desserts,rainforests, cliffs,etc •Land and water •All over the world
  136. 136. Characteristics •Lungs, hair, teeth, and mammary glands (milk) •Most are placental (some are monotremes and marsupials) •Homeothermic(mainatin body heat) •4 chambered heart •Marine, land, and air VERTEBRATES: MAMMALS Mammals
  137. 137. VERTEBRATES: MAMMALS Mammals Life Cycle •Fetus •Baby •Child •Adolescent •Adult •Death
  138. 138. VERTEBRATES: MAMMALS MammalsTypes of Mammals a)Placental Land b)Placental Marine
  139. 139. VERTEBRATES: MAMMALS MammalsTypes of Mammals c)Placental Air d)Monotreme: lay eggs The only mammal with a venomous gland is the male platypus
  140. 140. VERTEBRATES: MAMMALS MammalsTypes of Mammals d)Marsupial: have pouches What types of mammals are people?
  141. 141. THE END

×