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Israel Funa
Wensel Valentin

Female External Genital Parts
Female Internal Reproductive
Organs
Female Reproductive System

Female External Genital Parts

 Mons Pubis
The mons pubis is also termed as mons, mons
veneris, or pubic mound. It is the fat pad covering on
the pubic bone which segments to create labia majora.
The main purpose of mons pubis is to give cushioning
and protection to the pubic You do not have access to
view this node, mainly during intercourse and also
protect the bones and tissues lying beneath.
Female External Genital Parts

 Clitoris
The clitoris is a small, sensitive organ located at
the top of the vulva, just above the urethra and the
vaginal opening. The clitoris is the human female's
most sensitive erogenous zone and generally the
primary anatomical source of human female sexual
pleasure.
Female External Genital Parts

 Prepuce
Also called clitoral hood, preputium
clitoridis and clitoral prepuce. A fold of skin that
surrounds and protects the glans of the clitoris; it also
covers the external shaft of the clitoris, develops as part
of the labia minora and is homologous with
the foreskin in male genitals. The clitoral hood is also
important not only in protection of the clitoral glans,
but also in pleasure, as it is an erogenous tissue.
Female External Genital Parts

 External Urethral Orifice
The external urethral orifice (urinary meatus) is
the external opening of the urethra, from which urine is
ejected during urination. It is located about 2.5 cm
behind the glans clitoridis and immediately in front of
the vagina in the vulval vestibule of the female
genitalia. It usually assumes the form of a
short, sagittal cleft with slightly raised margins.
Female External Genital Parts

 Internal Urethral Orifice
The internal urethral orifice is the opening of
the urinary bladder into the urethra. It is placed at the
apex of the trigonum vesicae, in the most dependent
part of the bladder, and is usually somewhat crescent-
shaped; the mucous membrane immediately behind it
presents a slight elevation in males, the uvula vesicae,
caused by the middle lobe of the prostate.
Female External Genital Parts

 Vaginal Orifice or Vagina
The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of
the female genital tract, which in humans extends from
the vulva to the uterus. The outer vaginal opening may
be partly covered by a membrane called the hymen. At
the deep end, the cervix (neck of the uterus) bulges into
the vagina. The vagina allows for sexual
intercourse and childbirth, and channels menstrual
flow, which occurs periodically as part of the menstrual
cycle.
Female External Genital Parts

 Labia Minora
The labia minora (singular: labium minus), also
known as the inner labia, inner lips, vaginal
lips or nymphae, are two flaps of skin on either side of
the human vaginal opening, situated between the labia
majora (outer labia, or outer lips). Inner lips vary
widely in size, color, and shape from individual to
individual.
Female External Genital Parts

 Labia Majora
The labia majora are two prominent longitudinal
cutaneous folds that extend downward and backward
from the mons pubis to the perineum. The labia majora
is homologous to the male scrotum.
Female External Genital Parts

 Bartholin's gland
The Bartholin's glands (also called Bartholin
glands or greater vestibular glands) are two pea
sized compound racemose glands located slightly
posterior and to the left and right of the opening of
the vagina. They secrete mucus to lubricate the vagina
and are homologous to bulbourethral glands in males.
Bartholin's glands secrete mucus to provide vaginal
lubrication. Bartholin's glands secrete relatively minute
amounts of fluid when a woman is sexually aroused.
Female External Genital Parts

 Fourchette
The frenulum of labia
minora (fourchette or posterior commissure of the labia
minora) is a frenulum where the labia minora
meet posteriorly.
Female External Genital Parts

Female Internal Reproductive Organs

 Vagina
The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of
the female genital tract, which in humans extends from
the vulva to the uterus. The outer vaginal opening may
be partly covered by a membrane called the hymen. At
the deep end, the cervix (neck of the uterus) bulges into
the vagina. The vagina allows for sexual
intercourse and childbirth, and channels menstrual
flow, which occurs periodically as part of the menstrual
cycle.
Female Internal Reproductive Organs

 Cervix
Lower part of the uterus in the human female
reproductive system. In a non-pregnant woman, the
cervix is usually between 2 and 3 cm long and roughly
cylindrical in shape. The narrow, central cervical
canal runs along its entire length, connecting
the uterine cavity and the lumen of the vagina. The
function of the cervix is to allow flow of menstrual
blood from the uterus into the vagina, and direct the
sperms into the uterus during intercourse.
Female Internal Reproductive Organs

 Uterus
The uterus is a female reproductive organ
located between the bladder and the rectum, in the
pelvic area. The main purpose of the uterus is to
nourish a fetus prior to birth. In menstruating females,
the ovaries release eggs that travel via the fallopian
tubes to the uterus. If fertilized, the eggs will bind
themselves to the wall of the uterus and the fetus will
develop. The uterus nourishes and protects the fetus
until birth.
Female Internal Reproductive Organs

 Endometrium
The endometrium is the mucous membrane that
lines the inside of the uterus (womb). The endometrium
changes throughout the menstrual cycle. It becomes
thick and rich with blood vessels to prepare
for pregnancy. If the woman does not get pregnant,
part of the endometrium is shed, causing menstrual
bleeding.
Female Internal Reproductive Organs

 Ovaries
The ovaries, a pair of tiny glands in the female
pelvic cavity, are the most important organs of the
female reproductive system. Their importance is
derived from their role in producing both the female
sex hormones that control reproduction and the female
gametes that are fertilized to form embryos.
Female Internal Reproductive Organs

 Oviduct
The Oviduct is the tube that links the ovary to
the uterus and which the ovulated oocyte travels down
to become fertilised by sperm present in the female
tract. It is also referred to as the Fallopian tube, Uterine
tube or Ovarian tube
Female Internal Reproductive Organs

 Follicles
Ovarian follicle is a roughly spheroid cellular
aggregation set found in the ovaries. It also secretes
hormones that influence stages of the menstrual cycle.
Women begin puberty with about 400,000 follicles, each
with the potential to release an egg cell (ovum) at
ovulation for fertilization. These eggs are developed
only once every menstrual cycle.
Female Internal Reproductive Organs

 Corpus Luteum
The corpus luteum produces progesterone.
Progesterone makes the lining of the uterus thick for
implantation and is necessary to sustain a healthy
pregnancy. The corpus luteum produces progesterone
until the placenta begins to take over progesterone
production around ten weeks gestation.
Female Internal Reproductive Organs

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Parts of the female reprodutive system

  • 2.  Female External Genital Parts Female Internal Reproductive Organs Female Reproductive System
  • 4.   Mons Pubis The mons pubis is also termed as mons, mons veneris, or pubic mound. It is the fat pad covering on the pubic bone which segments to create labia majora. The main purpose of mons pubis is to give cushioning and protection to the pubic You do not have access to view this node, mainly during intercourse and also protect the bones and tissues lying beneath. Female External Genital Parts
  • 5.   Clitoris The clitoris is a small, sensitive organ located at the top of the vulva, just above the urethra and the vaginal opening. The clitoris is the human female's most sensitive erogenous zone and generally the primary anatomical source of human female sexual pleasure. Female External Genital Parts
  • 6.   Prepuce Also called clitoral hood, preputium clitoridis and clitoral prepuce. A fold of skin that surrounds and protects the glans of the clitoris; it also covers the external shaft of the clitoris, develops as part of the labia minora and is homologous with the foreskin in male genitals. The clitoral hood is also important not only in protection of the clitoral glans, but also in pleasure, as it is an erogenous tissue. Female External Genital Parts
  • 7.   External Urethral Orifice The external urethral orifice (urinary meatus) is the external opening of the urethra, from which urine is ejected during urination. It is located about 2.5 cm behind the glans clitoridis and immediately in front of the vagina in the vulval vestibule of the female genitalia. It usually assumes the form of a short, sagittal cleft with slightly raised margins. Female External Genital Parts
  • 8.   Internal Urethral Orifice The internal urethral orifice is the opening of the urinary bladder into the urethra. It is placed at the apex of the trigonum vesicae, in the most dependent part of the bladder, and is usually somewhat crescent- shaped; the mucous membrane immediately behind it presents a slight elevation in males, the uvula vesicae, caused by the middle lobe of the prostate. Female External Genital Parts
  • 9.   Vaginal Orifice or Vagina The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of the female genital tract, which in humans extends from the vulva to the uterus. The outer vaginal opening may be partly covered by a membrane called the hymen. At the deep end, the cervix (neck of the uterus) bulges into the vagina. The vagina allows for sexual intercourse and childbirth, and channels menstrual flow, which occurs periodically as part of the menstrual cycle. Female External Genital Parts
  • 10.   Labia Minora The labia minora (singular: labium minus), also known as the inner labia, inner lips, vaginal lips or nymphae, are two flaps of skin on either side of the human vaginal opening, situated between the labia majora (outer labia, or outer lips). Inner lips vary widely in size, color, and shape from individual to individual. Female External Genital Parts
  • 11.   Labia Majora The labia majora are two prominent longitudinal cutaneous folds that extend downward and backward from the mons pubis to the perineum. The labia majora is homologous to the male scrotum. Female External Genital Parts
  • 12.   Bartholin's gland The Bartholin's glands (also called Bartholin glands or greater vestibular glands) are two pea sized compound racemose glands located slightly posterior and to the left and right of the opening of the vagina. They secrete mucus to lubricate the vagina and are homologous to bulbourethral glands in males. Bartholin's glands secrete mucus to provide vaginal lubrication. Bartholin's glands secrete relatively minute amounts of fluid when a woman is sexually aroused. Female External Genital Parts
  • 13.   Fourchette The frenulum of labia minora (fourchette or posterior commissure of the labia minora) is a frenulum where the labia minora meet posteriorly. Female External Genital Parts
  • 15.   Vagina The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of the female genital tract, which in humans extends from the vulva to the uterus. The outer vaginal opening may be partly covered by a membrane called the hymen. At the deep end, the cervix (neck of the uterus) bulges into the vagina. The vagina allows for sexual intercourse and childbirth, and channels menstrual flow, which occurs periodically as part of the menstrual cycle. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  • 16.   Cervix Lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system. In a non-pregnant woman, the cervix is usually between 2 and 3 cm long and roughly cylindrical in shape. The narrow, central cervical canal runs along its entire length, connecting the uterine cavity and the lumen of the vagina. The function of the cervix is to allow flow of menstrual blood from the uterus into the vagina, and direct the sperms into the uterus during intercourse. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  • 17.   Uterus The uterus is a female reproductive organ located between the bladder and the rectum, in the pelvic area. The main purpose of the uterus is to nourish a fetus prior to birth. In menstruating females, the ovaries release eggs that travel via the fallopian tubes to the uterus. If fertilized, the eggs will bind themselves to the wall of the uterus and the fetus will develop. The uterus nourishes and protects the fetus until birth. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  • 18.   Endometrium The endometrium is the mucous membrane that lines the inside of the uterus (womb). The endometrium changes throughout the menstrual cycle. It becomes thick and rich with blood vessels to prepare for pregnancy. If the woman does not get pregnant, part of the endometrium is shed, causing menstrual bleeding. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  • 19.   Ovaries The ovaries, a pair of tiny glands in the female pelvic cavity, are the most important organs of the female reproductive system. Their importance is derived from their role in producing both the female sex hormones that control reproduction and the female gametes that are fertilized to form embryos. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  • 20.   Oviduct The Oviduct is the tube that links the ovary to the uterus and which the ovulated oocyte travels down to become fertilised by sperm present in the female tract. It is also referred to as the Fallopian tube, Uterine tube or Ovarian tube Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  • 21.   Follicles Ovarian follicle is a roughly spheroid cellular aggregation set found in the ovaries. It also secretes hormones that influence stages of the menstrual cycle. Women begin puberty with about 400,000 follicles, each with the potential to release an egg cell (ovum) at ovulation for fertilization. These eggs are developed only once every menstrual cycle. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  • 22.   Corpus Luteum The corpus luteum produces progesterone. Progesterone makes the lining of the uterus thick for implantation and is necessary to sustain a healthy pregnancy. The corpus luteum produces progesterone until the placenta begins to take over progesterone production around ten weeks gestation. Female Internal Reproductive Organs