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Parts of the female reprodutive system

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Female reproductive organs
Female reproductive organs
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Parts of the female reprodutive system

  1. 1. Israel Funa Wensel Valentin
  2. 2.  Female External Genital Parts Female Internal Reproductive Organs Female Reproductive System
  3. 3.  Female External Genital Parts
  4. 4.   Mons Pubis The mons pubis is also termed as mons, mons veneris, or pubic mound. It is the fat pad covering on the pubic bone which segments to create labia majora. The main purpose of mons pubis is to give cushioning and protection to the pubic You do not have access to view this node, mainly during intercourse and also protect the bones and tissues lying beneath. Female External Genital Parts
  5. 5.   Clitoris The clitoris is a small, sensitive organ located at the top of the vulva, just above the urethra and the vaginal opening. The clitoris is the human female's most sensitive erogenous zone and generally the primary anatomical source of human female sexual pleasure. Female External Genital Parts
  6. 6.   Prepuce Also called clitoral hood, preputium clitoridis and clitoral prepuce. A fold of skin that surrounds and protects the glans of the clitoris; it also covers the external shaft of the clitoris, develops as part of the labia minora and is homologous with the foreskin in male genitals. The clitoral hood is also important not only in protection of the clitoral glans, but also in pleasure, as it is an erogenous tissue. Female External Genital Parts
  7. 7.   External Urethral Orifice The external urethral orifice (urinary meatus) is the external opening of the urethra, from which urine is ejected during urination. It is located about 2.5 cm behind the glans clitoridis and immediately in front of the vagina in the vulval vestibule of the female genitalia. It usually assumes the form of a short, sagittal cleft with slightly raised margins. Female External Genital Parts
  8. 8.   Internal Urethral Orifice The internal urethral orifice is the opening of the urinary bladder into the urethra. It is placed at the apex of the trigonum vesicae, in the most dependent part of the bladder, and is usually somewhat crescent- shaped; the mucous membrane immediately behind it presents a slight elevation in males, the uvula vesicae, caused by the middle lobe of the prostate. Female External Genital Parts
  9. 9.   Vaginal Orifice or Vagina The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of the female genital tract, which in humans extends from the vulva to the uterus. The outer vaginal opening may be partly covered by a membrane called the hymen. At the deep end, the cervix (neck of the uterus) bulges into the vagina. The vagina allows for sexual intercourse and childbirth, and channels menstrual flow, which occurs periodically as part of the menstrual cycle. Female External Genital Parts
  10. 10.   Labia Minora The labia minora (singular: labium minus), also known as the inner labia, inner lips, vaginal lips or nymphae, are two flaps of skin on either side of the human vaginal opening, situated between the labia majora (outer labia, or outer lips). Inner lips vary widely in size, color, and shape from individual to individual. Female External Genital Parts
  11. 11.   Labia Majora The labia majora are two prominent longitudinal cutaneous folds that extend downward and backward from the mons pubis to the perineum. The labia majora is homologous to the male scrotum. Female External Genital Parts
  12. 12.   Bartholin's gland The Bartholin's glands (also called Bartholin glands or greater vestibular glands) are two pea sized compound racemose glands located slightly posterior and to the left and right of the opening of the vagina. They secrete mucus to lubricate the vagina and are homologous to bulbourethral glands in males. Bartholin's glands secrete mucus to provide vaginal lubrication. Bartholin's glands secrete relatively minute amounts of fluid when a woman is sexually aroused. Female External Genital Parts
  13. 13.   Fourchette The frenulum of labia minora (fourchette or posterior commissure of the labia minora) is a frenulum where the labia minora meet posteriorly. Female External Genital Parts
  14. 14.  Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  15. 15.   Vagina The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of the female genital tract, which in humans extends from the vulva to the uterus. The outer vaginal opening may be partly covered by a membrane called the hymen. At the deep end, the cervix (neck of the uterus) bulges into the vagina. The vagina allows for sexual intercourse and childbirth, and channels menstrual flow, which occurs periodically as part of the menstrual cycle. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  16. 16.   Cervix Lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system. In a non-pregnant woman, the cervix is usually between 2 and 3 cm long and roughly cylindrical in shape. The narrow, central cervical canal runs along its entire length, connecting the uterine cavity and the lumen of the vagina. The function of the cervix is to allow flow of menstrual blood from the uterus into the vagina, and direct the sperms into the uterus during intercourse. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  17. 17.   Uterus The uterus is a female reproductive organ located between the bladder and the rectum, in the pelvic area. The main purpose of the uterus is to nourish a fetus prior to birth. In menstruating females, the ovaries release eggs that travel via the fallopian tubes to the uterus. If fertilized, the eggs will bind themselves to the wall of the uterus and the fetus will develop. The uterus nourishes and protects the fetus until birth. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  18. 18.   Endometrium The endometrium is the mucous membrane that lines the inside of the uterus (womb). The endometrium changes throughout the menstrual cycle. It becomes thick and rich with blood vessels to prepare for pregnancy. If the woman does not get pregnant, part of the endometrium is shed, causing menstrual bleeding. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  19. 19.   Ovaries The ovaries, a pair of tiny glands in the female pelvic cavity, are the most important organs of the female reproductive system. Their importance is derived from their role in producing both the female sex hormones that control reproduction and the female gametes that are fertilized to form embryos. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  20. 20.   Oviduct The Oviduct is the tube that links the ovary to the uterus and which the ovulated oocyte travels down to become fertilised by sperm present in the female tract. It is also referred to as the Fallopian tube, Uterine tube or Ovarian tube Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  21. 21.   Follicles Ovarian follicle is a roughly spheroid cellular aggregation set found in the ovaries. It also secretes hormones that influence stages of the menstrual cycle. Women begin puberty with about 400,000 follicles, each with the potential to release an egg cell (ovum) at ovulation for fertilization. These eggs are developed only once every menstrual cycle. Female Internal Reproductive Organs
  22. 22.   Corpus Luteum The corpus luteum produces progesterone. Progesterone makes the lining of the uterus thick for implantation and is necessary to sustain a healthy pregnancy. The corpus luteum produces progesterone until the placenta begins to take over progesterone production around ten weeks gestation. Female Internal Reproductive Organs

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