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Smart	
  City	
  and	
  environmental	
  challenges	
  
Professor	
  Isam	
  Shahrour
Isam.Shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr
Shand...
Contact-­‐Follow
Isam.shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr
www.isamshahrour.com
https://www.linkedin.com/in/ishahrour
http://fr.slide...
Q1:	
  Environmental	
  challenges?
Q2:	
  How	
  the	
  Smart	
  City	
  concept	
  will	
  help	
  to	
  face	
  these	
...
Q1:	
  Environmental	
  challenges?
Q2:	
  How	
  the	
  Smart	
  City	
  concept	
  will	
  help	
  to	
  face	
  these	
...
Environmental	
  challenges	
  
World	
  Summits	
  (From	
  Kyoto	
  2005	
  to	
  Paris	
  2015)
Changement	
  climatique
Water	
  stress	
  evolution
Source:	
  Le	
  Monde	
  diplomatique
(%	
  Water	
  withdrawal	
  of	
  the	
  total	
  ava...
The	
  City:
• 70%	
  of	
  the	
  total	
  energy	
  consumption
• 80%	
  of	
  the	
  greenhouse	
  emission	
  	
  
Gre...
Urban	
  
Developing	
  countries
Urban	
  –
Developed	
  	
  countries
Rural
Developing	
  countries
Concentration	
  of	...
Concentration  in  large  cities
The City has similarities with biological system
Urban	
  network	
  act	
  as	
  cardiovascular	
  and	
  nervous	
  syst...
Generally,	
  cities	
  operate	
  with	
  undersized	
  networks
As	
  an	
  adult	
  with	
  a	
  cardio-­‐vascular	
  s...
The	
  city	
  suffers	
  from	
  traffic	
  Congestion	
  
From	
  high	
  air	
  pollution
WHO	
  :	
  7	
  million	
  deaths/year
From	
  lack	
  of	
  basic	
  urban	
  services:
• 1	
  billon	
  do	
  not	
  have	
  access	
  to	
  drinking	
  water....
Investment	
  need	
  :	
  1.8	
  to	
  2.3	
  trillions	
  /year
Transport	
  
Electricity
Water
Telecom
Developing	
  co...
United	
  States	
  	
  (ASCE,	
  2013	
  report):
Infrastructures	
  GPA	
  =	
  D+
Developed	
  countries:	
  aging	
  I...
80%	
  (France)
Buildings	
  in	
  France	
  :	
  high	
  investment	
  needs	
  for	
  building	
  
renovation	
  	
  
The	
  situation	
  of	
  the	
  city	
  is	
  critical
In	
  the	
  coming	
  years,	
  it	
  is	
  expected	
  to	
  bec...
Energy	
  consumption	
  will	
  continue	
  to	
  increase	
  
OECD	
  :	
  Organization	
  for	
  Economic	
  Co-­‐opera...
Infrastructures
Buildings
Urbanization
Management	
  
City:
Eco-­‐ friendly	
  
Socio	
  –friendly	
  
Huge	
  financial	
...
In	
  a	
  period	
  of	
  tough	
  crisis,	
  we	
  have	
  to	
  be	
  
innovative
Digital	
  technology	
  	
  (Smart	
...
Q1:	
  Environmental	
  challenges?
Q2:	
  How	
  the	
  Smart	
  City	
  concept	
  will	
  help	
  to	
  face	
  the	
  ...
Digital	
  
technology
Internet	
  
Social	
  Network
Each	
  object	
  :
-­‐ Identified
-­‐ Geo-­‐localized
-­‐ Communicate
-­‐ Store	
  data
-­‐ Analyze	
  data	
  
See
Analyze
Understand
Improve
Real	
  time
Digital	
  technology	
  in	
  the	
  City	
  
Thanks	
  to	
  this	
  technology,	
  
buried	
  infrastructures	
  become	
  visible	
  
When	
  we	
  see	
  things,	
 ...
Health,	
  Education
Art,	
  Culture
More	
  data	
  
BIG	
  DATA
digital,	
  images,	
  
movies,	
  audios
Smart	
  city	
  technology	
  allows:
• Real-­‐time	
  monitoring
• Rapid	
  action	
  in	
  the	
  case	
  of	
  an	
  a...
Smart	
  Energy	
  :	
  optimal	
  	
  management
Production
Storage Smart	
  Grid	
  
Energy	
  Consumption
Q1:	
  Environmental	
  challenges?
Q2:	
  How	
  the	
  Smart	
  City	
  concept	
  will	
  help	
  to	
  face	
  these	
...
SunRise	
  – Smart	
  City:
Large	
  Scale	
  demonstrator	
  of	
  the	
  Smart	
  City	
  
Innovation	
  operators	
  
• Pole	
  Ubiquitaire
• CITC	
  –EURARFID
• PRN
Local	
  government
• AMGVF	
  (Large	
  
Citi...
Smart	
  City
implementation	
  ?
Large	
  Experimentation	
  
(Demonstrator)	
  
Scientific	
  Campus
Smart	
  City	
  Demonstrator	
  
Small	
  town:
• 25	
  000	
  users
• 140	
  Buildings	
  
C1	
  – Chimie	
  (1966) Polytech’Lille	
  (2000)
IUT	
  	
  	
  (2006)
Learning	
  Center	
  (2016)
Bâtiment	
  D	
  
(Ré...
100	
  km	
  of	
  urban	
  networks
• Drinking	
  Water
• Sewage
• District	
  Heating
• Gas	
  
• Electrical	
  (	
  HV,...
SunRise	
  Community	
  :
PhD,	
  Master	
  Degree	
  Students,	
  engineers,	
  
SunRise	
  PlatformInformation	
  
Sytem
Asset	
  Data	
  (GIS)
Analytics
Web	
  server	
  	
  
communication
• Users
• Ma...
Drinking	
  water	
  
Concerns:	
  
• Leakage
• Real-­‐time	
  contamination	
  detection
• Users	
  awareness
TWUL	
  Demo	
  site
London
Smart	
  Burgos
Burgos
VIP
Leeuwarden
Sunrise	
  Demo	
  site
Lille
European	
  Smart	
  Water...
15	
  km	
  of	
  pipes
100	
  electronic	
  Counters
reading	
  1h	
  step
Pressure	
  cell Datalogger
Electronic	
  pressure	
  cells
Real-­‐time	
  water	
  quality	
  control	
  	
  
Accidental	
  contamination	
  ?
49
Intellisonde	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
 ...
50
Emplacement	
  des	
  capteurs qualité
Plan	
  of	
  implementation	
  
Before	
  	
  the	
  field	
  implementation,	
  we	
  conducted	
  analysis	
  of	
  
the	
  sensors	
  performances	
  f...
Injection
Point	
  de	
  
mesure
52
Lab-­‐Station	
  for	
  the	
  analysis	
  of	
  the	
  sensors	
  performances	
  for...
53
-­‐0,5
0
0,5
1
1,5
2
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
Changement	
  de	
  phase	
  
Temps	
  (minutes)
40	
  mg/L	
  	
  	...
54
1,5
1,7
1,9
2,1
2,3
2,5
2,7
2,9
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200
Turb	
  ISO	
  -­‐[FTU]
Temps	
  (minutes)
S::CAN...
District	
  heating
Concerns:	
  
• Data-­‐based	
  Diagnostic	
  
• Reduction	
  of	
  energy	
  looses	
  (network,	
  
buildings)
• Demand-...
SunRise
Site pilote de la ville
intelligente et durable
Réseau	
  d'eau
District	
  heating	
  system
Heating	
  Center
Heating	
  Sub-­‐Station
• Temperature
• Flow
• Pressure
• Consumption
Regulation	
  System
(Valve	
  Controllers)
Data	
  :	
  Building	
  «	
  M1	
  »
Heat	
  Consumption External	
  Temperature
Large	
  economy	
  with	
  smart	
  	
  control
Smart	
  Regulation?
Real	
  Consumption
High	
  potential	
  of	
  energy	
  savings
University	
  strategy	
  :	
  Large	
  investment	
  for	
  the
-­‐ Transfor...
Under	
  Progress:
• Public	
  lighting
• Sewage	
  
• Cyber	
  security	
  
• SunRise	
  social	
  network
Contact-­‐Follow
Isam.shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr
www.isamshahrour.com
https://www.linkedin.com/in/ishahrour
http://fr.slide...
Isam Shahrour conference at Shandong Agricultural University: Smart City for environmental challenges
Isam Shahrour conference at Shandong Agricultural University: Smart City for environmental challenges
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Isam Shahrour conference at Shandong Agricultural University: Smart City for environmental challenges

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This conference presented the world environmental challenges in particular the greenhouse emission, the global warming, the climate change and the air pollution, then the Smart City concept and how this concept could help in facing the environmental challenges.

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Isam Shahrour conference at Shandong Agricultural University: Smart City for environmental challenges

  1. 1. Smart  City  and  environmental  challenges   Professor  Isam  Shahrour Isam.Shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr Shandong  agricultural   University,  China,   December  23,  2015
  2. 2. Contact-­‐Follow Isam.shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr www.isamshahrour.com https://www.linkedin.com/in/ishahrour http://fr.slideshare.net/ishahrour
  3. 3. Q1:  Environmental  challenges? Q2:  How  the  Smart  City  concept  will  help  to  face  these   challenges  ? Q3:  How  to  implement  the  Smart  City  concept?   3 questions  
  4. 4. Q1:  Environmental  challenges? Q2:  How  the  Smart  City  concept  will  help  to  face  these   challenges  ? Q3:  How  to  implement  this  concept?   (Case  study  :  SunRise  project) 3 questions  
  5. 5. Environmental  challenges   World  Summits  (From  Kyoto  2005  to  Paris  2015)
  6. 6. Changement  climatique
  7. 7. Water  stress  evolution Source:  Le  Monde  diplomatique (%  Water  withdrawal  of  the  total  available  water)
  8. 8. The  City: • 70%  of  the  total  energy  consumption • 80%  of  the  greenhouse  emission     Greenhouse  emission  is  due  mainly  to  energy   consumption Why    ?
  9. 9. Urban   Developing  countries Urban  – Developed    countries Rural Developing  countries Concentration  of  the  population  in  cities
  10. 10. Concentration  in  large  cities
  11. 11. The City has similarities with biological system Urban  network  act  as  cardiovascular  and  nervous  systems
  12. 12. Generally,  cities  operate  with  undersized  networks As  an  adult  with  a  cardio-­‐vascular  system  of  a  child.
  13. 13. The  city  suffers  from  traffic  Congestion  
  14. 14. From  high  air  pollution WHO  :  7  million  deaths/year
  15. 15. From  lack  of  basic  urban  services: • 1  billon  do  not  have  access  to  drinking  water. • 2.5  billons  do  not  have  access  to  sewage  service.
  16. 16. Investment  need  :  1.8  to  2.3  trillions  /year Transport   Electricity Water Telecom Developing  countries has  huge   needs  in  Infrastructures
  17. 17. United  States    (ASCE,  2013  report): Infrastructures  GPA  =  D+ Developed  countries:  aging  Infrastructures  challenges  
  18. 18. 80%  (France) Buildings  in  France  :  high  investment  needs  for  building   renovation    
  19. 19. The  situation  of  the  city  is  critical In  the  coming  years,  it  is  expected  to  become  more  critical,   because  of  the  explosion  of  the  urban  population Developed   Developed   Less  developed
  20. 20. Energy  consumption  will  continue  to  increase   OECD  :  Organization  for  Economic  Co-­‐operation  and  Development
  21. 21. Infrastructures Buildings Urbanization Management   City: Eco-­‐ friendly   Socio  –friendly   Huge  financial  crisis We  have  to  transform  the  city  to  meet  the  environmental   challenges
  22. 22. In  a  period  of  tough  crisis,  we  have  to  be   innovative Digital  technology    (Smart  City)  ?  
  23. 23. Q1:  Environmental  challenges? Q2:  How  the  Smart  City  concept  will  help  to  face  the   environmental  challenges  ? Q3:  How  to  implement  this  concept?   (Case  study  :  SunRise  project) 3 questions  
  24. 24. Digital   technology Internet   Social  Network
  25. 25. Each  object  : -­‐ Identified -­‐ Geo-­‐localized -­‐ Communicate -­‐ Store  data -­‐ Analyze  data  
  26. 26. See Analyze Understand Improve Real  time Digital  technology  in  the  City  
  27. 27. Thanks  to  this  technology,   buried  infrastructures  become  visible   When  we  see  things,  we  make  progress.
  28. 28. Health,  Education Art,  Culture More  data   BIG  DATA digital,  images,   movies,  audios
  29. 29. Smart  city  technology  allows: • Real-­‐time  monitoring • Rapid  action  in  the  case  of  an  abnormal  event   (security,  leakage,  contamination,....) • Optimal  management • Stakeholders  implication • New  services  
  30. 30. Smart  Energy  :  optimal    management Production Storage Smart  Grid   Energy  Consumption
  31. 31. Q1:  Environmental  challenges? Q2:  How  the  Smart  City  concept  will  help  to  face  these   challenges  ? Q3:  How  to  implement  this  concept?   3 questions  
  32. 32. SunRise  – Smart  City: Large  Scale  demonstrator  of  the  Smart  City  
  33. 33. Innovation  operators   • Pole  Ubiquitaire • CITC  –EURARFID • PRN Local  government • AMGVF  (Large   Cities  association) • Lille  Metropolis • Region • ArtoisComm International: • W-­‐Smart  (Int.  Ass.  for   water  Security) • US • Netherland,  UK,  Spain • Lebanon,  Morocco Water/Energy/Buildings   operators • Dalkia • Eaux du  Nord  (Suez) • Eau  de  Paris • ERDF   • Lille  Métropole Habitat   Research  Laboratories: • Engineering • Information  technology   • Social  Science Education  : • Master  programs • PhD  programs Starts-­‐ups  :   Stereograph,  Noolittic, Inodesign,  Calmwater,   Planete oui,  Ixsane,  Projex,   SunRise  :  Large  public-­‐private  partnership
  34. 34. Smart  City implementation  ? Large  Experimentation   (Demonstrator)  
  35. 35. Scientific  Campus Smart  City  Demonstrator   Small  town: • 25  000  users • 140  Buildings  
  36. 36. C1  – Chimie  (1966) Polytech’Lille  (2000) IUT      (2006) Learning  Center  (2016) Bâtiment  D   (Rénovation  /Extension,  2019)  
  37. 37. 100  km  of  urban  networks • Drinking  Water • Sewage • District  Heating • Gas   • Electrical  (  HV,  LV) • Public  light • Roads  
  38. 38. SunRise  Community  : PhD,  Master  Degree  Students,  engineers,  
  39. 39. SunRise  PlatformInformation   Sytem Asset  Data  (GIS) Analytics Web  server     communication • Users • Management  staff • Technical  staff • Academic  Staff Communication  :   • Réseaux  filaires   • Réseaux  sans  fils   Monitoring   • Buildings • Water  Network • Energy  network • Others   Sensors  data   Users   -­‐ Alert   -­‐ Information Users  data   Open  data   • Weather • Traffic   • Emergency   Open  data  
  40. 40. Drinking  water  
  41. 41. Concerns:   • Leakage • Real-­‐time  contamination  detection • Users  awareness
  42. 42. TWUL  Demo  site London Smart  Burgos Burgos VIP Leeuwarden Sunrise  Demo  site Lille European  Smart  Water  demonstrator   SmartWater4Europe
  43. 43. 15  km  of  pipes
  44. 44. 100  electronic  Counters reading  1h  step
  45. 45. Pressure  cell Datalogger Electronic  pressure  cells
  46. 46. Real-­‐time  water  quality  control     Accidental  contamination  ?
  47. 47. 49 Intellisonde                                                                                S::can                                                                                                            EventLab               Innovative  devices  for  water  quality  control
  48. 48. 50 Emplacement  des  capteurs qualité Plan  of  implementation  
  49. 49. Before    the  field  implementation,  we  conducted  analysis  of   the  sensors  performances  for  the  detection  of  chemical   and  biological  contaminations.
  50. 50. Injection Point  de   mesure 52 Lab-­‐Station  for  the  analysis  of  the  sensors  performances  for  the   detection  of  chemical  and  biological  contaminations.
  51. 51. 53 -­‐0,5 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Changement  de  phase   Temps  (minutes) 40  mg/L                                 30  mg/L             20  mg/L 10mg/L 5mg/L Phase  change  – chemical  contamination EventLab  –Optiqua  
  52. 52. 54 1,5 1,7 1,9 2,1 2,3 2,5 2,7 2,9 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 Turb  ISO  -­‐[FTU] Temps  (minutes) S::CAN Turbidity   Absorbency   E.  Coli  injection 105  UFC/mL 105 UFC/mL 108 UFC/mL 107 UFC/mL
  53. 53. District  heating
  54. 54. Concerns:   • Data-­‐based  Diagnostic   • Reduction  of  energy  looses  (network,   buildings) • Demand-­‐ based  energy  production   • Users  awareness
  55. 55. SunRise Site pilote de la ville intelligente et durable Réseau  d'eau District  heating  system Heating  Center
  56. 56. Heating  Sub-­‐Station • Temperature • Flow • Pressure • Consumption Regulation  System (Valve  Controllers)
  57. 57. Data  :  Building  «  M1  » Heat  Consumption External  Temperature
  58. 58. Large  economy  with  smart    control Smart  Regulation? Real  Consumption
  59. 59. High  potential  of  energy  savings University  strategy  :  Large  investment  for  the -­‐ Transformation  of  the  district  heating  into  a  smart  one -­‐ Construction  of  co-­‐generation  station     Funded  by  : • Energy  savings • Public  – private  partnership  
  60. 60. Under  Progress: • Public  lighting • Sewage   • Cyber  security   • SunRise  social  network
  61. 61. Contact-­‐Follow Isam.shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr www.isamshahrour.com https://www.linkedin.com/in/ishahrour http://fr.slideshare.net/ishahrour

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