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The conditionals in the English
language
The zero conditional (always true) If X
happens, Y happens.
• If you go , I come with
you.
• When I was a child, if
you di...
•OTHER EXAMPLES:
•IF YOU HEAT WATER, IT BOILS.
• IF YOU BOIL WATER, IT TURNS INTO
STREAM.
• IF YOU COOL THE STEAM , IT TUR...
IF
EXAMPLES:
• IF EVERYONE RECYCLES PAPER,
COMPANIES WON’T CUT DOWN SO
TREES.
• IF EVERYONE RECYCLES METAL AND
GLASS, WE WON’...
UNLESS , IN CASE, PROVIDED, AS LONG AS.
UNLESS AND IN CASE +
PRESENT SIMPLE
• UNLESS MEANS :”IF NOT”. WE USE
IT WHEN WE SA...
• Examples:
• What would happen if
the Earth stopped
turning?
• If the Earth didn’t have
a Moon, there wouldn’t
be any tid...
Examples
• If you were a horse, you
would see everything in black
and white.
• If you looked inside your own
eye at the im...
• If I’d seen you, I would have
said hello.
• If Alexander the Great had
marched west instead of east,
he would have conqu...
OTHER EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
WISHES
• About the present:
• When we use “wish” to make a
wish about the present present,
we use the unreal past simple, ...
• If X had happened, Y would be different.
• We often think about past events, and their effects on the
present.
• If Chri...
The summary of all conditionals
Thank you!
 Projekt Anglisht
 Projekt Anglisht
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Projekt Anglisht

  1. 1. The conditionals in the English language
  2. 2. The zero conditional (always true) If X happens, Y happens. • If you go , I come with you. • When I was a child, if you didn’t have money for something, you couldn’t buy it. • If you press the switch, the light comes on.
  3. 3. •OTHER EXAMPLES: •IF YOU HEAT WATER, IT BOILS. • IF YOU BOIL WATER, IT TURNS INTO STREAM. • IF YOU COOL THE STEAM , IT TURNS BACK TO THE PRIMARY MODE. • IF YOU HEAT A PIECE OF METAL, IT EXPANDS. • IF YOU FREEZE A PIECE OF METAL, IT CONTRACTS. • IF YOU FREEZE WATER, IT EXPANDS.
  4. 4. IF
  5. 5. EXAMPLES: • IF EVERYONE RECYCLES PAPER, COMPANIES WON’T CUT DOWN SO TREES. • IF EVERYONE RECYCLES METAL AND GLASS, WE WON’T WASTE VALUABLE RESOURCES. • IF EVERYONE RECYCLES PAPER ,METAL AND GLASS , WE WON’T PRODUCE SO MUCH RUBBISH. • IF EVERYONE TURNS OFF UNWANTED LIGHTS, WE WILL SAVE A LOT OF ELECTRICITY. • IF EVERYONE WALKS OR CYCLES, WE WON’T WASTE SO MUCH OIL AND PETROL. • IF COUNTRIES USE POWER STATIONS LESS , IT WILL CAUSE LESS AIR POLLUTION.
  6. 6. UNLESS , IN CASE, PROVIDED, AS LONG AS. UNLESS AND IN CASE + PRESENT SIMPLE • UNLESS MEANS :”IF NOT”. WE USE IT WHEN WE SAY THAT IF SOMETHING DOES NOT HAPPEN, SOMETHING ELSE WILL HAPPENT. • EX. UNLESS WE DEAL WITH THE GLOBAL WARMING PROBLEM, AVERANGE TEMPERATURES WILL RISE. • “IN CASE” DESCRIBES A POSSIBLE SITUATION WE WANT TO BE PERPARED FOR. • EX. TAKE AN UMBRELLA IN CASE IT RAINS. • TAKE A PAIR OF RUNNING SHOES IN CASE YOU NEED THEM. PROVIDED, AS LONG AS + PRESENT SIMPLE • PROVIDED AND AS LONG AS MEAN ONLY IF. • EX. PROVIDED WE REDUCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION, WE CAN SLOW DOWN GLOBAL WARMING. OR • EX. AS LONG AS WE REDUCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION, WE CAN SLOW DOWN GLOBAL WARMING.
  7. 7. • Examples: • What would happen if the Earth stopped turning? • If the Earth didn’t have a Moon, there wouldn’t be any tides. • If I were you, I wouldn’t do that.
  8. 8. Examples • If you were a horse, you would see everything in black and white. • If you looked inside your own eye at the images there, they would be upside down, and they would be moving. • The world’s oceans contain huge amounts of salt. In fact , if you removed all the salt from the oceans , you would be able to use it to build a wall about 300 km wide and a km tall all around the Earth.
  9. 9. • If I’d seen you, I would have said hello. • If Alexander the Great had marched west instead of east, he would have conquered the whole of Europe. • If more Vikings had gone to North America, the Viking settlements would have succeed. • If Columbus had sailed east in 1492, he would have reached China or Japan.
  10. 10. OTHER EXAMPLES
  11. 11. EXAMPLES
  12. 12. WISHES • About the present: • When we use “wish” to make a wish about the present present, we use the unreal past simple, as in an unreal conditional sentence. • I wish I knew more about European history. • Wishes about the past. • When we use “wish” to make a wish about the past, we use the past perfect, as in an impossible past conditional sentence. • I wish I had been present at the battle of Waterloo. • Wishes with would • We also use “wish” with would when we want someone to do something or not to do something. This is often because we think it is a bad habit. • I wish you wouldn’t keep staring at me! • I wish Pete would phone. • If only • We can use “if only” to make a stronger kind of wish about the present or the past. • If only I knew more about European history! • If only I had studied harder!
  13. 13. • If X had happened, Y would be different. • We often think about past events, and their effects on the present. • If Chris hadn’t gone to the hospital, he wouldn’t be alive today. • If I hadn’t brought a map we would be lost! • If we hadn’t gone to the theatre last night he would be alive today. • If I hadn’t invated Russia, perhaps I still would be Emperor.
  14. 14. The summary of all conditionals
  15. 15. Thank you!

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