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Classification of Animals
Animals With Backbones
MAMMAL
FISH
REPTILE
BIRD
AMPHIBIAN
• Animals with backbones are called vertebrates.
• Vertebrates include many different kinds of
animals. They can be found just about
everywhere – in oceans, rivers, forests, mountains,
and deserts.
• Animals with backbones can be broken up into
smaller groups by characteristics.
• They are:
Animals With Backbones
Fish
Fish Characteristics
• They are the largest group of vertebrates.
• They come in many sizes and shapes.
• Many fish are covered with scales that
protects them.
• They have fins that help them to steer and
balance in the water.
• Their body temperatures vary in the water.
• They breathe through gills.
Amphibians
Amphibian Characteristics
• Their body temperature varies with their
surroundings.
• Amphibians hatch from eggs and they can
live on land as an adult.
• Young amphibians breathe through gills
like fish.
• Adult amphibians breathe air from lungs.
• Some have smooth moist skin.
Reptiles
Reptile Characteristics
• Reptiles can move at various speeds.
• They lay their eggs on land.
• They have dry scaly skin.
• They can include animals as large as a crocodile.
• Their body temperature varies with their
environment.
• They live in hot, dry deserts and in warm, wet
tropical rain forests.
Birds
Bird Characteristics
• Birds lay hard shelled eggs that hatch in their nest.
• There are about 9,000 types of birds.
• Birds are vertebrates that have wings and they are
covered with feathers. No other animal has this
feature.
• The bird’s skeleton is very light in weight. This
helps them to fly.
• Birds range in size from as small as your finger or
as large as a human.
Mammals
Mammal Characteristics
• They include a wide range of animals: ape,
lions, kangaroos, bats, and etc.
• Their young grows inside the mother.
• Humans are mammals but they (animals)
have more hair than we do.
• The hair keeps the animals warm.
• They feed milk to their young.
Invertebrates
Invertebrate Classification
• What is an Invertebrate?
• Invertebrates are animals that do not have
backbones.
• 97 % of the animal kingdom is made up of
invertebrates.
• Some can be found in ponds, oceans, and other
water environments.
• Insects and some other invertebrates have
exoskeletons.
An Exoskeleton is a hard outer covering that
protects an animal’s body and gives it support.
There are six groups of invertebrates. They
are:
Sponges
Sponges Characteristics
• They look like plants but they are animals.
• Sponges stay fixed in one place.
• Their bodies are full of holes and their
skeleton is made of spiky fibers.
• Water flows through the holes of their body
which enables them to catch food.
Corals, Hydras, and Jellyfish
Characteristics
• Corals look like plants but they belong to the
animal kingdom.
• They have soft tubelike bodies with a single
opening surrounded by armlike parts called
tentacles.
• They feed by catching tiny animals in their
tentacles.
• Hydras have tentacles that catch their food.
• They move from place to place.
• Hydras are much smaller animals.
• Jellyfish catch shrimp,fish, and other animals in its
tentacles also.
Worms:
Flatworms,
Roundworms,
and
Segmented
worms
Worm Characteristics
• Worms are tube-shaped invertebrates which
allows them to be put into groups.
• They can be found in both land and water
environments.
Flatworms
• They have a head and a tail, and flattened
bodies.
• A tapeworm is a flatworm that can live
inside the body of animals and humans. It
can cause you to become sick.
Roundworm
• They have rounded bodies.
• They live in damp places and they can also
live inside humans and other animals.
• They too can make people and other
animals sick.
Segmented worms
• The earthworm belongs to this group of
worms.
• Their bodies are divided in segments, or
sections.
• They prefer burrowing through moist soil.
• This allows them to move easily and it
keeps them from drying out.
Starfish and
Sea Urchins
Characteristics
• It belongs to a group of invertebrates that
have tiny tube feet and body parts arranged
around a central area.
• A starfish has five arms and no head!
• The hard, spiny covering of the starfish
gives the animal protection.
• A sea urchin belongs to this same group.
• Its body is covered with spines.
Mollusks
Mollusk Characteristics
• A mollusk has a hard shell, a rough tongue,
and a muscular foot.
• A snail is a mollusk with a single hard shell.
• A clam has two shells joined together by a
hinge.
• Squids and octopuses are also mollusk.
• Their hard shells are small, but they are
inside their bodies.
Arthropods
Arthropod Characteristics
• Arthropods are a group of invertebrates with
jointed legs and hard exoskeleton that protect the
arthropod.
• As it grows, it molts, or sheds its old exoskeleton.
• Then it grows a new exoskeleton that allows its
body to continue to grow.
• A lobster is an arthropod.
• The largest group of arthropods are insects.
Arthropods: Insects, Spiders, and
Centipedes/Millipedes
• They are the only invertebrates that can fly.
• Insects have bodies divided into three parts, and
six legs.
• Spiders have jointed legs (eight legs), jaws and
fangs.
• Centipedes and millipedes are also arthropods.
• Centipedes uses its many legs to run from
enemies.
• Millipedes roll up their bodies when they sense
danger approaching.
Summary
Invertebrates do not have backbones. They include the
smallest animals such as: spiders, mites, insects, and worms.
Vertebrates do have backbones. They include animals such as:
Horses, birds, cats, dogs, fish, lizards, and snakes.

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Classificationofanimals 5 9_2014_5_21_48_pm

  • 3. • Animals with backbones are called vertebrates. • Vertebrates include many different kinds of animals. They can be found just about everywhere – in oceans, rivers, forests, mountains, and deserts. • Animals with backbones can be broken up into smaller groups by characteristics. • They are: Animals With Backbones
  • 5. Fish Characteristics • They are the largest group of vertebrates. • They come in many sizes and shapes. • Many fish are covered with scales that protects them. • They have fins that help them to steer and balance in the water. • Their body temperatures vary in the water. • They breathe through gills.
  • 7. Amphibian Characteristics • Their body temperature varies with their surroundings. • Amphibians hatch from eggs and they can live on land as an adult. • Young amphibians breathe through gills like fish. • Adult amphibians breathe air from lungs. • Some have smooth moist skin.
  • 9. Reptile Characteristics • Reptiles can move at various speeds. • They lay their eggs on land. • They have dry scaly skin. • They can include animals as large as a crocodile. • Their body temperature varies with their environment. • They live in hot, dry deserts and in warm, wet tropical rain forests.
  • 10. Birds
  • 11. Bird Characteristics • Birds lay hard shelled eggs that hatch in their nest. • There are about 9,000 types of birds. • Birds are vertebrates that have wings and they are covered with feathers. No other animal has this feature. • The bird’s skeleton is very light in weight. This helps them to fly. • Birds range in size from as small as your finger or as large as a human.
  • 13. Mammal Characteristics • They include a wide range of animals: ape, lions, kangaroos, bats, and etc. • Their young grows inside the mother. • Humans are mammals but they (animals) have more hair than we do. • The hair keeps the animals warm. • They feed milk to their young.
  • 15. Invertebrate Classification • What is an Invertebrate? • Invertebrates are animals that do not have backbones. • 97 % of the animal kingdom is made up of invertebrates. • Some can be found in ponds, oceans, and other water environments. • Insects and some other invertebrates have exoskeletons.
  • 16. An Exoskeleton is a hard outer covering that protects an animal’s body and gives it support. There are six groups of invertebrates. They are:
  • 18. Sponges Characteristics • They look like plants but they are animals. • Sponges stay fixed in one place. • Their bodies are full of holes and their skeleton is made of spiky fibers. • Water flows through the holes of their body which enables them to catch food.
  • 19. Corals, Hydras, and Jellyfish
  • 20. Characteristics • Corals look like plants but they belong to the animal kingdom. • They have soft tubelike bodies with a single opening surrounded by armlike parts called tentacles. • They feed by catching tiny animals in their tentacles. • Hydras have tentacles that catch their food. • They move from place to place. • Hydras are much smaller animals. • Jellyfish catch shrimp,fish, and other animals in its tentacles also.
  • 22. Worm Characteristics • Worms are tube-shaped invertebrates which allows them to be put into groups. • They can be found in both land and water environments.
  • 23. Flatworms • They have a head and a tail, and flattened bodies. • A tapeworm is a flatworm that can live inside the body of animals and humans. It can cause you to become sick.
  • 24. Roundworm • They have rounded bodies. • They live in damp places and they can also live inside humans and other animals. • They too can make people and other animals sick.
  • 25. Segmented worms • The earthworm belongs to this group of worms. • Their bodies are divided in segments, or sections. • They prefer burrowing through moist soil. • This allows them to move easily and it keeps them from drying out.
  • 27. Characteristics • It belongs to a group of invertebrates that have tiny tube feet and body parts arranged around a central area. • A starfish has five arms and no head! • The hard, spiny covering of the starfish gives the animal protection. • A sea urchin belongs to this same group. • Its body is covered with spines.
  • 29. Mollusk Characteristics • A mollusk has a hard shell, a rough tongue, and a muscular foot. • A snail is a mollusk with a single hard shell. • A clam has two shells joined together by a hinge. • Squids and octopuses are also mollusk. • Their hard shells are small, but they are inside their bodies.
  • 31. Arthropod Characteristics • Arthropods are a group of invertebrates with jointed legs and hard exoskeleton that protect the arthropod. • As it grows, it molts, or sheds its old exoskeleton. • Then it grows a new exoskeleton that allows its body to continue to grow. • A lobster is an arthropod. • The largest group of arthropods are insects.
  • 32. Arthropods: Insects, Spiders, and Centipedes/Millipedes • They are the only invertebrates that can fly. • Insects have bodies divided into three parts, and six legs. • Spiders have jointed legs (eight legs), jaws and fangs. • Centipedes and millipedes are also arthropods. • Centipedes uses its many legs to run from enemies. • Millipedes roll up their bodies when they sense danger approaching.
  • 33. Summary Invertebrates do not have backbones. They include the smallest animals such as: spiders, mites, insects, and worms. Vertebrates do have backbones. They include animals such as: Horses, birds, cats, dogs, fish, lizards, and snakes.