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Union executive-5.pptx

  2. Rashtrapati Bhavan
  3. The President The President of India is the constitutional head. He/she is the first citizen of India. The executive power has been vested in the President. He/she is the nominal or ceremonial head of the state. The executive power is exercised by the President only on the advice of the Council of Ministers.
  4. Qualification for the post of the President The person must be a citizen of India. The person must have completed the age of 35 years. The person must not hold any office of profit under the government of India, state government or local government bodies. The person must be qualified for the election as a member of the house of people. The person shall not be a member of either house of the union legislature or house of the legislature of any state.
  5. Tenure The normal term of office of the President is five years. The office of the President may remain vacant in following conditions:-  If the President resigns addressing to the vice-president of India.  Due the death of the incumbent President.  By removal of the President through the process of impeachment.  If the office of the President is vacant owing to any of these reasons, the vice-president acts as the President. In case of vacancy, an election for the President must be held within the six months of the vacancy.
  6. Election of The President The President of India is elected by indirect election. The President of India is not directly elected by the people but by the representatives of the people. The President of India is elected by the system of proportional representation, in which the representatives give preference to the candidates. This method is known as the single transferable candidate is required to get a quota of votes. The President is elected by an ‘electoral college’ elected members of lok sabha, rajya sabha and legislative assemblies of the states constitute the Electoral College for the election of the President.
  7. Powers and Functions of The President Administrative Powers Legislature Powers Judicial Powers Military Powers Diplomatic Powers Emergency Powers Financial Powers
  8. Role of The President Constitutional head Administration/ on advice of the Prime Minister Reconsideration Pocket veto Nominal head Changed political scenario
  9. List of The Presidents Dr. Rajendra Prasad [1950-1962] Dr. Prasad, from Bihar, was the First President of independent India. He was also a freedom fighter during the Indian Independence movement. Prasad was the only President to serve two terms in office.
  10. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan [1962-1967] Radhakrishnan was a prominent philosopher and writer and also held the position of vice chancellor of the Andhra University and Banaras Hindu University. He was also made a Knight of the Golden Army of Angels by Pope Paul VI. He received Bharat Ratna award in 1954 before becoming the President. He was the First President from South India.
  11.  Zakir Husain [1967-1969] Husain was vice chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University and a recipient of Padma Vibhushan and Bharat Ratna. He died in office, the first to do so.  Varahagiri Venkata Giri [1969-1974] Giri was appointed as Acting President of India following the death of Husain. He resigned in a few months to take part in the presidential elections.
  12.  Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed [1974-1977] Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed served as a Minister before being elected as President. He died in 1977 before his term of office ended, and was the second Indian President to die in office.
  13. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy [1977-1982] N.S. Reddy was the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh State. Reddy was the only Member of Parliament from the Janata Party to get elected from Andhra Pradesh. He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977 and relinquished this office on 13 July 1977 to become the 6th President of India.
  14. Giani Zail Singh [1982-1987] In March 1972, Singh assumed the position of chief Minister of Punjab, and in 1980, he became Union Home Minister. He was also secretary general to Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) from 1983 to 1986
  15.  Ramaswamy Venkataraman [1987-1992] In 1942, Venkataraman was jailed by the British for his involvement in the Indian independence movement. After his release, he was elected to independent India’s Provisional Parliament as a member of the Congress Party in 1950 and eventually joined the central government, where he first served as Minister of Finance and Industry and later as Minister of Defence.
  16. Shankar Dayal Sharma [1992-1997] Sharma was Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, and the Indian Minister for Communications. He has also served as the governor of Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Maharashtra.
  17. Kocheril Raman Narayanan [1997-2002] Narayanan served as India's ambassador to Thailand, Turkey, China and United States of America. He received doctorates in Science and Law and was also a chancellor in several universities. He was also the vice-chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University.He was the first President from Kerala, and also the first Dalit President.
  18.  A. P. J. Abdul Kalam [2002-2007] Kalam was a scientist who played a leading role in the development of India's ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programs. He also received the Bharat Ratna. Kalam was affectionately known as the People's President, due to his extra- Presidential activities. He was the first bachelor President of India, and the first Muslim President who completed his term. Kalam died following a heart attack while delivering a speech in Shillong.
  19.  Pratibha Patil [2007-2012] Mrs.Patil was the First Woman to become the President of India. She was also the first female Governor of Rajasthan.  Pranab Mukherjee [2012] Pranab Mukherjee held various posts in the cabinet ministry for the Government of India such as Finance Minister, Foreign Minister, Defence Minister and Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission . He is the Current and 13th President of India.
  20. The Prime Minister  The Prime Minister is the head of the government whereas the President is head of the state.  He is the real executive authority.  Prime Minister is appointed by the president.  Ministers are appointed by the President in accordance with the advice given by the Prime Minister.  Council of ministers hold the office during the pleasure of The Prime Minister.  Prime Minister and Council of Ministers are responsible to the Lok Sabha and to the President.
  21. Provisions regarding Prime Minister and Council of Ministers  There will be a Prime Minister and Council of Ministers to aid and assist the President of India.  The President shall administer the oath of secrecy to the Ministers.  The total number of Ministers including the Prime Minister shall not exceed 15%of the total strength of Lok Sabha.  The salaries and allowances of all ministers shall be determined by the Parliament.
  22. Selection of the Prime Minister  The Prime Minister is directly elected by the people.  The person gets elected as the members of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha.  The leader of the with majority of votes in Lok Sabha is appointed as the Prime Minister.  The President administers the oath to the Prime Minister after his/her appointment by the President.
  23. Powers and functions of Prime Minister  Prime Minister is the head of Council of Ministers.  He is responsible for co-ordination among the ministers.  He can allocate, reshuffle various portfolios among ministers  Prime Minister is the leader of Lok Sabha.  He can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha at any time.  He advices President regarding summoning and proroguing the sessions of Parliament  Prime Minister is the architect of foreign policies.  Prime Minister is the chairperson of Planning Commission and Development council  Prime Minister decides about the proclamation of emergency.
  24. His resignation is considered as the resignation of entire Council of Ministers. Prime Minister acts a link between the President and Council of Ministers. He advises President regarding the appointment of important officials like Attorney General, CAG, Auditor General of India, members of UPSC etc. Prime Minister is the political head of services.
  25. Different metaphors for the Prime Minister  Moon among the stars  The Steering of the car  The sun among the stars  The centre of the universe
  26. The current Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi is the 15th and the current Prime Minister of India  He was elected by majority of votes in 2014 general elections and sworn in as the Prime Minister on 26 May 2014  He is the leader of Bhartiya Janata Party and was the former Chief Minister of the state of Gujrat.  Prime Minister Modi is the member of Parliament from Varanasi.  With his victory BJP emerged as the largest party with absolute majority in Parliament after 25 years.  Prime Minister Modi has introduced innovative and visionary programmes like Make In India, Digital India, 100 smart cities, Swach Bharat Abhiyan for the development of India .  He has also focussed on making India's international relations more stronger and making India a global leader.
  27. Notable Prime Ministers in the History  Jawaharlal Nehru [1947 – 1964 Congress] • He was the first Prime Minister of Independent India. • Prime Minister Nehru is known for having a charismatic personality • He is known as the visionary of India  India Gandhi [1966 – 1977 Congress and 1980 – 1984 Congress(I)] • She was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru. • Mrs Gandhi was the office holder of Prime Minister for two terms. • She is popularly known for the National Emergency of 1975 and Operation Blue Star (Golden Temple, Amritsar)
  28.  Rajiv Gandhi [1984 – 1989 Congress(I)] • He was the son of Mrs. Indira Gandhi. • His main contribution was in the passing of Ant- defection law in 1985 • He is also popularly known for his involvement in Bofors scam. PV Narsimha Rao [1991 – 1996 Congress(I)] • He was in the office of Prime Minister from1991- 1996. • His major contribution was the introduction of the policy of LPG,(Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization) along with his Finance Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh.
  29. Atal Bihari Vajpayee [1996 – 1996 BJP and 1998 – 2004 NDA] • He could not complete his first term for the office of Prime Minister as he could not prove his majority in Lok Sabha. • Prime Minister Vajpayee was re elected as Prime Minister for the second term of 1998-2004. • He has received Bharat Ratna ,the highest civilian award by Indian Government in 2014 Manmohan Singh [2004 – 2014 UPA} • He served as the Prime Minister of India for two consecutive terms 2004-2009 and 2009-2014. • Prime Minister Singh is a renowned economist He has completed his education in renowned Universities like University of Cambridge and Oxford University. • His tenure saw introduction of may policies like National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Right to Information and Right to education, making it a fundamental right.
  30. Introduction  The Council of Ministers headed by a Prime Minister is the real executive authority in our administrative system. They are divided into three categories :-  Cabinet Ministers  Ministers of State  Ministers of State with independent charge. The Council of Ministers assist Prime Minister In taking all the important decisions regarding policies of the government.
  31. Council Of Ministers  It consists of 60-70 members.  It does not meet as a body, to transact government business  It has no collective functions.  Council of Ministers has vested with all powers but in theory.  Its functions and decisions are determined by the cabinet  Its classification and size are determined by the Prime Minister according to the situation.
  32. The Cabinet  It is a smaller body consisting of 15-20 members.  It is a part of Council Of Ministers.  The Cabinet meets frequently to deliberate and take decisions regarding the transaction business.  It directs the Council of Ministers by taking policy decisions which are binding on all Ministers and also implements them.  It enforces collective responsibility of Council Of Ministers to the lower house of Parliament.
  33. The role of the Cabinet  It is the highest decision making authority in the Indian Political System.  It is the chief policy formulating body of the Parliament.  It is the chief coordinator of central administration.  It is the chief advisory body of the President and its advice is binding on him.  It deals with all foreign policies and foreign affairs.  It deals with all major legislative and financial matters.