Más contenido relacionado



  1. The Land of Beauty Name: Iltaaf ur Rehman ID: BSCS MF14 ID125 Dept: IT National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad The Land f Peace
  2. Introduction Location History Religion Popular Places Climate Culture Chitrali Culture  Marriage  Music  Dress  Traditional Dishes  Languages Kalash Kalash Culture Passes Ending The Land of Peace
  3. Chitral (Urdu: Chitral, Khowar: Chetrar) is the capital of Chitral District, situated on the western bank of Chitral River (also called Kunar River), in KPK Pakistan. It also served as the capital of the former princely state of Chitral until 1969. The town is at the foot of Tirich Mir, (The highest peak of the Hindu Kush). The Land of Peace
  4. Coordinates: 35°50′46″N 71°47′09″ECoordinates35°50 ′46″N 71°47′09″E Country: Pakistan State: NWFP District: Chitral District Government Type: Municipal Corporation The Land of Peace
  5. Nothing definitive is recorded about the town’s first settlers. In the 3rd century AD, Kanishka, the Buddhist ruler of the Kushan Empire, occupied Chitral. In the 4th century AD, the Chinese overran the valley. Raees rule over Chitral began in 1320 and came to an end in the 15th century. From 1571 onwards Chitral was the capital of the princely state of Chitral. The Land of Peace
  6. 97% of the population are followers of Islam, with majority being suni And about fourty percent Shia and Ismaili. Although the kalash tribes are said to be Atheists. The Land of Peace
  7. Tirich Mir: This lofty mountain peak is the highest of Hindukush range. Tirich Mir can be viewed from a higher place of Chitral Town (Like roof top of the hotel where you stay) in a clear weather. It can also be viewed from the palace of Chitral’s King. This mountain is also highest in the world apart from Himalaya and Karakoram ranges. Shahi Masjid (Shahi Mosque): Shahi Masjid of Chitral was built in 1924 A.D. It was built by Shujaul Mulk, the Mehtar of Chitral (1895 – 1936). The mosque is famous for its strong and cultural architectural style. Barmoghlasht: Barmoghlasht is a beautiful and charming resort. It is situated 14.5 kilometers (9 miles) from Chitral. It is definitely a place worth visiting. Ayun Valley: The lush green marvelously beautiful and the most favorite among tourists for its natural beauty; the Ayun Valley is situated between Chitral Town and Kalash. It is sited at the bank of River Chitral. People of Ayun Valley are welcoming and cooperating like the people in rest of Chitral. The Land of Peace
  8. Chitral is situated in the rain shadow of high mountains. It therefore does not receive the monsoons. The mean rainfall of Drosh and Chitral Towns (lower Chitral) is about 650 and 500 mm, respectively, received mainly in spring and winter. Summer and autumn are dry, barely receiving 10-25 mm of rainfall per month. In Upper Chitral, the annual precipitation perhaps peters down to about 200 mm, received mostly as snow at higher elevations. The Land of Peace
  9. Culture is the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. The Land of Peace
  10. Marriage Marriage is an important event which is celebrated with great joy. The Chitrali marriage involve different sub-event and ceremonies as below:  Wachik (Taking Proposal)  Gali Botaik (Engagement)  Pahatak or Ishperi ( Giving meal to villager)  Nikah & Maher  Ruzayo Angeik (Marriage)  Xheri (Celebration)  Ishtok (Musical Programming)  Koli Bar (Stuff brought from bride’s house)  Ghechi Naik (Taking Back to her parental place) The Land of Peace
  11. Music Music is very important part of local society. Music is played during different celebration and events. Some of the musical instruments includes  Sitar  Dol (Drum)  Sunai (Local Trumpet)  Damama (Chitrali Tabla)  Beru (Flute)  Gharba (Rubab) The Land of Peace
  12. Dress The people of Chitral wear simple dress consisting of Shirt, trousers and home spun cap during summer season. Shalwar Kamez Kapur (Chitrali Cap) Shoqa (Long woolen coat) Girwan Bazuri (Traditional women dress) The Land of Peace
  13. Pandir (Cheese) Pandir Muzhi : Cheese and crushed walnuts kernel sandwiched between the layers of wheat dough and cooked in a mini size steel oven in low heat. Zholai: Same as Pandir Muzhi but only crushed walnuts are used. Pushur Tiki: Pieces of fatrich mutton sandwiched between the layer of wheat dough and cooked in ashes after cover it with frying pan. Kali: A variety of cour prepared from minced meat, wheat flour and number of delectable local spices. Kawirogh: Flowers of local wild plant are collected and processed in the heat of sun dried which is then cooked with meat without any other seasoning but salt. It is said to remedy for many diseases. Lazhek: Fat rich mutton is cooked formely in large clay pots with crushed wheat grain, Nutrious, delicious and Wholesome (Favourable to health) The Land of Peace
  14. Chitralis Speak Khowar Languages (Chitrali). Other languages are mentioned below:  Persian Wekhik War  Pashto  Kalash War The Land of Peace
  15. The Kalasha or Kalash, are a Dardic indigenous people residing in the Chitral District of Khyber- Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. They speak the Kalasha language, from the Dardic family of the Indo-Iranian branch, and are considered a unique tribe among the Indo-Iranian peoples of Pakistan. The Land of Peace
  16. The Kalash of Chitral maintained their own separate cultural traditions. The culture of Kalash people is unique and differs completely from the various ethnic groups surrounding them. They are polytheists and nature plays a highly significant and spiritual role in their daily life. As part of their religious tradition, sacrifices are offered and festivals held to give thanks for the abundant resources of their three valleys. Kalasha Desh (the three Kalash valleys) is made up of two distinct cultural areas, the valleys of Rumbur and Brumbret forming one and Birir valley the other, Birir valley being the most traditional of the two The Land of Peace
  17. Lowari Pass (10,230 ft.) is a high mountain pass that connects Chitral with Dir in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Lowari Top is a relatively low pass, by far the lowest pass to enter Chitral, the rest all being 12,000 to 15,000 feet. Lowari Top is closed by snow from late November to late May every year. During this time, jeeps cannot cross so men must travel by foot. This is dangerous, as there are high mountains on each side of Lowari Top, and a deadly avalanche can come at any moment without warning. Every winter a few persons are killed by avalanches while crossing Lowari Top. Their bodies are buried under the snow and it is only when the summer comes and the snow melts that their bodies are found and their fate learned. Boroghil Pass In its extreme eastern section, between the passes of Karambar and Baroghil (Barowghīl; 12,480 feet [3,804 metres]), the eastern Hindu Kush is not very high and has mountains that often take the form of rounded domes. Farther to the west the main ridge rises rapidly to Baba Tangi (21,368 feet [6,513 metres]) and becomes rugged, after which, within the space of about 100 miles (160 km) The Land of Peace
  18. Shandur Pass The height of this pass is 3738 m above sea level, it connects Gupis, Gilgit with Chitral. The top is flat, a plateau and can be crossed between late April and early November. The grade is very gradual, and the area is crossed by small streams of trout. Grazing in summer is plentiful. Every year there is a Polo match played on Shandur Top between a team from Chitral and a team from Gilgit. Shandur Top is one of the four major mountain passes to enter Chitral. The others are Dorah Pass from Badakshan in Afghanistan, Lowari Pass from Dir, and Boroghil Pass from the Wakhan Corridor in Afghanistan. The people who live on both sides of Shandur Top speak the Khowar language The Land of Peace
  19. Through Afghanistan Through Gilgit Through Dir in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa By air via Islamabad & Peshawar The Land of Peace
  20. Contact Information Email: Ph#03005955746,03339341103 Websites: The Land of Peace