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Women Improving Nutrition
through Group-based Strategies
Women Improving Nutrition
through Group-based Strategies
Social networks, mobility, and political
participation: The poten...
Motivation
 Wide range of public services and entitlement
schemes offered in many countries. However, they
are not optima...
Women’s Self-Help Groups –
the what and why?
 SHGs are groups of 10-20 women from the same community,
who meet once a wee...
 The rights pathways – triggered
by either accountability training
or awareness generation
 women’s knowledge,
access an...
Methods & Data
 Baseline survey of an impact evaluation of nutrition-
intensification efforts made by PRADAN, a large NGO...
Results
 On average, SHG members are better on all the outcomes considered as compared to non-SHG members –
 more politi...
Implications
 SHGs have the potential to increase their members’ ability to
hold public entities accountable and demand w...
Thank you!
We would like to acknowledge support from
the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the
CGIAR Research Program on...
Women Improving Nutrition
through Group-based Strategies
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Neha Kumar, "POLICY SEMINAR Information, Governance, and Rural Service Delivery Co-Organized by IFPRI and the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)"

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Neha Kumar
POLICY SEMINAR
Information, Governance, and Rural Service Delivery
Co-Organized by IFPRI and the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)

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Neha Kumar, "POLICY SEMINAR Information, Governance, and Rural Service Delivery Co-Organized by IFPRI and the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)"

  1. 1. Women Improving Nutrition through Group-based Strategies
  2. 2. Women Improving Nutrition through Group-based Strategies Social networks, mobility, and political participation: The potential for women’s self-help groups to improve access and use of public entitlement schemes in India Neha Kumar IFPRI IFPRI POLICY SEMINAR INFORMATION, GOVERNANCE AND RURAL SERVICE DELIVERY OCTOBER 21, 2019 Co-authors: Kalyani Raghunathan, Alejandra Arrieta, Amir Jilani, Suman Chakravarty, Purnima Menon and Agnes R. Quisumbing
  3. 3. Motivation  Wide range of public services and entitlement schemes offered in many countries. However, they are not optimally used  caused by supply side as well as demand side factors.  We focus on the demand side factors in this paper and how women’s Self-help groups can alleviate them  The demand side factors can be summarized as :  Information  Ability of potential beneficiaries to hold public entities accountable
  4. 4. Women’s Self-Help Groups – the what and why?  SHGs are groups of 10-20 women from the same community, who meet once a week to deposit money into a common pot  SHGs can improve access to information and ability of women to use this information in several ways:  Reach: Under the Indian government program, NRLM, SHGs have proliferated, and now cover close to 5 million households  Modality: SHGs may lower the cost of accessing information about community issues and of disseminating information about governmental programs  Multiple pathways to impact: SHGs can improve multiple outcomes among women (Kumar et al 2018).
  5. 5.  The rights pathways – triggered by either accountability training or awareness generation  women’s knowledge, access and use of public entitlement schemes  The cross-cutting pathway of building social capital and empowering women – triggered automatically in women’s group based interventions  mobility, social networks and political participation. BUILDINGSOCIALCAPITAL|TAKINGCOLLECTIVEACTION| EMPOWERINGWOMEN The pathways?
  6. 6. Methods & Data  Baseline survey of an impact evaluation of nutrition- intensification efforts made by PRADAN, a large NGO in India in 8 districts across 5 states of central and eastern India.  Households were sampled on the criteria that they have a woman of reproductive age (15-49 years) and NOT conditioned on SHG membership. Sample size of 2744 women.  Outcomes considered:  knowledge and utilization of certain government entitlement schemes,  political participation,  social capital and mobility.  We use nearest-neighbour matching methods (NNM) to attribute impact of SHG membership
  7. 7. Results  On average, SHG members are better on all the outcomes considered as compared to non-SHG members –  more politically active  more likely to have heard of and utilized certain (but not all) entitlement schemes  have better social networks, have greater mobility and confidence in speaking in public  SHG membership has…  Positive impact on political participation.  No impact on awareness of public entitlement schemes across the board (except MNREGA). However, utilization of certain schemes was higher among SHG members.  Positive impact on social capital  No impact on mobility.  Positive impact on confidence in speaking publicly.
  8. 8. Implications  SHGs have the potential to increase their members’ ability to hold public entities accountable and demand what is rightfully theirs.  Potential channels – greater confidence, collective voice and more political involvement.  However, the SHGs themselves cannot be expected to increase knowledge of public entitlement schemes in the absence of a deliberate effort to do so – either by an external agency or by the groups themselves.
  9. 9. Thank you! We would like to acknowledge support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health.
  10. 10. Women Improving Nutrition through Group-based Strategies

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