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Innovation Systems for Drylands Governing Board April 2021

ICRISAT Governing Board concludes its third virtual board meeting

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Innovation Systems for Drylands Governing Board April 2021

  1. 1. RP Innovation Systems for the Drylands and RP WCA The Climate Agenda at ICRISAT Presentation at the 98th Governing Board meeting Program Committee 20 April 2021
  2. 2. What are the major risks smallholder farmers face? • Pests and disease • Cost of inputs • Prices received for products • Market risk • Storage risk – loss of quality and health risks (e.g. Aflatoxins) • Climatic risk Risk, especially climate risk remains a huge disincentive for investments into technology to improve productivity.
  3. 3. Presentation at the 98th ICRISAT Governing Board Meeting Program Committee 20 April 2020 Impact of Seasonal rainfall on rainfed crops 3
  4. 4. Coping with climate risk – tactical? • Selection of crop types and varieties • Timing of planting • In-season adjustment of inputs or target output • Risk reducing measures - Crop insurance • Forward selling, contracts, • Climate knowledge • IoT’s (Internet of things – connected sensors, digital ag) Coping with climate risk – strategic? Re-designing farming systems • Historical and future climate analyses and modelled scenario analysis • Co-design of the farm system for resilience and market opportunities • Infrastructure and institutions to enhance adaptive capacity
  5. 5. Presentation at the 98th ICRISAT Governing Board Meeting Program Committee 20 April 2020 CCAFS – West Africa program (Zougmore et al.) CCAFS – All regions and programs • Capacitating African Smallholders with Climate Advisories and Insurance Development – CASCAID 2017-21 • Capacitating Farmers and Fishers to manage climate risks in South Asia (CaFFSA) 2019-21 • Science-led multi-stakeholder engagements for scaling-up climate smart agriculture in SAT India 2018-20 + aligned bilaterals. World Bank, FCDO(DFID)-IDRC (AGMIP), IFAD, MoES (India)…. 5 The CRP Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
  6. 6. Presentation at the 98th ICRISAT Governing Board Meeting Program Committee 20 April 2020 From ‘local’ to ‘global’ Covering all scales Regional organisations Sub-regional organizations (Regional policies, FOs, Universities) science-policy dialogue platforms (District and national) Climate-Smart Villages (village-community) Africa NEPAD/AU ECOWAS (WACSAA) ROPPA, AGRHYMET, CORAF, CILSS Science-policy Platforms in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Senegal Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Senegal
  7. 7. Presentation at the 98th ICRISAT Governing Board Meeting Program Committee 20 April 2020 CCAFS WCA- snapshot • Climate-smart villages (CSV) developed in West Africa • 11 CSVs in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger and Senegal (CCAFS pilot sites) • 5 climate-smart communes established by CCAFS and ICRISAT through PASEC project to promote CSA in Niger • 2 CSV under development by ICRISAT with CCAFS through CRS project in Niger • Science-Policy dialogue platforms created and capacitated for mainstreaming CSA into agriculture and development policies in West Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger and Senegal) • CSA mainstreamed into development project through bilateral funding • PARC-DAD projects in Niger through EU-funded project in Niger (Assistance technique au MEDD) (2018-2020). • CSA mainstreamed into development project through bilateral funding • More than 500,000 farmers and fishers (33% female) have direct access to WCIS (via SMS, IVR, USSD) to inform their decision-making. 7
  8. 8. Presentation at the 98th ICRISAT Governing Board Meeting Program Committee 20 April 2020 8 Adaptation -Telangana
  9. 9. Presentation at the 98th ICRISAT Governing Board Meeting Program Committee 20 April 2020 Mandal wise climate exposure index for baseline climate along with major crop type mapping and command areas (2015-16) 9 Multi criteria analysis for prioritization of CSAPs Ex-ante impact analysis of potential adoption of selected CSA practices in different districts of Telangana state
  10. 10. Future agricultural systems - Zimbabwe 6 Now 2050 Business as Usual Agricultural Pathways and Scenarios (RAPS)
  11. 11. Climate Short Extended Crop Stress Risks P&D Wet Dry Heat Forecasts Seasonal Advisory In Balangir there is currently a delayed onset of the monsoon by 3 weeks which is resulting in early season drought. Rice farms on Low lands with soils Balia Chikita mati, according to the CRIDA Crop Contigeny: pay close attention to the following : closer row and plant spacing, summer ploughing, interculture, tillage practices, Insitu rain water conservation, conservation furrow, intercultivation and thining to maintain plant population per unit area of the crop, weed control, FYMapplication increase water holding capacity, line sowing, seed priming Soil Dashboard/Data portal Concept only
  12. 12. 12 Meghdoot app Mausam app • Over 204,000+ downloads across India and accessible in about 680 districts since launch in Jul 2019 • App available in English, Hindi and 12 other Indian languages • Disseminated over 354k advisories cumulatively • Over 119,000+ downloads across India • Provides weather info for about 200 cities, nowcast for 800 stations and forecast for 450 cities
  13. 13. Presentation at the 98th ICRISAT Governing Board Meeting Program Committee 20 April 2020 13 • Coverage: app started with 150 districts - today 717 districts in India. • Weather Info: temperature, rainfall, wind direction, and humidity downscaled to the location • Language Preference: English, Hindi and twelve other Indian languages • Up-to-date: crop-specific weather-based agro- advisories • Integration with other apps: with popular social media and messaging platforms • AgroDSS: iSAT as reference architecture • ICRISAT led team also deployed MAUSAM mobile app for IMD Number of users Key features
  14. 14. Presentation at the 98th ICRISAT Governing Board Meeting Program Committee 20 April 2020 Accelerating Impacts of CGIAR Climate Research in Africa (AICCRA) • World Bank $60m - Mali, Ghana, Senegal/Kenya, Zambia, Ethiopia (2021-23) • Dissemination of climate information services (CIS) to millions of farmers in Africa • CIS to potentially benefit 125 million people to improve agricultural decision-making • Development of public-private partnership business models for the dissemination of CIS in selected countries • Large diffusion and adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices • CCAFS Science supports value chains through enhanced climate-resilience 14
  15. 15. Presentation at the 98th ICRISAT Governing Board Meeting Program Committee 20 April 2020 Thank You Questions? 15

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