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Comparing Cross-Bordering City-Regional Strategies beyond Nation-States in Oresund and the Basque Country

My previous research argued that Oresund was positively reinforcing the cross-bordering beyond nation-states. Three years later, deep hindrances have been created by both regional and national institutions in Denmark and Sweden. Besides the migration crises that characterised and separated the two nation-states, the apparent absorption strategy by Copenhagen and the lack of territorial integration in Skane depict the downsizing of cross-border collaboration in the city-region.
By contrast, even with a divided territorial scenario and two nation-states not fostering cross-border integration, the Basque Country is arguably slowly integrating some elements that have been inactive over more than 40 years.
It is possible that Orson Wells realistically described how the Basque city-region would evolve under natural circumstances, whereas Oresund was well-represented by a human body with one side in Sweden and the other one in Denmark.

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Comparing Cross-Bordering City-Regional Strategies beyond Nation-States in Oresund and the Basque Country

  1. 1. Comparing Cross-Bordering City-Regional Strategies beyond Na7on-States in Oresund and the Basque Country Dr Igor Calzada, MBA Senior Research Fellow, Future of Ci7es & Urban Transforma7ons, University of Oxford Lecturer, Ins7tute for Future Ci7es, University of Strathclyde Visi7ng Research Fellow, Brussels Centre for Urban Studies, Vrije Universiteit @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk BRIT 2016 15th Border Regions in Transi7ons Hamburg (Germany), 17th May 2016
  2. 2. map by @icalzada Two Cross Border City-Regions beyond Two Na7on-States in the EU
  3. 3. www.basquecity.org hFp://www.igorcalzada.com/social-innovaKon- methodological-workshop-basque-oresund- connecKon-8th-may-2013-2-6pm-santelmomuseum- donosKa-st-sebasKan hFp://www.igorcalzada.com/basque- oresund-connecKon-fork-august-2013 hFp://www.basquecity.org hFp://www.euskalhiria.org Photos by @icalzada Fieldwork Research 2010-2013
  4. 4. Previous references: Calzada, I. (2015), Benchmarking Cross-Border City-Regions: Basque and Øresund Compara:ve Territorial Connec:on. Regions, no 297, 2015 Issue 1. pp. 4-8. DOI: 10.1080/13673882.2015.11431633. Calzada, I. (2015), Benchmarking Future City-Regions beyond Na:on-States, RSRS Regional Studies Regional Science, 2:1, 350-361, DOI: 10.1080/21681376.2015.1046908. Calzada, I. & Björk, F. (2014), Cross Border City-Regions Beyond Na:on-States: Basque & Oresund Compara:ve Cases paper given at the RSA Regional Studies AssociaKon European Conference in Izmir (Turkey), 17th June. Calzada, I. (2013), Basque & Oresund Compara:ve Territorial Benchmarking, paper given at the Future of CiKes Programme’s Flexible City InternaKonal Symposium, University of Oxford (UK), 24th October.
  5. 5. Map by @icalzada
  6. 6. Map by @icalzada
  7. 7. #COMPLEX #DIVERSITY Photos by @icalzada & @flickr
  8. 8. #PRAGMATIC #SIMPLICITY Photo by @oresundstag
  9. 9. Final Conclusion
  10. 10. Final Conclusion •  My previous research argued that Oresund was posiKvely reinforcing the cross- bordering beyond naKon-states. Three years later, deep hindrances have been created by both regional and naKonal insKtuKons in Denmark and Sweden. Besides the migraKon crises that characterised and separated the two naKon- states, the apparent absorpKon strategy by Copenhagen and the lack of territorial integraKon in Skane depict the downsizing of cross-border collaboraKon in the city-region. •  By contrast, even with a divided territorial scenario and two naKon-states not fostering cross-border integraKon, the Basque Country is arguably slowly integraKng some elements that have been inacKve over more than 40 years. •  It is possible that Orson Wells realisKcally described how the Basque city-region would evolve under natural circumstances, whereas Oresund was well- represented by a human body with one side in Sweden and the other one in Denmark.
  11. 11. Dr Igor Calzada, MBA Urban Transforma7ons & Future of Ci7es University of Oxford @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk Skype: icalzada (0) 1865 274687 Danke shön Tak Eskerrik asko Thank you Gracias

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