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Ashtadasha samskara of parada part one.

ashta samskaras of parada

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Ashtadasha samskara of parada part one.

  1. 1. (भाग्-१- पारदस्य अष्ट संस्कारम ्) Presented by K.J.Karthika 1st year PG , Dept of R&B,GAVC,TPRA
  2. 2. SAMSKARA IN AYURVEDA Paradi guna Ashta aahara vidi vishesha ayathana A synonym of karana (samskara: karanam mattam|| ch.su.26/34), etc. The Shodasha samskara. A pharmaceutical procedure Deha samskarana by vamanadi karma. Pratisamskarana or the redaction of book. Parada samskara
  3. 3. DEFINITION OF SAMSKARA •It is the pharmaceutical procedures that bring about qualitative alteration done for improvement ,enhancement, modification, lowering bad effects. •In Rasashastra paarada samskara is of prime importance
  4. 4. SHODANA AND SAMSKARA शोधनं दोषहरणं संस्कारश्च बलतेजसोऽभभवर्धददनम्॥(धं.धं.सं) • Shodana concentrates in the removal of doshas while samskara aims in potentiating drug along with the same. • Shodana can be considered as a part of samskara but all samskaras are not shodana.
  5. 5. NUMBER OF PAARADA SAMSKARA अष्टादशैव संस्कारा ऊनववंशततका:क्वचचत ्। संप्रोक्ता रसराजस्य वसुसंख्या: क्वचचन्मता:।(आयु.प्र.१/३२)
  6. 6. Text Number of samskaras mentioned Bhagavan shankara 2 Rasachintamani. 11 Rasapadhati,Rasopanishat, Rasatarangani 16 Rasaratnasamuchayam, Rasarnavam, Rasendrachoodamani, Rasaprakashasudhakara, Rasadhyaya,Rasakamadhenu,Brihath yoga tarangini, 18 Rasaratnakara, Aanandakandam,Rasasara,Ayurvedaprakasha 19
  7. 7. अष्टादश पारद संस्कारम् स्यात्सस्वेदनं तदनु मर्दददनमूर्च्दनञ्च उत्सथापनं पतनरोधनतनयामनातन। सन्दीपनं गगनभक्षणमानमत्र सञ्चारणा तदनु गभदगताद्रुततश्च॥ बाह्यद्रुतत: सूतकजारणास्याद्रागस्तथा सारणकमदपश्चात्। सङ्क्रामणं वेधववचध: शरीरेयोगस्तथाष्टादशधाऽत्र कमद॥ (R.R.S.11/15-16)
  8. 8. 18 Paarada Samskara •Swedana •Mardana •Murchana •Uthapanam •Patanam •Rodana •Niyaamana •Dipana •Gaganabhakshana •Chaarana •Garbhadruthi •Bahyadruthi •Jaarana •Raga/ranjana •Saarana •Samkraamana •Vedha •Shareerayoga
  9. 9. Text Additional Samskara Deleted samskara Difference in nomenclature Rasarnavam - Dravana for garbhadruthi - Ranjana for raga Rasaratnakara - anuvasana - Vedha - shareerayoga - Ranjana for raga Rasaprakashas udhakara - Ranjana for raga - Sevana for shareerayoga DIFFERENT OPINIONS REGARDING SAMSKARAS
  10. 10. Aanandakanda - Paatasaarana - Utghatana - savida - Sankramana - Shareerayoga Rasapathati - Anuvasana - Bandhakrit - Maarana - Gaganabhakshana - Garbhadruti - Bahyadruti - Ranjana - samkraamana Rasasaara - Anuvasana - Mukhakaari - Utghatana - Gaganabhakshana - charana
  11. 11. Ayurveda prakasha - Anuvasana - Patasarana Rasakamadhenu - Patasarana - shareerayoga Brihat rasayoga tarangini - Paatsaarana - savida - gaganabhakshana - veda - shareerayoga Rasachintamani - Uthapana - Chaarana - Garbhadruthi - Bahyadruthi - saarana - Veda - shareerayoga
  12. 12. Rasaadhyaya - Paatasaarana - Mukhakaari - Bandhakrit - Marana - Pratisaarana - Utghatana - Anusaarana - Dipana - Gaganabhakshana - Chaarana - Garbhadruti - Baahyadruti - raga - shareerayoga Rasatarngini - veda - shareerayoga
  13. 13. Shodasha parada samskara according to Rasopanishat  Shodana  Tejana  Pachana  Dashana  Charana  Patana  Nigrahana  Bandhana  Vahnyankusha  Pakshacheda  Agnikarma  Rasakriya  Ranjana  Kramana  Saarana  Pratisaarana
  14. 14. पारदस्य अष्टसंस्कारम्
  15. 15. AMOUNT OF PARADA NEEDED FOR SAMSKARA र्दवे सहस्रे पलानां तु सहस्रं शतमेववा । अष्टववंशत्स्लान्येव दश पन्ञ्चैकमेववा ॥ पलाधेनैव कर्त्दव्य: संस्कार: सूतकस्य च। सुददने शुभनक्षत्रे रसशोधनमारभेत ् ॥ (र्.र्.स ११/२७-२८) • 2000/1000/100/28/10/5/at least 1 pala of Paarada should be taken
  16. 16. 1. SWEDANA (FOEMENTATION) क्षाराम्लैरौषधैवादऽवप दोलायन्त्रे स्स्थतस्य दह । पचनं स्वेदनाख्यं स्यान्मलशैचथल्यकारकम् || (र.र.स.८/६२) त्र्यूषणं लवणासुयौ चचत्रकाद्रदकमूलकम्। क्षक्ष्त्सवा सूतो मुहु: स्वेर्दय: कास्ञ्जके न ददनत्रयम्॥ (र.र.स.११/२९) आसुररपटुकटुत्रयचचत्रकाद्रदमूलकै : कलांशैश्च। सूतस्य कास्ञ्जके न त्रत्रददनं मृदुवस्ह्नना स्वेद:॥र.हृ.त २)
  17. 17. Process : Swedanam Yantra : Dolayantram Medium for swedana : Kanjika Intensity of heat : Mriduagni(96 ˚ C - 98 ˚ C ) Duration : 3 days for dehasidhi 21 days for loha sidhi Drugs used as kalka •Aasuri •Patu(saindhava) •Trikatu •Chiraka •Aardraka •Mulaka Each drug 1/16th part of parada (kalamsham)
  18. 18. METHOD •The drugs are made into fine powder and kalka is prepared with it. •One angula of kalka is coated in vatapatra/betel leaf/kadali patra which is made into a receptacle and allowed to dry. •Parada is put into this and sealed with kalka and leaf. •Cover it with four folded cloth and make into a potali. •Suspend the potali in dolayantra and perform swedana. •Recover mercury after process by washing kalka in hotwater. •The recovered mercury id strained 3-4 time through four folded cloth before carrying out mardana.
  19. 19. PRECAUTION •Refill kanjika in dolayantra time to time. •The potali should not touch the bottom of the yantra. •There are suggestions to replace the kalka every day but it is not very necessary for 3 day swedana but in 21 day swedana for lohasidhi, reinforcement of kalka is necessary.
  20. 20. OUTCOME OF SAMSKARA •मलशैचथल्यकारकम् •पारदाजीणददोषस्य तर्दगतमलस्य च तनरसनाथं क्ररयते •Both acidic and alkaline substances used in this samskara. •Impurities lose adhesiveness. •Impurities dissolve in the liquid medium used and Hg become relatively free from impurities.
  21. 21. DISCUSSION •Kanjika is an alliance of weak acid and crude vinegar . •In this combined interaction of alcohol and weak acid the blemishes of paarada get somewhat separated from its surface. •When mild heat is provided in the above medium the impurities of paarada gets losen due to ksharana, dalana,and bhedana of kshara and ushna, tikshna guna of amla dravya. ’अम्ल: सवे प्रबोधका:’ •Kanjika might help in stimulating the therapeutic properties of paarada.
  22. 22. 2.MARDANA (HOT -TRITURATION) गृहधूमेस्ष्टकाचूणं तथा दचध गुडास्न्वतम्। लवणासुररसंयुक्तं क्षक्ष्त्सवा सूतं ववमददयेत्॥ षोडशांशं प्रततद्रव्यंसूतमानास्न्नयोजयेत्। सूतं क्षक्ष्त्सवा समं तेन ददनातन त्रीणण मददयेत्॥ जीणादभ्रकं तथा बीजं जीणद सूतं तथैव च। नैमदल्याथं दह सूतस्य ख्ल्ले धृत्सवा ववमददयेत्॥ गृह्णातत तनमदलो रागान् ग्रासे ग्रासे ववमदददत:। मददनाख्यं दह तत्सकमं तत् सूतगुणकृ र्दभवेत्॥(र.र.स.११/३०-३३) उददतैरौषधै: साधं सवादम्लै:कास्ञ्जकै रवप। पेषणं मददनाख्यं स्यार्द बदहमदलववनाशनम ्॥(र.र.स.८/६१)
  23. 23. Process : Mardanam Yantra : Tapta khalva yantra made of loha Medium for mardana: Kanjika Intensity of heat : (45 ˚ C -50 ˚ C ) Duration : 3 days for dehasidhi(24hrs*3day/12hrs*3day) 21 days for loha sidhi Drugs used as kalka •Grihadhuma •Ishtika churna •Dadhi •Guda •Saindhava lavana •Aasuri Each drug 1/16th part of parada (kalamsham)
  24. 24. METHOD •Mercury and drugs are placed in tapta khalvayantra & triturated well using kanjika for three days. •Recover mercury after the samskara by washing kalka with hot water. •If more mercury is retained in klaka conduct patana and recover ऊर्धवदपातनयन्त्रेण गृह्णीयार्चच पुन: पुन:॥ (आयु.प्रकाश१/५३) •The recovered parada is filtered 3-4 times through a four folded cloth •Some aacharyas recommend addition of abraka stwa and swarna to parada after the 3 day grinding with drugs by which a distinct color (yellowish tinge) is imparted to mercury. (For dehasidhi this need to be done only after the 8th samskara.)
  25. 25. PRECAUTION •Kanjika should be added time to time while grinding. •Filtre suta through a four folded cloth is necessary as the ishtika choorna tend to settle down with mercury
  26. 26. OUTCOME OF SAMSKARA •मददनं दह पारदस्य बदहमदलतनवृत्सयथं क्ररयते। रागग्रहणाथदमवप मददनं संजातम ्। मददनात् पारद: रसोपयोगी प्रभ|वकारी च भवतत। •बदहमदलववनाशनम्॥(र.र.स.८/६१) •तत् सूतगुणकृ र्दभवेत्॥(र.र.स.११/३०-३३) •The Hg becomes free of bahirmala. •Will get characteristic colour •The qualities increase.
  27. 27. DISCUSSION •Parada completely gets divided to minute particles and get mixed up with the kalka. •Maximum surface area exposed to kalka, •Dravyas predominant of kshara amla rasa thus removal of maximum impurities. •Heat given during trituration act as stimulating agent for paarada. •While triturating with carbonic drugs like gruhadhooma, dagdoorna and guda and with silica(ishtika choorna) the carbon act as reducing agent and silica act as adsorbent for impurities.
  28. 28. 3. MURCHANA (FAINTING) नष्टवपस्ष्टत्सव कारकं मूर्च्दनम्.. पारदस्य स्वरूपववनाश एव मूर्च्दनम्। मददनाऽऽददष्टभैषज्यैनदष्टवपष्टत्सवकारकम्। तन्मूर्चछदनं दह वङ्क्गाददभूजकञ्जुकनाशनम् ॥(र.र.स.८/६२) गृहकन्या मलं हन्यात ् त्रत्रफला वस्ह्ननाभशनी। चचत्रमूलं ववषं हस्न्त तस्मादेभभ: प्रयत्सनत:॥(र.र.स.११/३४) भमचितं सूतकं द्रव्यै: स्तवारणण मूर्च्दयेत ्। इत्सथं सम्मूस्र्च्दत:सूत: दॊषशून्य: प्रजायते॥
  29. 29. Process : Mardanam Yantra : Tapta khalva yantra made of loha /special hot plates Medium for mardana: Kanjika Intensity of heat : (45 ˚ C -50 ˚ C ) Duration : 3 days for dehasidhi 7days for loha sidhi(Ayu.pra) Drugs used as kalka •Gritakumari swarasa •Triphala /ankolam(rasarnava) •Chitraka/Aragvadha(rasarnava) Each drug 1/16th part of parada (kalamsham)
  30. 30. METHOD •Mardita paarada is triturted for three days in a tapta khalwayantra with the above said medicines and kumari swarasa till Hg loses cohisiveness and break into globules/nashtapishtatva.
  31. 31. OUTCOME OF THE SAMSKARA •Hg loses its natural physico – chemical properties i.e,attain नष्टवपस्ष्टत्सव. •नागवणं भवेत ् सूतं ववहाय घनचापलम्।( रसाणदवं ११/१९९) The parada attain naaga varna & also loses its chapalata and dravata. •वङ्क्गादहभूजकञ्जुकनाशनम् ॥ (र.र.स.८/६२) the Hg will be free of all blemishes.
  32. 32. DISCUSSION WHAT IS NASHTAPISHTI(swooning)? The condition achieved in which the parada loses its natural properties after it is ground with various drugs. स्वरूपस्य ववन|शेन वपष्टत्सवार्द बन्धनं दह यत्। ववर्दवर्दभभतनदस्जदत: सूतो नष्टवपस्ष्ट: स उर्चयते॥ (र.र.स.८/६४) •The conversion of Hg into very fine indivisible particle . •Practically 36 hrs was needed for its formation. •Easily attained if kumari swarasa is the medium of trituration.
  33. 33. The drugs involved are katu kashaya rasa pradhana. It excert the functions such as bhedana, shoshana, kshalana and lekhana by which the blemishes are removed.
  34. 34. 4. UTHAPANAM(REVIVAL OF NATURAL PHYSICO- CHEMICAL PROPERTIES) स्वेदनाददक्ररयाभभमूदर्च्ादव्यापवर्त्ं ववहाय पारदस्य स्वाभाववकावस्थायां प्र्तमेवोत्सथापनम्। मूर्च्ादया पुनरुर्दभूततस्तत्सप्रोक्तोत्सथापनक्ररया।( टोदरानन्द) स्वेदातपाददयोगेन स्वरूपापादनं दह यत्। तदुत्सथापनभमत्सयुक्तं मूर्च्ादव्यापवर्त्नाशनम्॥(र.र,स.८/६२)
  35. 35. Process : 1. svedanam 2. Prakshalanam 3. Mardanam 4. Aatapam 5. Paatanam Yantra :Dolayantram Tapta khalva yantra made of loha Urdhvapatana yantram/vidhyadharayantra Medium for swedana : Kanjika Medium for prakshalana : kanjika,ushnajalam Medium for mardana : kanjika,ushnajala Best time for aatapa : vaishakha jyeshta masa Intensity of heat : -------- Duration : --------
  36. 36. METHOD •Moorchita paarada is subjected to swedana with kanjika in dolayantra. By this the paradawhich are separated as globules will combine together. •Then it is subjected to prakshalana with ushna kanji or ushnajala by which rest of the paarada trapped in kalka can be recovered. •This kalka is again subjected to mardana in tapta khalva yantra with ushnajala . Kalka which is light will flow away with water and the heavy particles of mercury will settle down.
  37. 37. •The paarada is subjected to aatapa after mardana preferably during vaishakha and jyeshta months. •According to paarada vijnaneeyam mardana should be conducted in aatapa with nimbuka swarasa. •The mercury which is not recovered by the above steps is regained by paatana.
  38. 38. OUTCOME FROM UTHAPANA • Parada regain the swabhavika avastha. • मूर्च्ादव्यापवर्त्नाशनम्॥(र.र,स.८/६२) • Note: Maximum chance of loss of parada during this samskara. • Some scholars just consider it as the continuaton of murchana samskara.
  39. 39. 5. PATANA(SUBLIMATION) उक्तौषधैमददददतपारदस्य यन्त्रस्स्थतसयोर्धवदमधश्चततयदक्। तनयादतनं पातनसंज्ञमुक्तं वङ्क्गादहसंपकद जकञ्चुकघ्नम् ||(र.र.स८/६५) तम्रेण वपस्ष्टकां कृ त्सवा पातयेदूर्धव भाजने। वङ्क्गनागौ पररत्सयज्य शुर्धदॊ भवतत सूतक:। शुल्बेन पातयेस्त्सपष्टीं त्रत्रधोर्धवं स्तधा त्सवध:॥(र.र.स-८/३७)
  40. 40. Type of Patana Author Only urdhva patana Rasahrudaya tantra Both urdhva and adha patana Rasarnava, Rasasaara Urdhva,adha and tiryak patana Rasendra choodamani, Rasaratna samuchayam, Rasendra chintamani, Rasaprakasha sudhakara, Rasaratnakara, Rasapadhati, aanandakanda, Ayurveda prakasha, rasakamadhenu. Opinion regarding the type of patana to be performed.
  41. 41. URDHVAPATANAM उर्धवदपातने रसस््योर्धवदगमनं भवतत, तत्र अध: पात्रे वस्ह्न:, ऊर्धवदपात्रे जलम ्।( र.हृ.त.२/८) ताम्रेण वपस्ष्टकां कृ त्सवा पातयेदूर्धवदभाजने। वङ्क्गनागौ पररत्सयज्य शुधोभवतत सूतक:। शुल्बेन पातयेस्त्सपष्टीं त्रत्रधोर्धवं स्तधा त्सवध:॥ (र.र.स 11/३७)
  42. 42. Process : Mardana, Urdhvapatanam Yantra : Vidyadharayantra, Damaru yantra , Taptakhalva yantra Duration for mardana : 3 days with tamra Intensity of heat : 378 ˚ C -438 ˚ C Duration : once /thrice for dehasidhi 7 times for lohasidhi
  43. 43. DRUGS •Parada 1 part •Tamram ¼ part. Acharya Drugs Shalinath Haridra and kumariswarasa Madhava Tutha and swarnamaksika (here nashta pishti is formed with and it is subjected to patana in Damaruyantra)
  44. 44. METHOD •Parada is mixed with ¼ amount of tamra and subjected to mardana (according to Aanandakanda tapta khalvayantra is used )for 3 days so a shulbha pishti is formed. •The shulbapishti is kept in the urdhvapatana yantra and subjected to patana. •The sublimed paarada is collected from the upper pot.
  45. 45. Sl NO: TEXT Ratio of parada Ratio of tamra NO: of times for patana 1 Rasarnavam 1 part Pishtayoga 1 2 Rasaratnasamuchayam “ ¼ part 3 3 Rasaratnakara “ “ 7 times 4 Anandakanda “ “ “ 5 Rasendra chintamani “ 1/3 - 6 Ayurvedaprakasha 1 part ¼ tutha/tapya - 7 Rasakamadhenu “ I part -
  46. 46. OUTCOME OF SAMSKARA •वङ्क्गनागौ पररत्सयज्य शुधोभवतत सूतक:।(R.R.S11/63) •All the doshas from yogika,spatakanjuka, and oupadhika is relieved by this samskara.
  47. 47. DISCUSSION •In a practical documentation Parada and tamra were taken in the ratio 3:1 ratio and triturated with nimbu swarasa. •It was observed that the amalgamisation was accelerated with the use of nimbu swarasa •After urdhvapaatana when the parada was washed using kanjika the colour of parada turned golden which was considered as the ranjana guna of tamra by Dr.V.M. Dvivedi.
  48. 48. ADHAPATANA ….अध: पाते तु रसस्याधस्थात् गमनम् भवतत, यन्त्रम् तदेव,परं तु अस्नन जलयोव्यदत्सयास: । जलं अध: पात्रे, अस्नन: ऊर्धवदपात्रे,…… ।( र.हृ.त.२/८) •Same procedure as that of Urdhvapatana but Adhapatana is conducted.
  49. 49. PROCEDURE ACCORDING TO RASA RATNA SAMUCHAYA त्रत्रफला भशग्रुभशणिभभलदवणासुररसंयुतै । नष्टवपस्ष्टं रसं कृ त्सवा लेपयेर्चचोर्धवदभाजने ॥ ततो दद्तैरध: पातमुत्सपलैस्तत्र कारयेत् (र.र.स.११/३८) हररद्राऽङ्क्कोलशम्पाककु मारीत्रत्रफलास्ननभभ: तण्डुलीयकवषादभूदहङुसैन्धवमाक्षक्षकै :॥ वपष्टं रसं सलवणै: सपादक्ष्याददभभरेववा। पातयेदथवादेवव व्रणघ्नीयक्षचनै:॥(र.र.स.११/३९-४०)
  50. 50. Process : Mardana, Adhapatanam Yantra : Vidyadharayantra, Damaru yantra , Taptakhalva yantra, dipikayantra Duration for mardana: 3 days with tamra/till nashtapishti is obtained. Duration : 7 times Drugs •Parada 1 part •Tamram ¼ part. (Or drugs as indicated in various treatises)
  51. 51. METHOD •The paarada subjected to urdhvapaatana is subjected to mardana with various drugs till nashta pishtatva is obtained. •The paarada is then kept in adhapaatana yantra subjected to the adhapaatana. •The sublimed paarada is collected from the bottom pot after the process.
  52. 52. Sl No: Heat intensity Reference 1 प्रदीप्तैरुपलैरध: Rasaarnavam 2 ज्वालयेन्मूध्नि पावकम्। Rasendra choodamani 3 दीप्तैवविोपलै: कुयावत् Rasaratnasamuchayam 4 पृष्ठे देयं पुटं लघु Rasaratnakara 5 दद्याल्लघुपुटम् तत: Aananda kanda 6 उपररष्टात्पुटेदत्ते Rasendrachintamani Mercury vapourises by 360 degree Celsius thus on an average we need to provide only a maximum of 400 degree Celsius for an average duration of 2-3 hrs for the entire parade to sublime. The intensity of heat given during adhapatana
  53. 53. OUTCOME OF ADHAPATANA इत्सथं ह्यधोर्धवपातेन पातततोऽसौ यदा भवेत् । तदा रसयने योनयॊ भवेत्सद्रव्यववशेषत:॥(र.र.स ११/४१) •Parada obtained after subjecting to the process of urdhvapatana and adhapatana can be used for preparing the rasayana yoga by adding various other drugs into it. •Patana process conducted in dipika yantra is free from all kinds of blemishes. अथवा दीपकयन्त्रे तनपततत: सवददोषतनमुदक्त:।(र.र.स ११/४३)
  54. 54. ततयदक्पाते तु रसस्स्तयदक् पततत, तत्रैक पात्रवपष्टे जलं अन्य पात्राध: वस्ह्न:। (र.हृ.त.२/८) ततयदक् पातन ववचधना तनपाततत: सूतराजश्च। श्लक्ष्णीकृ तमभ्र्दलं रसेन्द्रयुक्तं तथाऽऽरनालेन॥ िल्वे दत्त्वा मृददतं यावर्त्न्नष्टवपष्टतामेतत। कु यादत् ततयदक्पातनपातततसूतं रमेण दृढवस्ह्नम्॥ संस्वेर्दय: पात्सयोऽसौ न पततत यावत्सदॄढश्चाननौ॥ तदाऽसौ शुर्धयते सुत:कमदकारीभवेत् ध्रुवम्॥(र.र.स.११/२२५) TIRYAK PAATANA
  55. 55. Process : Mardana,Tiryakpatanam,Swedana Yantra : tiryak patanna tantra Duration for mardana: till nashatapishti is obtained/1yaama(Aa.ka.amr) Duration : Till paarad become दृढवस्ह्नम् Drugs •Parada 1 part •Slakshna Abhraka dalam /dhanyabhram ¼ part. •Aaranaala qs (Or drugs as indicated in various treatise)
  56. 56. METHOD •The paarada after urdhva and adha patana is subjected to mardana with slakshna abhraka dalam with aaranala as medium for one yaama / nashtapishtatva formation. •This is kept in tiryak paatana yantra and subjected to tiryak paatana. •The paarada is then subjected to swedana in dolayantra. •The swedita paarada again subjected to tiryak paatana till it become दृढवस्ह्नम्.
  57. 57. Sl No: Description Reference 1 चण्डाध्नििा पचेदेवं Aanandakandam 2 ध्तयवनयन्रे दृढाध्नििा Rasaratnakara 3 क्रमेण दृढवध्ििा Rasaratnasamuchayam 4 तीव्राध्निं ज्वालयेद् बुध: Rasaprakashasudhakara 5 रसाधो ज्वालयेदध्नि Rasendra chintamani 6 यावत्सूतो जले ध्वशेत् Ayurveda prakasha The intensity of heat given during Tiryak Paatana
  58. 58. OUTCOME OF THE SAMSKARA •शुर्धयते सुत:कमदकारीभवेत् ध्रुवम्॥(र.र.स.११/२२५) •Paarada become capable of sustaining intense heat.
  59. 59. **Though nashtapishti formation is the characteristic feature of murchana samskara we can see that similar condition arises during adhapatana and tiryak paatana also. ** Acc to some scholars swedana is conducted after all 3 patana tritutating paarada with triphala, trikatu, chitraka, lashuna & kumari as kalka and tushambu as medium in dolayantra. रसं चतुगुदणे वस्त्रे सरसोन शरावके । तनयन्त्र दोभलकायन्ते मर्धयाननौ ददवसं पचेत्॥ सव्योष त्रत्रफलावस्ह्नकल्के तुषम्बुतन। दोषशेषापनुत्सयथदभमदं स्वेदनभमष्यते॥(आयु.प्र १/८५)as
  60. 60. Effects of samskaras till paatana •मददनैमूदर्च्दनै: पातैमदन्द: शान्तो भवेद्रस:॥(र.र.स.११/४६) •मददनमुर्च्दनपातै: कदचथदतो भवतत मन्दवीयदत्सवात्।(र.हृ.त) •The parada becomes sluggish and calm.
  61. 61. मददनैमूदर्च्दनैपातै: मरणान्तो भवेद्रस:। शक्त्सयुत्सकषादय बोर्धयोऽसौ गुरुदभशदतवत्समदना॥ कदथनेनैव नपुंसकत्सवं प्रदुभदवेदस्य रसस्य पश्चात्। बलप्रकषादय च दोभलकायां स्वेर्दयो जले सैन्धवचूणदगभे॥(तन.र) स्वेदनमददनमूर्चछनोथापनपातनाददभभ: पारद: क्लान्तो भवतत, षण्ढत्सवं च अचधगर्च्तत, मरणप्रायश्च भवतत। तान् दोषान् पररत्सयाज्य पारदे शक्त्त्युत्सकषादय बलप्रा्तये च य: संस्कार: क्ररयते, स बोधन संस्कार:। एतेन पारद: प्रा्त पुंस्त्सवोपलब्धश्चासर्चश्च भवतत।(र.हृ.त) 6. Rodhana/Bhodana samskara (awakening)
  62. 62. •Rodana is carried out as a measure to restore the potecy of paarada which has become napumsaka , mrita praaya and mandaveerya from the first 5 samskara. •The parada at this state will be unable to take into it the swarnadi lohas as grasa thus to impart bubhksha to Parada bhodana is conducted. •The bhodana samskara can be conducted in two different methods 1. Swedana in dolayantra. 2. Keeping parade intact in an earthen pot containing prescribed media.
  63. 63. Method 1 सृष््यम्बुजैतनदररधेन ततो मुिकरो भवेत्। स्वेदनाददवशात् सूतो वीयं प्रा्नोत्सयनुर्त्मम्॥(र.र.स११/४७) Process : Swedana Yantra : Dolayantra Duration for Swedana : 3 days. Medium for swedana : srishtyambu/saindhava jala The intensity of heat given : madhyamagni( ayu.pra) Drugs •Parada 1 part •Sanindhavam qs •Jalam qs (Or drugs as indicated in various treatises)
  64. 64. Method •The paarada processed till the paatana samskara is suspended inside a pot containing saindhava jala/ srishtimbu and subjected to swedana for three days. • The swedita paarada is collected washed and filtered.
  65. 65. Proportion of saindhava Proportion of jala reference 10 pala 3 prastha Rasaprakashasudhakara “ “ Danwanthari samhitha 1 part 5 times (Bhagawan Dash) 500g 4 litre (sidhinandan Mishra) PREPARATION OF SAINDHAVA JALA भसन्धूर्दभवं दशपलं जलप्रस्थत्रयं तथा। धारयेत् घटमर्धये च पारदं दोषवस्जदतम्॥(रसप्रकशसुधाकर)
  66. 66. OPINION REGARDING SRISHTYAMBU गोजाववनरनारीणां मूत्रम् शुरं च शोणणतम्। सृस्ष्टरेषा समाख्याता षण्डदोषववनाभशनी । (श्ंक्त्सयवतारे) युक्तं तु सॄष््यम्बुजमरुनणाया: षोडशववषक्या: कु मायाद आर्त्दवम्।
  67. 67. • Generally it is considered to be samudrajala. • Some scholars have mentioned it to be the menstrual blood of healthy 16 yr old girl. • There is another opinion of sristhyambu being muthra, sukra and shonitha of go, avi, nara and nari. • Practiclly the process is now carried out using saindhava jala. • We may to a great extend conclude that samudra jala should be ideally taken for this process and in its absence we may utilize lavana yukta jala.
  68. 68. Method 2 जलसैन्धवयुक्तस्य रसस्य ददवसत्रयम्। स्स्थततरास्थापनीकु म्भे याऽसौ रोधनमुर्चयते॥(र.र.स.८/६६) The paarada is kept undisturbed in a pot filled with saindhava jala for three days and on the fourth day it is taken out, washed and filtered. As per Ayurveda prakasha the process can be carried out in vishvamitra kapala/kachakupi and the container is buried in earth at a depth of one Rajahastha.
  69. 69. Sl no Outcome Reference 1 मन्दवीयवत्वात् लब्धाप्यायो भवध्त Rasahruhayatantram 2 आप्याध्यतो वीयववाि् षण्ढत्ववध्जवत: रस: Aanandakandam 3 लब्धश्वासो Rasendra chintamani 4 षण्ढभावं ध्वमुञ्जध्त 5 पुिराप्यायिं प्राप्य ि स्यात् षण्ढभवेत् बली Rasendra choodamani 6 वीयं प्राप्िोत्यिुत्तमं Rasaratna smuchayam 7 बुभुध्ितो भवेत्सूत: Rasasaara Outcome of the samskara
  70. 70. 7.NIYAMANA(CONTROLLING) बोधनसंस्कारेण पारद: चपलाचधक्यं प्रा्नोतत। तस्न्नयमनमेव तनयामन संस्कार:।(र. हृ.त) रोधनाल्ल्ब्धवीयदस्य चपलत्सवतनवृत्त्ये। क्ररयते पारदे स्वेद: प्रोक्तं तनयमनं दह तत्॥ (र.र.स.८/६७)
  71. 71. Process : Swedana Yantra : Dolayantra Duration for Swedana : 1 day (Rasendra. Chi) 3 days.(R.R.S) Medium for swedana : kanjika The intensity of heat given : madhyamagni ( general) Drugs used as kalka •Tambula •Lashuna •Saindhava •Bringaraja •Vandyakarkoti •chincha (Or drugs as indicated in NIYAMANA GANA (rasendra saara sangraham) /various treatises) Each drug 1/16th part of parada (kalamsham)
  72. 72. METHOD इतत लब्धवीयद: सम्यक् चपलोऽसौ सस्न्नयम््ते तदनु। फणणलशुनाम्बुजमाकद वककोटीचचस्ञ्चका स्वेदात्॥(र.हृ.त ८/१६) मररचैभूदिगयुक्तैलदवणासुररभशग्रुटङ्क्कणोपेदै:। कास्ञ्जकयुक्तैस्स्त्रददनं ज्रासाथी जायते स्वेदात्॥ (र.र.स.११/४९) •The rodhita paarada is suspended in dola yantra and is subjected to swedana using kanjika as medium for 1-3 days. •The kanjika is charged with the above dravyas during swedana. •The paarada is recovered after swedana and filtered well.
  73. 73. मुक्त्सवैकं अभ्रसत्सवं नान्य: ्क्षापकतदनसमथद:। तेनतनरुर्दधप्रसरो तनयम्यते बर्धयते च सुिम्॥( र.ह्रु.त.४/६) According to Rasa Hrudaya Tantra niyamana is considered synonymous to paksha chedana/ paksha kartana. And this process can be carried out only with abhraka satva jaarana/chaarana in paarada. तनयभमतो न प्रयातत तथा धूमगततं भशवे। कणणका चालरदहतो बुर्दबुदैश्चैपवस्जदत:॥ तनयभमतो भवत्सयेष चुस्ल्लकास्ननसहस्तथा॥( रसाणदवं १०) According to rasarnava, after niyamana ,the thermal stability of paarada is greately increased
  74. 74. Sl no: Property Reference 1 ध्िमवलस्तेजवाि् Rasendra mangala 2 चपलत्व ध्िवृत्तये Rasaratnasamuchayam 3 चपलोऽसौ संध्ियम्यते Rasahrudayatantram 4 ध्स्िरतां व्रजेत् Rasendrachintamani 5 वीर्यवावि् जायते Rasaprakashasudhakaram 6 वध्िध्मरत्व कारका Rasasaaram 7 रसोवध्िसहो भवेत् Rasaraaja shankaram 8 चुध्ललकाध्निसहस्तिा Rasaarnavam 9 ध्स्िरत्वं लभतेऽनिौ Yoga tarangini OUTCOMES OF NIYAMANA SAMSKARA.
  75. 75. 8. DIPANA SAMSKARA तत् दीपनम ् येनपारदो बुभुक्षया पीड्यमान: तथाच लेभलहान: सन् धातुग्रासे समथो भवेत्। अथ च यस्य संस्कारस्यान्ते पारद: सहस्र ववर्दयुल्लताभ इव प्रज्वभलतो भवेत् तत् दीपनं। (र.हृ.त) धातु पाषाणमूलार्दयै: संयुक्तो घटमर्धयगा। ज्रासथं त्रत्रददनं स्वेदो दीपनं तन्मतं बुधै:॥ (र.र.स.८/६८)
  76. 76. Process : Swedana Yantra : Dolayantra Duration for Swedana : 3 days. Medium for swedana : kanjika The intensity of heat given : madhyamagni ( general) Drugs used as kalka Drug 1/16th portion of paarada •Sphatika(phitkari) • Kasisa • Saindhava • Tankana • Maricha • Raajika • Shigrutwak (Or drugs as indicated in various treatises)
  77. 77. METHOD •The niyamitha paarada is suspended in dola yantra and is subjected to swedana using kanjika as medium for 3 days. •The kanjika is charged with the above dravyas during swedana. •The paarada is recovered after swedana and filtered well. •त्रत्रददनं स्वेदनाशक्तौ ददनमेकं तनरन्तरम्। स्वेदयेत्रसराजं तु नातततीक्ष्णेन वस्ह्नना॥( आयुवेद प्रकश) ** if one is unable to perform deepana samskara for three days then atlleast perform it for one complete day(24 hrs)
  78. 78. Sl no: Property Reference 1 ग्रासाध्िव Rasarnavam, Rasahrudayatantram, Rasaratnakaram, Aanandakandam. 2 दीपिम् Rasendrachoodamani, Rasapathati 3 दीपिं- वीयवतेजसो वृध्ि R.R.S 4 लेध्लहािो ध्ह धतोश्च Rasasaaram OUTCOME OF THE SAMSKARA तीव्रत्सवं वीगकाररत्सवं व्यापकत्सवं बुभुक्षक्षतम्। तनमदलत्सवं ववशेषेण प्ररु ते दीपन कमदणण॥( र.सु)
  79. 79. THE BENEFIT OF ASHTASAMSKARA इत्सयष्टौ सूतसंस्कारा: समा द्रव्ये रसायने। कायादस्ते प्रधमं शेषां नोक्ता द्रव्यओपयोचगनाम्।(र.र.स.११) सूतस्याष्टौ च संस्कारा कचथता देहकमदणी।(र.प्र.सुधा) For therapeutic administration/dehasidhi with parada only ashta samskara is necessary. By the end of 8 samskara the paarada becomes free from all blemishes. Only 1/8 th of paarada will remain after Ashtasamskara.
  80. 80. CONCLUSION •The 8 process actually includes only 3 main procedure swedana, mardana and paatana. •The first 5 is targeted to remove impurities and the last 3 to enhance therapeutic action. •Now days much loss of mercury is not found practically as with the advancement of techniques 99.9% pure merrcury is available in the market. •It was noted that practicaly 67 days were taken to complete 8 samskaras.

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