• What is Cryptocurrencies?
• Types of Cryptocurrencies
• Impact on World Economy
• Impact on Indian Economy
• Impact of Demonetarization
3. DIFFERENT SYSTEMS OF E-MONEY
Electronic Money includes four different systems
1. Centralized Systems
2. Decentralized Systems
3. Mobile sub-systems/Digital Wallets
4. Offline Anonymous Systems
4. CENTRALIZED SYSTEM
• Many systems—such as PayPal, eCash, WebMoney,
Payoneer, cashU, and Hub Culture's Venn will sell their
electronic currency directly to the end user.
• Other systems only sell through third party digital
5. DECENTRALIZED SYSTEM
• Decentralized e-money is stored and flows through a
peer-to-peer computer network that directly links
users, much like a chat room. No single user controls
6. WHAT IS CRYPTOCURRENCY ?
A cryptocurrency (or crypto currency) is a digital asset
designed to work as a medium of exchange that uses
strong cryptography to secure financial transactions,
control the creation of additional units, and verify the
transfer of assets. Cryptocurrencies area kind of
alternative currency and digital currency.
7. WHAT IS CRYPTOGRAPHY ?
Cryptography is associated with the process of
converting ordinary plain text into unintelligible text
and vice-versa. It is a method of storing and
transmitting data in a particular form so that only
those for whom it is intended can read and process it.
Cryptography not only protects data from theft or
alteration, but can also be used for user
• Ethereum is a
platform that enables
smart contracts and
• (DApps) to be built and
run without any
downtime , fraud,
control or interference
from a third party.
• Ripple is a real time
network that offers
instant , certain and low
payments . Ripple
enables banks to settle
cross border payments in
real time , with end-to-
end transparency , and
at a lower costs .
11. Lite coin
• Lite coin is based on an open
source global payment network
that isn’t control by any central
authority and uses ”scrypt” as a
proof of work , which can be
decoded with the help of CPU’s
of consumer grade.
• Lite coin was among the initial
crypto currencies following
bitcoin and has often referred
to as “silver to bitcoins gold.”
• Monero is a secure ,
private and untraceable
• Monero has been
launched with a strong
scalability , and it
privacy by using a a
special technique called
13. WHAT IS BITCOIN ?
• Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, or a digital currency, that
uses rules of cryptography for regulation and
generation of units of currency. Bitcoin falls under the
scope of cryptocurrency and was the first and most
valuable among them. It is commonly called a
decentralised digital currency.
14. WHO CREATED BITCOIN ?
Bitcoin was created by Satoshi Nakamoto from
Japan. Or, some say, he or she might be a Finnish
sociologist or a mathematician from Israel. Some
think Nakamoto is the pseudonym(a fictitious name) or
software developer Gavin Andresen, others believe it's
Tesla creator Elon Musk. (Both have denied the claim.)
Whoever it is, the person behind bitcoin has never
given an interview.
15. HOW BITCOIN WORKS ?
• From a user perspective, Bitcoin is nothing more than a mobile
app or computer program that provides a personal Bitcoin wallet
and allows a user to send and receive bitcoins with them.
• Behind the scenes, the Bitcoin network is sharing a public ledger
called the "block chain". This ledger contains every transaction
ever processed, allowing a user's computer to verify the validity
of each transaction. The authenticity of each transaction is
protected by digital signatures corresponding to the sending
addresses, allowing all users to have full control over sending
bitcoins from their own Bitcoin addresses. In addition, anyone
can process transactions using the computing power of
specialized hardware and earn a reward in bitcoins for this
service. This is often called "mining"
16. WHAT IS MINNING ?
Mining is the process of spending computing power to
process transactions, secure the network, and keep everyone
in the system synchronized together. It can be perceived like
the Bitcoin data center except that it has been designed to be
fully decentralized with miners operating in all countries and
no individual having control over the network. This process is
referred to as "mining" as an analogy to gold mining because
it is also a temporary mechanism used to issue new bitcoins.
Unlike gold mining, however, Bitcoin mining provides a
reward in exchange for useful services required to operate a
secure payment network.
21. IS BITCOIN LEGAL ?
• To the best of our knowledge, Bitcoin has not been
made illegal by legislation in most jurisdictions.
However, some jurisdictions (such as Argentina and
Russia) severely restrict or ban foreign currencies.
Other jurisdictions (such as Thailand) may limit the
licensing of certain entities such as Bitcoin exchanges.
• According to Indian government it is not illegal but its
22. ADVANTAGES OF BITCOINS
• Payment freedom
• Choose your own fees
• Fewer risks for merchants
• Security and control
• Transparent and neutral
25. CHALLENGING THE DOLLAR STANDARD
• In terms of volume, the global economy is fueled by
the U.S. Dollar. The global economy thus relies on the
dominance of the US Dollar to keep running. This,
however, is starting to change dramatically as more
cryptocurrencies start to emerge as well as Bitcoin’s
26. • Financial transactions have
started getting decentralized
on a massive scale, with no
recourse to the traditional US
Dollar. In short, there have
always been attempts to de-
dollarize the global economic
cryptocurrencies seem to be
27. CUTTING OUT THE MIDDLEMAN
• The ecosystem of the mainstream financial environment,
international transfer transactions require entities like
clearing houses, banks, and SWIFT. SWIFT stands
for Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial
Telecommunication. It is an organization that provides a
network for financial institutions all over the globe to
transmit information to each other in a safe and secure
network. No international money transfer can happen
outside of SWIFT network. There transaction fees and it
takes several days for some transaction to be processed.
28. • One of the reasons for the centralized payment
processing protocol is to prevent funding for money
laundering, terrorist activities, and illicit trade in
drugs and ammunition. Central banks and other
financial institutions seem to have no control over its
operations. In September of 2017, Christine Lagarde,
head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
warned that cryptocurrencies have the potential to
disrupt the Central Banking system and to
revolutionize the concept of money.
29. THE EMERGENCE OF NEW MARKET
• Currencies such as Ethereum and Bitcoin have led to
new markets which are controlled by no one. This
means Cyberspace will rise as the new body that will
maintain and handle such markets. The almost zero
transaction costs (depending on the stability of the
currency) mean that these currencies will become
even more popular than the traditional money that
people are used to. Although this is just the beginning
the possibilities that are expected to happen are
30. • In 2017, ICOs have become the leading
crowdfunding method for technology-
based start-ups. No longer do
developers and entrepreneurs want to
spend time trying to convince venture
capitalists, banks, and angel investors
to put up equity in their start-ups.
These days, once a seemingly tangible
idea is conceptualized, it is tokenized
and sold to the public directly.
SIMPLIFYING THE CROWDFUNDING
33. IMPACT ON INDIAN ECONOMY
• Though India plays a relatively small role in the global
cryptocurrency market, only about 2% of the global
cryptocurrency market cap, the RBI has warned about
the potential financial, legal, customer protection and
security-related risks in cryptocurrency, amidst
prevalent media rumors of RBI launching its own
form of cryptocurrency named Lakshmi.
34. • Kolonial, a vintage themed pizzeria in Mumbai’s
Worli area, became the first restaurant in the
country to accept Bitcoin payments back in 2013.
In 2016, Suryawanshi restaurant in Indira Nagar,
Bengaluru became the second eatery to do so.
This year, the list is predicted to witness rapid
growth, with Suri Andhra Mess in Taramani
becoming the first restaurant in Chennai to do so.
However, the recent circulars of RBI and
statement of finance minister that it is clearly not a
currency has left people admit as whether to
accept cryptocurrency as a payment or not.
35. • One major hurdle in the path of Indian investors,
who are interested in investing in cryptocurrency,
is the confusion about its legal status. While they
haven’t been declared illegal, cryptocurrencies are
not recognized by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
or any other authority in India, as a ‘currency’.
36. IMPACT OF DEMONETIZATION
This time ofeconomic crisis indirectly taught its
1.3 billion people that cash was unreliable -
one day there, the next day gone - and there
was a nationwide frenzy with the stock market
falling by 7 per cent, cash shortages and
several deaths from people queuing to
exchange their worthless money.
37. A significant disruption to the economy occurred
with more of India’s largely younger population
turning to Bitcoin. At the time, a large number of
industries were already using Bitcoin and shortly,
thereafter, the number of investor grew to the
point where mid- 2017, 2,500 Indians invested
in Bitcoin daily, according to The Economic
The digital coin attracted people in India, since it
offered a safer system for their money, a haven
from inflation, refuge from government
regulation and interference, and a system that
avoids political and economic turmoil.
1. Digital currency reduces cost of operation drastically
compare to paper money.
2. It is more environmental friendly as there is no need of
paper and no paper means no cutting down of trees.
3. There should be some legal guidelines and law about this to
prevent money laundering and other unethical uses of
4. Banks, financial institutions and governments should come
forward and work along with tech-giants such as Google,
Apple, Microsoft, Facebook etc. to develop the revolutionary
but secured and stable transaction system using “Digital