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Cerebral palsy

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Cerebral palsy

  1. 1. Cerebral Palsy Ellorine Carle Mr. Holley Human Interaction 3 °
  2. 2. What is Cerebral Palsy? <ul><li>Scientific Defintion: </li></ul><ul><li>“ A form of paralysis believed to be caused by a </li></ul><ul><li>prenatal brain defect or by brain injury during </li></ul><ul><li>birth, most marked in certain motor areas and </li></ul><ul><li>characterized by difficulty in control of </li></ul><ul><li>the voluntary muscles.” </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/cerebral+palsy.com </li></ul>
  3. 3. UMM…what does that exactly mean? <ul><li>Name refers to all conditions that affect and damage the brain before birth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-does not include developmental diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be caused by brain damage during birth </li></ul><ul><li>Child cannot control his/her body movements </li></ul><ul><li>Is NOT a disease, so it can’t spread to others </li></ul><ul><li>No cure </li></ul>Sources: Salem Health and Britannica Online
  4. 4. Diagnosis <ul><li>Affects child before 1 month of age, but is unnoticeable </li></ul><ul><li>Usually detected after 18 to 24 months of age </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with bodily functions may not be apparent until usage is required </li></ul><ul><li>Neurologial Exam and cognitive test (in elderly) is necessary for diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Salem Health </li></ul>
  5. 5. Symptoms-Physical Appearance <ul><li>Abnormal walk or movement of hands, arms, feet or legs </li></ul><ul><li>Uncoordinated </li></ul><ul><li>Learning disabilities possible </li></ul><ul><li>Speech, hearing, or vision problems </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures </li></ul><ul><li>Problems swallowing food </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001734/ </li></ul>
  6. 6. Symptoms-Continued.. <ul><li>Symptoms are usually noticed before 2 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>Can only involve one side of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Child has difficulty performing tasks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-sitting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-rolling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-crawling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-walking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001734/ </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Life Long Effects/Impacts <ul><li>Life expectancy can be the same as a “normal” person, as long as given correct care </li></ul><ul><li>No cure, but treatment to improve daily life </li></ul><ul><li>Glasses, Hearing Aids, Muscle/Bone Braces, Walking Aids, and Wheelchairs can help with learning and mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Many adults are able to live with Cerebral Palsy </li></ul><ul><li>independently or in a group home; serious </li></ul><ul><li>cases can result in placement in an institution. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001734 / </li></ul>
  8. 8. Treatment/Therapy <ul><li>Physical and orthopedic therapy can help with daily activites </li></ul><ul><li>Medications and surgery may also be needed or helpful </li></ul><ul><li>Neural Stem Cell Therapy is being developed to “reverse” condition; it is not in use yet </li></ul><ul><li>Other therapies/treatments which can improve some symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Source: cerebralpalsy.org </li></ul>
  9. 9. In Conclusion… Although Cerebral Palsy is uncurable, people can still live semi to fully independent depending on effectiveness of therapy and treatment.
  10. 10. Bibliography <ul><li>cerebralpalsy.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001734 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001734/ </li></ul><ul><li>Salem Health </li></ul><ul><li>Britannica Online </li></ul><ul><li>http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/cerebral+palsy.com </li></ul>

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