Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Die SlideShare-Präsentation wird heruntergeladen. ×

Basic aproaches to leadership

Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Wird geladen in …3
×

Hier ansehen

1 von 16 Anzeige

Basic aproaches to leadership

Herunterladen, um offline zu lesen

Basic Approaches to Leadership or being a Good Leader. Leadership Theories. Trait theory. Behaviural Theory.

Basic Approaches to Leadership or being a Good Leader. Leadership Theories. Trait theory. Behaviural Theory.

Anzeige
Anzeige

Weitere Verwandte Inhalte

Diashows für Sie (20)

Ähnlich wie Basic aproaches to leadership (20)

Anzeige

Weitere von Abdullah Khosa (20)

Aktuellste (20)

Anzeige

Basic aproaches to leadership

  1. 1. GROUP NO. 3 & 4 Name • Muhammad Abdullah • Sarmad Ali • Hashaam Altaf • Syed Hanif Shah • Fahad Altaf • Imran Iqbal • Usama Ahmed • Noman Rasool Roll No. 02 01 38 45 08 36 16 25
  2. 2. Topic: Basic Approaches to Leadership
  3. 3. • What is Leadership: Leadership is the action of leading people in an organization towards achieving goals. Leaders do this by influencing employee behaviors in several ways. A leader sets a clear vision for the organization, motivates employees, guides employees through the work process and builds morale.
  4. 4. Characteristics of Leadership: • characteristics of great leader are as follows: Empathy: When your team knows that you are empathetic to their concerns, they will be more likely to work with you and share in your vision, rather than foster negative feelings. Consistency: Being a consistent leader will gain you respect and credibility, which is essential to getting buy-in from the group. By setting an example of fairness and credibility, the team will want to act the same way.
  5. 5. Characteristics of Leadership: Honesty: Those who are honest, especially about concerns, make it far more likely that obstacles will be addressed rather than avoided. Honesty also allows for better assessment and growth. Direction: Having the vision to break out of the norm and aim for great things done and to set the steps necessary to get there. Managing the goals on how to get there.
  6. 6. Characteristics of Leadership: Communication: If you communicate effectively about expectations, issues and advice, your staff will be more likely to react and meet your goals. It helps keep he team working on the right projects with the right attitude. Flexibility: By being flexible to new ideas and open-minded enough to consider them, you increase the likelihood that you will find the best possible answer for your team and reward good ideas.
  7. 7. Roles of Leadership: • Following are the main roles of a leader in an organization : Required at all levels: Leadership is a function which is important at all levels. Leadership can be exercised through guidance and counseling of the subordinates at the time of execution of plans at any level. Representative of Organization: A leader is said to be the representative of the enterprise. He has to represent the concern at seminars, conferences, general meetings, etc.
  8. 8. Integrating and reconciling: A Leader tries to co-ordinate the efforts of people towards a common purpose and thereby achieves objectives. Solicits support: A leader has to invite suggestions and if possible implement them into plans and programmes of enterprise. A friend, philosopher and guider: Leader can be a friend by sharing the feelings, opinions and desires with the employees. Can be a philosopher by utilizing his intelligence and experience. He can be a guide by supervising and communicating the employees.
  9. 9. Types of Leadership: Laissez-Faire: Such leader lacks direct supervision of employees and fails to provide regular feedback to those under his supervision. Such leaders produces no leadership or supervision efforts and lead to poor production. Autocratic: Such leaders allows managers to make decisions alone without the input of others. Managers possess total authority and impose their will on employees. This leadership style benefits employees who require close supervision
  10. 10. Participative: Such leadership values the input of team members but the responsibility of making the final decision rests with the participative leader. This style meets challenges when companies need to make a decision in a short period. Transactional: Such leadership receive certain tasks to perform and provide rewards or punishments to team members based on performance results. Employees receive rewards, such as bonuses, when they accomplish goals. Transformational: Such Leaders motivate employees and enhance productivity and efficiency through communication and high visibility. Leaders focus on the big picture and delegate smaller tasks to the team to accomplish goals.
  11. 11. Trait Theory of Leadership: • The trait model of leadership is based on the characteristics of many leaders - both successful and unsuccessful - and is used to predict leadership effectiveness. • Successful leaders definitely have interests, abilities, and personality traits that are different from those of the less effective leaders.
  12. 12. Among the core traits identified are: • Leadership motivation: an intense desire to lead others to reach shared goals • Honesty and integrity: trustworthy, reliable, and open • Self-confidence: Belief in one’s self, ideas, and ability • Knowledge of business: Knowledge of industry and other technical matters • Emotional Maturity: well adjusted, does not suffer from severe psychological disorders.
  13. 13. Strengths/Advantages of Trait Theory: • It is naturally pleasing theory. • It gives a detailed knowledge and understanding of the leader element in the leadership process. • It is valid as lot of research has validated the foundation and basis of the theory. • It can be applied by people at all levels in all types of organizations.
  14. 14. Limitations of The Trait Theory: • The theory is very complex. • There is also a disagreement over which traits are the most important for an effective leader. • The list of possible traits tends to be very long. • The model attempts to relate physical traits such as, height and weight, most of these factors relate to situational factors. For Example a minimum weight and height might be necessary in a military leadership position not in business organizations.
  15. 15. Behavioural Theory • Theories that attempt to isolate behaviors that differentiate effective leaders from ineffective leaders • Behavioral studies focus on identifying critical behavioral determinants of leadership that, in turn, could be used to train people to become leaders
  16. 16. Advantages/ Disadvantages of Behavioral Theory: Advantages • Behavior Theories changes Behaviors. • It Increases Self Belief . • It Builds Confidence . Disadvantages • It ignores the mental processes that are involved in learning. • It rejects the possible role of biological factors in human behavior.

×