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SCHOOL OF INFORMATION STUDIES CHARLES STURT UNIVERSITY
Literature in digital environments
Judy O’Connell
Key Advisor
Futur...
The goal of a school
library is to respond to
the learning ecology in
the school. This learning
ecology is defined as a
se...
When it comes to
ebooks, school library
collection development
presents some unique
challenges.
ebooks and ereaders are one of the top 10
game changers of the past 25 years
shaping school libraries
Electronic texts can be
found in increasing numbers
of school libraries and
classrooms where they are
not only enhancing t...
The Australian Curriculum: English aims to
ensure that students ‘listen to, read, view,
speak, write, create and reflect o...
To address this national expectation it is
imperative that ebooks are incorporated into
school reading and literature prog...
Unpacking  the  definition  of  ebooks  to  explore  
multimodal  texts  is  useful  when  considering  the  
take-­up  of...
What are ebooks?
• ebooks are electronic version of print books
• can be read or listened to on an eReader, tablet
or comp...
ebooks in learning
creative commons licensed (BY-SA) flickr photo by Atos International: http://flickr.com/photos/atosorig...
The survey, 50:50 by 2020
Ebook Trends in Australian
Schools, generated 456
responses
etextbooks
enhanced ebooks or apps
ebooks in a schools’ collection
Issues in collection
development
Being aware of the range of existing and
emerging issues is an important part of
collection development, and survey respon...
61% of schools indicated that they had
insufficient technology to support one-to-one
access for personal reading, and 58% ...
However, according to the respondents in the
50:50 by 2020 Survey there remain significant
issues related to ICT infrastru...
budgeting for ebooks
selection
Collection development
and making choices
between providers is
another challenge for
school library staff faced
...
adoption and use of ebooks
Survey respondents indicated:
• a strong relationship between access to an
ereading device and ...
The promotion of
eresources is a constant
challenge!
As a foundational element of schooling, learning to read
and reading to learn will remain as important in 2020 as
it has e...
Developing ecollections for 2020 school
libraries requires skills and expertise
beyond the traditional bibliographic
parad...
The issues that schools face fall into three
main categories:
i) the ebook genre and purpose;
ii) the infrastructure requi...
Complexities around the range of ebook
formats are amplified when one factors in
reading purposes, ranging from teaching
l...
Repositories and retrieval issues are complex
and one solution rarely meets the varied needs,
formats and legal requiremen...
Subscription services may not easily integrate
with the library catalogue, and downloaded
resources require cataloguing to...
Management of enhanced ebook apps is
restrained by provider protocols and often
requires individual management on each dev...
The library needs to facilitate home access and
establish methods to promote ebooks in new
and exciting ways.
Where device...
While there is evidence that collections are
changing in response to the need to
support ereading within teaching and
lear...
The challenge for school libraries is to move
beyond the practicalities of ebook collection
management to the promotion of...
heyjudeonline
Judy O’Connell
http://judyoconnell.com
Judy O’Connell
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Literature in digital environments: Changes and emerging trends in Australian school libraries

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Igniting a passion for reading and research is core business for school libraries, inevitably placing the library at the centre of the 21st century reading and learning experience. It is in this context that digital literature creates some challenging questions for teachers and librarians in schools, while the emergence of digital technology and/or device options also offers a great many opportunities. Collection development in school libraries encompasses an understanding of the need to contextualise these e-literature needs within the learning and teaching experiences in the school. The Australian Library and Information Association’s 2013 statement Future of collections 50:50 predicted that library print and ebook collections in libraries would establish a 50:50 equilibrium by 2020 and that this balance would be maintained for the foreseeable future. This statement from the Australian professional body raised the need to know more about e-collections in school libraries. For teacher librarians in Australian schools, the nature of online collections, and the integration of ebooks into the evolving reading culture is influenced by the range and diversity of texts, interfaces, devices, and experiences available to complement existing print and media collections or services. Management and budget constraints also influence e-collections. By undertaking a review of the literature, a discussion of the education context, and a critical analysis of the trends evidenced by national survey data, this paper presents an overview of the changes and emerging trends in digital literature and ebook collections in school library services in Australia today.

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Literature in digital environments: Changes and emerging trends in Australian school libraries

  1. SCHOOL OF INFORMATION STUDIES CHARLES STURT UNIVERSITY Literature in digital environments Judy O’Connell Key Advisor Future Pedagogies Project 7 May 2015 Changes and emerging trends in Australian school libraries International Association of School Librarianship Maastricht, The Netherlands, July 2015
  2. The goal of a school library is to respond to the learning ecology in the school. This learning ecology is defined as a set of contexts comprised of a unique configuration of activities, material resources, technology fluencies, and the interactions that emerge from them.
  3. When it comes to ebooks, school library collection development presents some unique challenges.
  4. ebooks and ereaders are one of the top 10 game changers of the past 25 years shaping school libraries
  5. Electronic texts can be found in increasing numbers of school libraries and classrooms where they are not only enhancing teaching and learning; they are also profoundly changing the signature pedagogy of reading literacy instruction.
  6. The Australian Curriculum: English aims to ensure that students ‘listen to, read, view, speak, write, create and reflect on increasingly complex and sophisticated spoken, written and multimodal texts across a growing range of contexts with accuracy, fluency and purpose’.
  7. To address this national expectation it is imperative that ebooks are incorporated into school reading and literature programs, as well as being available for students’ personal reading choices. How well school libraries are addressing this challenge is influenced by a number of factors.
  8. Unpacking  the  definition  of  ebooks  to  explore   multimodal  texts  is  useful  when  considering  the   take-­up  of  ebooks  in  schools  and  their  place  within   the  digital  reading  environment. creative commons licensed(BY-NC-SA) flickr photo by kassemmounhem:http://flickr.com/photos/122638947@N08/13889171653
  9. What are ebooks? • ebooks are electronic version of print books • can be read or listened to on an eReader, tablet or computer • may have tools for bookmarking and note- taking • offer embedded multimedia elements, and interactive features such as oral reading • may included related games, support websites or provide test reading experiences • may provide multimodal, multimedia non-linear stories that involve active participation
  10. ebooks in learning creative commons licensed (BY-SA) flickr photo by Atos International: http://flickr.com/photos/atosorigin/11116578645 Each type of ebook has a place along the learning continuum Embracing ebooks requires a shift in understanding how children interpret digital media and navigate in a digital environment Address pedagogical goals, and identify what the digital experience can offer that print does not.
  11. The survey, 50:50 by 2020 Ebook Trends in Australian Schools, generated 456 responses
  12. etextbooks
  13. enhanced ebooks or apps
  14. ebooks in a schools’ collection
  15. Issues in collection development
  16. Being aware of the range of existing and emerging issues is an important part of collection development, and survey responses reveal disparate levels of awareness amongst school library staff
  17. 61% of schools indicated that they had insufficient technology to support one-to-one access for personal reading, and 58% cited a limited budget for ebook infrastructure. Cost and technology
  18. However, according to the respondents in the 50:50 by 2020 Survey there remain significant issues related to ICT infrastructure and access in a number of Australian schools. Cost and technology
  19. budgeting for ebooks
  20. selection Collection development and making choices between providers is another challenge for school library staff faced with selection of eresources.
  21. adoption and use of ebooks Survey respondents indicated: • a strong relationship between access to an ereading device and use of eresources. • the importance of getting teachers on board, with an ongoing need for professional learning for staff coming to terms with digital content.
  22. The promotion of eresources is a constant challenge!
  23. As a foundational element of schooling, learning to read and reading to learn will remain as important in 2020 as it has ever been!
  24. Developing ecollections for 2020 school libraries requires skills and expertise beyond the traditional bibliographic paradigm, encompassing digital licensing and contract negotiation, budgets, formats, device storage and management, as well as an up-to-date understanding of the publishing industry.
  25. The issues that schools face fall into three main categories: i) the ebook genre and purpose; ii) the infrastructure required to make ebooks accessible, and, iii) the technology required to read the texts.
  26. Complexities around the range of ebook formats are amplified when one factors in reading purposes, ranging from teaching literacy skills, supporting curriculum programs (factual and class literature) and personal reading.
  27. Repositories and retrieval issues are complex and one solution rarely meets the varied needs, formats and legal requirements of schools. Options include subscription services to third party providers providing internet pathways to free ebooks or downloading free or purchased ebooks in a readable format for storage on the school’s network.
  28. Subscription services may not easily integrate with the library catalogue, and downloaded resources require cataloguing to support access with consideration of digital rights protocols or multi-user licences as management issues.
  29. Management of enhanced ebook apps is restrained by provider protocols and often requires individual management on each device.
  30. The library needs to facilitate home access and establish methods to promote ebooks in new and exciting ways. Where devices such as tablets are integrated into schools’ teaching and learning practices, ebook reading is becoming part of the fabric of schooling.
  31. While there is evidence that collections are changing in response to the need to support ereading within teaching and learning, there is an indication that many school library collections may not be adequately meeting the expectations articulated in the Australian Curriculum.
  32. The challenge for school libraries is to move beyond the practicalities of ebook collection management to the promotion of services that address the needs of pedagogy and curriculum.
  33. heyjudeonline Judy O’Connell http://judyoconnell.com Judy O’Connell

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