Importance of effective recruitment.
Cost of bad recruitment.
Aspects of recruitment metrics.
Interview Evaluation form.
Prevents unnecessary recruitment.
Ensures key tasks and skills are catered for in an
Avoids recruiting the wrong candidates, which can cause :
- Reduced organizational effectiveness.
- Unfair on the recruited person if the aren’t right for the
- Makes managers jobs much harder.
What is the correct approach
Does the vacancy exist ? Do we need to recruit?
Job analysis – Determining what a job really entails.
Creation of job description – Defining key tasks.
Creation of person specification – Defining the key skills
and personality traits required.
Recruitment strategy – How will we find the right person?
Selection strategy – What assessment methods will be
Six steps of job analysis
1. Determine what you will be using the information
for. This will help define the best way to capture the
2. Review relevant background information – Where
does the job sit in the organization, what is the
existing job description?
3. Select a representative number of positions to review
– Assess only as many staff members as you need
who are carrying out this role.
4. Analyze the job – Using the appropriate
methodology. This might be qualitative ( interviews,
observation) or quantitative (surveys)
5. Verify your analysis – With the people who know
6. Develop a Job description and person specification.
Job description elements.
Job summary – The general nature of the job including major
functions or activities.
Responsibilities and duties – The task element which is
derived from the job analysis.
Standards of performance – Establish standards for each of
the key duties above.
Working conditions – The work environment including any
key information – noise, team environment, long shifts.
Importance of Person Specification
Used throughout the recruitment process.
By individuals deciding f they are suitable for the role.
When selecting candidates for interview.
When determining the appropriate selection methods.
Looks for person specification
Essential Criteria – The requirements the applicant
needs to be able to fulfill the role.
Desirable Criteria – Criteria which are non-essential
but may help the person do the job better and helped
you differentiate between candidates.
DO NOT MAKE IT TOO
Narrow – Limiting who you can shortlist.
Broad – too many people meet the essential criteria.
What is a bad recruitment ?
1. Skill Mismatch for the Job.
2. Cultural misfit.
3. Attitude Issues.
4. Inability to perform job.
Facts about bad hire
53% of all the Job applications contain false or inaccurate
34% of all the Job applications carry blatant lies about their
educational qualifications , experience and skills.
Less than 50% employers were able to catch the fake
information contained in a job application.
9% of the job applicants falsely claimed that they had a
A sizeable number contain false information regarding why
they have left their previous job and listed false employers
Traits of a Bad Hire
Employers – Disrespectful, Unhelpful, showing superior
attitude, not fitting in the company ’s environment and values.
Working against the collective goals even when in a Team.
Showing prejudiced behavior and spreading rumors and gossip.
Not having any rapport with customers.
Work – Unable to grasp simple instructions. Repeatedly makes
similar and expensive mistakes. Not able to work independently.
Not punctual, takes extended lunch and tea breaks. Highly
erratic in terms of motivation. Talks more but delivers less.
Attitude – Shows no respect for company policies and rules.
Will not accept instructions or directions from a manager or a
supervisor . Will not accept responsibility
Impact of bad hire
A bad hire has a negative impact on the following:
2. Employers / Decision makers.
Impact on Organization
Revenue and productivity Loss are also the after effects of a
bad Hire . When added to the cost of failures and missed
opportunities this can be a tremendous loss for the
Time and Cost spent in training the employee , Relocation
Cost , and expenses involved in immediately hiring
someone new are some of the other additional overheads.
Indirect cost to an organization includes the time spent in
evaluating, hiring and managing them on board , time
spent by other employees in mentoring them and damage
to customer relationship.
Impact Employers / Decision makers
A bad hire impacts the morale of the employer / decision
It forces them to question why and where they went wrong
as more often than not they start blaming themselves.
Their capabilities as decision makers might be questioned
by the management.
Stress and Inconvenience is another after effect of a bad
Impact on Employees / Co workers
Negative impact on Employee Morale as the current
employees may have concerns regarding their job security
and might also start having doubts regarding management’
s decision making ability.
Lost productivity:- Current Employees are often asked to
shoulder more responsibility or to take over the new
employees work to avoid mounting organizational costs .
Employee Turnover:- Many of the top performers leave the
organization when they feel that the performance of the
organization is being affected or they are being burdened
with additional work.
Fixing bad hire
Coaching and training the employee with the necessary
skills, thus enabling him / her to perform the job better
and making them more suitable for the requirements not
only makes them loyal towards the organization but also
goes a long way in changing their attitude and behavior.
Hire Slow Fire Fast – Despite the coaching & training if you
feel that a bad hiring decision has been taken, no time
should be wasted in relieving the employee to avoid
incurring further costs and losses. Retaining them is a
punishment for the employee, organization and other team
Role Change to another position where the person
might be a better fit can help the person and the
organization in the long run.
It also helps the employee to be aware of their skills
and talents making them more efficient and
5 Important Metrics.
1. Candidate Accuracy
An accurate candidate record is vital to a healthy
database. Especially, phone numbers, email addresses
(make sure they are personal email addresses) and
GIGO stands for Garbage In Garbage Out, meaning if you
put garbage data (CV’s, records etc.) in, you will Garbage
Out when it comes time to find them
Recruitment metric - Build a report that measures the
accuracy of your candidate records. You want to know
how many records are missing key data so you address it
ASAP. Otherwise, you cannot find theses people at a later
2. Candidate Skills.
A candidate comes with a portfolio of skills that make them valuable.
These skills may or may not be of value to you, today. However you
have no idea what your needs will be in 3-6 months time.
It is therefore imperative that you code your candidate records in the
database, which in turn will improve your efficiency when searching.
Don’t go overboard by trying to have 2500 skills. Keep it high level.
Why bother? You can run a search for PHP + Wordpress +
Melbourne in seconds and find 200 potential candidates. That is
quicker than opening LinkedIn or even starting to write an ad for a
job board. If your system is enabled for SMS, you have just contacted
200 candidates in a minute [assuming of course you have an accurate
and clean database].
Recruitment metric - Build a report that identifies the number of
candidate records created and the percentage of people that haven’t
been skill coded. This will identify the recruitment KPI.
3. Database Utilization
1. As we said earlier, the database is the heart of your
recruitment team and if your recruitment team had a
syndicate in lotto and won $3 million each, and all
decided to retire, could you carry on as if they were never
there? The answer is probably NO!
2. Every single discussion, email, message needs to be in
that database. You are paying good money for your
recruiter, and the database they are building is vital to
your long term [recruitment] success.
3. Recruitment metrics - Build a report that shows how
many candidate records have been updated per month,
even per day. This way you will be able to see just how
well they are utilizing the database.
4. LinkedIn Engagement
If you are in an industry where you need to build relationships
with potential candidates before you can secure them, then the
likely hood of your recruiters using LinkedIn is fairly high.
The more they connect with people on LinkedIn, the more
relationships they can build [assuming they connecting with
the appropriate people that is]. You need be measuring the
number of people they [your recruiters] are connecting with
and engaging with.
The next step is how many of these people are then being put
into YOUR database, because once again, that gads to the
health of your recruitment heart.
Recruitment metric - Unfortunately there isn't a report [that
we know of] to help with this so it has to be a honesty system,
but if explained and framed correctly, should be a problem
with the recruiter. 24
Your recruitment team is usually the first interaction a
new employee has with your organization. Therefore they
play an extremely important role in employee branding
and on-boarding. Every single candidate that touches
your recruitment process should be surveyed.
Recruitment metric - A very quick survey [5 x 1-5
questions] through a provider like Survey Monkey will
give you an overview of what the users of the recruitment
process feel. This is one KPI that 90% of recruitment
functions miss. It takes 10 minutes to set up, cost $250 per
year and will provide more data that you can possibly
1. Company posts a job.
2. Candidates submit resumes/applications.
3. Recruiter reviews resumes / applications.
4. 1st Interview.
5. 2nd Interview.
6. Make an offer.
Company posts a job
Newspapers are obsolete.
Social media (facebook, Twitter, Linkedin…etc)
Recruiter's goals – getting to know if they can “sell”
you to the hiring manager.
Candidate’s goal – “selling” what makes you unique.
2nd Interview – New Concept
Company’s goal – getting to know if you’re a “cultural
Candidate's goal – getting to know if you’re a “cultural
Make an offer
Company’s goal – to stay within ( or under ) budget.
Candidate's goal – to get paid what you’re worth.
Know what the market will support ( research ).
What are the intangibles ( benefits, career path )
It may not be feasible to interview every applicant and
some of them may not even meet the minimum
requirements for the position.
Therefore, unbiased review of the resumes is necessary
to create a shortlist of candidates to interview.
Depending on who is involved in screening, different
methods can be used. Following is a basic method for
initial screening based on minimum or key criteria.
1. Do a quick review of all applications, focusing on
minimum or key criteria, e.g. education, experience,
teaching, research, service, etc. to get a sense of the range
2. Based on your selection criteria, sort the resumes, for
example, into three groups:
- Qualified – 'yes' – these candidates clearly meet the
minimum requirements of the job.
- Possibly qualified – 'maybe' – these are candidates
who may or may not meet the minimum requirements,
and need to be reviewed in more detail to make a final
- Not qualified – 'no' – these are candidates who clearly
do not meet the minimum requirements.
3. Review the possibly qualified – 'maybe' – applications in more
detail and sort into qualified or not qualified, preferably
together with hiring manager and panel or committee
4. Depending on how many qualified applicants are identified,
you may need to do further screening on criteria above the
5. Be flexible but stick to your criteria - It is impossible to expect
that a candidate will satisfy ALL the requirements while having
perfect education, professional qualifications and experience.
Recognize that you may have to deviate slightly, but to
eliminate bias, try to make the decision based on the person
who most closely matches the criteria you have specified for
Work sample and demonstration.
Opening and closing the interview.
Interviews Don’t .
Situational Interview: Questions focus on the
individual’s ability to project what his/her
behaviour would be in given situation.
Behavioral Interview: Ask questions to describe
how they reacted to actual situation in the past.
Stress Interview: In which applicant is made
uncomfortable by a series or rude questions.
Job-Related Interview: Questions are focus
directly on job specific items.
Information regarding potential employee can be obtained
with numerous ways, such as:
1. Former Employers.
2. Current Supervisors.
3. Google Search.
4. Written References.
5. Social Networking Sites.
You can measure work Performance directly during an
interview by using the following:
1. Work Sample.
2. Leadership Assessment.
3. Situational Testing.
1 • Structure your interview
2 • Prepare for the interview
3 • Establish Rapport
4 • Ask Questions
5 • Ask Questions
6 • Review the interview
Welcome the candidate, introduce yourself and the position.
Provide the candidate with an overview of how the process will
Warm-up the interview using any of the below questions :
1. Tell me a little about yourself.
2. What is your greatest strength?
3. What is your greatest weakness?
4. Where do you want to be in 5 years?
There is a strong relation between the length of
interview and number of questions asked.
Estimate 5 minutes per question.
20 minutes for other activities.
Interview Length Number of Questions Questioning Time
40 minutes. 4 or 5 questions 20 minutes
60 minutes 8 or 9 questions 40 minutes
90 minutes 14 – 15 questions 70 minutes
120 minutes 20 – 22 questions 100 minutes
1. Suppose a co-worker was not following standard
work procedures. The co-worker is more
experienced than you and claimed the new
procedure was better. What would you do?
2. Suppose you were giving a sales presentation and
difficult technical question arose that you could not
answer. What would you do?
Past Behavior Questions:
1. Based on your past work experience, what is the most
significant action you have ever taken to help out a
2. Can you provide an example of specific instance
where you developed a sales presentation that was
1. What work experiences, training do you have for
working in a teamwork environment?
2. What experience have you had with direct point of
Job Knowledge Questions:
1. What steps would you follow to do a brainstorming
session with a group of employees on safety?
2. What factors should you consider when developing a
television advertising campaign?
1. How did you choose this line of work?
2. What did you enjoy most and what did you like least
about your last job?
3. What has been your greatest frustration or
disappointment on your present job? Why?
4. What were the circumstances surrounding your
leaving your last job?
5. Why should we be hiring you?
6. What do you expect from this employer?
7. What are three things you will not do in your next
8. What would your last supervisor say your three
9. What are your major strengths?
10. How can your supervisor rate your job performance?
11. What are your career goals during the next 1-3 years?
Or 5-10 years?
12. How will working for this company help you reach
13. What did you do the last time you received
instructions which you disagreed with?
14. What are some things about which you and your
supervisor disagreed? What did you do?
15. Which do you prefer, working alone or with groups?
16. What motivated you do better at your last job?
17. Do you consider your progress in that job
representative of your ability? Why?
18. Do you have an questions about the duties of the job
for which you have applied?
19. Can you perform the essential functions of the job
for which you have applied? And how?
Closing the Interview
Ask the candidate if they have any final questions.
Determine interest in continuing the process.
Inform the candidate of “next steps” in the process.
Thank the candidate.
DO NOT MAKE ANY PROMISES