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Forschungsdaten-Repositorien
Informationsinfrastrukturen für nachnutzbare
Forschungsdaten

Heinz Pampel, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ

12. Oracle Bibliotheken Summit, Bonn, 21.06.2012   	
  
Agenda
•    Hintergrund
•    Forschungsdaten-Repositorien
•    re3data.org
•    Perspektive
Hintergrund
•    Forschungsdaten sind wertvoll und einzigartig

•    Neue Technologien fördern datenintensive Forschung

•    Breite Diskussion über die dauerhafte Zugänglichkeit und
     Nachnutzung der Daten
•    Data Policies als Motor der Diskussion
•    Je nach Disziplin diverse Herausforderungen
Enquete-Kommission Internet und
digitale Gesellschaft




Enquete-Kommission Internet und digitale Gesellschaft, 2012.
The Royal Society
                           „Scientists should communicate the data
                           they collect and the models they create,
                           to allow free and open access, and in
                           ways that are intelligible, assessable and
                           usable for other specialists in the same
                           or linked fields wherever they are in the
                           world. Where data justify it, scientists
                           should make them available in an
                           appropriate data repository. Where
                           possible, communication with a wider
                           public audience should be made a
                           priority, and particularly so in areas
                           where openness is in the public interest.“
The Royal Society, 2012.
Data Policies: Förderer
•         NIH, 2003
     •     „The NIH endorses the sharing of final research data to serve these and other important scientific
           goals. The NIH expects and supports the timely release and sharing of final research data from NIH-
           supported studies for use by other researchers. Starting with the October 1, 2003 receipt date,
           investigators submitting an NIH application seeking $500,000 or more in direct costs in any single
           year are expected to include a plan for data sharing or state why data sharing is not possible. “

•         DFG, 2012
     •     „Wenn aus Projektmitteln systematisch (Mess-)Daten erhoben werden, die für die Nachnutzung
           geeignet sind, legen Sie bitte dar, welche Maßnahmen ergriffen wurden bzw. während der Laufzeit
           des Projektes getroffen werden, um die Daten nachhaltig zu sichern und ggf. für eine erneute
           Nutzung bereit zu stellen. Bitte berücksichtigen Sie dabei auch - sofern vorhanden - die in Ihrer
           Fachdisziplin existierenden Standards und die Angebote bestehender Datenrepositorien. “
HORIZON 2020
 Document                           Reference   Proposal
 Proposal for a Regulation of the   COM(2011)   „Free, open and unrestricted access to
 European Parliament and of the     809 final   interoperable data and information will
 Council establishing Horizon       2011/0401   be encouraged.“
 2020 - The Framework               (COD)
 Programme for Research and
 Innovation (2014-2020)
 Proposal for a Regulation of the   COM(2011)   „With regard to dissemination through
 European Parliament and of the     810 final   research publications, open access shall apply
 Council laying down the rules      2011/0399   under the terms and conditions laid down in
 for the participation and          (COD)       the grant agreement. With regard to
 dissemination in 'Horizon 2020                 dissemination of other results, including
 – the Framework Programme                      research data, the grant agreement may
 for Research and Innovation                    lay down the terms and conditions under
 (2014-2020)                                    which open access to such results must
                                                be provided, in particular in ERC frontier
                                                research or any other appropriate areas.“


European Commission, n.d.
Data Policies: Journals
•         Nature, 2011
     •     „Data sets must be made freely available to readers from the date of publication, and must be
           provided to editors and peer-reviewers at submission, for the purposes of evaluating the manuscript.
           For the following types of data set, submission to a community-endorsed, public repository is
           mandatory. Accession numbers must be provided in the paper. Examples of appropriate public
           repositories are listed below.“

•         AGU, 1996
     •     „Data sets cited in AGU publications must meet the same type of standards for public access and
           long-term availability as are applied to citations to the scientific literature. Thus data cited in AGU
           publications must be permanently archived in a data center or centers that meet the following
           conditions: a) are open to scientists throughout the world. b) are committed to archiving data sets
           indefinitely. c) provide services at reasonable costs.“
Opportunities for Data Exchange (ODE)

                            accreditation & certification
 education
                           culture & attitude
             legislation                                   quality
                           financing
cooperation                                          policies
                         data sharing
publishing & visibility     data flow improvements
   infrastructure disciplines career
                                        efficiency
 Schäfer et al., 2011.



                             http://ode-project.eu
Vision 2030
•          „Researchers and practitioners from any discipline are able to
           find, access and process the data they need. They can be
           confident in their ability to use and understand data, and they
           can evaluate the degree to which that data can be trusted.“

•          “Producers of data benefit from opening it to broad access, and
           prefer to deposit their data with confidence in reliable
           repositories. A framework of repositories is guided by
           international standards, to ensure they are trustworthy.”
     High Level Expert Group on Scientific Data, 2010.
Vision 2030
•          „Researchers and practitioners from any discipline are able to
           find, access and process the data they need. They can be
           confident in their ability to use and understand data, and they
           can evaluate the degree to which that data can be trusted.“

•          “Producers of data benefit from opening it to broad access, and
           prefer to deposit their data with confidence in reliable
           repositories. A framework of repositories is guided by
           international standards, to ensure they are trustworthy.”
     High Level Expert Group on Scientific Data, 2010.
Handlungsfelder zur Realisierung der
Vision 2030
                                          •     Anreize für Wissenschaftler
                                          •     Ausbildung und Training der beteiligten Akteure
                                          •     Aufbau und Vernetzung der Infrastrukturen
                                               •  „The three main challenges in developing an ecosystem of data
                                                  repositories are (1) gaps in the present data infrastructure and
                                                  (2) connectivity issues (between the workflow of researchers
                                                  and the institutional data infrastructure and between
                                                  institutional and national data infrastructures) and (3) long-
                                                  term financial basis.”

                                          •     Finanzierung der Aktivtäten
Van der Graaf, M., & Waaijers, L. 2011.
Publikationsstrategien
•           Die Veröffentlichung von Forschungsdaten als eigenständiges
            Informationsobjekt in einem Repositorium (oder einem anderen
            „Ort“)

•           Die Veröffentlichung von Forschungsdaten als Anreicherung einer
            (interpretativen) Text-Publikation („Enriched Publication“)

•           Die Veröffentlichung von Forschungsdaten mit textueller
            Dokumentation, als sogenanntes „Data Paper“

     Angelehnt an Dallmeier-Tiessen, S. , 2011.
Forschungsdaten-Repositorien
•  EC: ICT infrastructures for e-science, 2009

       „The landscape of data repositories across

       Europe is fairly heterogeneous, but there is

       a solid basis to develop a coherent strategy

       to overcome the fragmentation and enable

       research communities to better manage,

       use, share and preserve data.“

 European Commission, 2009.
Forschungsdaten-Repositorien




GEO, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/

                                        PANGAEA, http://www.pangaea.de
Forschungsdaten-Repositorien




SDDB, http://www.scientificdrilling.org

                                          BDPP, http://www.digitalpantheon.ch
Forschungsdaten-Repositorien




PURR, http://research.hub.purdue.edu

                                       DataShare, http://datashare.is.ed.ac.uk/
Forschungsdaten-Repositorien




       Figshare, http://figshare.com
Beispiel: Biomedizin
•  200 Repositorien

•  100 Institutionen

•  350 Personen

•  > 10.000 Nutzerinnen und Nutzer

•  60 Millionen Zugriffe per Monat

•  35 Millionen EUR jährliche Kosten


 ELIXIR, n.d.
APARSEN
        Funding of the repositories - now and in the
                       future, n = 15
16


14


12


10
                                                                                     Yes

 8                                                                                   No

                                                                                     Don't know
 6


 4


 2


 0

     Is it a problem for you   Will it be a problem in 5   Will it be a problem in
               now?                    years time?            10+ years time?



                                          http://aparsen.eu
re3data.org: Mission
•  Aufbau eines “Registry of Research Data Repositories”

•  Ziel ist ein weltweites, disziplinübergreifendes, web-basiertes

  Verzeichnis von Forschungsdaten-Repositorien

•  Orientierung für Wissenschaftler, Förderer, Verlage, Infrastruktur

•  Vernetzung und Standardisierung von Daten-Repositorien

•  Förderung der Sichtbarkeit von Daten

•  Schaffung einer “cultur of sharing”
re3data.org: Partner
•    Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Bibliothek
•    Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, IBI
•    Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), KIT Library


           •  Förderung durch die DFG (2012-2014)

           •  Vernetzung im Rahmen von DINI

           •  MoU mit DataCite
re3data.org: Status quo
•    Aktivitäten in der ersten Projektphase:

     •    Konzeption des Registries

     •    Entwicklung eines Metadaten-Schemas

     •    Formulierung von Auswahlkriterien

     •    Technische Entwicklung des Registries

     •    Vernetzung mit relevanten Initiativen

•    Onlinegang für Herbst 2012 geplant
re3data.org: Aspekte
Perspektive
•  Weiterentwicklung der Repositorien-Landschaft

•  Forschung und Entwicklung nötig („Erfolgsfaktoren“)

•  Anforderung: „Open Infrastructures for Open Science“

•  Zentrale Herausforderung:
   •  Standardisierung

   •  Vernetzung

   •  Finanzierungsmodelle

•  Schaffung einer “cultur of sharing”
Danke für die Aufmerksamkeit!
•    GFZ:
      •     Roland Bertelmann

      •     Jens Klump

      •     Heinz Pampel

•    HU:
      •     Peter Schirmbacher
      •     Maxi Kindling

      •     Paul Vierkant

•    KIT:
      •     Frank Scholze
      •     Hans-Jürgen Goebelbecker

      •     Jens Gundlach
      •     Stefka Manova
info@re3data.org
http://re3data.org
         With the exception of all photos and graphics, this slides are licensed under the
         “Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany (CC BY 3.0)“ Licence.
Literatur
•    American Geophysical Union. (1996). Policy on Referencing Data in and Archiving Data for AGU Publications. Retrieved from http://www.agu.org/pubs/authors/policies/data_policy.shtml

•    Dallmeier-Tiessen, S. (2011). Strategien bei der Veröffentlichung von Forschungsdaten. Berlin. Retrieved from http://www.ratswd.de/download/RatSWD_WP_2011/RatSWD_WP_173.pdf

•    Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. (2012). Leitfaden für die Antragstellung. DFG-Vordruck 54.01 - 1/12. Retrieved from http://www.dfg.de/formulare/54_01/54_01_de.pdf

•    ELIXIR. (n.d.). The ELIXIR Strategy for Data Resources. Draft Report from Workpackage 2. The ELIXIR Preparatory Phase. Retrieved from http://www.elixir-europe.org/bcms/elixir/Documents/reports/ELIXIR Strategy for

     Data Resources report.pdf

•    Enquete-Kommission Internet und digitale Gesellschaft. (2012). Projektgruppe Bildung und Forschung. Handlungsempfehlungen. Ausschussdrucksache 17(24)052. Retrieved from

     http://www.bundestag.de/internetenquete/dokumentation/Sitzungen/20120625/A-Drs_17_24_052_-_PG_Bildung_und_Forschung_Handlungsempfehlungen.pdf

•    European Commission. (2009). ICT infrastructures for e-science. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the

     Regions. COM(2009) 108 final. Retrieved from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2009:0108:FIN:EN:PDF

•    European Commission. (n.d.). Main references to open access in the European Commission’s proposals for Horizon 2020. Retrieved from

     http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/document_library/pdf_06/open-access-in-horizon-2020_en.pdf

•    High Level Expert Group on Scientific Data. (2010). Riding the wave. How Europe can gain from the rising tide of scientific data. Retrieved from http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/e-infrastructure/docs/hlg-sdi-report.pdf

•    National Institutes of Health. (2003, April 12). Final NIH Statement on Sharing Research Data. Retrieved from http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-03-032.html

•    Nature. (2011). Guide to Publication Policies of the Nature Journals. Retrieved from http://www.nature.com/authors/gta.pdf

•    Pampel, H., & Bertelmann, R. (2011). „Data Policies“ im Spannungsfeld zwischen Empfehlung und Verpflichtung. In S. Büttner, H.-C. Hobohm, & L. Müller (Eds.), Handbuch Forschungsdatenmanagement (pp. 49-61). Bad

     Honnef: Bock + Herchen. Retrieved from http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:kobv:525-opus-2287

•    Schäfer, A., Pampel, H., Pfeiffenberger, H., Dallmeier-Tiessen, S., Tissari, S., Darby, R., Giaretta, K., et al. (2011). Baseline Report on Drivers and Barriers in Data Sharing. Retrieved from

     http://www.alliancepermanentaccess.org/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2011/11/ODE-WP3-DEL-0002-1_0_public_final.pdf

•    The Royal Society. (2012). Science as an open enterprise. The Royal Society Science Policy Centre report 02/12. Retrieved from

     http://royalsociety.org/uploadedFiles/Royal_Society_Content/policy/projects/sape/2012-06-20-SAOE.pdf

•    Van der Graaf, M., & Waaijers, L. (2011). A Surfboard for Riding the Wave. Towards a four country action programme on research data. Retrieved from

     http://www.knowledge-exchange.info/Admin/Public/DWSDownload.aspx?File=/Files/Filer/downloads/Primary+Research+Data/Surfboard+for+Riding+the+Wave/KE_Surfboard_Riding_the_Wave_Screen.pdf

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Forschungsdaten-Repositorien: Informationsinfrastrukturen für nachnutzbare Forschungsdaten

  • 1. Forschungsdaten-Repositorien Informationsinfrastrukturen für nachnutzbare Forschungsdaten Heinz Pampel, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ 12. Oracle Bibliotheken Summit, Bonn, 21.06.2012  
  • 2. Agenda •  Hintergrund •  Forschungsdaten-Repositorien •  re3data.org •  Perspektive
  • 3. Hintergrund •  Forschungsdaten sind wertvoll und einzigartig •  Neue Technologien fördern datenintensive Forschung •  Breite Diskussion über die dauerhafte Zugänglichkeit und Nachnutzung der Daten •  Data Policies als Motor der Diskussion •  Je nach Disziplin diverse Herausforderungen
  • 4. Enquete-Kommission Internet und digitale Gesellschaft Enquete-Kommission Internet und digitale Gesellschaft, 2012.
  • 5. The Royal Society „Scientists should communicate the data they collect and the models they create, to allow free and open access, and in ways that are intelligible, assessable and usable for other specialists in the same or linked fields wherever they are in the world. Where data justify it, scientists should make them available in an appropriate data repository. Where possible, communication with a wider public audience should be made a priority, and particularly so in areas where openness is in the public interest.“ The Royal Society, 2012.
  • 6. Data Policies: Förderer •  NIH, 2003 •  „The NIH endorses the sharing of final research data to serve these and other important scientific goals. The NIH expects and supports the timely release and sharing of final research data from NIH- supported studies for use by other researchers. Starting with the October 1, 2003 receipt date, investigators submitting an NIH application seeking $500,000 or more in direct costs in any single year are expected to include a plan for data sharing or state why data sharing is not possible. “ •  DFG, 2012 •  „Wenn aus Projektmitteln systematisch (Mess-)Daten erhoben werden, die für die Nachnutzung geeignet sind, legen Sie bitte dar, welche Maßnahmen ergriffen wurden bzw. während der Laufzeit des Projektes getroffen werden, um die Daten nachhaltig zu sichern und ggf. für eine erneute Nutzung bereit zu stellen. Bitte berücksichtigen Sie dabei auch - sofern vorhanden - die in Ihrer Fachdisziplin existierenden Standards und die Angebote bestehender Datenrepositorien. “
  • 7. HORIZON 2020 Document Reference Proposal Proposal for a Regulation of the COM(2011) „Free, open and unrestricted access to European Parliament and of the 809 final interoperable data and information will Council establishing Horizon 2011/0401 be encouraged.“ 2020 - The Framework (COD) Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020) Proposal for a Regulation of the COM(2011) „With regard to dissemination through European Parliament and of the 810 final research publications, open access shall apply Council laying down the rules 2011/0399 under the terms and conditions laid down in for the participation and (COD) the grant agreement. With regard to dissemination in 'Horizon 2020 dissemination of other results, including – the Framework Programme research data, the grant agreement may for Research and Innovation lay down the terms and conditions under (2014-2020) which open access to such results must be provided, in particular in ERC frontier research or any other appropriate areas.“ European Commission, n.d.
  • 8. Data Policies: Journals •  Nature, 2011 •  „Data sets must be made freely available to readers from the date of publication, and must be provided to editors and peer-reviewers at submission, for the purposes of evaluating the manuscript. For the following types of data set, submission to a community-endorsed, public repository is mandatory. Accession numbers must be provided in the paper. Examples of appropriate public repositories are listed below.“ •  AGU, 1996 •  „Data sets cited in AGU publications must meet the same type of standards for public access and long-term availability as are applied to citations to the scientific literature. Thus data cited in AGU publications must be permanently archived in a data center or centers that meet the following conditions: a) are open to scientists throughout the world. b) are committed to archiving data sets indefinitely. c) provide services at reasonable costs.“
  • 9. Opportunities for Data Exchange (ODE) accreditation & certification education culture & attitude legislation quality financing cooperation policies data sharing publishing & visibility data flow improvements infrastructure disciplines career efficiency Schäfer et al., 2011. http://ode-project.eu
  • 10. Vision 2030 •  „Researchers and practitioners from any discipline are able to find, access and process the data they need. They can be confident in their ability to use and understand data, and they can evaluate the degree to which that data can be trusted.“ •  “Producers of data benefit from opening it to broad access, and prefer to deposit their data with confidence in reliable repositories. A framework of repositories is guided by international standards, to ensure they are trustworthy.” High Level Expert Group on Scientific Data, 2010.
  • 11. Vision 2030 •  „Researchers and practitioners from any discipline are able to find, access and process the data they need. They can be confident in their ability to use and understand data, and they can evaluate the degree to which that data can be trusted.“ •  “Producers of data benefit from opening it to broad access, and prefer to deposit their data with confidence in reliable repositories. A framework of repositories is guided by international standards, to ensure they are trustworthy.” High Level Expert Group on Scientific Data, 2010.
  • 12. Handlungsfelder zur Realisierung der Vision 2030 •  Anreize für Wissenschaftler •  Ausbildung und Training der beteiligten Akteure •  Aufbau und Vernetzung der Infrastrukturen •  „The three main challenges in developing an ecosystem of data repositories are (1) gaps in the present data infrastructure and (2) connectivity issues (between the workflow of researchers and the institutional data infrastructure and between institutional and national data infrastructures) and (3) long- term financial basis.” •  Finanzierung der Aktivtäten Van der Graaf, M., & Waaijers, L. 2011.
  • 13. Publikationsstrategien •  Die Veröffentlichung von Forschungsdaten als eigenständiges Informationsobjekt in einem Repositorium (oder einem anderen „Ort“) •  Die Veröffentlichung von Forschungsdaten als Anreicherung einer (interpretativen) Text-Publikation („Enriched Publication“) •  Die Veröffentlichung von Forschungsdaten mit textueller Dokumentation, als sogenanntes „Data Paper“ Angelehnt an Dallmeier-Tiessen, S. , 2011.
  • 14. Forschungsdaten-Repositorien •  EC: ICT infrastructures for e-science, 2009 „The landscape of data repositories across Europe is fairly heterogeneous, but there is a solid basis to develop a coherent strategy to overcome the fragmentation and enable research communities to better manage, use, share and preserve data.“ European Commission, 2009.
  • 17. Forschungsdaten-Repositorien PURR, http://research.hub.purdue.edu DataShare, http://datashare.is.ed.ac.uk/
  • 18. Forschungsdaten-Repositorien Figshare, http://figshare.com
  • 19. Beispiel: Biomedizin •  200 Repositorien •  100 Institutionen •  350 Personen •  > 10.000 Nutzerinnen und Nutzer •  60 Millionen Zugriffe per Monat •  35 Millionen EUR jährliche Kosten ELIXIR, n.d.
  • 20. APARSEN Funding of the repositories - now and in the future, n = 15 16 14 12 10 Yes 8 No Don't know 6 4 2 0 Is it a problem for you Will it be a problem in 5 Will it be a problem in now? years time? 10+ years time? http://aparsen.eu
  • 21. re3data.org: Mission •  Aufbau eines “Registry of Research Data Repositories” •  Ziel ist ein weltweites, disziplinübergreifendes, web-basiertes Verzeichnis von Forschungsdaten-Repositorien •  Orientierung für Wissenschaftler, Förderer, Verlage, Infrastruktur •  Vernetzung und Standardisierung von Daten-Repositorien •  Förderung der Sichtbarkeit von Daten •  Schaffung einer “cultur of sharing”
  • 22. re3data.org: Partner •  Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Bibliothek •  Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, IBI •  Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), KIT Library •  Förderung durch die DFG (2012-2014) •  Vernetzung im Rahmen von DINI •  MoU mit DataCite
  • 23. re3data.org: Status quo •  Aktivitäten in der ersten Projektphase: •  Konzeption des Registries •  Entwicklung eines Metadaten-Schemas •  Formulierung von Auswahlkriterien •  Technische Entwicklung des Registries •  Vernetzung mit relevanten Initiativen •  Onlinegang für Herbst 2012 geplant
  • 25. Perspektive •  Weiterentwicklung der Repositorien-Landschaft •  Forschung und Entwicklung nötig („Erfolgsfaktoren“) •  Anforderung: „Open Infrastructures for Open Science“ •  Zentrale Herausforderung: •  Standardisierung •  Vernetzung •  Finanzierungsmodelle •  Schaffung einer “cultur of sharing”
  • 26. Danke für die Aufmerksamkeit! •  GFZ: •  Roland Bertelmann •  Jens Klump •  Heinz Pampel •  HU: •  Peter Schirmbacher •  Maxi Kindling •  Paul Vierkant •  KIT: •  Frank Scholze •  Hans-Jürgen Goebelbecker •  Jens Gundlach •  Stefka Manova
  • 27. info@re3data.org http://re3data.org With the exception of all photos and graphics, this slides are licensed under the “Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany (CC BY 3.0)“ Licence.
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