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Asking and getting permission

  1. Vocabularies and grammar functions related to express permission Permit (verb) = mengijinkan Permission (noun) = ijin Allow (verb) = mengijikan Can (modal) = boleh/dapat May (modal) = Boleh Note: Allow/permit to infinitive Can/may infinitive
  2. Asking Permission • Can I close the window, please? • Please let me have the car tonight. • Would it be possible to me to do that? • Do you mind if I smoke? • May I have your permission to meet your daughter? • May I borrow your pen? • Is it alright if I enter your room? Expressing Asking and Giving Permission
  3. Giving and Denying Permission Giving Permission • Sure go ahead. • It’s okay with me. • No, I don’t mind. • Why not? • You have my permission. • I won’t stop you • Certainly • By all means Denying Permission • No, You may not. • No, You can’t • Yes, I do mind • I will not permit you to • It is not allowed to • I absolutely forbid you • You are not permitted to • You are not allowed to
  4. Examples – 1 Jane : Susan, do you have a long ruler? Susan : Yes. Jane : May I use it? I want to draw a line? Susan : Oh certainly, here it is. But don’t forget to return it. Jane : And, do you have a pencil, too? Susan : Yes, I do Jane : Would you mind if I use it? Susan : Yes, I do mind because I am using it. Jane : okay, thank you Examples – 2 Mira : John, are you going downtown? John : Yes, I am Mira : can I go with you? John : oh, sure! Get in. Where do you want to go? Mira : I want to go to the supermarket to buy a gift for my nephew, today is his birthday. John : All right.
  5. 1. Ari: Excuse me, Sir. May I close the door? It’s windy outside. Yuda: Oh, sure. In the dialogue, Ari is asking for … a. Help b. Permission c. Agreement d. Information 2. Gita: May I come to your house this afternoon? Maya : … I’m going to grandma’s house this afternoon. Maybe next time? Gita: Ok. Maybe next time. a. Sure. b. I’m afraid you can’t. c. With my pleasure. d. Yes, please
  6. Bentuk Modal Auxiliaries Keterangan Can Could Will Would May Might Must Should Shall Ought to Modals harus diikuti dengan kata kerja bentuk pertama (VERB 1). Tidak perlu menambahkan akhiran -s/-es walaupun Subject nya: He, She, It Contoh: He can fix this She can fix this. Pengecualian untuk modals: ought to, memang diikuti dengan infinitive “to” kemudian diikuti dengan kata kerja bentuk pertama (VERB 1). Contoh: She ought to go to the market.
  7. Modal Auxiliaries Fungsi Can/ Could (bisa/ dapat) To ask for permission. Contoh: Can/ Could I use your cell phone? To express polite request. Contoh: Could you get me some water, please? To express ability to do something. Contoh: I can speak English. Will/ Would (akan) To express polite request. Contoh: Will you buy me a candy, please? To express intention. Contoh: I will finish my work soon. To express prediction. Contoh: It will rain this afternoon. Would To express more polite request Contoh: Would you pass the book, please? To express probability Contoh: That would be his brother in front of my house.
  8. May/ Might (boleh/ mungkin) To express more formal permission Contoh: May I meet your wife, sir? To express prohibition Contoh: You may not smoke here. To show possibility Contoh: She may join the English Club. To express wish Contoh: May God bless you all the time. Must/ Have to (harus/ pasti) To talk about necessity Contoh: I must/ have to buy some foods for breakfast. To express obligation Contoh: They must/ have to obey the medical rules. To express prohibition Contoh: You must not eat in the office. To express conclusion Contoh: Brian got a bad score. He must be a lazy student. Should (seharusnya) To express advice or suggestion Contoh: You should go to the doctor. Shall (akan/ sebaiknya) To express obligation Contoh: The staff shall give the weather report every day.
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