1. SSiimmppllee PPaasstt TTeennssee
We use the simple past tense to
talk about what happened at a
definite time in the past.
There are some common expressions we
a month ago,
yesterday afternoon, etc
2. RReegguullaarr VVeerrbbss ((規則動詞))
• Most verbs ( + ed)
walk→walked play →played
• Verbs ending in e (+d)
live →lived use →used
• Verbs ending in a consonant ( 輔音) + y
(-y + ied) (consonant: p, t, r,
cry →cried carry →carried
• Short verbs ending in a vowel ( 元音) + a
consonant (vowel: a, e, i, o,
(double the consonant + y)
stop →stopped shop →shopped
3. IIrrrreegguullaarr VVeerrbbss ((不規則動詞))
cost →cost put →put
Change the vowel (元音) or the
come →came ring →rang
make →made sit →sat
Change the whole word
buy →bought do →did
4. NNeeggaattiivvee SSeenntteenncceess
We add “did not” before the main verb to
form negative sentence. (did not = didn’t)
I did not see Sandy this morning.
John did not go to church last Sunday.
David did not watch TV last night.
We add “Did” before the subject (主語)
and put a “ ? ” at the end to form
Did you have breakfast this morning?
Did you wash the dishes last night?
Did you bring the umbrella?
6. TThhee VVeerrbb ““ttoo bbee””
“I / He / She / It” was very good.
“You / We / They” were very smart.
Was “I / he / she / it” very good?
Were “you / we / they” very smart?
“I / He / She / It” was not very good.
“You / We / They” were not very smart.