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Labor market interventions are policies and programs designed to promote employment, the efficient operation of labor markets and the protection of workers. Social Insurance: mitigates risks associated with unemployment, ill health, disability, work-related injury and old age, such as health insurance or unemployment insurance. Example: NSSF, NSFFC, NFV, CBHI,….etc. Social Assistance is when resources, either cash or in-kind, are transferred to vulnerable individuals or households with no other means of adequate support, including single parents, the homeless, or the physically or mentally challenged.
The poor and vulnerable receive support, including food, sanitation, water and shelter, etc., to meet their basic needs in times of emergency and crisis.
2. Poor and vulnerable children and mothers benefit from social safety nets to reduce poverty and food insecurity and enhance the development of human capital by improving nutrition, maternal and child health, promoting education and eliminating child labour, especially its worst forms.
3. The working-age poor and vulnerable benefit from work opportunities to secure income, food and livelihoods, while contributing to the creation of sustainable physical and social infrastructure assets.
4. The poor and vulnerable have effective access to affordable quality health care and financial protection in case of illness.
5. Special vulnerable groups, including orphans, the elderly, single women with children, people with disabilities, people living with HIV, patients of tuberculosis (TB) and other chronic illness, etc., receive income, in-kind and psychosocial support and adequate social care.
Social Protection Floor, by ILO Social protection floors are nationally defined sets of basic social security guarantees that should ensure, as a minimum that, over the life cycle, all in need have access to essential health care and to basic income security which together secure effective access to goods and services defined as necessary at the national level. Social Services Delivery Mechanism, by ILO THE SOCIAL SERVICE DELIVERY MECHANISM (SSDM) A SINGLE WINDOW SERVICE FOR SOCIAL PROTECTION AND EMPLOYMENT SERVICES IN CAMBODIA.
Social protection overview cambodia specific eng
United Nations Development Programme
Social Protection Overview
FoNPAM Capacity Building
04th May 2015
Presented by: Sovannarith Hang
1.What is social protection?
2.Why Social Protection is necessary?
3.Social Protection and HIV
4. Social Protection in Cambodia
What is Social Protection?
Social protection (SP), as defined by the United Nations
Research Institute For Social Development, is concerned
with preventing, managing, and overcoming situations that
adversely affect people’s well being.
Social protection consists of policies and programs designed
to reduce poverty and vulnerability by promoting efficient
labour Market, diminishing people's exposure to risks, and
enhancing their capacity to manage economic and social
risks, such as unemployment, exclusion, sickness, disability
and old age.
Social Protection Life Cycle
Unemployment Work Injury Medical
Invalidity Death of
Types of Social Protection
Labor market interventions
Most common types of social protection are:
Why is Social Protection necessary?
Social Protection plays some functions to:
Permanently transform people lives and lift them out of
Protect people from risks
Social Protection and HIV
focus on HIV
HIV Related HIV Sensitive
Social Protection in Cambodia
National Social Protection Strategy (NSPS) 2011-2015 was
developed under Coordination by Council for Agricultural and
Rural Development (CARD)
The main goal of the NSPS is that poor and vulnerable
Cambodians are increasingly protected against chronic
poverty and hunger, shocks, destitution and social
exclusion and benefit from investments in their human
Social Protection in Cambodia
Highlight of NSPS’s objectives:
1. To meet basic need in time of emergency or crisis
2. Poor and vulnerable children and mothers benefit from social safety
3. The working-age poor and vulnerable benefit from work opportunities
4. The poor and vulnerable have effective access to affordable quality
health care and financial protection in case of illness.
5. Special vulnerable groups receive income, in-kind and psychosocial
Current Social Protection schemes in
Take home rations
Scholarships (Fast track Initiative)
Health Equity Funds
Vouchers for Reproductive Health
VCCT & PMTCT
People living with HIV, ART provision
People Living with HIV Home Based Care
MoSVY Special Package for OVC
Buddhist Leadership Initiative (HIV-sensitive)
Rehabilitation Services for People Living with Disabilities
Mental health disabled care
Current Social Protection Schemes in
• Pensions for Veterans and
dependents (Ex: NFV)
• Security fund for Civil Servants,
Pensioners, and Family dependents
• Old Age association benefits for Civil
• Extension Services
• Vocational training to
• Gender Economic
• Public works
Social Insurance Labor Market
Some Initiatives of Government’s service
to Support SP in Cambodia
Poor-Identification, Ministry of Planning
Social Services Delivery Mechanism, Pilot
supported by ILO
1) Social Protection Comprised of 3 types are:
Labor Market Interventions
2) Why is Social Protection necessary?
• Prevent people from falling into
• Protect people from risks
• Promoting People livelihoods
To Permanently transform
people lives and lift them
out of poverty