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Global warming

  1. GLOBAL WARMING Page 1 by Mr. Muhammat Hanapie Bin Zamzami 14E5015 The consequences of climate change are already here.
  2. Page 2 Contents IInnttrroodduuccttiioonn GGlloobbaall WWaarrmmiinngg GGrreeeennhhoouussee ggaasssseess aanndd eeffffeeccttss CCaauussee ooff gglloobbaall wwaarrmmiinngg EEffffeecctt ooff gglloobbaall wwaarrmmiinngg WWaayyss ttoo rreedduuccee gglloobbaall wwaarrmmiinngg ((ppeerrssoonnaallllyy))
  3. Natural Phenomenon Nowadays Page 3 Complaint El Nino IPCC Human activities ‘Damage‘ done by human Cause the phenomenon of heat • Deforestation • Industrial pollution • the use of fossil fuel • greenhouse gas emissions weather now is getting hot (Especially at noon) Affect the world's climate, resulting in some places drought while some place flood. temperature will rise from 1.1 degrees to 6.4 degrees Centigrade Celsius between 1990 and 2100 For the past 10 years, humans increasingly threatened due to the disaster frequently occurred.
  4. Page 4 El Nino • expected arrival of the one of the biggest El Nino weather patterns in the second half of the year. • Expected Southeast Asia, • 20,000 dead and US$97 billion in damages (1997 and 1998). • Increased temperature and rainfall will hit Southeast Asia.
  5. Global Warming? • Global warming is when the earth heats up (the temperature rises) • The changes in the surface air temperature, referred to as global temperature, brought about by the enhanced green house effect, which is induced by emissions of green house gases in the air. Page 5
  6. How Global Warming Works Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Greenhouse gases Fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas)
  7. Global warming Page 7 “GLOBAL WARMING” Climate changes Ocean level Flood and El-nino
  8. THE CAUSES OF GLOBAL WARMING Greenhouse gasses • In earth’s atmosphere collect heat and light from the sun. • Water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. • Too many greenhouse gasses in the air, will trap too much heat  earth will get too hot. • people, animals, and plants would die CCaauussee ooff cchhaannggee iinn cclliimmaattee Page 8
  9. Greenhouse Effect •when the temperature rises because the sun’s heat and light is trapped in the earth’s atmosphere. •Example: Heat is trapped in a car. •This is because the heat and light from the sun can get into the car. •The heat and light can get through the atmosphere, but it can’t get out. Then, temperature rises. Page 9
  10. Human action: • The combustion of fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas)  From vehicles, factories and power plants for electricity. • Deforestation and Land  Plants use CO2 to produce food (photosynthesis).  Forest clearing activities and the area of land increased greenhouse gases.  Less plants use CO2 to process photosynthesis.  Without the control of the authorities it will worsening the current situation. Page 10
  11. Bryn Mawr, Alaska Crash Because of Global Warming (April 2000) Page 11
  12. At some places, it Page 12
  13. Page 13 Effect of Global Warming Increase in the intensity of extreme weather events Significant changes to the amount and pattern of precipitation Modifications of trade routes Glacier retreat Mass species extinctions Increase in sea level Increases in the ranges of disease vectors
  14. Page 14 Kyoto Protocol • The Kyoto Protocol is an agreement under which industrialized countries will reduce their collective emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2% compared to the year 1990. The developed countries agreed to cut their emissions by a collective average of 5 percent below their levels in 1990 by 2008-2012.  Representative Climate Conference (COPC) in Nov 2000, and discussed about the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Malaysia
  15.  Climate expert are working to solve the problem of global warming that is a. Limiting release of carbon dioxide – Replacing fossil fuel with energy source. – Using fossil fuels more efficiently. Page 15
  16. What You Can Do To Reduce Global Warming Page 16 • Reduce, Reuse, Recycle • Use Less Heat and Air Conditioning • Change a Light Bulb • Drive Less and Drive Smart • Buy Energy-Efficient Products • Use the "Off" Switch • Plant a Tree • Encourage Others to Conserve
  17. LOGO ““IIff wwee wwaanntt ttoo lliivvee lloonnggeerr,, ttoo bbee ssaaffeerr aanndd iinn ggoooodd hheeaalltthh wwee mmuusstt pprrootteecctt oouurr eennvviirroonnmmeenntt”” TTHHAANNKK YYOOUU

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. El Nino is the change in sea surface temperature uncertainty. In the middle of the Pacific Ocean will overheat causing high liquefaction . There will be a violent wind two different preparations El Nino, an abnormal warming of surface ocean waters in the eastern tropical Pacific, is one part of what's called the Southern Oscillation.
  2. .  The rise of average temperature of earth’s atmosphere and the oceans. Traps more heat in atmosphere Increase in global temperature It happens when greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, water vapor, nitrous oxide, and methane) trap heat and light from the sun in the earth’s atmosphere, which increases the temperature.   This hurts many people, animals, and plants. Many cannot take the change, so they die.
  3. The primary greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere are With too many greenhouse gasses in the air, the earth’s atmosphere will trap too much heat and the earth will get too hot.  
  4. Perjanjian Kyoto yang ditandatangani di Kyoto, Jepun pada 1997 perlu dilaksanakan dengan lebih serius, cekap dan berkesan. Lebih dari 160 negara yang terlibat dengan draf perjanjian tersebut yang menekankan kepada pengurangan pembebasan gas rumah hijau. Daripada jumlah itu, 38 buah negara industri perlu menghadkan pengeluaran CO2 dan gas rumah hijau yang lain.