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Addis Ababa City Administration Technical, Vocational, Education And Training Agency Bole Manufacturing Collage Efficient Plant Layout Design Project For A Small Scale Garment Workshop.pdf

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Addis Ababa City Administration Technical, Vocational, Education And Training Agency Bole Manufacturing Collage Efficient Plant Layout Design Project For A Small Scale Garment Workshop.pdf

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Addis Ababa City Administration
Technical, Vocational, Education, And Training Agency
Bole Manufacturing College

Efficient Plant Layout Design Project For A Small Scale Garment Workshop


One of the most common industrial problems is proper use of man, material, and machines properly. Some organizations are thriving to solve this problem even educational institutes. The key idea of this project is proper to use or efficient use of resources with available area. So this project begins with analyzing the total area used by a college and I have found that the college has 31,719.685 m2 area, from this much amount of space building of 8562 m2, a road 5149 m2, a green area of 5900 m2 is used, so by rough calculation the collage will have 12,108.685m2 space but the collage need much more space than this because students need a playground for football, there is no entertainment center even tv room, there is no lab workshop building area for maximizing college aim finally there is 2 building this to be planted with this area. This calculation will give us the college must maximize its efficiency with minimum requirements and available resources. So, I begin to solve this illusion by reduction of three garment workshops into two workshops and freeing the remaining workshop. In the methodology part there is a calculation based on every machinery manual and ISO standard specification, some of the data also counts from the literature. But finally using the requirements I found that the plant needs to place one workshop for garments only so other departments can use the remaining. This is a great opportunity for the college to increase its efficiency. Also, from my sample point yearly graduating class is very minimum like 24.6% only in garments this tells us the college must change its policy by adding more departments depending on customer needs. Finally, I will recommend deeply analyzing every system for future better work and to fulfill the components or materials need to build the facility.

Addis Ababa City Administration, Bole Manufacturing College, Haileyesus Wondwossen

Addis Ababa City Administration
Technical, Vocational, Education, And Training Agency
Bole Manufacturing College

Efficient Plant Layout Design Project For A Small Scale Garment Workshop


One of the most common industrial problems is proper use of man, material, and machines properly. Some organizations are thriving to solve this problem even educational institutes. The key idea of this project is proper to use or efficient use of resources with available area. So this project begins with analyzing the total area used by a college and I have found that the college has 31,719.685 m2 area, from this much amount of space building of 8562 m2, a road 5149 m2, a green area of 5900 m2 is used, so by rough calculation the collage will have 12,108.685m2 space but the collage need much more space than this because students need a playground for football, there is no entertainment center even tv room, there is no lab workshop building area for maximizing college aim finally there is 2 building this to be planted with this area. This calculation will give us the college must maximize its efficiency with minimum requirements and available resources. So, I begin to solve this illusion by reduction of three garment workshops into two workshops and freeing the remaining workshop. In the methodology part there is a calculation based on every machinery manual and ISO standard specification, some of the data also counts from the literature. But finally using the requirements I found that the plant needs to place one workshop for garments only so other departments can use the remaining. This is a great opportunity for the college to increase its efficiency. Also, from my sample point yearly graduating class is very minimum like 24.6% only in garments this tells us the college must change its policy by adding more departments depending on customer needs. Finally, I will recommend deeply analyzing every system for future better work and to fulfill the components or materials need to build the facility.

Addis Ababa City Administration, Bole Manufacturing College, Haileyesus Wondwossen

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Addis Ababa City Administration Technical, Vocational, Education And Training Agency Bole Manufacturing Collage Efficient Plant Layout Design Project For A Small Scale Garment Workshop.pdf

  1. 1. B LE MANUFACTURING COLLAGE
  2. 2. EFFICIENT PLANT LAYOUT DESIGN PROJECT FOR A SMALL SCALE GARMENT WORKSHOP Haileyesus Wondwossen B LE MANUFACTURING COLLAGE
  3. 3. Agenda Section In this section we will understand and implement industrial layout. Then analyzing available resources. Garment Layout 01 In this section we will demonstrate and analyze different layouts with relative to our area Design Layout 02 In this section we will describe different biro layout. This is because the organization need to change some adjustments. Organizational Layout 03 Finally we will demonstrate our research factor and errors made before this document. Challenge 04
  4. 4. Section Break Garment Layout 2m
  5. 5. Introduction to Plant Layout Plant layout refers a systematic and efficient functional arrangement of various machines, equipment, tools. Layout identically involves the allocation of space and the arrangement of equipment Layout decisions are one of the key facts determining the long-run efficiency of operations. Layouts have numerous strategic implications because they establish an organization´s competitive priorities in regard to capacity, processes, flexibility, and cost.
  6. 6. Experimental Layout Visualization
  7. 7. Principle of Layout Workers and materials must pass through the shortest distance between the processes to avoid wastage of labor and time. Principle of minimum travel Machineries and processes should be arranged in a sequential order which is achieved in the product layout. Principle of sequence Every foot of existing space should be effectively utilized. It includes the proper usage of space both horizontally and vertically. Principle of usage There should be harmonious fusion of all the related factors so that the final layout looks well integrated and compact. Principle of compactness workers to ensure they are safeguarded from the occurrence of fire and must be protected from excessive heat, dust from the raw materials such as fabrics and the trimmings of the threads in sewing, glare and fumes. Principle of safety and satisfaction
  8. 8. Principle of Layout The layout must allow modifications with minimum complications and at minimum cost. Principle of flexibility A good layout is one that makes the materials move only in the forward direction, towards the completion stage. Principle of Uni-direction flow Duplicated movements consume unnecessary materials handling, add to costs and lead to inefficiency. Effective use of available space A good layout is one that makes men, machines and materials ready and observable at all times Maximum Visibility A good layout is one that makes all servicing and maintenance points readily accessible Maximum Accessibility
  9. 9. Influencing Factors START These decide the size and type of the machinery to be installed which, in turn, influences the plant layout. Machinery Whether the product is light or heavy, small or big, its arrangement related to the plant location affects the plant layout. Product 2 any industry there is a need to offer a proper storage and movement of raw materials, which are necessary for the production of a product, until they are transformed into finished products. Materials Worker facilities is needed like wellbeing and related services, locker rooms and public facilities Worker 1 1 2 The volume of production and provision for expansion The extent of automation Making or buying a particular component Management policies Desire of rapid delivery of goods to the customers Purchase policy Personnel policies Management policies 3 3
  10. 10. Benefits of Plant Layout Secure a smooth flow of work over the shortest routes of production IN TERMS OF PRODUCTION Good plant layout facilitates accurate planning and control of production IN TERMS OF PLANNING Efficient utilization of machinery, material and men IN TERMS OF 3MS Ideal plant layout secures better utilization of available floor space. Well-designed plant layout economizes the space required for production and reduces the unit cost IN TERMS OF SPACE GOOD PLANT LAYOUT BRINGS ABOUT • Economies in materials and product handling; • Reduction in number of accidents, loss of man-hours and wastage of equipment; • Better utilization of available floor space; • Cut-back in idle capacity, superfluous work and delay in operations; • Better provision for maintenance and inspection of the production capacity, work in process and the work completed; • Reduction in cost of supervision; and • improvement in personnel morale and response.
  11. 11. • The distance between the departments must be as small as possible to minimize the material movement. • The machines that are similar are grouped in one section/ department. • It must be convenient for supervision and inspection. Requirement 01 • There is greater flexibility in the production. • Better supervision is achievable through specialization. • This layout provides better use of men and machines. Advantage 02 • Movement of materials is difficult. • Requires more floor space. • The WIP accumulates at different places. Disadvantage 03 Process layout The process arrangement is meant by the grouping together of similar machines based upon their uniqueness.
  12. 12. The process starts at one side of the line and the assembled product is delivered at another side of the line. In between, partly finished goods move automatically or manually from one machine to another Definition 01 • Reduction in materials handling cost • Better production control • Less floor space per unit of production Advantage 02 • Expensive and inflexible layout. • Supervision is difficult. • Expansion is difficult Disadvantage 03 Product layout The machines are generally arranged in a series based on the process sequence required for manufacturing the garment.
  13. 13. men and machine have to move toward it which is desirable as the cost of moving them is lower than the cost of moving the product. Definition 01 • Men and machines can be utilized for numerous kinds of operations manufacturing different products. • The investment on layout is less. • The costs of transportation for a bulky product are avoided. Advantage 02 Fixed position layout The product remains stationary in a fixed location
  14. 14. Every cell in this design is shaped to produce single parts, all with common attributes, which typically means they necessitate the same machines and have similar machine settings. Definition 01 • Reduced material handling costs. • Flow time of materials is less in production planning. • Improved visual control of process which enables quicker set ups. Advantage 02 • Manufacturing flexibility. • Reduced machine stoppage time. Disadvantage 03 Cellular Manufacturing layout The machines are generally assembled into cells which function fairly like a product layout within a process layout.
  15. 15. Combined and service layout Combined layout It is a mixture of the product and process layouts, which could be observed in many of the apparel units. Service facility layout The major distinction between the service facility and manufacturing facility layouts is that many service facilities exist to bring collectively customers and services together. Each process is situated as a single unit and a number of such units is arranged in a product layout. It is feasible to have both types of layout in a capably combined form if the products manufactured are fairly similar and not complex. Some of the requirements of service facility layouts are large, well organized and amply lighted parking areas and well-designed walkways to and from parking areas.
  16. 16. Garment production process Laying of paper pattern helps one to plan the placement of the pattern pieces in a tentative manner. Laying Relaxing refers to the process that allows the material to relax and contract prior to being manufactured. Fabric Relaxing Spreading, Form Layout, and Cutting allow operators to identify fabric defects; control the tension and slack of the fabric during cutting; and ensure each ply is accurately aligned on top of the others. Receiving Fabrics Garment factories receive fabric from overseas textile manufacturers in large bolts with cardboard or plastic center tubes or in piles or bags. Preparation
  17. 17. Process Marking Cutting Embroidery and Screen Printing Sewing Checking marker planner uses full-size patterns and arranges them in an economical manner on marker paper. Of all the operations in the cutting room, this is the most decisive, because once the fabric has been cut, very little can be done to rectify serious defects. These processes are commonly subcontracted to off- site facilities Garments are sewn in an assembly line, with the garment becoming complete as it progresses down the sewing line. Spot Cleaning and Laundry Fusing and Pressing Packaging and Shipping
  18. 18. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP This area is used to define the work area on a computer, each individual can make his own storage area. A storage area is used to group related work, such as pattern pieces and a marker for a particular style. CAD SOFTWARE DIGITIZING BOARD PLOTTER MACHINE
  19. 19. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP Modern embroidery machines are mostly computer controlled and exclusively designed for embroidery. DIGITAL EMBROIDERY MACHINE
  20. 20. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP It has a drive motor and end switches that allow the machine to automatically drive itself from beginning to the end of the table and back. FABRIC SPREADER MACHINE
  21. 21. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP It may have rails fixed on the top of a spreading table to guide and control the spreader as it moves along the length of the table. CUTTING TABLE
  22. 22. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP Creating patterns for clothing production is a skilled practice. The detail and technique behind each pattern ensure that garments are made to specification with a minimal margin of error. PATTERN MAKING TABLE
  23. 23. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP is an often-articulated doll used by artists, tailors, dressmakers, window dressers and others specially to display or fit clothing MANNEQUIN
  24. 24. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP It is the most useful cutting instrument in apparel cutting STRAIGHT KNIFE CUTTER
  25. 25. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP This machine is small in size, flexible & used for small production. It is also a popular cutting machine. ROUND KNIFE CUTTING MACHINE
  26. 26. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP a hot drill is used which will slightly scorch or fuse the edges of the hole. A hypodermic drill may be used which leaves a small deposit of paint on each ply of fabric. If it is important that no mark remains on the fabric DRILLING MACHINE
  27. 27. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP While layering fabric on the cutting table, cutting allowance is taken at both ends of the ply. The allowance of fabric in length is called end loss. End loss can be also defined as length of fabric of a lay that doesn’t get covered by a marker. END CUTTER
  28. 28. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP Iron which is known commonly as iron box has been in existence for a very long time with the traditional one being used with heat generated using charcoal. IRONING MACHINE
  29. 29. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP high-speed lockstitch sewing machine is the best common mechanical system stitch made by the sewing machine. The term of single needle stitching often found on dress shirt labels, referring to lockstitch machine. HIGH SPEED LOCKSTITCH SEWING MACHINE
  30. 30. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP Single needle lock stitch machines are used for joining two or multiple fabric plies together. The machine is used to sew lightweight, medium weight and heavy materials. HIGH SPEED COMPUTERIZED LOCKSTITCH SEWING MACHINE
  31. 31. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP A double needle lockstitch machine works on the same principle as the single needle machine by using two needles and two bobbins thus resulting in two parallel rows of lockstitch. HIGH SPEED DOUBLE NEEDLE LOCKSTITCH SEWING MACHINE
  32. 32. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP Industrial zig-zag sewing machine stitch moves from side to side instead of creating a straight stitch. HIGH SPEED ZIG ZAG LOCKSTITCH SEWING MACHINE
  33. 33. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP Overlock machine also known as serge, over edge sewing machine and interlock sewing machine. HIGH SPEED 4 THREAD OVER LOCK LOCKSTITCH SEWING MACHINE
  34. 34. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP Overlock machine also known as serge, over edge sewing machine and interlock sewing machine. HIGH SPEED 5 THREAD OVER LOCK LOCKSTITCH SEWING MACHINE
  35. 35. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP these machines resemble traditional sewing machines in that the arm and needle extend over the flat base of the machine. HIGH SPEED FLATBED INTERLOCK SEWING MACHINE
  36. 36. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP Chain stitch is formed by two or more sets of threads named needle thread and looper thread. HIGH SPEED CYLINDERBED INTERLOCK CHAIN STICH SEWING MACHINE
  37. 37. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP It is a very expensive machine and is used for mainly sewing Jeans, Grabidding goods & Double stitching pants. FEED OFF THE ARM INTERLOCK SEWING MACHINE
  38. 38. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP These cylinders bed shape multi needle machine ensure, with speed and ease, firm and beautiful inserting (attaching) of elastic tape. MULTI NEEDLE CHAIN STICH INTERLOCK SEWING MACHINE
  39. 39. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP during pressing switch after sewing one complete button hole the machine will stop. HIGH SPEED LOCKSTITCH BUTTON HOLE SEWING MACHINE
  40. 40. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP button sewing machine is used to sew the button in the garment without damaging it. HIGH SPEED CHAIN STITCH BUTTON SEWING MACHINE
  41. 41. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP The bar tack machine is used for sewing dense tack around the open end of the buttonhole. HIGH SPEED ELECTRONIC LOCK STITCH BAR TRACKING SEWING MACHINE
  42. 42. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP Button and buttonhole play an important role in any kind of apparel for easiness in wearing and final presentation. BUTTON MACHINE
  43. 43. MACHINES IN GARMENT WORKSHOP movable whiteboard is double sided and magnetic to be a versatile fixture for your office or classroom. MOVABLE WHITE BORD
  44. 44. • Congestion reduction • Elimination of unnecessary occupied areas • Reduction of administrative and indirect work • Improvement on control and supervision • Better adjustment of changing directions • Better utilization of the workforce, equipment and services • Reduction of material handling activities and stock in process • Reduction on parts and quality risks • Reduction on health risks and increase on workers safety • Ensuring that workers satisfaction is increased • Reduction on delays and manufacturing time as well as production capacity Contents Title SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE The principal objective of a proper plant layout is to maximize the production at the minimum of the costs. This objective should keep in mind while designing a layout for a new plant as well as while making the necessary changes in the existing layout in response to changes in management policies and processes and techniques of teaching with analyzing and providing a good working environment on specified space for Garment workshop. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
  45. 45. Procedures and Principles of plant layout 85% Objectives 70% Information gathering 65% Production and flow analysis 40% Support services Implementation and evaluation. 55% Compilation of overall plan Integration Content A Minimum distance Content B Maximum space utilization Content C Maximum flexibility Content D Minimum material handling Content E
  46. 46. Model One First design Rough potation MODEL ONE Machine Area (m2) Working Area (m2) Walking Area (m2) Sewing Machine 226.8 316.4 685.13 Chair 61.6 Pattern Table 111.84 ------------ Spreading Machine 98.82 79.47 Cutting Table 41.94 28 Total 541 423.87 1650
  47. 47. Model Two Regular design MODEL TWO Machine Area (m2) Working Area (m2) Walking Area (m2) Sewing Machine 103.68 144.64 1013.45 Chair 28.16 Pattern Table 111.84 ------------ Spreading Machine 98.82 79.47 Cutting Table 41.94 28 Total 384.44 252.11 1650
  48. 48. Model Three Regular design MODEL THREE Machine Area (m2) Working Area (m2) Walking Area (m2) Sewing Machine 127.008 177.184 909.302 Chair 34.496 Pattern Table 153.78 ------------ Spreading Machine 98.82 79.47 Cutting Table 41.94 28 Total 456.004 284.654 1650
  49. 49. Model Four Regular design MODEL FOUR Machine Area (m2) Working Area (m2) Walking Area (m2) Sewing Machine 127.008 177.184 945.65 Chair 34.496 Pattern Table 117.432 ------------ Spreading Machine 98.82 79.47 Cutting Table 41.94 28 Total 419.696 284.654 1650
  50. 50. Model Five Regular design MODEL FIVE Machine Area (m2) Working Area (m2) Walking Area (m2) Sewing Machine 127.008 177.184 962.426 Chair 34.496 Pattern Table 100.656 ------------ Spreading Machine 98.82 79.47 Cutting Table 41.94 28 Total 402.92 284.654 1650
  51. 51. Model Six Regular design MODEL SIX Machine Area (m2) Working Area (m2) Walking Area (m2) Sewing Machine 127.008 177.184 962.426 Chair 34.496 Pattern Table 100.656 ------------ Spreading Machine 98.82 79.47 Cutting Table 41.94 28 Total 402.92 284.654 1650
  52. 52. Final Result This action need to done Maximizing efficiency with available resource No Trial activity Sewing Qty Pattern Qty Spreader Qty Cutting Qty Machine Area Working Area Walking Area 1 Model one 350 40 0 0 541 424 685 2 Model two 160 40 9 3 385 252 1013 3 Model three 196 55 9 3 456 285 910 4 Model four 196 42 9 3 420 285 945 5 Model five 196 36 9 3 403 285 962 6 Model six 196 36 9 3 403 285 962
  53. 53. Section Break Design Layout 2m
  54. 54. r e c e n t P l a n t l a y o u t Some modifications must be done for the sake of collage efficiency Bole Manufacturing collage Three identical shop layouts with Error Designer Unknown
  55. 55. Sewing Machine = 180 Pattern Table = 84 Spreader Machine = 9 Cutting Table = 3 Total Number of Machineries and Equipment's Total Area = 1560 Utilized Space (all measurement in m2) Over utilized space and remaining machineries Sound problem and merged space Complicated to implement for 4 levels education Electrical installation and Room Partitioning is needed There is group pattern area Layout Challenge Store available 2 CAD, 2 class, 2 dressing, 2 toilet room available 7 biros available Improvement Sewing Machine = 14 Pattern Table = 12 Spreader Machine = 0 Cutting Table = 0 Remaining Number of Equipment's
  56. 56. Sewing Machine = 60 Pattern Table = 28 Spreader Machine = 3 Cutting Table = 1 Total Number of Machineries and Equipment's Machine Area = 175 Working Area + Walking Area = 1385 Utilized Space (all measurement in m2) Over utilized space and remaining machineries Sound problem and merged space Complicated to implement for 4 levels education Electrical installation is needed Room Partitioning is needed Layout Challenge Store available 1 CAD, 2 class, 2 dressing, 2 toilet room available 7 biros available Improvement Sewing Machine = 134 Pattern Table = 56 Spreader Machine = 6 Cutting Table = 2 Remaining Number of Equipment's
  57. 57. Sewing Machine = 350 Pattern Table = 40 Spreader Machine = 0 Cutting Table = 0 Total Number of Machineries and Equipment's Machine Area = 541 Working Area = 424 Walking Area = 685 Utilized Space (all measurement in m2) Over utilized space and remaining machineries Sound problem and merged space Complicated to implement for 4 levels education Electrical installation is needed Room Partitioning is needed Layout Challenge Store available 2 CAD, 2 class, 2 dressing, 2 toilet room available 7 biros available Improvement Sewing Machine = -156 Pattern Table = 44 Spreader Machine = 9 Cutting Table = 3 Remaining Number of Equipment's
  58. 58. Sewing Machine = 160 Pattern Table = 40 Spreader Machine = 9 Cutting Table = 3 Total Number of Machineries and Equipment's Machine Area = 385 Working Area = 252 Walking Area = 1013 Utilized Space (all measurement in m2) Over utilized space and remaining machineries Sound problem and merged space Complicated to implement for 4 levels education Electrical installation and Room Partitioning is needed There is no group pattern area Layout Challenge Store available 2 CAD, 2 class, 2 dressing, 2 toilet room available 7 biros available Improvement Sewing Machine = 34 Pattern Table = 44 Spreader Machine = 0 Cutting Table = 0 Remaining Number of Equipment's
  59. 59. Sewing Machine = 196 Pattern Table = 55 Spreader Machine = 9 Cutting Table = 3 Total Number of Machineries and Equipment's Machine Area = 456 Working Area = 285 Walking Area = 910 Utilized Space (all measurement in m2) Over utilized space and remaining machineries Sound problem and merged space Complicated to implement for 4 levels education Electrical installation and Room Partitioning is needed Layout Challenge Store available 2 CAD, 2 class, 2 dressing, 2 toilet room available 7 biros available There is group pattern area Improvement Sewing Machine = -2 Pattern Table = 29 Spreader Machine = 0 Cutting Table = 0 Remaining Number of Equipment's
  60. 60. Sewing Machine = 196 Pattern Table = 42 Spreader Machine = 9 Cutting Table = 3 Total Number of Machineries and Equipment's Machine Area = 420 Working Area = 285 Walking Area = 945 Utilized Space (all measurement in m2) Over utilized space and remaining machineries Sound problem and merged space Complicated to implement for 4 levels education Electrical installation and Room Partitioning is needed Layout Challenge Store available 2 CAD, 2 class, 2 dressing, 2 toilet room available 7 biros available There is group pattern area Improvement Sewing Machine = -2 Pattern Table = 42 Spreader Machine = 0 Cutting Table = 0 Remaining Number of Equipment's
  61. 61. Sewing Machine = 196 Pattern Table = 36 Spreader Machine = 9 Cutting Table = 3 Total Number of Machineries and Equipment's Machine Area = 403 Working Area = 285 Walking Area = 962 Utilized Space (all measurement in m2) Over utilized space and remaining machineries Sound problem and merged space Complicated to implement for 4 levels education Electrical installation and Room Partitioning is needed There is group pattern area Layout Challenge Store available 2 CAD, 2 class, 2 dressing, 2 toilet room available 7 biros available Improvement Sewing Machine = -2 Pattern Table = 48 Spreader Machine = 0 Cutting Table = 0 Remaining Number of Equipment's
  62. 62. Sewing Machine = 196 Pattern Table = 36 Spreader Machine = 9 Cutting Table = 3 Total Number of Machineries and Equipment's Machine Area = 403 Working Area = 285 Walking Area = 962 Utilized Space (all measurement in m2) Over utilized space and remaining machineries Sound problem and merged space Complicated to implement for 4 levels education Electrical installation and Room Partitioning is needed There is group pattern area Layout Challenge Store available 2 CAD, 2 class, 2 dressing, 2 toilet room available 7 biros available Improvement Sewing Machine = -2 Pattern Table = 48 Spreader Machine = 0 Cutting Table = 0 Remaining Number of Equipment's
  63. 63. Section Break Organizational Layout 2m
  64. 64. BMC
  65. 65. BMC
  66. 66. BMC
  67. 67. Adjustments New Room Adjustments Efficient work Old building organizational layout adjustments
  68. 68. Section Break Challenge 2m
  69. 69. Mrs. Beza Assefa Main building challenge Garment challenge Solution Organizational challenge Every challenge
  70. 70. EXECUTIVE SUMMERY One of the most common industrial problem is proper use of man, material and machines properly. So, I begin to solve this illusion by reduction of three garment workshop into two workshop and free the remaining workshop. In methodology part there is a calculation based on every machinery manuals and ISO standard specification, some of the data also count from literatures. But finally using the requirements I found that the plant need to place one workshop for garment only so other departments can use remaining. This is a great opportunity for the collage to increase its efficiency. Also, from my sample point yearly graduating class is very minimum like 24.6% only in garment this telling us the collage must change its policy by adding more department depending on customer needs. Finally, I will recommend to deeply analyze every system for future better work and to fulfill the components or materials need to build the facility Contents B Contents A Some organization are thriving to solve this problem even educational institutes. The key idea of this project is proper use or efficient use of resources with available area. So this project begin with analyzing the total area used by a collage and I have found that the collage have 31,719.685 m2 area, from this much amount of space building 8562 m2, road 5149 m2, green area 5900 m2 is used, so by roughly calculation the collage will have 12,108.685m2 space but the collage need much more space than this because students need a playground for football, there is no entertainment center even tv room, there is no lab workshop building area for maximizing collage aim finally there is 2 building this to be planted with this area. This calculation will give us the collage must maximizing its efficiency with minimum requirements and available resources.
  71. 71. ACKNOWLE DGMENT I wish to express my deep gratitude to Ms. Beza, Mr. Yared, Mr. Sisay, Mr. Eyob, Mr. Endale and Mr. Negese for support and some of them help me for the field measurement process. I also appreciate their consideration and understanding towards my effort. Next, I would like to thank garment workshop assistances for their encouragement, sharing materials and ideas with interview, and those who share materials like Mr. wendu with me for what I am going to do, academically support and guidance revealed and offered from the initiation to the very last time at which our design has come true. Finally, I wish to be thankful for all the people who aren’t mentioned by their name for their support presented in a straight line, in some way academically. Lastly, I wish to appreciate the encouragement and sympathetic by my families for the duration of every part of my enjoyable and dreadful moment. Thank you
  72. 72. THANK YOU With a great power comes a great responsibility!
  73. 73. Question ?
  74. 74. B LE MANUFACTURING COLLAGE

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