The Great Pyramid of Giza also known as the Pyramid
of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops. It is the oldest of
the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only
one still standing. The ancient Egyptians buried King
Khufu in it. The original height of the Pyramid
was 146 m., but today it is only 137m high.
For a period of 4300 years, the Pyramid was the tallest
building on earth, until the French built the Eiffel
Tower in 1889.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of
the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. King
Nebuchadnezzar II has constructed the gardens to
please his wife Amytis of Media because she missed
the plants of her homeland. Hanging Gardens were
destroyed by floods in the 1st century BC.
Temple of Artemis was devoted to the goddess Artemis.
It was located in Ephesus and was completely rebuilt
three times. At first it was damaged by flood. In 356
BC the temple was destroyed by Herostratus, who set
fire to the wooden roof-beams. He wanted to achieve
fame at any cost. Next time it was destroyed in a raid
by the Goths.
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Greece was designed by
Phidias about 432 BC. The statue was housed in the
Temple of Zeus. With the base, its height is about 12
meters. The face, arms, and feet were made of ivory.
The robe, sandals, the beard and hair were made of
gold. There is a silver olive wreath on his head. The
throne was made of gold, bronze, ebony, ivory, and
gems. It was decorated with scenes from mythology.
The statue does not survive. It was probably shipped to
Constantinople about 393 AD and destroyed in a fire.
The Mausoleum of Maussollos, was a tomb built
between 353 BC and 350 BC. It was built at
Halicarnassus for Mausolus by Artemisia II of Caria,
his wife and sister. It was designed by the Greek
architects Satyrs and Pythons. The Mausoleum is
about 45 meters tall. Each of the four sides was
decorated with sculptural reliefs. The word
mausoleum has come to be used generically for any
grand tomb, though "Mausol – eion" originally meant
"building dedicated to Mausolus".
The Colossus of Rhodes was a huge statue of the
Greek god Helios. It was built by Chares of Lindos, a
student of Lysippos on the Greek island of Rhodes .
Statue was built between 292 and 280 BC. Before
being destroyed, the Colossus of Rhodes was over 30
metres, making it the tallest statue of the ancient
The Lighthouse of Alexandria, or the Pharos, was a tall
tower built between 285 and 247 BCE. It was built on
the island of Pharos in Alexandria, Egypt to serve as a
lighthouse for sailors. The top of the tower had a
mirror that reflected sunlight during the day; a fire was
lit at night.
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