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Goats in European painting.ppsx

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Goats in European painting.ppsx

  1. 1. tempting animal, monstrous or fabulous, dominant, amusing or terrifying, poetic and charming …
  2. 2. Goats in European painting
  3. 3. Goats prefer happy people … The child Bacchus, satyrs, nymphs, the plump old teacher Silenus and ... the goat
  4. 4. In Book III of Ovid's Metamorphoses, Bacchus was born from the union of Semele and Zeus. To avoid Juno’s revenge, Hermes transforms the baby into a goat by order of Zeus. To escape Juno's revenge, the baby is transformed into a goat by Hermes on Zeus' orders, then handed over to the nymphs a mount of Thrace, Mount Nysa, a mysterious place where the Hyades nymphs raise the young Bacchus. ... The surroundings of Nysa ... accompanied by the young satyrs and nymphs with whom he grew up, the young god Bacchus rides in on a goat ... Francesco Zuccarelli Landscape with the Education of Bacchus Paysage avec l’éducation de Bacchus 1744 Getty Center, J. Paul Getty, Los Angeles
  5. 5. The goat-nymph Amaltheia … Zeus. My childhood? I was raised by Amalthea, who was either a magic goat or a nymph with a magic goat – I could never tell. Amalthea got some dudes called the Kouretes to dance, clash their shields, and shout all day so that my dad wouldn't hear little me crying.
  6. 6. According to classical mythology, Rhea, Jupiter's mother hid it on Mount Ida in Crete to protect him from his father, Saturn, the King of the Gods. Saturn devoured his children as a prophecy had foretold that one of his own sons would dethrone him. On Crete, Jupiter was looked after by the nymphs Adrasteia and Io and suckled by the goat-nymph Amaltheia … the top of Mount Ida ... the genius of the river pouring its waters from her urn, the nymph collecting the honey on which the infant god is fed, he burly shepherd restrains the goat Amalthiea by its horns, while a nymph lifts the goat to allow Jupiter to drink its milk Nicolas Poussin La Nourriture de Jupiter dit aussi L'Enfance de Jupiter The Nurture of Jupiter 1635-1637 Dulwich Picture Gallery, London
  7. 7. Mount Ida in Crete ... the nymph Adrasteia milks the goat Amalthea to feed the child Jupiter, the satyr waves a branch to distract the child Jacob Jordaens The Childhood of Zeus Jupiter enfant nourri par la chèvre Amalthée 1640 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  8. 8. With legs of a goat … The little goat-god's favorite pastimes include playing his pan flute, getting rip roaring drunk with his satyr buddies at the Bacchanals of Dionysus, and trying to seduce any pretty young thing who comes his way.
  9. 9. The pastoral paradise of Arcadia, where one could lead a carefree life ... The satyr here is presented as a shepherd of goats and sheep. He looks up from playing his flute to smile at the viewer. Jacob Jordaens A Satyr Un satyre 1630-1635 Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
  10. 10. A chaotic woodland party ... men and women dance, drink, play music (and invite us to join the party), a statue of Pan, god of shepherds and herdsmen, a goat and a tranquil landscape with distant blue mountains, Pan’s native land of Arcadia in Greece Nicolas Poussin Le triomphe de Pan The Triumph of Pan 1636 National Gallery, London
  11. 11. … the goat-legged demigod who likes to spend time talking to a Blackbird Arnold Böcklin Faun Whistling to a Blackbird Faune sifflant avec un merle 1863 Neue Pinakothek, Munich
  12. 12. The devil, the witch and ... the goat In the Middle Ages, the goat was the favorite mount of witches and one of the devil's favorite forms. Head with horns, feet cleft, often presented as an incarnation of Satan after having been in paganism the animal consecrated to the god Pan, both lustful and “panic”. As such he presides over the witches' sabbath.
  13. 13. Dressed in clerical clothing that may be a soutane, the goat, who represents the Satan, Satan preaches from a raised earth mound … Francisco de Goya Witches Sabbath or The Great He-Goat Le Sabbat des sorcières ou le Grand Bouc 1819-1823 Museo del Prado, Madrid
  14. 14. A moonlit barren landscape, a swarm of bats, young and aged witches, dead infants and a goat, Devil, with large horns, and crowned by a wreath of oak leaves Francisco Goya Witches' Sabbath Le Sabbat des sorcières 1797–1798 Museo Lázaro Galdiano, Madrid
  15. 15. A witch riding a goat and brandishing a broomstick … Cornelis Saftleven A Witches' Sabbath Le sabbat des sorcières 1650 Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
  16. 16. Humans and ... the goat In natural scenery, in pastoral scenes alongside goatherds and shepherds, symbolic of a carefree pastoral life …
  17. 17. Transhumance ... clouds of dust filling the background, the herd and herders visible against the deep blue sky and a row of “menons” black horned goats Goats, animals smarter than sheep, understand the shepherd’s orders more easily... and the sheep follow the goat or the billy goat. The black goats in the foreground are menons (from the Provençal "menar", to drive, to lead). These are castrated goats widely used in the Rove region of Marseille to guide herds of sheep. Its black colors and long horns are easily identifiable. Emile Loubon Les menons en tête d’un troupeau en Camargue Menons Heading a Flock in Camargue 1853 Musée Granet, Aix en Provence
  18. 18. Bluish vistas fade beautifully into the distance under wide white skies, St Anthony, tiny people, farms and groups of houses and a goat straying among the slaty blue of his rocks Joachim Patinir Saint Jérôme en pénitence, dans le désert St Jerome in the Desert 1521 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  19. 19. The ordered chaos of a large family and an goat … Fragment of a monumental family portrait. If the goat is a symbol of nurturing and joy, the horned male represents male fertility. Perhaps a way to celebrate Mr. Van Campen's many offspring! (the cloth merchant had at least a dozen children ...!) Frans Hals Enfants de la famille van Campen avec une charrette tirée par un bouc Three Children with a Goat Cart 1620 Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels
  20. 20. A young shepherd’s awakening love for a shepherdess. … goats also populate the idyllic world of happiness François Boucher Pensent-ils au raisin? Are They Thinking about the Grape? 1747 Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
  21. 21. Chagall and … the Goat Empathetic and loving, omnipresent in Chagall's art
  22. 22. A hybrid half-woman half-goat figure dreamily contemplating the capital, which is rendered a deep blue by the moonlight .... a cockerel sings by his side, calling out to the approaching morning whose arrival is announced by a golden bird and a lovingly entwined couple floats above the two animals. Chagall manages to merge the traditional image of Paris with his own fantasy through a reinterpretation of the figure of the Strix. This character, symbolic of Notre Dame sits alongside the creature which Chagall liked to include in his paintings. Marc Chagall Le Monstre de Notre-Dame The Monsters of Notre-Dame 1953 Collection particulière
  23. 23. Tenderness ... In Vitebsk there were lots of queer old fellows who played the violin and told stories, and lots of goats. Chagall's childhood memories are like stories. And the storybook characters don't follow the laws of physics. That's why they never die. Marc Chagall Le Vieillard et le Chevreau The Old Man and the Goat 1930 Gerard Bonnier Collection, Stockholm
  24. 24. The soft blue and grey background … a fish and a table floats, a man playing a clarinet and a man hanging, a beautiful young woman dressed in a vibrant red gown with a virginal white long veil holding a bouquet of flowers and a violin-playing goat … Marc Chagall La Mariée The Bride 1950 Private collection, Japan
  25. 25. Notting Hill, (film) 1999 William: You like Chagall? Anna : I do. It feels like how being in love should be. Floating through a dark blue sky. William: With a goat playing the violin. Anna : Yes, happiness isn't happiness without a violin-playing goat.
  26. 26. o.esqsegues@gmail.com Goats in European painting La chèvre dans la peinture européenne images and text credit www. Music The Piano Guys Me and My Cello created olga_oes thanks for watching

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