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Qing Dynasty
Rise of the QingRise of the Qing
1644-1911
By 1644, the Manchu swept into
Beijing and claimed the Mandate of
Heaven – Qing...
The Qing DynastyThe Qing Dynasty
• Qing bureaucracy and court ceremonies
similar to Ming
• Continued Confucian rituals and...
•Expansion was seen as a
defensive necessity against
nomadic invaders
•Signed Treaty of
Nerchinsk (1689) that
marked Chine...
The Reign of Emperor
Kangxi
The Reign of Emperor
Kangxi
1661-17221661-1722
• Created encyclopedia and a
dictionary of hist...
Ethnocentrism and Isolation leads to declineEthnocentrism and Isolation leads to decline
• By 1750, Qing Dynasty was decli...
French (Bourbon)
Dynasty
1
LouisLouis
becomesbecomes
King inKing in
1643 and1643 and
his power ishis power is
quicklyquickly
challengedchallenged
b...
Louis put the nobles in theirLouis put the nobles in their
2
3
Divine Right Rule
4Palace of Versailles 1661-1678
5
Religious Intolerance 1685
6
Achievements
of Louis XIV
7Louis XVI 1774-1792
French Revolution 1789
Mughal Empire
Babur (1526-1530)
Founder of the Mughal Dynasty
1
2 Akbar the Great
(1542-1605)
3
Women’s Rights
4Taj Mahal (1631-1653)
5 Aurangzeb’s
Intolerance
1670:
Orders the
destruction
of Hindu
Temples.
6 Mughal Civil
Wars (1707-1857)
Arrival
of the
British
East
India
Compan
y (1781-1857)
7
Ottoman Empire
Forming an EmpireForming an Empire
Osman Bey: 1299-1326
1
The Conquest of Constantinople in 1453
2
Turns Christian City into a Muslim City
3
4
1699-1830 – Slow Decline
Suez Canal
In 1856 the Suez Canal Company was formed and granted the right to operate the canal for
99 years after complet...
The Orient Express
6
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
Father of Modern Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
Father of Modern Turkey
Rise of Turkish Nationalism
Yo...
Tokugawa
Shogunate
1
Three Unifiers of Japan
Toyotomi
Hideyoshi (1536-
1598)
Oda
Nobunaga
(1534-1582)
Tokugawa
Ieyasu (1543-
1616)
2 The Imjin
War (1592-1598)
3Isolation
of Japan
and the
closed
country
edict
1649
4Persecution of Christianity
5
Urbanization and self-sufficiency
“The Floating World”
Education
6
“The Great Wave”
Arrival of the U.S.
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in …5
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1750 empires review

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Review of Empire: 1500-1750

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1750 empires review

  1. 1. Qing Dynasty
  2. 2. Rise of the QingRise of the Qing 1644-1911 By 1644, the Manchu swept into Beijing and claimed the Mandate of Heaven – Qing Dynasty! By 1644, the Manchu swept into Beijing and claimed the Mandate of Heaven – Qing Dynasty!
  3. 3. The Qing DynastyThe Qing Dynasty • Qing bureaucracy and court ceremonies similar to Ming • Continued Confucian rituals and allowed Ming officials to keep their positions As foreign invaders, the Manchus faced years of resistance from Chinese subjects still loyal to the Ming! • Continued civil service exams and were generous patrons to the arts • Lowered taxes and state labor demands. • Repaired infrastructure – roads, bridges, dikes, canals, irrigation works Qing GovernmentQing Government
  4. 4. •Expansion was seen as a defensive necessity against nomadic invaders •Signed Treaty of Nerchinsk (1689) that marked Chinese-Russian border •Expansion was seen as a defensive necessity against nomadic invaders •Signed Treaty of Nerchinsk (1689) that marked Chinese-Russian border •Expanded the Empire to include Tibet, Mongolia, Taiwan and Manchuria •Controlled Korea and Vietnam as Vassal tributary states. •Expanded the Empire to include Tibet, Mongolia, Taiwan and Manchuria •Controlled Korea and Vietnam as Vassal tributary states. A Chinese Empire?
  5. 5. The Reign of Emperor Kangxi The Reign of Emperor Kangxi 1661-17221661-1722 • Created encyclopedia and a dictionary of history and thought • Wanted to be benevolent Confucian ruler – lowered taxes, expanded empire • Tolerant of Christians and interested in foreign ideas and technology • Strong and effective 61 year reign kept tensions low • Kangxi was a significant Confucian scholar • Patronized arts, opened Confucian schools and a national library Could compare to Kublai Khan, Emperor Hongwu, and King Louis XIV Could compare to Kublai Khan, Emperor Hongwu, and King Louis XIV
  6. 6. Ethnocentrism and Isolation leads to declineEthnocentrism and Isolation leads to decline • By 1750, Qing Dynasty was declining– corruption, crime and banditry – rising population • Emperor Qianlong continued Ming policy of isolation, restricting foreign trade – some merchants, compradors, became wealthy and influential • Manchu saw Chinese civilization, products, as superior, expected foreigners to trade on China’s terms Port city of MacaoPort city of Macao 1724 – Emperor banned Christianity when the Pope condemned Confucianism
  7. 7. French (Bourbon) Dynasty
  8. 8. 1 LouisLouis becomesbecomes King inKing in 1643 and1643 and his power ishis power is quicklyquickly challengedchallenged by theby the NoblesNobles
  9. 9. Louis put the nobles in theirLouis put the nobles in their 2
  10. 10. 3 Divine Right Rule
  11. 11. 4Palace of Versailles 1661-1678
  12. 12. 5 Religious Intolerance 1685
  13. 13. 6 Achievements of Louis XIV
  14. 14. 7Louis XVI 1774-1792 French Revolution 1789
  15. 15. Mughal Empire
  16. 16. Babur (1526-1530) Founder of the Mughal Dynasty 1
  17. 17. 2 Akbar the Great (1542-1605)
  18. 18. 3 Women’s Rights
  19. 19. 4Taj Mahal (1631-1653)
  20. 20. 5 Aurangzeb’s Intolerance 1670: Orders the destruction of Hindu Temples.
  21. 21. 6 Mughal Civil Wars (1707-1857)
  22. 22. Arrival of the British East India Compan y (1781-1857) 7
  23. 23. Ottoman Empire
  24. 24. Forming an EmpireForming an Empire Osman Bey: 1299-1326 1
  25. 25. The Conquest of Constantinople in 1453 2
  26. 26. Turns Christian City into a Muslim City 3
  27. 27. 4 1699-1830 – Slow Decline
  28. 28. Suez Canal In 1856 the Suez Canal Company was formed and granted the right to operate the canal for 99 years after completion of the work. In 1856 the Suez Canal Company was formed and granted the right to operate the canal for 99 years after completion of the work. Construction began in April 1859 with forced laborers digging with picks and shovels. Later, European workers with dredgers and steam shovels arrived and the Suez Canal was finally completed in 1869. Construction began in April 1859 with forced laborers digging with picks and shovels. Later, European workers with dredgers and steam shovels arrived and the Suez Canal was finally completed in 1869. Major improvements began in 1876, however, and the canal soon grew into the one of the world's most heavily traveled shipping lanes. In 1875, Great Britain became the largest shareholder in the Suez Canal Company when it bought up the stock of the new Ottoman governor of Egypt. Seven years later, in 1882, Britain invaded Egypt, beginning a long occupation of the country. Major improvements began in 1876, however, and the canal soon grew into the one of the world's most heavily traveled shipping lanes. In 1875, Great Britain became the largest shareholder in the Suez Canal Company when it bought up the stock of the new Ottoman governor of Egypt. Seven years later, in 1882, Britain invaded Egypt, beginning a long occupation of the country. 5
  29. 29. The Orient Express 6
  30. 30. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Father of Modern Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Father of Modern Turkey Rise of Turkish Nationalism Young TurksYoung Turks •Army officers who wanted modern reforms, civil liberties, constitution. •Extreme Nationalism led to conflict and genocide of Armenians 7 •Wanted to modernize and westernize Turkey •Created a secular modern nation-state
  31. 31. Tokugawa Shogunate
  32. 32. 1 Three Unifiers of Japan Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536- 1598) Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582) Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543- 1616)
  33. 33. 2 The Imjin War (1592-1598)
  34. 34. 3Isolation of Japan and the closed country edict 1649
  35. 35. 4Persecution of Christianity
  36. 36. 5 Urbanization and self-sufficiency “The Floating World” Education
  37. 37. 6 “The Great Wave” Arrival of the U.S.

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