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BASEL BERN BRUGG DÜSSELDORF FRANKFURT A.M. FREIBURG I.BR. GENEVA
HAMBURG COPENHAGEN LAUSANNE MUNICH STUTTGART VIENNA ZURIC...
Guido Schmutz
Working for Trivadis for more than 18 years
Oracle ACE Director for Fusion Middleware and SOA
Co-Author of d...
Unser Unternehmen.
Trivadis ist führend bei der IT-Beratung, der Systemintegration, dem Solution
Engineering und der Erbri...
KOPENHAGEN
MÜNCHEN
LAUSANNE
BERN
ZÜRICH
BRUGG
GENF
HAMBURG
DÜSSELDORF
FRANKFURT
STUTTGART
FREIBURG
BASEL
WIEN
Mit über 600...
Agenda
1. Introduction
2. Are Traditional Solution architectures good enough?
3. IoT Architecture & Components
4. IoT Plat...
Introduction
Internet of Things Wave
Internet of Things (IoT): Enabling
communication betweendevices,people&
processesto exchangeuseful...
Reasons why IoT opportunity is occurring now ?
Affordable hardware
• Costs of actuators & sensors have been cut
in half ov...
IoT Solution
Types
Adapted	from	Gartner
AnalyticsApplicationUser	Interface
Enterprise	/
On-Premise
Cloud-based
Gateway
Thi...
IoT Solution Types
Thing-centric
q Things are smart on their own
q store most of their data on-board
q Things are self-suf...
IoT Solution Types
Smartphone-centric
q The smartphone (or any mobile device) houses the application logic, stores data an...
Are Traditional Solution
architectures good enough?
A little story of a “real-life” customer situation
Traditional system interact with its clients
and does its work
Implemen...
A little story of a “real-life” customer situation
Events are “owned” by traditional
application (as well as the channels
...
A little story of a “real-life” customer situation
integrate in order to get the information!
Oracle Service Bus was alrea...
A little story of a “real-life” customer situation
Treat events as first-class citizens
Events belong to the “enterprise” ...
Treat Events as Events and make them globally
available
delivery
Logistic
System
Oracle
Oracle
Service	Bus
Mobile	 Apps
Se...
IoT Architecture
Key Challenges for building an IoT application
Connect: How to collect data from intelligent devices?
• Abstract complexit...
Distribute runtime portion of IoT Analytics to the edge
Some IoT Analytics applications need to be distributed, so that pr...
Data and IoT
Several types of data play a role in an IoT deployment:
• Continuous environmental and positional data
• Mult...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Providers
BPM		and	SOA	
Platform
Event
...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Providers
BPM		and	SOA	
Platform
Event
...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Stream	Processing
Infrastructure
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Provid...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Stream	Processing
Infrastructure
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Provid...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Stream	Processing
Infrastructure
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Provid...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
3) IoT with Big Data Analytics
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Provider...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Providers
BPM		and	SOA	
Platform
Event
...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
3) IoT with Big Data Analytics - Oracle
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Stream	Processing
Infrastructure
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Provid...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Stream	Processing
Infrastructure
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Provid...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Stream	Processing
Infrastructure
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Provid...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Stream	Processing
Infrastructure
IoT Reference Architecture
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
Exter...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Stream	Processing
Infrastructure
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Provid...
Enterprise	Service	Bus	(ESB)
Stream	Processing
Infrastructure
Enterprise	
Applications
WS
External	 Cloud	
Service	
Provid...
IoT Platform
IoT Platforms: backbone to manage IoT business cases
Mayor building blocks of
an IoT Platform
Oracle	Internet	of	Things	Cloud	Service
IoT	Cloud	Service
Device	
Virtualization
High	 Speed	
Messaging
Endpoint	
Manageme...
Summary
Summary
Treat events as events! Infrastructures for handling lots of events are available!
IoT tends to make Big Data / Fa...
Trivadis an	der	DOAG	2015
Ebene	3	- gleich	neben	der	Rolltreppe
Wir	freuen	uns	auf	Ihren	Besuch.	
Denn	mit	Trivadis gewinn...
Guido Schmutz
Technology Manager
guido.schmutz@trivadis.com
Internet of Things - Are traditional architectures good enough?
Internet of Things - Are traditional architectures good enough?
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Internet of Things - Are traditional architectures good enough?

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Independent of the source of data, the integration of event streams into an Enterprise Architecture gets more and more important in the world of sensors, social media streams and Internet of Things. Events have to be accepted quickly and reliably, they have to be distributed and analysed, often with many consumers or systems interested in all or part of the events. Dependent on the size and quantity of such events, this can quickly be in the range of Big Data. How can we efficiently collect and transmit these events? How can we make sure that we can always report over historical events? How can these new events be integrated into traditional infrastructure and application landscape?
Starting with a product and technology neutral reference architecture, we will then present different solutions using Open Source frameworks.

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Internet of Things - Are traditional architectures good enough?

  1. 1. BASEL BERN BRUGG DÜSSELDORF FRANKFURT A.M. FREIBURG I.BR. GENEVA HAMBURG COPENHAGEN LAUSANNE MUNICH STUTTGART VIENNA ZURICH Internet of Things (IoT) Are traditional architectures good enough? Guido Schmutz
  2. 2. Guido Schmutz Working for Trivadis for more than 18 years Oracle ACE Director for Fusion Middleware and SOA Co-Author of different books Consultant, Trainer Software Architect for Java, Oracle, SOA and Big Data / Fast Data Member of Trivadis Architecture Board Technology Manager @ Trivadis More than 25 years of software development experience Contact: guido.schmutz@trivadis.com Blog: http://guidoschmutz.wordpress.com Twitter: gschmutz
  3. 3. Unser Unternehmen. Trivadis ist führend bei der IT-Beratung, der Systemintegration, dem Solution Engineering und der Erbringung von IT-Services mit Fokussierung auf - und -Technologien in der Schweiz, Deutschland, Österreich und Dänemark. Trivadis erbringt ihre Leistungen aus den strategischen Geschäftsfeldern: Trivadis Services übernimmt den korrespondierenden Betrieb Ihrer IT Systeme. B E T R I E B
  4. 4. KOPENHAGEN MÜNCHEN LAUSANNE BERN ZÜRICH BRUGG GENF HAMBURG DÜSSELDORF FRANKFURT STUTTGART FREIBURG BASEL WIEN Mit über 600 IT- und Fachexperten bei Ihnen vor Ort. 14 Trivadis Niederlassungen mit über 600 Mitarbeitenden. Über 200 Service Level Agreements. Mehr als 4'000 Trainingsteilnehmer. Forschungs- und Entwicklungsbudget: CHF 5.0 Mio. Finanziell unabhängig und nachhaltig profitabel. Erfahrung aus mehr als 1'900 Projekten pro Jahr bei über 800 Kunden.
  5. 5. Agenda 1. Introduction 2. Are Traditional Solution architectures good enough? 3. IoT Architecture & Components 4. IoT Platforms 5. Summary
  6. 6. Introduction
  7. 7. Internet of Things Wave Internet of Things (IoT): Enabling communication betweendevices,people& processesto exchangeusefulinformation & knowledgethat create value for humans Term was first proposedby Kevin Ashtonin 1999 The conceptof IoT first became popularat the Auto-ID centerand MIT IoT can also be named M2M
  8. 8. Reasons why IoT opportunity is occurring now ? Affordable hardware • Costs of actuators & sensors have been cut in half over last 10 years Smaller, but more powerful hardware • Form factors of hardware have shrunk to millimeter or even nanometer levels Ubiquitous & cheap mobility • Cost for mobile devices, bandwidth and data processing has declined as much as 97% over last 10 years Availability of supporting tools • Big data tools & cloud based infrastructure have become widely available and fairly sophisticated Mass market awareness • IoT has surpassed a critical tipping point • Vision of a connected world has reached such a followership that companies have initiated IoT developments • Commitment is irreversible
  9. 9. IoT Solution Types Adapted from Gartner AnalyticsApplicationUser Interface Enterprise / On-Premise Cloud-based Gateway Thing Thing-centric Gateway-centric Smartphone-centric Cloud-centric Enterprise-centric Sensor Data
  10. 10. IoT Solution Types Thing-centric q Things are smart on their own q store most of their data on-board q Things are self-sufficient and communicate to the Internet only for centralized coordination Gateway-centric q gateway houses the application logic, stores data and communicates with the Internet for the things that are connected to it q Things don’t have to be as smart, because the gateway provides these resources
  11. 11. IoT Solution Types Smartphone-centric q The smartphone (or any mobile device) houses the application logic, stores data and communicates with the Internet for the things that are connected to it q Things don’t have to be as smart, because the smartphone provides these resources Cloud-centric q The cloud will act as the central connection hub, power analytics and provision data storage q Things don’t have to be as smart, because the cloud will provide these resources Enterprise-centric q Things are behind a firewall and are geographically co-located q There is little need to extend out to the external Internet
  12. 12. Are Traditional Solution architectures good enough?
  13. 13. A little story of a “real-life” customer situation Traditional system interact with its clients and does its work Implemented using legacy technologies (i.e. PL/SQL) New requirement: • Offer notification service to notify customer when goods are shipped • Subscription and inform over different channels • Existing technology doesn’t fit delivery Logistic System Oracle Mobile Apps Sensor ship sort 16 Rich (Web) Client Apps DB schedule Logic (PL/SQL) delivery
  14. 14. A little story of a “real-life” customer situation Events are “owned” by traditional application (as well as the channels they are transported over) Implement notification as a new Java-based application/system But we need the events ! => so let’s integrate delivery Logistic System Oracle Mobile Apps Sensor ship sort 17 Rich (Web) Client Apps DB schedule Notification Logic (PL/SQL) Logic (Java) delivery SMS Email …
  15. 15. A little story of a “real-life” customer situation integrate in order to get the information! Oracle Service Bus was already there Rule Engine implemented in Java and invoked from OSB message flow Notification system informed via queue Higher Latency introduced (good enough in this case) delivery Logistic System Oracle Oracle Service Bus Mobile Apps Sensor AQship sort 18 Rich (Web) Client Apps DB schedule Filter Notification Logic (PL/SQL) JMS Rule Engine (Java) Logic (Java) delivery shipdelivery delivery true SMS Email …
  16. 16. A little story of a “real-life” customer situation Treat events as first-class citizens Events belong to the “enterprise” and not an individual system => Catalog of Events similar to Catalog of Services/APIs !! Event (stream) processing can be introduced and by that latency reduced! delivery Logistic System Oracle Oracle Service Bus Mobile Apps Sensor AQship sort 19 Rich (Web) Client Apps DB schedule Filter Notification Logic (PL/SQL) JMS Rule Engine (Java) Logic (Java) delivery shipdelivery delivery true SMS Email …
  17. 17. Treat Events as Events and make them globally available delivery Logistic System Oracle Oracle Service Bus Mobile Apps Sensor ship sort 20 Rich (Web) Client Apps DB schedule Filter Notification Logic (PL/SQL) JMS Rule Engine (Java) Logic (Java) delivery ship delivery true SMS Email … Event Bus/Hub Stream/Event Processing
  18. 18. IoT Architecture
  19. 19. Key Challenges for building an IoT application Connect: How to collect data from intelligent devices? • Abstract complexity associated with device connectivity • Standardize integration of devices with enterprise Analyze: How to analyze IoT data? • Reduce noise and detect business event at real-time • Enable historical big-data analysis Integrate: How to integrate IoT data & events with enterprise infrastructure? • Make enterprise processes IoT friendly • Allow enterprise & mobile applications to control devices
  20. 20. Distribute runtime portion of IoT Analytics to the edge Some IoT Analytics applications need to be distributed, so that processing can take place in devices, gateways, smart routers, servers at the site where sensor data is generated Three main reasons: • The factory, vehicle, home or other edge location needs to stay in operation, even when the corporate data center or cloud is down or not reachable • Wide-are communication is generally to slow • Transmitting all sensor data to corporate or cloud data center may be impractical or impossible if the volume of data is high or if reliable, high-bandwidth networks are unavailable
  21. 21. Data and IoT Several types of data play a role in an IoT deployment: • Continuous environmental and positional data • Multidimensional time series data • Descriptive data (metadata) about objects, systems and processes • Historical data • Analytical models • Radio frequency identification (RFID) data Assess the variety of data used in your IoT architecture to refine your datastore requirements => NoSQL Understand the unique optimizations for time series data and analysis => NoSQL
  22. 22. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Services WS Event Processes Gateway IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB 1) IoT with Simple Event Processing API Gateway = one way = request/response 25 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB
  23. 23. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Services WS Event Processes Gateway IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB 1) IoT with Simple Event Processing – Oracle API Gateway = one way = request/response 26 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB SerivceBus API Gateway Stream Explorer Business Activity Monitoring SOA Suite BPM Suite
  24. 24. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Stream Processing Infrastructure Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP ESP/CEP IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB DB DB 2) IoT with Stream/Event Processing API Gateway 27 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams = one way = request/response
  25. 25. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Stream Processing Infrastructure Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP ESP/CEP IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB DB DB 2) IoT with Stream/Event Processing – “Open Source” API Gateway 28 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams = one way = request/response
  26. 26. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Stream Processing Infrastructure Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP ESP/CEP IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB DB DB 2) IoT with Stream/Event Processing - Oracle API Gateway 29 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams = one way = request/response Oracle Event Processing For Embedded Oracle Event Processing For Embedded SerivceBus Oracle Event Processing Stream Explorer Oracle NoSQL Stream Explorer Business Activity Monitoring SerivceBusAPI Gateway Coherence SOA Suite BPM Suite
  27. 27. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) 3) IoT with Big Data Analytics Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP Hadoop Big Data Infrastructure HDFS Batch Processing IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DBDB API Gateway 30 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams = one way = request/response
  28. 28. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP Hadoop Big Data Infrastructure HDFS Batch Processing IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DBDB API Gateway 31 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams = one way = request/response 3) IoT with Big Data Analytics – “Open Source”
  29. 29. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) 3) IoT with Big Data Analytics - Oracle Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP Hadoop Big Data Infrastructure HDFS Batch Processing IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DBDB API Gateway 32 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams = one way = request/response Oracle Event Processing For Embedded Oracle Event Processing For Embedded SerivceBus Oracle BigData Appliance Oracle NoSQL Stream Explorer Business Activity Monitoring Oracle Data Integrator API Gateway SOA Suite BPM Suite
  30. 30. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Stream Processing Infrastructure Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP Hadoop Big Data Infrastructure HDFS ESP/CEP Batch Processing IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB DB DB DB 4) IoT with “Lambda” Architecture API Gateway 33 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams = one way = request/response
  31. 31. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Stream Processing Infrastructure Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP Hadoop Big Data Infrastructure HDFS ESP/CEP Replay to reprocess IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB DB DB 5) IoT with “Kappa” Architecture API Gateway 34 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams = one way = request/response
  32. 32. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Stream Processing Infrastructure Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP Hadoop Big Data Infrastructure HDFS ESP/CEP Batch Processing IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB DB DB DB 6) IoT with Big Data Advanced Analytics API Gateway 35 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams = one way = request/response
  33. 33. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Stream Processing Infrastructure IoT Reference Architecture Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device 36 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP Hadoop Big Data Infrastructure HDFS ESP/CEP Batch Processing IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB DB DB DB API Gateway = one way = request/response
  34. 34. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Stream Processing Infrastructure Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device 37 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP Hadoop Big Data Infrastructure HDFS ESP/CEP Batch Processing IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB DB DB DB API Gateway Internet of Things - Sind traditionelle Architekturen gut genug? = one way = request/response IoT Reference Architecture – Open Source Platform
  35. 35. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Stream Processing Infrastructure Enterprise Applications WS External Cloud Service Providers BPM and SOA Platform Event Business Logic/Rules Business Intelligence IoT Device 38 Mobile Apps DB Rich (Web) Client Apps DB Social Media Streams Enterprise Event Bus (Ingress) Enterprise Event Bus Services WS Event Processes Gateway ESP/CEP Hadoop Big Data Infrastructure HDFS ESP/CEP Batch Processing IoT Smart Device Viszualization Analytics DB DB DB DB API Gateway IoT Reference Architecture – Oracle Platform Internet of Things - Sind traditionelle Architekturen gut genug? = one way = request/response Oracle Event Processing For Embedded Oracle Event Processing For Embedded SerivceBus Oracle Event Processing Stream Explorer Oracle BigData Appliance Oracle NoSQL Oracle NoSQL Stream Explorer Business Activity Monitoring Oracle Data Integrator SerivceBusAPI Gateway Coherence SOA Suite BPM Suite
  36. 36. IoT Platform
  37. 37. IoT Platforms: backbone to manage IoT business cases Mayor building blocks of an IoT Platform
  38. 38. Oracle Internet of Things Cloud Service IoT Cloud Service Device Virtualization High Speed Messaging Endpoint Management Connect Abstract complexity associated with device connectivity Standardize integration of devices with enterprise Analyze Reduce noise and detect business events at real-time Enable historical big-data analysis Integrate Make enterprise processes IoT friendly Allow enterprise & mobile applications to control devices Integration Cloud Service BI & Big Data Cloud Service Oracle Cloud Services Mobile Cloud Service 3rd party apps Industry Vertical Apps Enterprise Apps Cloud or On Premise Manufacturing Transportation Service Mgmt Asset Mgmt Enterprise Connectivity REST APIs Control Stream Processing Event Store Data Enrichment
  39. 39. Summary
  40. 40. Summary Treat events as events! Infrastructures for handling lots of events are available! IoT tends to make Big Data / Fast Data infrastructures necessary Know your use case/requirements to choose the right architecture! Can my existing backend landscape handle the new IoT load? Do I have to handle huge amount of events in “real-time”? Do I need to filter/aggregate data before invoking existing backend systems? Do I want to do Advanced Analytics (predictive analytics) where historical information is necessary? What is the network bandwidth between device/gateway and cloud/backend? Centralized or Decentralized IoT solution?
  41. 41. Trivadis an der DOAG 2015 Ebene 3 - gleich neben der Rolltreppe Wir freuen uns auf Ihren Besuch. Denn mit Trivadis gewinnen Sie immer.
  42. 42. Guido Schmutz Technology Manager guido.schmutz@trivadis.com

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