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The Road to Open Educational Resources

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Talk given to the University of Michigan Health Science Libraries on enabling the creation and sharing of Open Educational Resources, OER.

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The Road to Open Educational Resources

  1. Greg Grossmeier http://open.umich.edu Open.Michigan The road to Open Educational Resources
  2. or... creating interesting and useful educational materials using openly licensed content
  3. or... why your students, colleagues, and others around the world will thank you for creating and using openly licensed educational materials
  4. “Openly Licensed Educational Materials” ?
  5. aka: Open Educational Resources
  6. OER
  7. what is OER? why OER? open licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  8. OA OCW eLearning OER & Definition by boundaries:
  9. The difference between: Open Access (OA) and OER .
  10. <ul>OA focuses on sharing content, usually of scholarly nature, without a requirement for the use of an Open license OER includes any educational content that is shared under an Open license </ul>
  11. OER and OA are friends
  12. free, permanent, full-text, online access to scientific and scholarly works openly licensed educational content OA // OER - buddies OA OER
  13. The difference between: Open Course Ware (OCW) and OER .
  14. <ul>OCW focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically to instruct a course OER includes any educational content that is shared under an open license, whether or not it is a part of a course </ul>
  15. OCW is a subset of OER
  16. OCW, single images, general campus lectures, image collections, singular learning modules, paper or article syllabi, lecture notes, presentation slides, assignments, lecture videos - all related to a course OCW // OER - overlap OER OCW
  17. The difference between: eLearning and OER
  18. eLearning are electronic instructional resources that are not necessarily Openly licensed. OER materials are designed to be the physical or electronic building blocks of instructional resources and are always Openly licensed. OER and eLearning: a relationship.
  19. intersection represents open, electronic, instructional resources eLearning // OER - intersection OER eLearning
  20. “ Openly Licensed?” comes from the definition...
  21. the OER Definition : “Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to remix, improve and redistribute.”
  22. From the OER Definition : “ Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to remix, improve and redistribute.”
  23. We'll get to licenses later...
  24. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  25. benefits of OER: for faculty
  26. benefits of OER: for faculty recognition publish and promote their resources connect with other collaborators extend their reach and visibility
  27. benefits of OER: for faculty tenure review board recognition publish and promote their resources to impress tenure review boards connect with other collaborators extend their reach and visibility to impress tenure review boards
  28. benefits of OER: for the university
  29. The mission of the University of Michigan is to serve the people of Michigan and the world through preeminence in creating, communicating, preserving and applying knowledge, art, and academic values, and in developing leaders and citizens who will challenge the present and enrich the future. benefits of OER: for the university
  30. The mission of the University of Michigan is to serve the people of Michigan and the world through preeminence in creating, communicating, preserving and applying knowledge , art, and academic values, and in developing leaders and citizens who will challenge the present and enrich the future. benefits of OER: for the university
  31. benefits of OER: for the university <ul><li>share expertise and curricula with other institutions
  32. recruit better students
  33. decrease duplication, increase efficiency
  34. increase U-M’s reputation globally </li></ul>
  35. In another way...
  36. (academia)
  37.  
  38. Journals
  39. Books
  40. Source Code
  41. DATA!
  42. teaching resources
  43. All of these things...
  44. can
  45. and arguably should be
  46. shared.
  47.  
  48. Why?
  49.  
  50.  
  51.  
  52.  
  53.  
  54.  
  55.  
  56.  
  57. All of these things...
  58. were built upon
  59. other people's things. “ standing on the shoulders....”
  60. But how?
  61. Licenses.
  62. Licenses?
  63. Yes, licenses.
  64. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  65. There are many types...
  66. Non-Software Licenses: Creative Commons GNU Free Documentation License Software Licenses: GPL Apache BSD
  67. OER *mostly* uses Creative Commons Licenses
  68. Creative Commons
  69.  
  70. ?
  71.  
  72.  
  73.  
  74.  
  75.  
  76.  
  77.  
  78.  
  79. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but only if they give you credit. BY :: Attribution
  80.  
  81. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but for noncommercial purposes only. NC :: Noncommercial
  82.  
  83. You let others copy, distribute, and display your copyrighted work only if no changes, derivatives, are made. ND :: No derivatives
  84.  
  85. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work as long as any derivative work is licensed under the same license. SA :: Share Alike
  86. Creative Commons: licenses
  87. Public Domain All Rights Reserved Some rights reserved: a spectrum. least restrictive most restrictive
  88. But...
  89. the OER Definition : “ Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to re-mix, improve and redistribute.”
  90. X X OER Creative Commons: licenses
  91. X X X X X X Public Domain All Rights Reserved Some rights reserved: a spectrum for OER least restrictive most restrictive
  92. Now, the hard part
  93. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  94. OER production typically involves three main policy concerns reducing risk
  95. main policy concerns :: copyright : U.S. law grants limited exclusive rights to authors of creative works :: endorsement : avoiding the appearance of endorsing a 3 rd party :: p rivacy : the protection of patient and student privacy
  96. Really though, it's mostly
  97.  
  98. Artwork these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  99. Charts
  100. Graphs
  101. Illustrations: Cartoons these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  102. Illustrations: Chemical Representations
  103. Drawings and Diagrams some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  104. Graphics some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  105. Scientific Images
  106. Ads, CD/Book/Movie Covers, Screenshots some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  107. Photographs some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  108. Text: Quotes, Passages, Poems The Mesh We have come to the cross-roads And I must either leave or come with you. I lingered over the choice But in the darkness of my doubts You lifted the lamp of love And I saw in your face The road that I should take. - Kwesi Brew some of these excerpts used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
  109. :: retainment : keeping the content because it is licensed under an Open license or is in the public domain :: replacement : you may want to replace content that is not Openly licensed (and thus not shareable) :: removal : you may need to remove content due to privacy, endorsement or copyright concerns dealing with issues
  110. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  111. It's easy, I promise.
  112. Start now by making a small change in how you create you r own content.
  113. Mostly: When possible, use only Openly Licensed (or Public Domain ) Content
  114. the extra information : author name : link to content : license name : link to license http://open.umich.edu/wiki/Open_Content_How-to
  115. A Phalaenopsis hybrid CC:BY-SA Zizonus (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ Lady Finger Learning about Orchids phalaenopsis CC:BY audreyjm529 (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Phalaenopsis Lady Finger Orchid CC:BY aussiegall (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ A Phalaenopsis hybrid
  116. Image courtesy of Herbert L. Fred, MD and Hendrik A. van Dijk - < http://cnx.org/content/m14942/latest/ > Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License < http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ >
  117. Some “otherwise noted” content <ul><li>The Creative Commons cartoons: CC:BY Ryan Junell
  118. “ IMG_1633” - sigmaman - http://www.flickr.com/photos/sigmaman/3891058119/ - Public Domain
  119. “ christina, cal class of '08” - bittermelon - http://www.flickr.com/photos/bittermelon/2521892649/ - CC:BY-NC
  120. “ The Path of Least Resistance” - NazarethCollege - http://www.flickr.com/photos/nazareth_college/3525764942/ - CC:BY
  121. “ for squirrels and chipmunks, practice makes perfect” - emdot - http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot/56156364/ - CC:BY
  122. “ books in a stack (a stack of books)” - austinevan - http://www.flickr.com/photos/austinevan/1225274637/ - CC:BY
  123. “ Real Academia” – fernando garcía redondo – http://www.flickr.com/photos/fgr1986/3787437711/ - CC:BY
  124. “ I Love To Share – 2009” - creativecommons - http://www.flickr.com/photos/creativecommons/3303749499/ - CC:BY
  125. “ and more servers” - mysterbee - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mysterybee/1659329016/ - CC:BY-SA
  126. “ IXS_1916” - acme - http://www.flickr.com/photos/acme/2628554102/ - CC:BY
  127. “ Dr. Kevin Padian talk - From Dinosaurs to Birds: How Did It Happen?” - mikebaird - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikebaird/2208087847/ - CC:BY </li></ul>
  128. When that isn't an option: Use what you need to for class. Remove the unlicensed content when publishing to the web.
  129. License your materials
  130. the extra information : title slide with license : links to content (if applicable) http://open.umich.edu/wiki/Open_Content_How-to
  131. Creating Open Educational Resources Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. / November 9, 2009 / a Presentation to SPH Faculty Copyright © 2009 The Regents of the University of Michigan Greg Grossmeier http://open.umich.edu
  132.  
  133. discover content :: standard practice
  134. discover content :: standard practice
  135. :: standard practice : simple search engine results : from colleagues : journals and textbooks discover content
  136. :: revised practice Use Openly Licensed content from: : Google Advanced Search http://images.google.com/advanced_image_search : discoverEd http://discovered.creativecommons.org : Creative Commons http://search.creativecommons.org : Flickr http://flickr.com/creativecommons/ : Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org : Your Own Content licensed discover content
  137. share content :: institutional : open.michigan http://open.umich.edu :: web resources : slideshare http://slideshare.net : Internet Archive http://archive.org : flickr http://flickr.com
  138. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  139. We help content creators maximize the return on digital resources by helping make these resources free and open for use and reuse by people worldwide. a student driven do-it-yourself and distributed method of generating OER Open Source Software used to manage the process of generating OER
  140.  
  141. a bit of background.. Fall 2007, the Medical School commits to publishing all of its pre-clinical materials as OER. All U-M health science deans pledge their support
  142. And then from that small first step...
  143. Health OER Disseminates edu cat ional materials to educators, physicians, clinicians, students, and self-learners throughout the world, free of charge. Enables global access to our health science education materials: lectures, labs, and other course curricula. Improves health education and health care delivery within the University, the State of Michigan, and worldwide.
  144. Not just health-related
  145. Faculty from: College of Engineering LSA Public Policy Dentistry Education Information Nursing Public Health
  146. What do these OERs look like?
  147.  
  148.  
  149.  
  150.  
  151.  
  152.  
  153.  
  154.  
  155.  
  156.  
  157.  
  158. “ This is a really good presentation. Very clear and I like your examples and excel sheet calculations. Thank you for the great lecture.” “ My teacher did not explain as clear as you did.” “ Thanks for this video. Very well explained and with examples.”
  159. what is OER? why OER? Open Licenses challenges generate OER open.michigan who to talk to
  160. who to talk to :: we can help you make OER : open.michigan team - [email_address] : U-M copyright office - [email_address] : Other Librarians
  161. OER Let’s do it right from the start. CC: BY-SA Phil McElhinney (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/philmcelhinney/1000986005 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/
  162. Questions? grossmei@umich.edu open.umich.edu lib.umich.edu/copyright
  163. Find more material online at http://open.umich.edu/wiki/
  164. Some “otherwise noted” content <ul><li>The Creative Commons cartoons: CC:BY Ryan Junell
  165. “ IMG_1633” - sigmaman - http://www.flickr.com/photos/sigmaman/3891058119/ - Public Domain
  166. “ christina, cal class of '08” - bittermelon - http://www.flickr.com/photos/bittermelon/2521892649/ - CC:BY-NC
  167. “ The Path of Least Resistance” - NazarethCollege - http://www.flickr.com/photos/nazareth_college/3525764942/ - CC:BY
  168. “ for squirrels and chipmunks, practice makes perfect” - emdot - http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot/56156364/ - CC:BY
  169. “ books in a stack (a stack of books)” - austinevan - http://www.flickr.com/photos/austinevan/1225274637/ - CC:BY
  170. “ Real Academia” – fernando garcía redondo – http://www.flickr.com/photos/fgr1986/3787437711/ - CC:BY
  171. “ I Love To Share – 2009” - creativecommons - http://www.flickr.com/photos/creativecommons/3303749499/ - CC:BY
  172. “ and more servers” - mysterbee - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mysterybee/1659329016/ - CC:BY-SA
  173. “ IXS_1916” - acme - http://www.flickr.com/photos/acme/2628554102/ - CC:BY
  174. “ Dr. Kevin Padian talk - From Dinosaurs to Birds: How Did It Happen?” - mikebaird - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikebaird/2208087847/ - CC:BY </li></ul>

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