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Who is GOPC? : We are an outcome-oriented statewide non-profit that champions revitalization and sustainable redevelopment in Ohio : Our aim is to make Ohio economically competitive by promoting sustainable land use. In particular we want to revitalize our urban cores and metropolitan regions to make them attractive to current and prospective residents and businesses.
We carefully maintain a bi-partisan, nonpartisan reputation and are perceived by policymakers as “middle of the road.”
GOPC has a bipartisan board and advances data-driven recommendations that transcend party lines
We are a “think and do” tank that focuses on 3 policies areas that we think will help the state become economically competitive in the future. 1. Encourage redevelopment of walkable neighborhoods and central business districts to generate the density that produces higher taxes, more entrepreneurial creativity and offers a range of amenities
2. Address spatial mismatch between where we work, play and live. We want to see increased resources for these improvements and consideration of options that don’t include highways. For example, more robust transit systems.
3. Reduce competition between local governments and the fragmentation in our state’s regions will help regions to economically compete as unified fronts
GOPC’s interest is in Removing barriers that make it hard for local government leaders, nonprofit officials and/or the private sector to revitalize their communities. Establishing new policies that make it easier, cheaper or faster for leaders to revitalize communities Aligning state policy with local needs and action Attracting private sector interest and investment to neighborhoods and cities that are beginning to backslide or have experienced disinvestment
To champion revitalization we write research reports, analyses and white papers that are used by state and local policy makers, reporters, local nonprofits and the private sector.
We advocate for pragmatic policies at the statehouse and with executive offices
We offer advice to local officials and often act as a liaison between local stakeholders and state policymakers
We conduct local pilot or demonstrations projects in individual neighborhoods or cities to test the efficacy and value of proposed policy reforms
Improve ability of local governments & nonprofits to gain control and improve blighted properties Broaden applicability of nuisance abatement statute Fast track the foreclosure process Strengthen safeguards that prevent irresponsible real estate “investors” from purchasing and abandoned blighted property Amend regulations around scrap metal recycling to make it more difficult for individuals to sell housing materials for “quick cash”
Increase funding for public transit by reallocating existing $$ from federal government and establish new funding streams
Ohio is a diverse state with diverse local interests. These interests sometime conflict with one another.
Policy reforms can take a while. Often 2-4 years from introduction of idea to passage of law.
Incremental change: major change rarely occurs with one piece of legislation
Most reforms do not have instantaneous results, i.e. hard to see immediate impact.
recommendations are a mix of easy, relatively uncontroversial suggestions and others are more controversial and require a lot of education to get people comfortable with our ideas.
Areas around state are much different situation. Older legacy cities with falling populations are struggling with aging systems that were built for larger populations. Some rural areas in SE Ohio still are trying to find ways to connect to sewers and public drinking water. CSO correction work is common across the state. Financial ability of cities varies tremendously. Columbus can continue to borrow from OWDA and issue its own bonds others are running up against limits.
MSD of Greater Cincinnati: Phase One, 2009 – 2018, $1.1 Billion Phase Two, after 2018, $2.1 Billion for 256 separate projects
Columbus: total $3.6 Billion over about 30 years (2005 – 2035)
Cleveland: $3B over 35 years
Akron $1.4B from original LTCP now being brought down by integrated planning
Source: Constructing or rehabilitating surface water intake structures, drilled wells, and spring collectors.
Treatment: Construction, expansion, and rehabilitation of infrastructure to reduce contamination through filtration, disinfection, corrosion control. Usually makes up a large portion of regulatory need
Storage: Construct, rehabilitate, or cover finished water storage tanks, but excludes dams and raw water reservoirs
Other: Ex: system-wide telemetry, supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, and water system security measures that were not assigned to another category.
The biggest risk to children is still from lead paint. Lead is a neurotoxin particularly devastating to children’s development. The effects are irreversible. Although the EPA sets a lead action level guideline of 15 parts per billion THERE IS NO SAFE LEVEL. It can cause lifetime learning disabilities and is linked to behavioral issues.
Corrosion can controlled through chemical treatment but risk still remains Work on main supply line or construction work can disturb LSL Risk from lead fixtures and pipes within building itself
Problems with Common Lead Testing Protocols: Pre-stagnation Flushing Step: Residents told to run faucet the night before testing, then not use water for at least six hours – letting it sit in the pipes – before drawing the sample. Method used by Columbus and many other municipalities around the country. February 2016 memo - EPA said the practice could ‘potentially lower the lead levels’ in test results by possibly removing lead-tainted water from the pipes the night before. - Heidi Griesmer Ohio EPA U.S. EPA recommends the removal of pre-flushing from testing protocols and the use of wide-mouth sample bottles so residents could fill them just like they’d fill a glass of water. Olsen, Erik and Kristi Pullen Fedinick, “What’s in Your Water? Flint and Beyond: Analysis of EPA data reveals widespread lead crisis potentially affecting millions of Americans. National Resources Defense Council. Report. Print. 2016.(https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/whats-in-your-water-flint-beyond-es.pdf)
Sebring – water system operator did notifiy residents of lead contamination within required 30 day window. Operator faces criminal charges. 2 Ohio EPA employees fired
Lansing, MI and Madison, WI went ahead and replaced all of the LSLs; Lansing raised rates and was able to bear the entire cost of a $42 million plan that replaced about 14,000 LSLs; city owned entire supply line
Madison – more typical situation in which homeowner owned line starting at edge of property line, and offered $1,000 rebates to homeowners, paid for by selling space on utility water towers to cell phone companies
High concentrations of lead may continue due to plumbing fixtures and pipes inside home – this is being shown in Flint
Corrosive water also linked to outbreak of Legionnaires diseases at hospital.
LATEST RESULTS SHOW THAT LEAD LEVELS CAN SPIKE IN WATER EVEN IN HOMES WITH NO LEAD SERVICE LINES TEST RESULTS TAKEN FROM THE SAME HOME ARE NOT CONSISTENT – LEAD LEVELS CAN RISE OR FALL SIGNFICANTLY WITHIN A MATTER OF DAYS
No safe level of lead exposure in children
CURRENT FEDERAL RULES CALL FOR NOTIFICATION OF HOMEOWNER WITHIN 30 DAYS OF VIOLATION, AND PUBLIC NOTIFICATION WITHIN 60 DAYS IF THE SYSTEM IS OUT OF COMPLIANCE
HB 512 - For test from an individual home, notification of results above lead threshold level must take place within 2 business days by direct notification such as email, phone call, or hand delivery; AND provide notice of blood level testing and health screening
If system exceeds LEAD ACTION LEVEL (10% of samples are above 15 parts per billion) then notice must be provided to all consumers within 2 business days. Provide information on availability of health screening and blood level testing.
Laboratory that receives sample must complete analysis within 30 days
No general state commitment to replacing LSL (Michigan is pledging $27M)
US EPA is revising Lead and Copper Rule but not expected to release draft until 2017. Federal policy continues to push CSO corrections.
Deal reached on federal aid for Flint. $170M in House-passed version of Water Resources Development Act passed House in late Sep. 216.
$12M available from Ohio Facilities Construction Commission for Ohio schools.
Stress the success of CORF, cite previous GOPC study
Stress the opportunities being missed during economic recovery to bring jobs back to urban core areas.
State contribution is extremely low, just $27.3 million ($20 million FHWA flex funds and $7.3 million GRF appropriation level) ($8.3 actual spending in FY 2016)
State GRF contribution was $44 million in 2000; this would have to grow to $61.5 million in 2016 to keep pace with inflation
Ohio Statewide Transit Needs Study: UNMET NEED is 37.5 million trips; this will grow to 140 million trips
Ohio’s contribution of 63 cents per capita ranks among the lowest in the nation (38th out of 51)
Funding would have to double to meet all needs in 2015 to a total of $1.8 Billion
Collectively the seven systems received $33.6 million from the Medicaid MCO sales tax, or 7.4% of their total $451.7M total sales tax revenue
County governments collected $148 million from the MCO sales tax out of nearly $2 Billion in total sales tax revenue (7.5% of total)
List subjects of panels
Revitalization Policies for Sustainable Redevelopment in Ohio
Jon Honeck, PhD
Senior Policy Fellow
Greater Ohio Policy
ABOUT GREATER OHIO POLICY CENTER
statewide non-profit that
champions revitalization and
sustainable redevelopment in
• Revitalize Ohio’s urban
cores and metropolitan
• Achieve sustainable land
reuse and economic
ABOUT GREATER OHIO POLICY CENTER:
SUBJECT AREA EXPERTISE
urban cores and
Develop improved &
Promote regional economic
development & collaborative
ABOUT GREATER OHIO POLICY CENTER:
HOW WE DO OUR WORK
• Develop and publish research
• Use research to advocate for
practical policy solutions at the
• Assist communities through
strategic assistance and
dissemination of best practices
• Build collaborative partnerships
to extend our reach and ability
to impact change
SUSTAINABLE REDEVELOPMENT POLICIES TO WATCH
FOR IN THE 2017 BUDGET PROCESS
Urban revitalization policies
• Water/sewer upgrades – Combined sewer overflows,
regionalization & asset management, lead service lines
• Brownfield Remediation
• Application of public nuisance statutes to commercial
and industrial properties (local government control of
Transportation modernization policies
• Dedicated Funding for public transit – Sales Tax on
Medicaid Managed Care Organizations will expire in
• Statewide policy to ensure state’s roadways safely
accommodate all types of users
OHIO NEEDS $14.1 BILLION FOR WASTEWATER
TREATMENT INFRASTRUCTURE, 2012 - 2032
U.S. EPA Office of Water. Clean Watersheds Needs Survey 2012 Report to Congress – State Fact Sheets. Ohio CWNS 2012.
OHIO NEEDS $12.1 BILLION FOR DRINKING WATER
U.S. EPA Office of Water. Drinking Water Infrastructure Needs Survey and Assessment.
Fifth Report to Congress. EPA 816-R-13-006. April 2013.
No safe level of lead exposure in children
Ohio estimated to have about 10% of the 6.1 million total lead
service lines nationally (AWWA National Survey)
Corrosion can controlled through chemical treatment but risk
EPA requires testing under “lead and copper rule” but
protocols criticized as weak and not enforced (e.g., pre-
flushing techniques and failure to target test sites)
Customers usually own service line from street to the home,
leading to disputes about who pays for replacement
FLINT, SEBRING AND LEAD POISONING:
INFRASTRUCTURE AND PUBLIC HEALTH
The water system did not know the location of lead service lines
The water utility and state regulators employed dubious lead
Customers had little or no awareness of the potential for lead in
their drinking water
Utility construction was taking place without notifying customers
of the potential for lead contamination
Lead service line replacement is often looked at as unnecessary,
costly, and complex
-- Eric Rothstein, Member of Michigan Governor’s Flint
Water Advisory Task Force (Journal AWWA 2016)
WHAT IS NOT UNUSUAL ABOUT FLINT?
Holds public water systems more accountable for recording and
reporting lead and copper levels.
Imposes stricter monitoring of public water systems’ compliance with
lead and copper rules and imposes penalties for not complying with
reporting and recording requirements.
Requires mapping of possible lead pipe lines by water systems
every five years
Requires of notice to resident within two days of receiving
contaminated results from tests.
HB 390 - $12 million for grants to schools to replace lead fixtures
($15,000 per school, OFCC)
OHIO HOUSE BILL 512 (2016)
Ohio still has over 10,000 contaminated “brownfield”
Brownfield sites pose environmental hazards and
depress property values in surrounding neighborhoods
Many urban areas are “built out” and lack available land
for commercial and industrial development
If responsible party cannot be found, public funds are
usually needed to “level the playing field” with greenfield
JobsOhio Revitalization grant program focuses on sites
with strong economic development potential
PUBLIC TRANSIT FUNDING (2012)
Source: ODOT (2014)
REGIONAL TRANSIT AUTHORITY RELIANCE ON THE
MEDICAID MANAGED CARE SALES TAX, CY 2015
System Share of Total System
Sales Tax Revenue
Dayton RTA 9.2%
Cleveland RTA 8.2%
Akron RTA 6.9%
Stark RTA 6.5%
Central Ohio Transit
Portage RTA 6.1%
Source: Ohio Dept. of Taxation
March 7th & 8th, 2017
More information is available at: www.GreaterOhio.wix.com/2017-Summit
The Westin Columbus
310 South High Street
Columbus, Ohio 43215
Investing in Ohio's Future:
Maximizing Growth in our Cities and Regions
More information is available at: www.GreaterOhio.wix.com/2017-Summit