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Introduce yourself [name/role]Try to include personal story about why energy matters to the Army (i.e. – the issue of energy has changed dramatically in the Army over the last couple of years. I have served in the military as a civilian for over X years and ….)
The Army of today not only faces natural disasters, but also manmade threats such as terrorist attacks. Our Installations are Power Projection Platforms reliant on a vulnerable civilian grid.Some examples of these threats include violent storms, hurricanes, tornados and even Tsunamis (like the one that devastated Japan), that strike unexpectedly, or downed power lines caused wind and/or snow storms.The Army is moving forward to address these threats, so the Army of tomorrow has the same access to energy, water, land and natural resources as the Army of today.Addressing these threats are operationally necessary, financially prudent and mission critical.
EIA projected a diesel price of $2.40/gal for 2011 EIA base case – used by OSD Comptroller & OMB; Actual DLA price = $3.95Army and USMC Operational Energy (OE) is inextricably linked to fuel & water; closely tied to waste;Operational impacts are many:Heavy reliance on vulnerable ground convoys -Fuel and water comprise 70-80% of ground resupply e, after initial combat -18% of US casualties in OIF and OEF are related to ground resupply Heavy reliance on contractor support for operational forces -In Afghanistan, 85% of supplies are moved by local (Jingle) trucks, not green suitFuel is the biggest single item shipped into Afghanistan -Quantity is increasing: average of 479K gal/day in 2008, 1.1M gal/day in 2009, estimated 1.4 M gal/day in 2010 -FBCF in Iraq about $5-30 per gal; FBCF in Afghanistan ranges from $10 up to $100s of dollars per gal in extreme instances) - ~50% of fuel is used to produce electricity; Base Camp energy efficiency is very low (perhaps as low as ~10%)Growing energy demand (USMC example):250% Increase in Radios300% Increase in IT/Computers200% Increase in # of Vehicles75% Increase in Vehicle WGT30% Decrease in MPGMTVR – 4.3 MPGHMMWV – 8.0 MPGMRAP – 4.0 MPGMarine Rifle Co. batteries since 2001:684% by capacity (Watts)1,294% by quantity380% by weight2,400% by cost
In their joint testimony to Congress, the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff stated, “to remain operationally relevant and viable, the Army must reduce its dependency on energy, increase energy efficiency, and implement renewable and alternate sources of energy." The Army has both installation and operational energy requirements.The Army groups power and energy into three areas: soldierpower, vehiclepower and basingpower. An example of soldierpower is how we’re lightening Soldier loads to help them become more agile and self-reliant through advanced portable power systems, lighter batteries, universal charging devices and water purifiers. An average Soldier needs 7 different types of batteries for a mission, and on a 3-day patrol may carry 15 or more pounds of batteries. Army vehiclepower includes tactical (air and ground) vehicles and non-tactical vehicles. In non-military terms, non-tactical vehicles include our 80,000+ passenger cars, trucks, buses and ambulances.The Army’s effort falls in basingpower, which focuses on the fuel, water and energy at our installations and base camps. The cornerstone of basing power is Net Zero, which is a holistic approach to addressing energy, water, and waste. This is key to the creating energy efficiency and reducing our overall demand.
Proposal to establish a Defense Energy Center of Excellence in Austin, Texas
Military Energy andour National Energy PolicyJoseph Kopser1We can do better
Problem StatementBLUF: We can’t continue business as usual with regard to how energy is employedon the battlefield.• “Energy-state relationships intersect geopolitical concerns as state-run companies willcontrol an increasing share of the world’s hydrocarbon resources…” (NMS 2011)• Energy costs have risen over 300% since 2000 $10 increase per Bbl = $1.2B cost to DoD EIA 2011 oil ref. case projects $118/Bbl (2009 $) by 2025• bulk liquid (water/fuel ) comprises ~ 70-80% of ground resupply• ~ 1 casualty per 24 to 50 OEF fuel/water convoys• Proliferation in powered devices drives average Soldier load to~ 5 lb of assorted batteries per day of dismounted patrol• Increases in vehicle weights increase fuel consumption, reduce range“Without energy, the Army stands still and silent”--GEN Peter Chiarelli, VCSA, Army - Air Force Energy Forum, 20 July 20113What is it?:The energy and associated systems, information and processesrequired to train, move, and sustain forces and systems for militaryoperations.Operational Energy Initial Capabilities Document (ICD), draft version 1.4, 29 July 2011
OPERATIONAL ENERGYNET ZERO STRATEGYPower and Energy4“Grand Challenges”• Give soldiers and leaders capability to manage energy status, resources, performance• Significantly reduce energy footprint• Provide flexibility and resiliency by developing alternatives and adaptable capabilitiesSoldierBasing VehiclesInstallation Tactical Non TacticalContingency
Why Should the DOD be a participant?• The DOD is budgeting $1.6 billion forinitiatives that will improve energy use and$9 billion in energy-security investments forthe department across the next 5 years• These initiatives compare with $16.3 billionthe department has budgeted for petroleumfor military operations in 2013.5
Energy Security Priorities6President Barack ObamaRecent comments 25-26 JAN 12"I will not cede the wind or solar or battery industry to China orGermany because we refuse to make the samecommitment here."“The Defense Department isnt embracing clean energy justbecause it feels good. Our military isnt leading on this issuejust because its the right thing to do for our climate. Theyredoing it because its important to our national security."
Energy Security Priorities7Secretary of Defense Leon Ponetta31 JAN 12"Its essential that we continue to developinnovative energy solutions to advance ourmilitary missions and use our precious resourceswisely. The Department is taking the lead onthis because saving energy on the battlefieldmeans saving lives and money.”
Why Texas?• Central Texas is home to UT-Austin, UTSA, and Texas A&M– 3 leaders inEnergy R&D• The region sits in the middle of our country’slargest collection of oil, naturalgas, wind, and solar energy resources.• Each year the DOD spends millions on R&Dhere on campus in some pretty amazingresearch programs that help our Soldiers onthe battlefield and our Veterans when theyreturn.• Austin is the Capital of Texas and home tothe Texas Army and Air National Guard.• In the last 12 years of war, the Texas ArmyNational Guard has deployed more Soldiersthan any other state.• In a 100 mile radius, Austin is in the middlebetween:– Fort Hood– Fort Sam Houston– Camp Mabry– Lackland AFB– Randolph Air Force Base.9