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INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION
POINTS TO COVER
1. What are some of the ways that ICTs have
facilitated globalization process?
2. What kinds of information skills are needed to be
personally, professionally, and academically
successful in the Information Age?
3. What factors contribute to the existence of digital
devices both within specific countries and between
developed and developing countries?
4. How might ICTs facilitate development?
5. What are some of the potentially positive and
potentially negative consequences of the
WHAT ARE ICTs?
ICTs are the services, platforms, and
devices that have eroded the barriers of
time and space, making swift and efficient
international communication flows
Types of ICTs
Digital technologies and infrastructure and products that
facilitate the acquisition, storage, analysis, manipulation, and
distribution of information.
Other technologies that enable collection, processing,
transmission, and presentation of information in a number of
ways including voice, data, text, images, video, and
3 dominant ICT technologies: PC, cell-phone/mobile,
ICT also includes webcams, email, DVDs, flash memory,
hard drives, servers, and networks, soft-wares.
ICTs ~ digital technologies that have rapidly changed the
WHAT ARE THE ROLES OF ICTs IN
ROLES OF ICTs IN GLOBALIZATION PROCESS
ICT eroded the constraints of time and space- necessary
perquisite to the formation of global economy “with the
capacity to work as a unit in real time, or chosen time, on
a planetary scale”.
ICT reflects the convergence of communications- ability
to deliver a variety of media and communication services
(e.g.: Cell phones are not simply telecommunications
devices; they allow us to play game, download
information, surf net, listen to music, watch video, etc)
ICTs allow people to share information and to
communicate with each other at any time in any place,
extend human interaction, allowing people who are
dispersed in space and time to act in response to events
taking place in distant locales.
The Information Age
The information age~ proliferation of information and ability to
transfer, share, and instantly access information.
Many consider it begun in the last 20yrs of 20th century and
expedited in mid 90s by the widespread and development of
internet (though it has a long history dated back to 1962).
1440, Johannes Gutenberg developed printing press: allows
news and knowledge to spread across EU faster
1998: Larry Page and Sergey Brin co-found Google: increase in
the availability of information
Internet provides various forums for people to express their
ideas, to build consensus, to debate and to vote, to share, to
comment on a number of spaces (wikis, chat forums, blogs, etc.)
Internet users in the World
NUMBER OF USERS
Global village- MacLuhan (1962)
The global village suggests that the globalization of communication media has
brought the whole world closer together, like a village in which everyone is.
Global village closes the gap between countries, as an event experienced in
one part of the world could be witnessed from other parts in no time at all. it
establishes the image of a world where everyone is able to speak freely and
information can be shared across borders. (Source: Peter Hirshberg TED Talk:
The Web and TV, a sibling rivalry (2007)
McLuhan chose the insightful
phrase "global village" to highlight
his observation that an electronic
nervous system (the media)
was rapidly integrating the planet
events in one part of the world
could be experienced from other
parts in real-time, which is
what human experience was
like when we lived in
The digital divide
Digital divide: Unequal access to physical ICTs, such as computers,
mobile phones, and internet access, as well as to imbalances in the
education and experience needed to develop information and
Global digital divide: disparities in technology access and use
between countries or global regions.
(Human Development Report, 1999): WWW not only connects but also
excludes, providing the connected with ever greater advantages:
“The network society is creating parallel communications systems:
one for those with income, education and – literally- connections,
plentiful information at low cost and high speed; the other
without connections, blocked by high barriers of time, cost
uncertainty and dependent on outdated information.”
Where is Vietnam?
Measuring the Information Society- The ICT Development Index
s per 100
of H/Hs with
of H.Hs with
line per 100
s per 100
of H/Hs with
of H.Hs with
ICTs encompasses the digital technologies and
infrastructure that have facilitated globalization
ICTs are the services, platforms, and devices that
have eroded the barriers of time and space, making
swift and efficient international communication flows
The important role of ICTs in poverty reduction
Efforts needed to provide people around the world
access to the information and communication tools
that can enhance their chances of achieving their
goals for themselves, their families and their
Convergence process of devices (mobile devices)
making media forms changing
What are some of the ways that
information and communication
technologies have facilitated globalization
How might information and
communication technologies facilitate
What are some of the potentially positive
and negative consequences of the
globalization of media?