TAPAN MANGESH GHARAT
What is LAYOUT ?
It may be define as “An
arrangement or a plan, especially
the schematic arrangement of
parts or areas.”
Objectives of the Layout is to develop an
economical layout which will meet the
product design and volume (product strategy).
process equipment and capacity (process
quality of work life (human resource strategy).
building and site constraints (location
Strategic Importance of Layout :
Higher utilization of space, equipment and
Improved flow of information, materials, or
Improved employee morale and safer
Improved customer/client interaction.
Depend upon type
Large bulky projects such as ships and buildings.
Deals with low-volume, high-variety production (“job
shop”, intermittent production).
Positions workers, their equipment, and
spaces/offices to provide for movement of
Allocates shelf space and responds to customer
Addresses trade-offs between space and material
Seeks the best personnel and machine use in
repetitive or continuous production.
There are different color
schemes are used in layouts of
rooms as well as furnishing
those are :
Monochromatic colour scheme
A monochromatic colour scheme consists of different values
(tints and shades) of one single colour. These colour
schemes are easy to get right and can be very effective,
soothing and authoritative . They do, however, lack the
diversity of hues found in other colour schemes and are less
Analogous colour scheme
Analogous colours are colours that are adjacent to each
other on the colour wheel. Some examples are green, yellow
green, and yellow or red, orange and yellow. Analogous
colour schemes are often found in nature and are pleasing to
the eye. The combination of these colours give a bright and
cheery effect in the area, and are able to accommodate
many changing moods. When using the analogous colour
scheme, one should make sure there is one hue as the main
Complementary colour scheme
Complementary colours are colours that are opposite each
other on the colour wheel, such as blue and orange, red and
green, purple and yellow. Complementary colour schemes
have a more energetic feel
The high contrast between the colours creates a vibrant look,
especially when used at full saturation. Complementary
colours can be tricky to use in large doses.
Split-analogous colour scheme
A colour scheme that includes a main colour and the two
colours one space away from it on each side of the colour
wheel. An example is red, blue, and violet.
Split-complementary colour scheme
A colour scheme that includes a main colour and the two
colours on each side of its complementary (opposite) colour
on the colour wheel. These are the colours that are one hue
and two equally spaced from its complement. To avoid
fatigue and maintain high contrast, this colour scheme should
be used when giving PowerPoint presentations, or when
using a computer for an extended period of time. Additionally,
certain colours should not be mixed, like red and green.
Colours that should be used are red/violet and yellow/green.
Triadic colour scheme
A colour scheme in which 3 colours of equidistant distribution
on the colour wheel are used, e.g., red, blue, and yellow.
Tetrad colour scheme
Tetrads (or quadrates) are any four colours with a logical
relationship on the colour wheel, such as double
Neutral colour scheme
A colour scheme that includes only colours not found on the
colour wheel, called neutrals, such as beige, brown, gray,
black and white.
Accented neutral colour scheme
A colour scheme that includes neutral colours, like white,
beige, brown, grey, light brown or black, and one or more
small doses of other colours. e.g. brown and beige with blue,
gray and black with red.
Warm and cool colour schemes
Warm colour schemes do not include blue at all, and
likewise, cool colour schemes do not include red at all. For
example, a colour scheme that includes "warmer" colours
may have orange, yellow, and red-orange in it. "Cooler"
colours are green, violet, light blue, etc.
Hotel industry is very vast place
which provide all type of luxury
and specialized service to guests
all over the world, normally
hotels are divided into 4 main
operational sectors those are :
Food and Beverage Service
Among 4 of the above operational sectors House keeping helps
to generate 50% of the hotel revenue total profit of hotel
depend upon the rooms sold by the hotel and the remaining
sectors are interconnected to each other.
Rooms in hotel are divided into
different categories, and they are
normally differentiated into:
1) Single room
2) Twin room
3) Hollywood twin room
4) Double room
5) Triple room
6) Quad room
07) Queen room
08) King room
09) Double double roomtwin double family room
10) Studio room
11) Sico room
12) Connecting rooms
13) Adjoining rooms
14) Adjacent rooms
16) Duplex/bi-level suite
17) Efficiency room
18) Hospitality suite
21) Sample room
22) Family room
24) Executive room
Single room : A room assigned to one person, having
Twin room : A room with two twin beds meant for one
Hollywood twin room : A room with two twin beds but a
common headboard, meant for two people. If so desired,
the beds can be bridged together to make it appear a
Double room : A room with a double bed for two
Triple room : A room assigned to three people,
which may have two or more beds.
Quad room : A room assigned to four people, which
may have two or mere beds.
Queen room : A room with a queen-size bed.
King room : A room with a king-size bed.
Double double room/twin double family room :
A room with two double beds, meant for four people.
Studio room/extension room : A room with a
Sico room : A room which has Murphy or Sico bed
(a pull-out or convertible or foldaway bed).
Mini Suite/junior suite : A single large room with
a bed and a sitting area.
Suite room : A combination of one or more
bedrooms and a parlour. It may also contain a bar, a
small kitchenette, and other facilities.
Interconnecting rooms : Rooms with individual
entrance doors from the outside and a connecting
door between, so that guests can move between
rooms without going through the hallway.
Adjoining rooms : Room with a common wall but on
Adjacent rooms : Rooms close to each other, but not
necessarily adjoining – perhaps across the hall or
corridor from each other.
Cabana : A room adjacent to the pool area, with
or without sleeping facilities, but with provision for
relaxing in a sofa. These are mainly used for
Duplex/bi-level suite : A two-storey suite, with parlour
and bedrooms connected by a stairway.
Efficiency room : A room containing kitchen facilities.
Hospitality suite : A parlour with a connecting
bedroom, to be used by guests to entertain his own
guests or for companies offering cocktails during
conventions, entertaining, and trade shows. A
hospitality room usually contains a bar and
occasional tables as will. This type of room is let out
and charged on an hourly basis.
Lanai : A room overlooking a landscaped area, a
scenic view, a waterbody, or a garden. It may have a
balcony, a pation, or both. This type of room is
commonly found in resorts.
Parlour/saloon : A living or sitting room ; a room
not used as a bedroom.
Penthouse suite: A room that opens onto the roof
and may be accompanied by a swimming pool, patio, a
tennis court, and other facilities and amenities.
Executive room : A room that has a large bedroom
with a sitting area, provided with chairs and usually a
sofa and coffee table. This type of room typically has
a workstation/lounge near the window. This is really a
combination bedroom-cum-sitting room
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