The Acropolis of Athens is a rocky hill of height 156 m above sea level and 70 m from the
city level of Athens. The top has the shape of trapezium with length 300 m and a
maximum width of 150 m. The hill is unreachable from all sides except the west, where
the fortified entrance , is decorated with brilliant Propylea.
It was found that the hill was inhabited the third millennium BC. Accessible only from the
western side, while the upper surface of the hill was wide enough to be lived, not on
slopes because there were water courses. The palace of the ruler was in the place where
centuries later the Erechtheion was built.
The ancient theater of Epidauros is considered the finest ancient Greek theater in terms of
acoustics and aesthetics. Located on the site of Asclepion Epidauros, on the slope of Kinortiou
very close to the town Lygourio. The ancient theater was built between 340 BC and #30 BC
from the Argive Architect Polykreito the younger as Pausanias. The theater had a capacity of
15,000 spectators. Divided into two parts (tiers): The upper tier with 21 rows of seats for the
people and The lower consisting of 34 rows, for the priests and the rulers. The theater is made
of porous stone with absorbs the sound like the human body-does.
Delphi is both an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece on the south-western spur
of Mount Parnassus in the valley of Phocis. Delphi is an ancient Greek town where there was
the most popular oracle in Ancient Greece. In myths is dating to the classical period of Ancient
Greece (510-323 BC). The site of Delphi was believed to be determined by Zeus when he
sought to find the centre of his "Grandmother Earth”.
The Delphic Oracle exerted considerable influence throughout the Greek world, and she was
consulted before all major undertakings: wars, the founding of colonies, and so forth. She
also was respected by the Greek-influenced countries around the periphery of the Greek
world, such as Lydia,Caria, and even Egypt. The oracle was also known to the early Romans
Knossos or Cnossos is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and is considered
Europe's oldest city. The site was discovered in 1878 by Minos Kalokairinos. The excavations in
Knossos began in AD 1900 by the English archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans (1851- 1941) and his
team, and they continued for 35 years. The palace was excavated and partially restored under
the direction of Arthur Evans in the earliest years of the 20th century. The palace of Knossos
was undoubtedly the ceremonial and political centre of the Minoan civilization and culture. It
appears as a maze of workrooms, living spaces, and storerooms close to a central square. An
approximate graphic view of some aspects of Cretan life in the Bronze Age is provided by
restorations of the palace's indoor and outdoor murals, as it is also by the decorative motifs of
the pottery and the insignia on the seals.
In Greek mythology, King Minos dwelt in a palace at Knossos. He had Daedalus construct
a labyrinth (by some connected with the double-bladed axe) in which to retain his son,
the Minotaur. Daedalus also built a dancing floor for Queen Ariadne. The name "Knossos" was
subsequently adopted by Arthur Evans because it seemed to fit the local archaeology. The
identification has never been credibly questioned, mainly because of that archaeology.
The Metéora lit. "middle of the sky", "suspended in the air" or "in the heavens above" —
etymologically related to "Meteorite" is one of the largest and most important complexes
of Greek Orthodox monasteries in Greece, second only to Mount Athos. The six monasteries
are built on natural sandstone rock pillars, at the northwestern edge of the Plain of
Thessaly near the Pineios river and Pindus Mountains, in central Greece. The nearest town
is Kalambaka. The Metéora is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List under criteria.
Studies suggest that the pinnacles were formed about 60 million years ago during
the Paleogene Period. Weathering and earthquakes then shaped them into their present
Beside the Pindos Mountains, at the western region of the Thessaly plain in the middle of
northern Greece, these sandstone rocks rise from the ground. The rocks are composed of a
mixture of sandstone and conglomerate. They were formed about 60 million years ago. A
series of earth movements pushed the seabed upwards, creating a high plateau and causing
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