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The History of Athens
The History of Athens
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Sights of Greece

  1. 1. The Acropolis of Athens is a rocky hill of height 156 m above sea level and 70 m from the city level of Athens. The top has the shape of trapezium with length 300 m and a maximum width of 150 m. The hill is unreachable from all sides except the west, where the fortified entrance , is decorated with brilliant Propylea. It was found that the hill was inhabited the third millennium BC. Accessible only from the western side, while the upper surface of the hill was wide enough to be lived, not on slopes because there were water courses. The palace of the ruler was in the place where centuries later the Erechtheion was built.
  2. 2. The ancient theater of Epidauros is considered the finest ancient Greek theater in terms of acoustics and aesthetics. Located on the site of Asclepion Epidauros, on the slope of Kinortiou very close to the town Lygourio. The ancient theater was built between 340 BC and #30 BC from the Argive Architect Polykreito the younger as Pausanias. The theater had a capacity of 15,000 spectators. Divided into two parts (tiers): The upper tier with 21 rows of seats for the people and The lower consisting of 34 rows, for the priests and the rulers. The theater is made of porous stone with absorbs the sound like the human body-does.
  3. 3. Delphi is both an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece on the south-western spur of Mount Parnassus in the valley of Phocis. Delphi is an ancient Greek town where there was the most popular oracle in Ancient Greece. In myths is dating to the classical period of Ancient Greece (510-323 BC). The site of Delphi was believed to be determined by Zeus when he sought to find the centre of his "Grandmother Earth”. The Delphic Oracle exerted considerable influence throughout the Greek world, and she was consulted before all major undertakings: wars, the founding of colonies, and so forth. She also was respected by the Greek-influenced countries around the periphery of the Greek world, such as Lydia,Caria, and even Egypt. The oracle was also known to the early Romans
  4. 4. Knossos or Cnossos is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and is considered Europe's oldest city. The site was discovered in 1878 by Minos Kalokairinos. The excavations in Knossos began in AD 1900 by the English archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans (1851- 1941) and his team, and they continued for 35 years. The palace was excavated and partially restored under the direction of Arthur Evans in the earliest years of the 20th century. The palace of Knossos was undoubtedly the ceremonial and political centre of the Minoan civilization and culture. It appears as a maze of workrooms, living spaces, and storerooms close to a central square. An approximate graphic view of some aspects of Cretan life in the Bronze Age is provided by restorations of the palace's indoor and outdoor murals, as it is also by the decorative motifs of the pottery and the insignia on the seals. In Greek mythology, King Minos dwelt in a palace at Knossos. He had Daedalus construct a labyrinth (by some connected with the double-bladed axe) in which to retain his son, the Minotaur. Daedalus also built a dancing floor for Queen Ariadne. The name "Knossos" was subsequently adopted by Arthur Evans because it seemed to fit the local archaeology. The identification has never been credibly questioned, mainly because of that archaeology.
  5. 5. The Metéora lit. "middle of the sky", "suspended in the air" or "in the heavens above" — etymologically related to "Meteorite" is one of the largest and most important complexes of Greek Orthodox monasteries in Greece, second only to Mount Athos. The six monasteries are built on natural sandstone rock pillars, at the northwestern edge of the Plain of Thessaly near the Pineios river and Pindus Mountains, in central Greece. The nearest town is Kalambaka. The Metéora is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List under criteria. Studies suggest that the pinnacles were formed about 60 million years ago during the Paleogene Period. Weathering and earthquakes then shaped them into their present shape. Beside the Pindos Mountains, at the western region of the Thessaly plain in the middle of northern Greece, these sandstone rocks rise from the ground. The rocks are composed of a mixture of sandstone and conglomerate. They were formed about 60 million years ago. A series of earth movements pushed the seabed upwards, creating a high plateau and causing
  6. 6. Creators • Xirostilidou Xrisa • Kroysaniotaki Rafaela • Kostaki Stella

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