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VIETNAM WAR - 13. MY LAI MASSACRE

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VIETNAM WAR - 13. MY LAI MASSACRE

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VIETNAM WAR - 13. MY LAI MASSACRE

  1. 1. VIETNAM WAR THE MY LAI MASSACRE 13
  2. 2. THE MY LAI MASSACRE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Pwro3vCUdU
  3. 3. MY LAI MASSACRE In one of the most horrific incidents of violence against civilians during the Vietnam War, a company of American soldiers brutally killed the majority of the population of the South Vietnamese hamlet of My Lai in March 1968. 500 people including women, children and the elderly were killed in the My Lai Massacre.
  4. 4. COVER-UP AND OUTRAGE Higher-ranking U.S. Army officers managed to cover up the events. A year before revelations by a soldier sparked a wave of international outrage. In 1970, a U.S. Army board charged 14 officers of crimes related to My Lai; only one was convicted. The brutality of the My Lai killings and the extent of the cover-up exacerbated growing anti-war sentiment in the USA.
  5. 5. MY LAI LOCATION The My Lai was located in Quang Ngai province, which was believed to be a stronghold of Viet Cong and was a frequent target of U.S. and South Vietnamese bombing attacks. In March 1968, Charlie Company of the American Division’s 11th Infantry Brigade received word that VC guerrillas had taken control of Son My.
  6. 6. IT WAS A SEARCH & DESTROY MISSION Led by Lieutenant William Calley, the unit was sent to the village on a search and destroy mission on March 16. US soldiers morale was low, after the Viet Minh led Tet Offensive on January 31, 1968. Charlie Company had lost some 28 of its members to death or injuries, and was down to just over 100 men.
  7. 7. HUGH THOMPSON The My Lai massacre ended only after Warrant Officer Hugh Thompson, an Army helicopter pilot on a reconnaissance mission, landed his aircraft between the soldiers and the retreating villagers and threatened to open fire if they continued their attacks. Knowing news of the massacre would cause a scandal, officers higher up in command of Charlie Company and the 11th Brigade immediately made efforts to downplay the bloodshed.
  8. 8. MY LAI MASSACRE DOCUMENTARY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PcE1IapK7-o
  9. 9. RON RIDENHOUR The coverup continued until Ron Ridenhour, a soldier in the 11th Brigade who had heard reports of the massacre but had not participated, began a campaign to bring the events to light. After writing letters to President Richard Nixon, the Pentagon, State Department, Joint Chiefs of Staff and several congressmen, with no response, Ridenhour finally gave an interview to the investigative journalist Seymour Hersh, who broke the story in November 1969.
  10. 10. IMPACT OF MY LAI Among the American troops still in Vietnam, morale was low, and anger and frustration were high. Drug use increased among soldiers, and an official report in 1971 estimated that one-third or more of U.S. troops were addicted.
  11. 11. The revelations of the My Lai massacre caused morale to plummet. In the United States, the brutality of the My Lai massacre and the efforts to conceal it amplified anti-war sentiment and increased the bitter divide among the population regarding the US presence in Vietnam. MORALE TO PLUMMET
  12. 12. The revelations of the My Lai massacre caused morale to plummet. In the United States, the brutality of the My Lai massacre and the efforts to conceal it amplified anti-war sentiment and increased the bitter divide among the population regarding the US presence in Vietnam. MORALE TO PLUMMET

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