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Diversity of spain (Región de Murcia , Asturias y Ceute y melilla)

  1. Work of Geography: Región de Murcia,Asturias & Ceuta & Melilla
  2. A little introduction •  Is an autonomous city of Spain  on the north coast of  Morocco  with an area of   12.3 square. Is one of two  permanently inhabited Spanish territories in mainland  Africa. Was a free for  before Spain joined the European   Union  
  3. Where is located? • It is located in the  north African coast.  Close to the Alboran  Sea. 
  4. What are his relief and climate like?  RELIEF  Melilla occupies a cove on the  western side of the peninsula of  Tres Forcas.  On the coast there are many cliffs  and sandy beaches  CLIMATE  The climate, in Ceuta is  Mediterranean sub-desert. The  annual temperature is 19ºC. Mild  winters (12,8ºc)  and very hot (25,2)  summers. Intesive  rain in autunm  and spring
  5. POPULATION   It had a population of  81.188 made up of  Christians, Muslims and a  small number of Jews.  The highest population  density of Spain 6496 per  square kilometre  High birth rate  Many young people  Large number of  Moroccans inmigrants
  6. Economy: • The economy is based on trade  and port activities depends on  relations with Morocco and the  Iberian Peninsula. There is an  important presence of State  administration. Tourism is also  important. • The principal industry is fishing • Cross-border commerce (legal or  smuggled) and Spanish and  European grants and wages are  the other income sources.
  7. City culture and society : • Melilla has been praised as an example of multiculturalism, being a small city in  which  one  can  find  up  to  three  major  religions  represented.  However,  the  Christian majority of the past, constituting around 65% of the population at one  point, has been shrinking, while the number of Muslims has steadily increased to  its present 45% of the population due to immigration from Muslim countries. • The amateur radio call sign used for both cities is EA9.
  8. TRANSPORTS • Melilla is connected to the Spanish  • It is possible to travel  cities  from Melilla to Morocco  of Málaga, Madrid, Granada and Al on foot and then further  mería by air as well as to Málaga,  Almería and Motril by ferry. Air  using an ONCF  Nostrum flies from Melilla  train from nearby Beni  Airport to  Ansar  Almeria, Granada, Valencia and Ma drid. The second closest airport to  the city is Nador International  Airport
  9. PRESIDENT • Juan José Imbroda Ortiz • FROM2000 – Present • UPM/PP
  10. SUBDIVISION • Melilla is subdivided into eight neighbourhoods : • Barrio de Medina Sidonia • Barrio del Real • Barrio de la Victoria • Barrio de los Héroes de España • Barrio del General Gómez Jordana • Barrio del Príncipe de Asturias • Barrio del Carmen • Barrio de La Paz
  11. T ION LOCA
  12. • Ceuta is the autonomous city of Spain  located in the coast of the Strait of Gibaltrar.  In the Almina peninsula, around north, east  and south by the Mediterranean Sea.
  13. Ie f e L r
  14. PHYSICAL ENVIOREMENT • Ceuta occupies a priviledged location because it dominates the Strait of Gibraltar. The city consists of:  Punta de Almina ( a peninsula joined to the continent by a narrow isthmus.  The principal mountains are the Yebel Musa or Mujer Muerta and Monte Hacho
  16. CLIMA TE
  17. • It has a Mediterranean coastal climate with mild temperatures and irregular rains. The annual temperature is 16,6 ºC. It has a media of 600 litres per square metre, concentrated in winter
  19. POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT • Populatin density is very high 4422 hab/km. • The total population is 84018 inhabitants. • The fact is a border city and a bridge between Europe and Africa, has transformed Ceuta into a mulit-cultural city. With a predominantly Spanish population and a large percent of Moroccan descent
  21. FLORA FAUNA • The characteristic specie is • The existence of: the cork oak • Elephants • Pine trees • Gazelles • Eucalyptus • Jackals • Monkeys • Poplar • Porcupine, • Acacia • Tortoise, • Dragos • Fox, • And the Ficus Benjamina • wild boar • And thousands of birds
  22. FLORA
  23. FAUNA
  24. ECONOMIC ACTIVITY • The economy revolves around the tertiary sector, in particular commerce. Traffic of goods and passengers in the port is high. There are also important activities related with the State Administration
  26. • The city receives high numbers of ferries each day, most from Spain. Ferries cross from Algeciras in Andalucia in the south of Spain. • Occasionally, cruise ships stop by. There is a bus service throughout the city which does not pass into neighbouring Morocco. • Ceuta has a regular helicopter service from Ceuta Heliport to mainland Spain. • The closest airport is Sania Ramel Airport.
  28. PRESIDENT • Juan Jesús Vivas Lara (PP).
  29. IMPORTANT DAYS •  Ntra. Sra. de África, 5 of  august • Holy Week   • Carnivales • San Antonio, 13 of june:  • Cross of May: • Corpus Christi:  • Day of Ceuta, 2 of september: • San Daniel y Compañeros  Mártires, 10 of october:  • La Mochila, 1 of november:
  30. Location: • Asturias is an autonomous community of Spain in  the iberian peninsula and is located in the coast of  the Cantabria sea.
  31. RELIEF: • The Cantabrian  Mountains (Cordillera Cantábrica)  form  Asturias's  natural border with the province of León to the south. In the eastern  range,  the  Picos  de  Europa National  Park  contains  the  highest  and  arguably  most  spectacular  mountains,  rising  to  2,648  metres  (8,688 ft)  at  the  Torrecerredo  peak.  the Parque  Natural  de  Redes in  the central east, the central Ubiñas south of Oviedo, and the Parque  Natural  de  Somiedo in  the  west.  The  Cantabrian  mountains  offer  opportunities  for  activities  such  as  climbing,  walking,  skiing  and  caving,  and  extend  some  200  kilometres  (120 mi)  in  total,  as  far  as Galicia province to the west of Asturias and Cantabria province to  the east.  Picos de Europa Parque Natural de Redes
  32. FOOD AND DRINK • While Asturias is especially known for its seafood,  the most famous regional dish is fabada asturiana,  a rich stew typically made with large  white beans (fabes), shoulder of pork (lacón), black  sausage (morcilla), and spicy sausage (chorizo).  Fabada Asturiana black sausage 
  33. Food and drink • Apple groves foster the production of the traditional alcoholic drink,  a natural cider (sidra). When Asturian cider is served, it is poured in a  particular way, El Escanciado: since it is natural and bottled without  gas, the bottle must be held above the head allowing for a long  vertical pour (requiring considerable skill and accuracy), which causes  the cider to be aerated when it splashes into the glass below. This  gives it a pleasant "zingy" taste. The glass is passed around and  everyone drinks from the same glass. After drinking most of the  glass, it is customary to splash a little out onto the ground, as a way  to clean the glass of any lees for the next pouring.  The  Escanciador
  34. Economy • For centuries, the backbone of the Asturian economy  was agriculture and fishing. Milk production and its derivatives was  also traditional, but its big development was a byproduct of the  economic expansion of the late 1960s. Nowadays, products from the  dairy cooperativeCentral Lechera Asturiana are being commercialised  all over Spain. • The main regional industry in modern times, however,  was coal mining and steel production: in the times of Francisco  Franco's dictatorship, it was the centre of Spain's steel industry. The  then state-owned ENSIDESA steel company is now part of the  privatised Aceralia now part of the ArcelorMittal Group. The industry  created many jobs, which resulted in significant migration from other  regions in Spain, mainly Extremadura, Andalusia and Castile and  León. Minery in  Asturias
  35. • The steel industry is now  in decline when measured  in terms of number of jobs  Economy and  provided, as is the mining.  The reasons for the latter  industry. are mainly the high costs  of production to extract  the coal compared to  other regions. Large out- of-town retail parks have  opened near the region's  largest cities (Gijón and  Oviedo), whilst the ever- present Spanish  construction industry  appears to continue to  thrive.  Steel Industry
  36. Main attractions: • Oviedo  the  capital  city  of  Asturias:  a  clean,  picturesque  city  with  a  diverse  architectural  heritage. Santa  María  del  Naranco and San  Miguel de Lillo, a pre-Romanesque church and a palace respectively,  which were built by the first Asturian kings on Mount Naranco, to the  north  of  the  city.  In  modern  architecture,  the Palacio  de  Congresos  de Oviedo, designed by Santiago Calatrava. • Gijon, the biggest city of Asturias, is a coastal city famous for cultural  and  sports  events  and  there  is  a  beach  tourism  centre  in  northern  Spain.  It  also  is  famous  for  the  traditional  Asturian  gastronomy  and  for  being  an  important  Asturian's  cider  production  spot.  There  are  many museums and places to visit in the city. It is also important to  mention  the Laboral  Ciudad  de  la  Cultura,  including  a  Modern  Art  Museum, Theatre, etc. Gijón  Oviedo
  37. Main attractions • Avilés,the third largest city in Asturias, is now becoming an essential  touristic spot in the Principality. "La villa del adelantado"(as locals  usually call it) is a meeting point where present and past meet. This is  most notably clear once we go through the streets in the old quarter  of the city. "Saint Nicholas of Bari" or "Capilla de los Alas" in  Romanesque and Romanesque-Gothic style, respectively; Palacio de  Balsera, in Modernist style or St. Thomas of Canterbury church  (dating from the 13th century)are just a few examples which clearly  show the magnificent historical patrimony to be found in the city. Avilés
  38. PRESIDENT OF ASTURIAS. • Javier Fernández Fernández
  39. Región de Murcia: Región de Murcia is situated in the south-east  of the Iberian Peninsula and is bordered by the  Mediterranean Sea, Mar Menor,The Comunitat  Valenciana,Castilla La Mancha and Andalucía.
  40. Región de Murcia,Physical environment: *Relief:most of the community is crossed by the Sistemas Béticos.An important characteristic is the flat segura depression.The coasts are rocky,with only few sandy stretches *Rivers:the main rivers are the Segura and its tributaries (Guadalentín,Sangonera, etc.);the riverbeds of these rivers remain dry for large parts of year . *Climate: Murcia region is one of the more arid areas of Spain,with rainfall rarely go above 250 mm.Predominant Mediterranean coastal,although the north and west also have a Mediterranean inland climate.The south has a Mediterranean sub-desert climate.
  41. Región de Murcia,Physical envirroment: *Vegetation: consists of species adapted to the aridity(dwarf fan palm,prickly pear cactus etc.)and Mediterranean scrubland.Some areas like the Sierra de Espuña,have been reforested with pine forests. *Fauna: Murcia Region has large colonies in hilly areas of Águila Real, Bonelli's Eagle, Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Owl, etc. In the higher ranges of the western (Sierra Mojantes  and Sierra del Gigante ) Vulture colony there .17 For mammals, the presence in the mountains of Northwest the ibex and deer recovered in the presence of numerous mountains of the interior.
  42. Región de Murcia,Population and Settlement: *Population: Murcia(Region) has a population of 1.4 millon of inhabitants.Population is increasing thanks to immigration.Inhabitants are concentrated around the capital (Murcia),the fertile in lowland of the Segura(Molina de Segura,Alcantarrilla,Cieza etc.),Cartagena,the coast(San Javier,Mazarrón,Águilas etc.)and other cities(Lorca,Yecla,Caravaca de la Cruz,Puerto Lumbreras etc.) *Settlement: The Region of Murcia is a Spanish province autonomous region, located in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, between Andalucia (provinces of Granada and Almeria) and Valencia (province of Alicante), and between the Mediterranean coast and Castilla-La Mancha (Albacete province). Its capital is the city of Murcia.
  43. Murcia Cartagena Lorca Yecla Caravaca de la Cruz
  44. Región de Murcia Economic Activity: *Primary sector: Crop agriculture is important,principal the market gardens,(salad,vegetables,citrus fruits,indrustrial crops and flowers).Rain-fed crops are grown in the interior (cereals almonds,vines and olives).Livestock farming sheeps,pigs and poultry are farmed . *Industry: is growing.In Murcia and it’s sphere of influence,industry is diversified.The area of Cartagena,on the other land,lost part of its industrial power after restructuring.In some nuclei,like Lorca and Yecla,industry is highly specialished.Cartagena has one of most important refiniries of Spain.The principal industries are food products,chemicals,metal products,non-metal minerals,furniture,rubber and plastic, and the repair and installation of machinery and equipment. *Tourism: is increasing,especially beach tourism.In recent years,nature and rural tourism have also grown.
  45. Región de Murcia, others facts: Language: The Spanish spoken in the region has its own accent and local words. The Murcian dialect tends to eliminate many syllable-final consonants and to emphasize regional vocabulary, much of which is derived from Aragonese, Catalan and Arabic words.
  46. Región de Murcia, others facts: Goverment: President  Ramón Luis Valcárcel Siso (PP)
  47. Región de Murcia, others facts: Gastronomy: The gastronomy of region de  Murcia is the set of dishes, ingredients and cooking techniques specific de  the Region of Murcia (Spain). Murcia cuisine has influences from the neighboring kitchen From Castilla La Mancha, Valencia and Granada.its characteristic ingredient rice and some salted fish preparations: mojamas. In the case of Murcia is an abundant market garden view inside (representing coastal kitchen and gardener), a fondness for pork products identified with the pig slaughter (Manchega kitchen), and abundant seafood cuisine.
  48. Región de Murcia, others facts: Festivity: On 9 of June marks the Day of the Region de  Murcia, commemorating the anniversary of the promulgation of the Organic Law of the Autonomy Statute.Holy Week in Cartagena, Lorca and Murcia.Carnival in águilas.Festivity of ‘la Virgen del Carmen’ in ‘San Pedro del Pinatar’.Festival of Muslims and Christians in Murcia
  49. Región de Murcia, others facts: Universities: University of Murcia (UMU): Founded in 1914. in the municipality of Murcia, in the institution studied about 38,000 students. San Antonio Catholic University (UCAM): Private university founded in 1996. It is located on one campus next to the Jeronimos Monastery in Guadalupe municipality of Murcia.
  50. Región de Murcia, others facts: Main routes of transportation: By air : *San Javier Airport. *International Airport of the Region of Murcia (in construction). By sea:Ports in the Region of Murcia are included within the maritime district of Cartagena, in turn subdivided into districts Águilas, Mazarron, & Cartagena.
  51. Región de Murcia, others facts: Main routes of trasportation 2: By Road:The Region has encompassed own roads and highways within the Road Network in the Region  By AVE:there are  Trains Altaria that  join  Cartagena with  Madrid-Chamartín, and Trains Talgo which join  Cartagena with  Barcelona-Sants By Tram:In 2002 the city of Murcia tram restoration raised in the city, inaugurated in 2007 an experimental stage.
  52. Región de Murcia,others facts: Main routes of transportation :3 Identifier Name Origin Destination  A-30  Murcia dual Albacete Cartagena carriageway  A-7    Mediterranean Valencia Almería dual carriageway AP-7 mediterranean Cartagena Vera motorway
  53. Región de Murcia, others facts: Most inhabited villages:
  54. Región de Murcia, others facts: Importants things: The Muds of the Mar Menor