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The
Demographic
  Transition
      Model
The Demographic Transition Model is a
geographical model used to explain the process
of change from high birth rates and high death
rates to low birth rates and low death rates as
part of the economic development of a country
from a pre-industrial to an industrialized
economy.
The Demographic Transition Model is a
geographical model used to explain the process
of change from high birth rates and high death
rates to low birth rates and low death rates as
part of the economic development of a country
from a pre-industrial to an industrialized
economy.
Time
Time
Level of Development
Amount




         Time
         Level of Development
Amount




         Time
         Level of Development
Amount




         Time
         Level of Development
Amount




         Time
         Level of Development
Amount




         Time
         Level of Development
Stage 1
Amount




                   Time
                   Level of Development
Stage 1   Stage 2
Amount




                             Time
                             Level of Development
Stage 1   Stage 2   Stage 3
Amount




                                       Time
                                       Level of Development
Stage 1   Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4
Amount




                                        Time
                                        Level of Development
Stage 1   Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




                                        Time
                                        Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
                                          Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
                                          Level of Development
Death rate is high

         Stage 1     Stage 2         Stage 3        Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                              Time
                                                     Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
                                          Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Birth rate is high

         Stage 1     Stage 2         Stage 3        Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                              Time
             Birth Rate                              Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Death rate falls due to better health care and diet and
                   improvements in the standard of living
         Stage 1      Stage 2       Stage 3        Stage 4       Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                             Time
             Birth Rate                             Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Birth rate remains high

         Stage 1     Stage 2       Stage 3          Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                              Time
             Birth Rate                              Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Death rate continues to fall

         Stage 1     Stage 2         Stage 3       Stage 4      Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                              Time
             Birth Rate                              Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Birth rate falls with introduction of family planning, better
                      education and the falling death rate
         Stage 1      Stage 2        Stage 3        Stage 4        Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                               Time
             Birth Rate                               Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Death rate is low

         Stage 1     Stage 2        Stage 3        Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                             Time
             Birth Rate                             Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Birth rate is low

         Stage 1     Stage 2        Stage 3        Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                             Time
             Birth Rate                             Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Death rate remains low

         Stage 1     Stage 2      Stage 3      Stage 4        Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                            Time
             Birth Rate                            Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Birth rates falls below the death rate

         Stage 1     Stage 2       Stage 3        Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                            Time
             Birth Rate                            Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
             Population
Population can be added to the Demographic Transition Model -
         times of natural increase and natural decrease can be observed
         Stage 1       Stage 2       Stage 3       Stage 4       Stage 5
Amount




              Death Rate                            Time
              Birth Rate                            Level of Development
              Population
Stage 1     Stage 2   Stage 3   Stage 4     Stage 5
Amount




             Death Rate                   Time
             Birth Rate                   Level of Development
             Population
Limitations of the model

The model was developed after studying the
experiences of countries of Western Europe,
Japan and North America. Therefore the
conditions of wealth and resources might be
different for LEDCs.

It does not account for recent phenomena such
as AIDS and the resulting mortality decline.
geographyalltheway.com - Demographic Transition Model

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geographyalltheway.com - Demographic Transition Model

  • 2. The Demographic Transition Model is a geographical model used to explain the process of change from high birth rates and high death rates to low birth rates and low death rates as part of the economic development of a country from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economy.
  • 3. The Demographic Transition Model is a geographical model used to explain the process of change from high birth rates and high death rates to low birth rates and low death rates as part of the economic development of a country from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economy.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 9. Amount Time Level of Development
  • 10. Amount Time Level of Development
  • 11. Amount Time Level of Development
  • 12. Amount Time Level of Development
  • 13. Amount Time Level of Development
  • 14. Stage 1 Amount Time Level of Development
  • 15. Stage 1 Stage 2 Amount Time Level of Development
  • 16. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Amount Time Level of Development
  • 17. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Amount Time Level of Development
  • 18. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Time Level of Development
  • 19. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Level of Development
  • 20. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Level of Development
  • 21. Death rate is high Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Level of Development
  • 22. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Level of Development
  • 23. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 24. Birth rate is high Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 25. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 26. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 27. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 28. Death rate falls due to better health care and diet and improvements in the standard of living Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 29. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 30. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 31. Birth rate remains high Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 32. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 33. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 34. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 35. Death rate continues to fall Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 36. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 37. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 38. Birth rate falls with introduction of family planning, better education and the falling death rate Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 39. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 40. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 41. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 42. Death rate is low Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 43. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 44. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 45. Birth rate is low Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 46. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 47. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 48. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 49. Death rate remains low Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 50. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 51. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 52. Birth rates falls below the death rate Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 53. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 54. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development
  • 55. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development Population
  • 56. Population can be added to the Demographic Transition Model - times of natural increase and natural decrease can be observed Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development Population
  • 57. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 Amount Death Rate Time Birth Rate Level of Development Population
  • 58.
  • 59. Limitations of the model The model was developed after studying the experiences of countries of Western Europe, Japan and North America. Therefore the conditions of wealth and resources might be different for LEDCs. It does not account for recent phenomena such as AIDS and the resulting mortality decline.