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Avrdc ifpri ilri workshop final-nov 6-2010

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Avrdc ifpri ilri workshop final-nov 6-2010

  1. 1. Author 03/09/2009Vegetable Breeding & Seed Systems for Poverty Reduction in Sub-saharan Africa (vBSS) Project Profile Victor Afari-Sefa Ronia Tanyongana 06 November 2010 ILRI, Nairobi, KENYA
  2. 2. Building a Sustainable Seed Sector in Sub-Sahara Africa For poverty reduction in Sub-Sahara Africa
  3. 3. Background Information Approved: 17th November, 2006; Effective Start: 1st August, 2007; End of Phase 1: 31st May, 2011;
  4. 4. Project Purpose To develop an emerging, vibrant seed industry for indigenous and exotic vegetables by building the capacity of the private and public sector to breed varieties in different agro-ecological zones, test and multiply promising lines, disseminate these lines and, promote demand to encourage widespread adoption by farmers.
  5. 5. Ultimate Outcomes 1. Public and Private Sectors’ capacity to breed indigenous and exotic vegetable varieties developed; 2. Sustainable institutional mechanisms for vegetable seed supply in four countries representing diverse agro-ecological zones operationalized; 3. Seed supply and availability of superior, multi-disease resistant and a-biotic stress-tolerant varieties of targeted vegetable crops increased; 4. Productivity by vegetable farmers utilizing improved varieties increased; 5. Demand of improved vegetable varieties by farmers and consumers in target areas increased.
  6. 6. Strategy: Vegetable Value Chain Seed Breeding Seed testing Seed production Vegetable production Post harvest Markets Consumption & nutrition Breeding, testing and release Basic/foundation seed production Seed commercialization, improving production & consumption systems RBUs & Regulator Private sector & Regulator Public & Private sector & Civic Society
  7. 7. Regional Breeding Units (RBUs) Warm arid and semi- arid Warm humid warm sub- humid; cool tropics Warm arid and semi-arid; warm sub-humid; warm humid and cool tropics
  8. 8. M&E System & Indictors • Semi annual progress reports : setting-up of the RBUs • annual project review meetings. • monthly management meetings for each RBU. • Baseline & Impact study data collection. Some Key Indicators • Number of improved varieties of vegetables released for commercialization. • Number of farmers, NARES and private seed companies trained in various aspects of the VC. • Numbers of beneficiary farmers and women reached in dissemination & outreach programs.
  9. 9. Major Achievements: RBUs helped to Increase Quality Seed Supply The RBU Team in Alaotra Region Madagascar The RBU Team in Samanko Region Bamako - Mali Part of the RBU Team in Arusha AVRDC-RCA The RBU Team in Yaoundé, Cameroon
  10. 10. Regional Breeding Support – Capacity Building Understanding plant Pathology Building capacity in seed health and quality Capacity building in vegetable breeding
  11. 11. Multi-location Variety Testing PVS: a fast tract approach to variety release and demand promotion in Tanzania Farmers in Dodoma and Iringa region selected African nightshade lines BG16 due to its late flowering habit and broad dark green leaves which they said makes it quite appealing as a leafy vegetable. Seeds of the line BG18, a Solanum americanum was also demanded.
  12. 12. Multi-location Variety Testing: Private Sector
  13. 13. Variety Release and Promotion In Tanzania, late blight-resistant tomato line LBR 44-2 was released as a new cultivar in December 2008 and registered under the trade name ‘Kiboko’ translated from Swahili as: ‘Best of its Kind’. African Night shade released by Lagrotech – our private partner in West Kenya
  14. 14. Pending Releases in Tanzania Hub Crop Lines Ethiopian mustard ST3, MLEM1 Tomato LBR11, LBR6 African nightshade SS49, BG16, TZSMN55-3 African eggplant DB3, AB2 & Mayire Green Spider plant GPS and PS Cowpea CP-ML-5 Sweet Pepper ISPN7-3, 9946-2192 Hot Pepper 9950-5107
  15. 15. Seed Commercialization East Africa Seeds Kibo Seeds East Africa GRN Sarl Cameroon SEMANA Madagascar
  16. 16. 1. AVRDC – NARES – Seed Companies – Farmers (Tanzania) 2. AVRDC – Seed Companies – Farmers (East & Southern Africa) 3. AVRDC – Seed Companies – Agro- Dealers – Farmers (South & East Africa) 4. AVRDC – NGOs - Farmers (Across) 5. AVRDC – Farmer Associations – Farmers (West Africa) 6. AVRDC - NARES – Farmers (Across) Seed Commercialization: Possible Distribution Channels
  17. 17. Seed Commercialization: Demand Creation
  18. 18. Gender Issues • Labour division versus asset distribution along VC. Production at community level is usual a women’s domain, although traditionally land is owned by men. • Improved vegetable varieties and seeds for planting required to improve production by women and increase household incomes. • 80% of the farmers involved in participatory varietal selection activities and training on nutritional recipes are women. • 94% of vendors in vegetable markets are women. Increased productivity will have a direct effect on sales volumes & income.
  19. 19. Region District No. of Participants Overall Total Male Female Kilimanjaro Rombo 11 13 24 Hai 0 27 27 Mwanga 12 8 20 Same 4 16 20 Moshi Rural 6 14 20 Sub Total 33 78 111 Arusha Arumeru 20 80 100 Arusha 14 111 125 Sub Total 34 191 225 Grand Total 67 269 336 % of Total 20 80 Production, Processing & Preservation Training Courses For Farmers
  20. 20.  Institutionalization of the RBUs;  Ensuring adequate foundation seed;  Defining VC pathways in terms of income enhancement and nutrition improvement;  Coordinating stakeholder efforts along the VC;  Improving business planning and forecasting by public and private partners;  Maintaining variety quality through capacity building and strengthening the regulatory system. Variety release in Tanzania  Lack of national, regional and local level statistics e.g., area under vegetable production, requisite data for estimating seed demand (challenges in downstream impact assessment). Major Challenges
  21. 21. Innovation Platform: the institutional answer Innovation Platform members of the vBSS Madagascar Hub planning vegetable breeding strategies for their country Innovation Platform members of the vBSS Tanzania Hub on RCA field inspection
  22. 22.  Accelerate the process of demand creation through education and capacity building for both exotic and IVs.  Uplift, where required, the regulatory environment and promote quality of operations, avoiding falling into a trap of over-regulation.  Instill and maintain an Innovative Systems (Network) approach & create/strengthen a platform for private–public dialogue and planning for vegetable VC management.  Encourage innovate processes of adoption both in producing improved varieties and in promoting health and prosperity. Lessons Learnt & Future Perspectives
  23. 23. We wish to acknowledge the generous support of the BMBF and various participating institutions for