1. World I The search for human awareness In the year 2001 we will begin a new millennium. Its empty pages are written with two hands. One of them is hope; the other is fear”. Carlos Fuentes Prof. Francisco De Paula
Hinweis der Redaktion
Carlos Fuentes, a latinamerican writer, stated that the new millenium will be written by two hands: hope, …..and fear.
Widespread Inequality, concentration of power and social injustice, are caused by the phenomenon of authority and subordination.
The origin of human spirit and conduct resides in the brain. Millions of years of evolution of knowledge built man’s autoreflexive capacity. Man is the only organism in the planet that is aware of its own death. Therefore, or culture is based on Insecurity, evident on religious, political, social and economic manifestations.
Man can surpass this human insecurity, we are the first generation of the world risk society. The Homo Sapiens with his intelligence and knowledge is able to reinvent himself as a new man. In order to eliminate the possibilites of its own devastation, man needs to correct his path through his self-consciousness.
The evolution of man’s self-consciousness is supported by several context such as philosophy, lingusitics, theology , neurobiology and physics. By learning about our intelligence origin, we could achieve a full understanding of man.
Man discovered himself by fighting for his survival, granting him his own transcendence. Neurological science is looking for a theoritical unification of man’s cerebral physiology evolution, intelligence, self-consciusness and insecurity, with his political conduct through history.
Epistemology is the science of science and helds also ontologly, axiology and metaphsycs. Its development enriched human knowledge, culminating into neuroscience, the bio-epistemological discipline. For the first time in human history, epistemology allows a global auditorship of our civilization.
US President George Bush called the 1990s the decade of the brain, because of the advances in neuroscience, and the conviction that understanding our cognitive processes has an important transcendence for humanity.
Man’s developed capacity of observation and understanding of the universe is the result of years and years of cognitive development. Trying to replace evolution for self-knowledge and intelligence, man substituted the “natural selection” law, for a “conscious selection”.
Man could eliminate human evils, such as, insecurity, fundamentalist affiliation, sacredness and subordination of authority, and the irrational concentration of power. that created the present chaos in religious, political, economical, and social conflicts
In 2002, Ulrich Beck proposed the World Risk Society concept in order to qualify decisions that “APPLY” to global problems. It is a politically explosive society in terms of responsability, pretensions of rationality, and legitimity wich confronts the severity of reality.
The risks that made us a World Risk Society are: Terrorist attacks, financial crisis, change in climate, demographic explosion, destruciton of ozone layer, mis-use of genetic tecniques, fabrication and threat of use of nuclear weapons.
Another challenges we have are: the discovery of the human genome, space exploration, the rapid expansion of human technology, and the use of instant communications.
The main principles of the world-wide reality to consider are: man’s intelligence comitted to his survival, the search for a unified vision of the contemporary man, the fight against fragmentation of knowledge, and the movement toward a unversal consciousness that constructs a civilization of self-awareness
The progressive deterioration of the planet, result of man’s own doing, has finally created an universal consciousness. Man has to use its intellegence in order to evaluate the complex structure of its civilization.
Our generation is faced, on one side, with a growing medical science and the expansion of instant comunication, and on the other, the threat of weapons of mass destruction
Karl Popper, regarded as one of the greatest philosopher of science in the 20th century, states the following…
Since1972, several world organisms and associtaions have created agreements, conventions, and protocols in order to slow down the damage caused to the planet by our irrational development.
We nealry witnessed our own devastation watching the contrast between political and economic integrations and the resurgence of annihilating ethnic and religious wars.
The 1972 Declaration of the UN Conference looked “for a common outlook and principles to inspire and guide people in the preservation and enhancement of the human enviroment”. In 1987 The Brundtland Commission defined the concept of sustainable development: “development that satisfies the present needs without compromising the ability of future needs”.
The Darwinian principle is the only reason for the cognitive and bioligical evolurtion of man’s inteligence. This made the emergence of self-consiciosuness possible.
The cultural paradigms of organized societies, wich now seem extemporaneous, need to be reexamine by this new civilization of self-awarness