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Workshop on Human Living in Future Cities - Nick Tyler (UCL), "Sensing Time"

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Workshop on Human Living in Future Cities - Nick Tyler (UCL), "Sensing Time"

  1. 1. Sensing time Nick Tyler Universal Composition Laboratory UCL
  2. 2. What does one minute feel like to you?
  3. 3. How long would you wait? This experiment started in 1927 in the University of Queensland Researchers waited 8-12 years for each drop to fall – now (2014) they have 9 drops
  4. 4. For about a decade, time passed very slowly Then, for a minute, time passed extremely quickly
  5. 5. Looking back, the decades seemed very fast But those final minutes seem to be very long
  6. 6. We think of a timeline … About now
  7. 7. … but the timeline is just part of a larger cycle … About now
  8. 8. Long term Short term cycle Past Future Present … and the cycle is just part of another cycle …
  9. 9. Does time pass more quickly in the past or in the future?
  10. 10. … past events happened more recently and more slowly than they did … future events will happen sooner and more slowly than they will Typically, people think that …
  11. 11. … but some people think the reverse … … and events in the future seem further away in time and faster than they will be
  12. 12. The rhythm of events changes over time Events happening about now are closer together than events in the past or the future
  13. 13. Long term Short term cycle Past Future Present … so our time-helix …
  14. 14. Past Future Present … becomes an hourglass
  15. 15. But time is an illusion How do we perceive it? What is its importance?
  16. 16. Past Future Present Perception of time for 1 cycle (elapsed time is constant) Perception Current time is perceived to be shorter than distant time
  17. 17. Past Future Present Importance of time for 1 cycle (elapsed time is constant) Importance Current time is more important than distant time
  18. 18. We are doing something exciting and important We are going to do something else exciting and important In between, we have to wait for a bus
  19. 19. “... waiting now is a chore …” “the bus is not going to come any time soon” … so … “… waiting is a waste of my time …”
  20. 20. “… so using the bus is a real waste of my time …”
  21. 21. I feel that my waiting time is much longer than it really is Overestimated time Elapsed time
  22. 22. Real-time bus arrival information hopes to reduce this overestimate to equal the actual passage of time
  23. 23. The effect of real-time bus information Overestimated time Elapsed time
  24. 24. However, people routinely underestimate the time they have spent doing something they enjoy “time just flew by while I was …”
  25. 25. Time flies when you are enjoying yourself Elapsed time Understimated time
  26. 26. We need to change the perception of time spent waiting … … to be something that we can enjoy …
  27. 27. … so we design the bus stop … … to be fun, useful, pleasant, enjoyable to use
  28. 28. This is Universal Composition … Multisensorial design in space and time
  29. 29. The bus stop becomes something you look forward to using … … and you look back on as being a good experience
  30. 30. … and want to do again
  31. 31. How do you sense time? What will five minutes in the future feel like to you?
  32. 32. Nick Tyler & Sara Adhitya Universal Composition Laboratory University College London ucl-squared@ucl.ac.uk www.cege.ucl.ac.uk/arg/ucl-squared