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Future of cities implications for urban spaces 30 sept 2019

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Urban Spaces – Challenges and Opportunities

As evermore of us globally live in increasingly growing and crowded cities, how we use urban spaces is a rising concern. This topic impacts a wide range of issues including health, identity, social cohesion, accessibility and liveability and is top of many mayoral office agendas.

Building on our Future of Cities research from 2016 (www.futureofcities.city) and ahead of a series of workshops during 2020 exploring the Future of Land Use, this is an updated view of the challenges and opportunities for urban spaces.

It is being discussed next week in Gothenburg at the Living City event hosted by Husqvarna and will then feed into the wider global Land Use programme.

If you would like to be involved in the 2020 discussions, or host an event, do let us know and we will do our best to accommodate.

Veröffentlicht in: Umweltschutz
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Future of cities implications for urban spaces 30 sept 2019

  1. 1. Future of Cities - Implications for Urban Spaces Insights from Multiple Expert Discussions Around the World 30 Sept 2019
  2. 2. CONTEXT
  3. 3. Global Perspectives These views on the future have been gained from multiple expert discussions around the world on the future of cities, transport, data, health and ageing.
  4. 4. MOUNTING CHALLENGES
  5. 5. Sustainable Scaling Urban settlements will increase to more than 3m km2 by 2050. Many are concerned about such rapid scaling of urban environments.
  6. 6. Informal Urbanization A third of the global urban population live in unplanned slums and ghettos that often suffer from overcrowding and restricted access to water and electricity.
  7. 7. Disconnected Sprawl Many of the world’s fastest growing cities are becoming less connected at the edges. Sprawl is increasing urban footprints and reducing open space.
  8. 8. Peak Car? For most cities the future threatens more cars. In many the lack of good public transport systems is pushing up the use of private vehicles - but to what limit?
  9. 9. Urbanisation and Health For those living in cities, growing social and environmental pressures impact their health. Rising mental illness and contagion risk are key concerns.
  10. 10. Urban Obesity Urbanisation, reduced activity and poor diet are all increasing obesity. Rural to urban migration has impact in Asia and Africa with greatest burden on the poor.
  11. 11. The Impact of Climate Change With 2oC of global warming probable and 4oC possible, the impacts on public health include an extension of tropical diseases and growing malnutrition.
  12. 12. Staying Inside in Rich Countries Fast-growing Middle East cities are a particular concern for toxic air. In Europe nearly 500,000 people a year die prematurely because of air pollution.
  13. 13. Protecting Public Spaces Cities and governments are pressured to ensure that new public spaces are created and old ones retained. Parks and squares are a key focal point.
  14. 14. Cities for Ageing In developed countries 80% of older people will live in cities by 2050. They want to continue to play an active role and seek integration rather than segregation.
  15. 15. Maintaining Social Cohesion Poor social cohesion drives increased personal crime. Addressing this is a #1 priority as many cities develop plans to overcome health and income inequality.
  16. 16. Flooded Cities The vast majority of urban areas globally are not prepared for flooding. 22 of the top 50 wealthiest cities are prone to serious flooding.
  17. 17. Open Data and Human Behaviour There is growing concern that some open data sets are used by organsiations to influence individual behaviours – well beyond the agreed use of public data
  18. 18. POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS
  19. 19. Mega-City Master-Plans Several mega-cities are being built from scratch. There is an opportunity to get scaling right from the start but they need long-term and detailed master plans.
  20. 20. Eco Civilisation China is taking the lead on climate change, reducing urban air pollution and setting standards for others. The Eco-Civilization initiative is a game-changer.
  21. 21. Accessible Cities A core ambition for many cities is to plan for people not cars, providing better public transport, new cycle ways and creating more walkable areas.
  22. 22. Walkable Cities Walkable cities are safer, more attractive, more inclusive and easier to govern. High profile developments transform perceptions of pivotal urban spaces.
  23. 23. Designing a Fairer City Increasing social housing, limiting density, providing wider access to basic services and creating better public spaces all help to counter inequality.
  24. 24. Counter Terrorism With threats rising, counter-terrorism architecture is increasingly evident. Designing solutions that don’t create uninviting fortresses is a fine balance.
  25. 25. Realistic Expectations Some see smart cities as more than a web of joined-up technologies. They could be primarily about better governance and urban planning.
  26. 26. Cities not Countries While some nation states are considered dysfunctional, the role of cities as problem solvers is rising - they have goodwill and are better at collaboration.
  27. 27. Smarter Citizens By sharing more and better information that engages more deeply with the people who live in them, cities and their citizens become smarter together.
  28. 28. Place-Making Strengthening the connection between people and the places they share is a collaborative process that shapes our public spaces to maximise shared value.
  29. 29. Less Traffic – Less Road – Less Parking Effective deployment of autonomous vehicles may mean fewer vehicles. Parking spaces can be removed and roads can become narrower.
  30. 30. Reclaiming Car Parks The growth in ‘Mobility as a Service’ and self-driving cars frees up vast tracts of car parking for new venue development especially at transportation hubs.
  31. 31. Quality of Life As A Source of Competition As quality of life becomes a key source of competitive advantage, leading cities seek to provide cleaner, greener and safer environments for their citizens.
  32. 32. Expensive Oases Pivotal locations become increasingly valuable as open space is prized. Commercial interest in primary sites increases substantially – for some.
  33. 33. First / Last Mile Improving the first/last mile is a major focus for transport with health, energy and efficiency benefits. More scooters, bikes and robots all play a part.
  34. 34. Preparing for Resilience Attitudes to flooding shift considerably. The opportunity is to rethink infrastructure in terms of resilience and not just repair and rebuild it.
  35. 35. Urban Farms Rising concern on food security and the desire for more local produce drive a wide range of cities to encourage better use of vacant space for growing food.
  36. 36. Small Spaces With access to outdoor space at a premium, many seek to make the most of the small areas in between and beside buildings to provide moments of sanctuary.
  37. 37. Data For Good In a select number of cities, fair and transparent use of multiple new data sets help to deliver community and citizen benefit from the Internet of Things.
  38. 38. Connected Policy Most focus is increasingly on cities where aligned targets across health, sport, education, transport and economic development result in connected planning.
  39. 39. Future Agenda, 84 Brook Street, London W1K 5EH +44 203 0088 141 www.futureagenda.org | www.futureagenda.net | @futureagenda

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