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Strategien Strategien  Sozialstandards, z.B. freiwillige Verhaltenskodizes Konsumentenmacht Faire Öffentliche  Beschaffung Internationale Solidarität
Kernforderungen Forderungen  ILO-Kernarbeitsnormen  und „ ILO-PLUS“,  bes.: Vereinigungsfreiheit, Recht auf Kollektivverh., (87, 98) Recht auf sichere u gesunde Arbeitsbed, (155, 115, 170) Recht auf Existenz sichernde Löhne (131) Ökol. Anforderungen Ressourceneffizienz, Energieeffizienz, Recycling Veränderung des Produktionsregimes Transparenz d. Lieferkette; Lieferzeiten u. Preispolitik
Grenzen der Freiwilligkeit 2004: Electronic Industry Code of Conduct (EICC) fällt inhaltlich hinter ILO-Normen zurück keine Beteiligung von NGOs, Gewerkschaften wird nicht eingehalten Verhaltenskodex Widerspruch zwischen CSR-Linie und Preispolitik
Konsumentenmacht Dumping vs. bewusster Konsum:  Arbeitsrechte für 30 Euro? Problem: Produktalternative Individualkonsum Problem: Bausatzprinzip Was man tun kann: nachfragen, anschreiben, protestieren: „Urgent Appeal“ TNC TNC KF KF KF ZL 1 ZL 2 A-TNC A-KF A-ZL
Faire öffentliche Beschaffung Aktive Nachfrage statt passiver Konsum Umkehrung der Beweispflicht Potenzial: Marktmacht (IT: 1/5 aller Produkte): Förderung innovativer Anbieter Definition der Bedingungen und Verbindlichkeit Direkter Kontakt mit Herstellern  Verantwortung des Staates in Globalisierung Faire Beschaffung
Faire öffentliche Beschaffung II Seit 2004 in EG-Richtlinien für öff. Beschaffung Feb. 2009: Gesetzesänderung in Deutschland »[Es] steht […] einem öffentlichen Auftraggeber   frei, die Pflasterung öffentlicher Plätze   aus Steinen zu verlangen, die im Ausland   unter Einhaltung der Kernarbeitsnormen   der Internationalen Arbeitsorganisation   (ILO) hergestellt wurden. Damit kann der   öffentliche Auftraggeber die Vorgabe der   Einhaltung der ILO – Kernarbeitsnormen   bei Importen für die gesamte Lieferkette bis , ins Ursprungsland erstrecken.« Faire Beschaffung
Hürden & Potentiale Rechtsunsicherheit und Widerstände Limitierung der Forderungen durch Angebot „ Geiz-ist-geil“-Vorgaben, Trägheit der Verwaltung „ Window of opportunity“ durch Rechtsänderung Schrittweise höhere Verbindlichkeit und Druck Hochschulkampagne „Meine Uni kauft fair“ Faire Beschaffung
Globalisierung von unten Krise des Sweatshop-Regimes: Arbeitskämpfe und Rückwanderung Selbstorganisation, Organisationsfreiheit „ Students and Scholars against Corporate Misbehaviour“ (SACOM) Globalisierung von unten
Weitere Infos Pcglobal.org : Projekt zu Arbeitsbe. in IT-Branche, öff. Beschaffung, Hochschulkampagne Weed-online.org : Ressourcen zu Konzernkritik, Finanzmärkte & Entwicklung, Klimagerechtigkeit, Handelspolitik Goodelectronics.org : Weltweites Netzwerk für Arbeitsrechte in der IT-Branche Cora-netz.de : Netzwerk „Corporate Accountability“ aus NGOs und Gewerkschaften Links
A 19-year-old Guangxi girl who has worked in Compeq a year: “ I work like a machine and my brain has rusted.”  A 23-year-old woman worker:  “ Sometimes when I was queuing up for my turn to take a shower, I fell asleep on my  bed. I was so tired. Suddenly it was the next morning and I went straight to work.” A 24-year-old Henan male worker:   “ My nerves become tensed as I step onto the shop floor…. There’s no use watching out for yourself. You will definitely be fined for violating one or another of these irrational rules!”

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Mainz2

  • 1. Strategien Strategien Sozialstandards, z.B. freiwillige Verhaltenskodizes Konsumentenmacht Faire Öffentliche Beschaffung Internationale Solidarität
  • 2. Kernforderungen Forderungen ILO-Kernarbeitsnormen und „ ILO-PLUS“, bes.: Vereinigungsfreiheit, Recht auf Kollektivverh., (87, 98) Recht auf sichere u gesunde Arbeitsbed, (155, 115, 170) Recht auf Existenz sichernde Löhne (131) Ökol. Anforderungen Ressourceneffizienz, Energieeffizienz, Recycling Veränderung des Produktionsregimes Transparenz d. Lieferkette; Lieferzeiten u. Preispolitik
  • 3. Grenzen der Freiwilligkeit 2004: Electronic Industry Code of Conduct (EICC) fällt inhaltlich hinter ILO-Normen zurück keine Beteiligung von NGOs, Gewerkschaften wird nicht eingehalten Verhaltenskodex Widerspruch zwischen CSR-Linie und Preispolitik
  • 4. Konsumentenmacht Dumping vs. bewusster Konsum: Arbeitsrechte für 30 Euro? Problem: Produktalternative Individualkonsum Problem: Bausatzprinzip Was man tun kann: nachfragen, anschreiben, protestieren: „Urgent Appeal“ TNC TNC KF KF KF ZL 1 ZL 2 A-TNC A-KF A-ZL
  • 5. Faire öffentliche Beschaffung Aktive Nachfrage statt passiver Konsum Umkehrung der Beweispflicht Potenzial: Marktmacht (IT: 1/5 aller Produkte): Förderung innovativer Anbieter Definition der Bedingungen und Verbindlichkeit Direkter Kontakt mit Herstellern Verantwortung des Staates in Globalisierung Faire Beschaffung
  • 6. Faire öffentliche Beschaffung II Seit 2004 in EG-Richtlinien für öff. Beschaffung Feb. 2009: Gesetzesänderung in Deutschland »[Es] steht […] einem öffentlichen Auftraggeber frei, die Pflasterung öffentlicher Plätze aus Steinen zu verlangen, die im Ausland unter Einhaltung der Kernarbeitsnormen der Internationalen Arbeitsorganisation (ILO) hergestellt wurden. Damit kann der öffentliche Auftraggeber die Vorgabe der Einhaltung der ILO – Kernarbeitsnormen bei Importen für die gesamte Lieferkette bis , ins Ursprungsland erstrecken.« Faire Beschaffung
  • 7. Hürden & Potentiale Rechtsunsicherheit und Widerstände Limitierung der Forderungen durch Angebot „ Geiz-ist-geil“-Vorgaben, Trägheit der Verwaltung „ Window of opportunity“ durch Rechtsänderung Schrittweise höhere Verbindlichkeit und Druck Hochschulkampagne „Meine Uni kauft fair“ Faire Beschaffung
  • 8. Globalisierung von unten Krise des Sweatshop-Regimes: Arbeitskämpfe und Rückwanderung Selbstorganisation, Organisationsfreiheit „ Students and Scholars against Corporate Misbehaviour“ (SACOM) Globalisierung von unten
  • 9. Weitere Infos Pcglobal.org : Projekt zu Arbeitsbe. in IT-Branche, öff. Beschaffung, Hochschulkampagne Weed-online.org : Ressourcen zu Konzernkritik, Finanzmärkte & Entwicklung, Klimagerechtigkeit, Handelspolitik Goodelectronics.org : Weltweites Netzwerk für Arbeitsrechte in der IT-Branche Cora-netz.de : Netzwerk „Corporate Accountability“ aus NGOs und Gewerkschaften Links
  • 10. A 19-year-old Guangxi girl who has worked in Compeq a year: “ I work like a machine and my brain has rusted.” A 23-year-old woman worker: “ Sometimes when I was queuing up for my turn to take a shower, I fell asleep on my bed. I was so tired. Suddenly it was the next morning and I went straight to work.” A 24-year-old Henan male worker: “ My nerves become tensed as I step onto the shop floor…. There’s no use watching out for yourself. You will definitely be fined for violating one or another of these irrational rules!”